BACQUE, Other Losses: An Investigation into the Mass Deaths of German Prisoners at the Hands of the French and Americans After World War II. BACQUE, Other Losses: An Investigation into the Mass Deaths of German The PDF file you selected should load here if your Web browser has a PDF reader. His book, Other Losses, has been vilified, praised and sold around the world since publication in will find Mr. Bacque's work to be worse than worthless.
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Other Losses caused an international scandal when first published in by revealing that Allied Supreme Commander Dwight Eisenhower's. Author: Bacque James Title: Other Losses The Shocking Truth Behind the Mass Deaths of Disarmed German Soldiers and Civilians Under. Other Losses is a book by Canadian writer James Bacque, in which Bacque alleges that Available from Jewish Virtual Library as PDF (15 MB) or from the rotten dot com archive as html; ^ Note: the file was originally available for .
Scattered enemy detachments fired a few volleys before fading into the countryside and eventual capture by Allied soldiers. The mass surrenders in the west contrasted markedly with the final weeks on the eastern front where surviving Wehrmacht units still fought the advancing Red Army to enable as many of their comrades as possible to evade capture by the Russians. From the German point of view this strategy delivered millions of German soldiers to what they believed would be the more merciful hands of the Western Allies under supreme military commander General Dwight Eisenhower. However, given General Eisenhower's fierce and obsessive hatred not only of the Nazi regime, but indeed of all things German, this belief was at best a desperate gamble. More than five million German soldiers in the American and French zones were crowded into barbed wire cages, many of them literally shoulder to shoulder.
He therefore accuses Eisenhower of circumventing the standards set by the Geneva Convention by perpetuating the inhumane Morgenthau plan whereby he maliciously keeps the prison camps in squalid conditions.
Essentially, Bacque argues that Eisenhower was no less than a tyrant by establishing a systematic policy of starvation through circumvention of the Geneva Convention-- solely because of his indignation towards the Germans.
He and the Allies allegedly administered these draconian policies in several ways. Purported Western maltreatment of Germans First and foremost, the Allies supposedly fabricated the worldwide food shortage of to As is very widely known, the consequences of exhausted resources, destruction, migration and disease after World War II precipitated a mass food shortage in Europe and the world over.
Additionally, he argues that as a result of this concerted effort to starve the Germans through deindustrialization, the production of fertilizer was intentionally eradicated, marking a great hindrance on German self-sufficiency by producing their own foodstuffs Bacque, The Anglo-Saxons wage war because it is supposedly their nature to do so.
Unfortunately, expresses Bacque, the Germans after World War II were just hapless victims of these violent tendencies. Through a mass fabrication of a food shortage, severe deindustrialization and the violent nature of an entire people, the Germans were systematically starved, abused and killed. In order to truly assess what Bacque is alleging here--namely wanton Anglo-Saxon tyranny and vengeance--one must examine the Post-World War II figures of the dead and missing.
However, James Bacque seems to have extrapolated his own interpretation from these numbers. In Crimes and Mercies, by examining recently declassified KGB documents, Bacque adds another , prisoner deaths to the list, making a sum total of 1. From this, he concludes that , to , died in American and French captivity alone Bacque, Mass resettlement and deaths of citizens in Postwar Europe It is generally accepted that there were approximately 10 to 14 million expelled ethnic Germans from their Eastern lands as a direct result of the Potsdam Conference of July, Consequently, he deduces that 5.
Altogether, 1. How could this happen? Denial of history The aforementioned statistics compiled by Bacque indicate that an extraordinary denial of history would have to have occurred here. This scenario is utterly improbable. Initially, the U. Clearly, Eisenhower was overwhelmed and even commented in a letter to George C. This staggering prison population created the harrowing open-air prison camps, not an evil Eisenhower. Anyone with a shred of humanity including Eisenhower who with his own eyes witnessed the grisly piles of bodies at the concentration camps would harbor resentment for an advanced industrialized nation that enforced a policy of mass genocide on 6 million Jews and an additional 6 million Russians, gypsies, homosexuals, communists, etc.
This was due to the fact that the other liberated territories were in dire conditions as well and the Germans were not to take precedence over the countries that they had pillaged and destroyed.
Occupation policies were predetermined by the Big Three and the European Advisory Commission and not by a diabolical and vengeful Eisenhower Ambrose and Bischof, It was Eisenhower who actually requested adequate sustenance for the Germans. Destroyed shipping and transportation networks that precluded food to be sent to those who needed it; the disappearance of essential coal reserves which made fertilizer production impossible and not, as Bacque postulates, a consequence of the Morgenthau Plan to reduce fertilizer production clandestinely enforced by Eisenhower ; dilapidated or destroyed farm equipment; drastically reduced manpower; inoperable production factories; and a variety of other factors that Bacque refuses to acknowledge caused a food shortage, not the vengeful Westerners Ambrose and Bischof, The food crisis became most severe in the winter of das Hungerjahr in lieu of extreme weather conditions and the breakdown of old rolling stock which were utilized to move bulk items such as essential coal thereby causing the collapse of the fragile German economy Ambrose and Bischof, Not only were the Germans starving but so were the Dutch, the British, the French, the Belgians, the Italians and even the Greeks, to name just a few.
In short, Eisenhower faced shortages even before he learned that there were at least 17 million more people to feed in Germany than he had expected not to mention all of the other countries in war-ravaged Europe, the Philippines, Okinawa and Japan. All Europe went on rations for the next three years, including Britain , until the food crisis was over.
The eight scholars who gathered in New Orleans and contributed to Eisenhower and the German POWs: Facts against Falsehood refuted Bacque's wily misinterpretations of statistics and oral history evidence in detail.
Numerous reviews of the book written by the top talent in the military history profession such as John Keegan and Russel Weigley were persuaded by the findings of the book. These findings have since been further solidified by detailed case studies on individual American POW camps in Germany hastily built at the end of the warlike Christof Strauss's exhaustive Heidelberg dissertation on the POW and internment in the Heilbronn camp.
The mountain of evidence has been building that Bacque's charge of the "missing million" supposedly perishing in the American and French POW camps in Germany and France is based on completely faulty interpretation of statistical data.
Army and suffered egregiously in these camps in the first weeks after the end of the war. That the chaos of the war's end would also produce potentially mismatches and errors in record keeping should surprise no one either. No question about it, there were individual American camp guards who took revenge on German POWs based on their hatred of the Nazis. To sum up: Eisenhower was not a Hitler, he did not run death camps, German prisoners did not die by the hundreds of thousands, there was indeed a severe world food shortage in , there was nothing sinister or secret about DEF designation or about the Other Losses column.
The effect to give known facts a twist that seems dramatically new in important ways, but this is means the appearance of originality is a little deceptive. For the most part, Bacque's book is not very original at all.
When it seems so, the price is purchased at the price of accuracy. It has long been known that German prisoners of war suffered terribly at the end of World War II, that they died by the thousands after hostilities ceased in the European theater, and that many were required to work as forced laborers for the victors. How could the bodies disappear without one soldier's coming forward in nearly fifty years to relieve his conscience?
How could the Americans almost one-third of whom are by ethnic background German conspire for so long to cover up such a vast crime?
And they happened at the end of a war we fought for decency and freedom, and they are not excusable. There was not even a missing one. Army's theater provost marshal, which Other Losses states is actually a "body count" of dead prisoners. Postwar Soviet POW evidence was discredited when the KGB opened its archives in the s and an additional , German soldiers and 93, civilians, previously recorded as missing, were found to be listed as dying in the Soviet camps.
Overmans also states that, did they as Bacque claims, flee to the American Rheinwiesenlager camps, they could have easily had contact with their relatives and that it is "quite inconceivable that these prisoners would not have been reported as missing by their relatives.
So much for Bacque's careful use of sources. Yet despite the widespread construction work carried out after the war, not a single one of these legions of dead was found.
Marshall , who gave SHAEF as much or more attention to detail than did Eisenhower, would be similarly guilty, perhaps more so under his reasoning, though "Bacque" who cares little for exploring the context, does not even raise the question. Although in his vast indictment, Bacque has included virtually Eisenhower's entire staff, all the doctors and personnel running the camps, the press who failed to uncover the monstrous crime and a whole generation of knowing but silent Germans, he has included not a single Briton.
Bacque, one understands, wants a villain in the piece. A complicated modern military bureaucracy such as SHAEF, is a tedious subject to study, unlikely to yield the insidious conspiracy apparently sought by this ex-publisher. None did. Not even Field Marshal Montgomery.
Certainly, if there had been a holocaust, it could never have been covered up. Examining the situation as of May 8, , when his murderous policy is said to have gone into full gear, no responsible historian could ignore the many limitations on Eisenhower's authority that made it impossible for him to carry out an independent policy in Germany.
One turns from them feeling only embarrassment for the author who naively grounds his thesis upon them. Once Bacque's endnotes are checked, frequent misreadings of documents are easily discernible. Lauben as the source for the claim that the "other losses" weekly report column covered up deaths. The New Orleans panel noted that Lauben himself twice has since repudiated this.
Often during my talk with Mr Bacque I reminded him that my memory has deteriorated badly during the 40 odd years since It seemed to me that, after accounting for transfers and discharges, there was nothing left to make up the grand total except deaths and escapes. I was mistaken Command to another U. This left one with a loss and the other with a gain. And he's unaware of any such activity in any camps.
He's just wrong. Brech discussed his experiences in detail, in which he witnessed the poor conditions in the camp, a large number of deaths, and the systematic starving of the prisoners.