MEMS Linear and Nonlinear Statics and Dynamics presents the necessary ISBN ; Digitally watermarked, DRM-free; Included format: PDF. Page 4. Page 5. Page 6. Page 7. Link to Full-Text Articles: http://download-v2. ronaldweinland.info%A%Fs the Springer White paper by the University of Liverpool (), Global preserve anonymity), and who had owned the full Springer ebook collection for at least.
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This article attempts to put forward the basic and practical aspects regarding use of these products. Keywords: Conditioner, hair, shampoo What was known?
Hair shampoo is a hair care product comprising among other things of synthetic detergents designed to remove sebum and environmental dirt. Hair conditioners aid to improve hair manageability.
Introduction Having good looking hair and skin is the need of the hour, both being a part and parcel of our personality. The value of the treasure sitting on our heads is appreciated deeply by those who start losing it due to various causes of hair loss.
Maintenance and grooming of hair is a daily routine for most of the people and it is not uncommon to see people investing a huge amount of time and money on hair care, which has created a huge industry selling lots of hair care products to fulfill the demand.
India too is undergoing a hair revolution with markets flooded with products promising instant beautification of hair. What makes for a healthy hair? Healthy hair looks clean, soft to feel, shiny, untangled, has no frizz and is bouncy when shaking the head. To have this, you require not only a good overall health and freedom from disease but a daily chore of maintenance and grooming of hair.
For a smooth, wet and dry feel, friction between hair and skin should be minimized in wet and dry environment, respectively, and if you desire a good feel with respect to bouncing and shaking of the hair during walking and running, friction low between hair fibers.
Why a dermatologist need to know about hair cleansing products? Dermatologists many a times encounter patients with or without hair disorders asking many questions about how to keep hair looking clean and beautiful.
Which shampoo or conditioner must I use for my kind of hair? Familiarity with available hair care products along with a basic knowledge of the different types of hair seen in individuals will help doctors to offer expert advice and prevent awkward moments in clinical practice.
This article in brief would be discussing the basic and practical aspects regarding cosmetic shampoo and conditioners relevant to a dermatologist. Therefore, therapeutic shampoo will not be discussed here.
Technical details[ edit ] "CMOS" refers to both a particular style of digital circuitry design and the family of processes used to implement that circuitry on integrated circuits chips. CMOS circuitry dissipates less power than logic families with resistive loads. Since this advantage has increased and grown more important, CMOS processes and variants have come to dominate, thus the vast majority of modern integrated circuit manufacturing is on CMOS processes.
In this patent, the fabrication of CMOS devices was outlined, on the basis of thermal oxidation of a silicon substrate to yield a layer of silicon dioxide located between the drain contact and the source contact.
With comparable performance and much less power consumption, the twin-well CMOS process eventually overtook NMOS as the most common semiconductor manufacturing process for computers in the s. The composition of a PMOS transistor creates low resistance between its source and drain contacts when a low gate voltage is applied and high resistance when a high gate voltage is applied.
On the other hand, the composition of an NMOS transistor creates high resistance between source and drain when a low gate voltage is applied and low resistance when a high gate voltage is applied. This arrangement greatly reduces power consumption and heat generation. This induces a brief spike in power consumption and becomes a serious issue at high frequencies. Static CMOS inverter. Vdd and Vss are standing for drain and source respectively. This limits the current that can flow from Q to ground.
The PMOS transistor's channel is in a low resistance state and much more current can flow from the supply to the output. Because the resistance between the supply voltage and Q is low, the voltage drop between the supply voltage and Q due to a current drawn from Q is small.
The output, therefore, registers a high voltage. On the other hand, when the voltage of input A is high, the PMOS transistor is in an OFF high resistance state so it would limit the current flowing from the positive supply to the output, while the NMOS transistor is in an ON low resistance state, allowing the output from drain to ground. Because the resistance between Q and ground is low, the voltage drop due to a current drawn into Q placing Q above ground is small.
This low drop results in the output registering a low voltage. In short, the outputs of the PMOS and NMOS transistors are complementary such that when the input is low, the output is high, and when the input is high, the output is low.
Because of this behavior of input and output, the CMOS circuit's output is the inverse of the input. A CMOS circuit is created to allow a path always to exist from the output to either the power source or ground.
To accomplish this, the set of all paths to the voltage source must be the complement of the set of all paths to ground. This can be easily accomplished by defining one in terms of the NOT of the other. When a path consists of two transistors in series, both transistors must have low resistance to the corresponding supply voltage, modelling an AND.
When a path consists of two transistors in parallel, either one or both of the transistors must have low resistance to connect the supply voltage to the output, modelling an OR. If both of the A and B inputs are high, then both the NMOS transistors bottom half of the diagram will conduct, neither of the PMOS transistors top half will conduct, and a conductive path will be established between the output and Vss ground , bringing the output low.
If both of the A and B inputs are low, then neither of the NMOS transistors will conduct, while both of the PMOS transistors will conduct, establishing a conductive path between the output and Vdd voltage source , bringing the output high. If either of the A or B inputs is low, one of the NMOS transistors will not conduct, one of the PMOS transistors will, and a conductive path will be established between the output and Vdd voltage source , bringing the output high.
In addition, the output signal swings the full voltage between the low and high rails.