Mar 30, Ubuntu Manual is the official book from Ubuntu for a quick understanding of Ubuntu and basic tutorials and on how to install and use it. Jan 25, This 30 page guide was written for beginners and will tell you everything you need to know about the Ubuntu experience. You will learn how to. Oct 20, reference for emacs: emacs ronaldweinland.info Acknowledgements pix, Ubuntu, ). .. Try to learn the most important key controlled com- mands.
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This tutorial looks at the various aspects of the Ubuntu Operating system. for those who want to learn some basic concepts of the Ubuntu desktop and server. In this lesson, you will learn: • The fundamental concepts of open source. • The link between the Free Software Movement, open source and Linux. • How Ubuntu . So you're curious about Linux, and you heard Ubuntu is a great place to start? . Ubuntu is beautiful, sleek, and stylish: learn more about the GNOME desktop.
Ubuntu pronounced "oo-boon-too" is one of the most popular desktop Linux operating systems. The term Ubuntu derives from South Africa and roughly translates to "humanity toward others," a nod to the Ubuntu project's commitment to the principles of open-source software development. It is free to install and free to modify, although donations to the project are welcome. Ubuntu first burst onto the scene in and quickly shot to the top of the Distrowatch rankings, mostly because it's so easy to install and use. The default desktop environment within Ubuntu is Unity, a very modern desktop environment with a powerful search tool for finding all of your applications and documents. It integrates well with common applications such as audio players, video players, and social media.
When you click the top icon, the Ubuntu Dash displays. You also can bring up the Dash by pressing the Super key. The easiest way to find anything is simply by typing into the search box as soon as the Dash appears. Results will start to appear straight away, and you can simply click on the icon of the file or application you wish to run. You can connect to the internet by clicking on the network icon on the top panel.
This brings up a list of wireless networks. Click on the network to which you wish to connect and enter its security key. If you are connected to a router using an ethernet cable, you will be connected to the internet automatically. You can browse the web using Firefox the default browser that ships with Ubuntu or whatever browser you prefer. Ubuntu will notify you when updates are available for installation.
You can tweak the settings so that the updates work the way you want them to. Unlike the process that Windows uses, you have full control as to when the updates are applied so you won't suddenly turn on your computer to find update 1 of installing.
Launch Firefox by clicking on its icon on the launcher or by bringing up the Dash and searching for Firefox. If you prefer, you can install Google Chrome by downloading it from Google's website. The default email client for Ubuntu is Thunderbird. It has most of the features you're accustomed to with a home desktop operating system. You can set up Gmail to work with Thunderbird easily. The default office suite for Ubuntu is LibreOffice.
LibreOffice is pretty much the standard when it comes to Linux-based office software.
Icons reside in the quick launch bar for the word processing, spreadsheet and presentation packages. For everything else, the product itself offers a help guide. The default audio package for Ubuntu is called Rhythmbox. It provides all of the features you would expect of an audio player: Totem is a movie player for Ubuntu.
To watch videos, press F2 and type Totem or search for Totem using the Dash. By default, the proprietary codecs required to listen to MP3 audio and watch Flash video aren't installed with Ubuntu for licensing reasons; however, you are able to install the items you need quite easily.
The main graphical tool to use when installing the software in Ubuntu is the Ubuntu Software Centre. It is fairly clunky, but it is by and large functional.
One of the first tools you should install via the Software Centre is Synaptic , which provides a much more powerful base for installing other software. Linux software is available from repositories — basically, servers that hold software that can be installed for a particular distribution. A repository can be stored on one or more servers known as mirrors.
Each item of software within a repository is called a package.
There are many different package formats , but Ubuntu uses the Debian package format. You'll likely find most of the things you need via the default repositories, but you can add and enable some extra repositories to acquire additional software.
Using graphical packages such as the Software Centre and Synaptic aren't the only ways to install software using Ubuntu.
You also can install packages via the command line using apt-get. While the command line may seem daunting, you will come to appreciate the power of apt-get after using it for just a bit.
The Unity Desktop isn't as customizable as many other Linux desktop environments, but you can do basic things such as changing the wallpaper and choosing whether the menus appear as part of the application or in the top panel. We've put together a guide that tells you everything you need to know about customizing the Ubuntu desktop. Share Pin Email. A software developer, data scientist, and a fan of the Linux operating system. Updated February 08, There are various ways to try Ubuntu, and the following guides will help: Click Finish to close the installer.
Installation complete For the layout of a Prince installation on Windows, see the Windows installation layout section.
NET, and other server frameworks you will need to install one or more Prince wrappers.
See Server Integration for installation and usage information. Find and launch Terminal. Press Enter to accept the default directory or enter an alternative. Creating directories Installing files Installation complete. Thank you for choosing Prince 9. Use the cd command to change to the directory where the Prince package was downloaded.
Unpack the package. Note that the package name may be different than the example shown here.
This will create a new directory containing the Prince files. Change into the new directory. As before, the directory name may be different from the one in this example. Run the install. If you want to install Prince for multiple users you may need to execute this command with sudo as shown here. It may prompt you for your password your user account's password before executing the command.
If you're installing Prince for only one user you can omit sudo from this command. The script will prompt you for the installation directory. If you're installing prince for only one user and not using sudo you will need to choose a directory that you have write access to. There are many different types of command interpreters also called shells , we cannot possibly document all of them.
See your distribution or shell's documentation for how to do this. Prince is now ready to use. Open a terminal window and change to the directory that you downloaded or copied the installation package to.
If you're not logged in as root and you shouldn't be , then you can use sudo to run the gdebi command as root. Done Building dependency tree Reading state information Done Building data structures Do you want to install the software package?
Reading database Unpacking prince 10r Setting up prince 10r Processing triggers for man-db 2.
If gdebi is not already installed then you can install it using aptitude as follows. If you're not logged in as root and you shouldn't be , then you can use sudo to run the yum command as root. The tarball packages can also be used on Linux when there is no. In these cases this section contains the relevant installation instructions. The Generic Linux package should be able to run on a wider range of Linux versions than other packages.