Anna Shahrour PPE Personality When Nietzsche Wept Final Culminating Project December 6, Analyzing Josef Breuer The Freudian perspective. In both his nonfiction and his fiction, Yalom uses the lens of psychotherapy to explore human nature and shows us that the line between the true and the. Download PDF When Nietzsche Wept: A Novel of Obsession, PDF Download When Nietzsche Wept: A Novel of Obsession, Download When.
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Irvin Yalom virtuosity has a particular capacity to mix philosophy, literature, and psychiatry. Yalom’s books on psychotherapy are widely read around the world making him a highly acclaimed scholar. Yalom has also been internationally recognized as a fiction writer for his novels. Download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd. Flag for When Nietzsche Wept is Irvin Yaloms next (psycho)logical step forward from Loves Executioner. When Nietzsche wept Topics Nietzsche, Friedrich Wilhelm, , Breuer, Josef, , Borrow this book to access EPUB and PDF files.
Boston Globe Strong and authentic. The element of surprise is a magical, jolting moment. Chicago Tribune In this admirable novel, Irvin Yalom fulfills his promise as a powerful storyteller and a brilliant diviner of the human psyche. Deep thought wrapped up in superb storytelling. What more could one ask? Theodore Roszak, author of Flicker A fascinating novel of what might have been the embryonic geniuses of Sigmund Freud and Friedrich Nietzsche collided.
Skip to main content. Log In Sign Up. Anna Shahrour. According to Freud, the provinces of the mind are the id, the ego, and the superego. This manifested in his obsession with his delusional patient Bertha Pappenheim.
Breuer claimed that he loved Bertha and was sexually attracted to her, but with the help of Nietzsche, he realized that he had unconsciously made her his getaway to a life away from his family and responsibilities; she was a dangerous plan that gave him a thrill in his dull life and a sexual obsession that helped him cope with his inevitable aging. In one of their sessions, Breuer told Nietzsche: Today I flirt with the limits of those rules I think about exploding my life, sacrificing my career, committing adultery, losing my family, emigrating, beginning life again with Bertha… Is Bertha my freedom wish—my escape from the trap of time?
Also, Bertha was a deranged patient of his, which made no sense for him to see her as an escape from a complicated life. He became fixated on primitive urges, which surfaced in his ego as discontent with his wife, family, and career. Like the id, the superego is unrealistic in its demands.
However, the superego refuses the urges of the id and sets its own ideals. On one hand, the conscious, which forbade him from committing immoral acts, demanded that he did not abandon his wife to pursue Bertha and a new life, and stop having any thoughts of infidelity. It was the province of the mind where the conflict between the id and the superego, the selfishness and selflessness, the amoral and moral, happened.
For the most part of the novel, Breuer had a dominating id and weak superego, making him strive to please his id with little regard for what was possible or proper. Breuer finally realized that his wife was much more important to him than his obsessions had made it seem.
Carl Gustav Jung distinguished eight psychological types that differ in two aspects: For each of the functions, thinking, feeling, sensing, and intuiting, two attitudes, introversion and extroversion, are possible. As a basic attitude, Breuer was an introvert; he was very responsive to and influenced by his inner fantasies, dreams, and perceptions.
He fantasized about a world that was different from the one he was living in, which caused him anxiety and unhappiness. In a way, Jung and Breuer had similar experiences of midlife crises characterized by introversion.
Both men were going through an inner battle with fantasies and perceptions that caused a lot of tension in their marriages and family lives. While Jung actually gave in at a point and quit his then job as a lecturer and writer, Breuer was able to redress his confusion before he could abandon medicine, and succeeded in reestablishing balance between introversion and extroversion in his psyche.
Furthermore, attitude can influence the four functions: First, Breuer was an introverted thinking person. He reacted to external stimuli, but assigned more importance to his perception than to the facts in processing the meanings of stimuli. For example, Breuer claimed in the novel that he had lived a mundane colorless life, when he actually had a successful and respectable career, a luxurious life, a loving wife and five healthy children.
Second, Breuer was an introverted feeling person. In his evaluation of ideas or events, he depended more on his subjective perception than he did on objective facts. For example, in his fantasies of running away with his patient, Bertha, Breuer evaluated the idea based on his subjective perception of Bertha, a beautiful young lady that was meant to set him free and keep him youthful, rather than the fact that she was a deranged and delusional patient that was bound to add more stress and responsibilities to his life had he run away with her.
Third, Breuer was an introverted sensing person.
His sense of sight and sound were largely influenced by his subjective perceptions rather than the reality of the sensory stimuli. For example, in his hypnosis trance, Breuer looked at his reflection and saw an old face with wrinkles; while he was by no means old, Breuer was influenced to see this because by his growing awareness of his inevitable aging.
Fourth, Breuer was an introverted intuitive person. Fortunately, Breuer could overcome his obsessions and faulty perceptions before taking any irreversible actions that could have had detrimental effects on his entire life. The Horneyian perspective: According to Horney, the moving towards people is one of three neurotic trends that people develop to deal with their basic anxiety.
Those feelings of loss and grief caused young Breuer to develop basic anxiety, which fed and was fed by his basic hostility. A key characteristic of the moving towards people neurotic trend is helplessness.
As a child, Breuer felt helpless when he lost his mother, but could not do anything about it. As an adult, he felt helpless in front of his obsessions, inner conflicts, responsibilities, and dull life. In theory, people with moving towards people neurotic trend seek powerful partners. Although Bertha might not sound like a powerful partner per se, she signified something similar.
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