[P.D.F] The Portable Nietzsche By — Friedrich Nietzsche Download EBOOK EPUB KINDLE The works of Friedrich Nietzsche have fascinated. The ponable Nietzsche. Reprint tt gT of the p,itUstt"a pubUsh-ed r9s4 ed. b- yThe Viking press,New york, the wruch was rssuedas no. 6z of Viking portable. About this product: Synopsis The works of Friedrich Nietzsche have - NewsweekOnline PDF The Portable Nietzsche (Viking Portable Library).
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THE PORTABLE NIETZSCHE. Each volume in The Viking Portable Library either presents,a representative selection from the works of a single outstanding. THE PORTABLE NIETZSCHE Edited and translated by WALTER KAUFMANN PENGUIN BOOKS THE PORTABLE NIETZSCHE Each volume in The Viking. Nietzsche called The Gay Science "the most personal of all my books." It was here that he first proclaimed the death of God -- to which a large part of the book is.
Nietzsche's father died from a brain ailment in ; Ludwig Joseph died six months later at age two. After the death of Nietzsche's grandmother in , the family moved into their own house, now Nietzsche-Haus , a museum and Nietzsche study centre. Nietzsche, Nietzsche attended a boys' school and then a private school, where he became friends with Gustav Krug, Rudolf Wagner and Wilhelm Pinder, all of whom came from highly respected families. Because his father had worked for the state as a pastor the now-fatherless Nietzsche was offered a scholarship to study at the internationally recognized Schulpforta the claim that Nietzsche was admitted on the strength of his academic competence has been debunked: his grades were nowhere near the top of the class. He also found time to work on poems and musical compositions.
Divining the direction of autonomy is the task of Without Guilt and Justice, and autonomy is undermined by the shadow of God which makes us think like slaves, cowering before imaginary entities, thereby ignoring all the actual signs indicating the possibility of transcending human limitations, and finding higher limitations, as far removed from human limitations as human limitations are removed from simian limitations.
In making the world divine, 17 it need not be transcended by a God in order to be oriented, but by the same token, immanence is no longer the lifeless fact imagined by the materialist. The very first courtesy we readers owe Nietzsche is therefore to strive to read his published works as a whole, to whatever depth we are able.
According to Kaufmann, Heidegger is an example of someone who fell into the former error,25 while Nietzsche's sister Elizabeth is an example of someone who fell into the latter. In contrast, Kaufmann demonstrates in the sixth chapter of Nietzsche how the emerging doctrine of Will to Power dawned upon Nietzsche as the difference-preserving common root holding the Apollo-Dionysus opposition together in tension, which provided the focus necessary for Nietzsche to divine the way forward in his attempt to fathom both himself and his world as a whole.
Kaufmann thus locates the Will to Power doctrine at the heart of his Nietzsche interpretation and the key to understanding his work as a whole. Nietzschean sublimation, unlike Hegelian sublation, is not a system, nor even a systematic method, but an art form, a knack, a skill: in short, a style.
A thinking partner in actual dialogue is a very different thing to an interlocutor who is a dogmatic ideologue; a stranger who wants to chat is quite different to someone who knocks on your door with a memorized script in mind. He is not denying the obvious utility of systems in thinking, and the value of machines for life per se, only warning that a slavish dependence on their virtues can easily lead to forgetting of their limitations, distracting attention from the vital informalities of actual existence.
But as meteorologists and economists alike well know, an unthinking reliance upon formal modeling is a dangerous thing, and a robust common sense along with a subtle intuition of informal elements always operative in reality are invaluable aids to utilizing systematic understanding without mistaking it for the whole of understanding, which must be admitted to include its informal aspect.
Kaufmann was the first to elaborate this theme of sublimation in chapter seven of his Nietzsche, although Freud had obviously also noticed the importance of this notion. A sublimation in chemistry is a phase transition of a substance which skips a usual intermediary phase. Water, for example, exists in three phases: solid, liquid and gas. Under certain conditions, ice can turn into steam without passing through a liquid phase. Under intense pressure, hydrogen gas can solidify into a metal.
These and other examples of sublimations led Nietzsche to adopt sublimation as a metaphor for the way in which humans are able to transmute destructive conflicts between the drives into creative forces. The ancient Greeks achieved many paradigmatic sublimations: the invention of 38 sport, sublimating the drive to war, especially civil war, into passionate but harmless competition; the tragedy, sublimating pain and suffering into an aesthetic phenomenon through the invention of the theater; and the sublimation of political rivalry in Platonic dialogue, the reasoned discourse of rational men still charged with the passion of an irrational fight, but channeled into the clarity and thoughtfulness of rational dialogue.
These elaborations concerning sublimation in Nietzsche depend upon his understanding of the whole person as an ensemble of interacting drives conducted by the mind like a conductor conducts an orchestra, but also like a rod on a building conducts lightning. Such organic development was for Nietzsche no mere academic exercise, but rather one which enfolded and eventually engulfed his whole life.
As such, how a text makes you feel as you read it is no less significant than what it makes you think, and in fact the two are closely connected. Like his master, the author never shows a trace of a sense of humor.
Kaufmann then fled Nazi Germany in at the age of eighteen, and went on to take a Ph. He then taught at Princeton until his premature death in at the age of Both Kaufmann's and Nietzsche's works must be read "in stereo" with the stories of their lives, and as confessions, both conscious and unconscious, by their authors. For Heidegger interprets Nietzsche as the last of the metaphysicians, whereas Jaspers and Kaufmann are in agreement that he ought rather to be seen along with Keirkegaard as the first of the existentialists.
The article is largely devoted to a discussion of Eric Podach, an unusual Nietzsche biographer who published five books on Nietzsche in the s, and then a sixth in Voigt in as The Madness of Nietzsche. It should also be noted that later examinations of Nietzsche for signs and traces of lues had completely negative results. As Kaufmann reaffirms clearly in his later work on Nietzsche, biographical and intellectual matters cannot be disentangled in Nietzsche, any more than Nietzsche's thought can be reduced to "nothing but" symptoms.
Emotional stress he experienced as physical pain. May this be his best remedy, that he might see with his own eyes one who makes himself whole. This holism is reconciled with Nietzsche's anti-essentialistic attack on "the soul superstition" by way of an account of individuality in which energies are distributed through a pattern of drives without having to be knotted into an ego, weaving instead a life whose integrity as a whole devolves upon that whole being in each and every part in its own way, not in being reducible to an identity such as an agent, ego, soul or brain.
Nietzsche admits that like Wagner he was a decadent, but unlike Wagner he admitted this decadence to himself, and struggled with it. If our evolutionary past is active in us in the present, then the animals give us symbolic access to ourselves. We can become tame cows and sheep, or live dangerously like eagles and panthers.
We can become homo insectus and toil in honeycomb skyscrapers, or we can scale the heights like mountain goats: these metaphors could be multiplied endlessly.
Neither Kaufmann nor Nietzsche wanted to be followed unquestioningly: on the contrary, this is precisely what Nietzsche warns us against. Perhaps there is even a sense in which hostile critics like Brinton66 might have appealed to Nietzsche, afraid as he was of sycophants and disciples, and always exhorting his readers to think for themselves.
But the theme of friendship runs deep in Nietzsche, and he often addresses his readers as his friends, and this good will is a significant aspect of most appreciative readers' experiences of Nietzsche who become "friends of lento". Although in places he does distance himself from his friend Friedrich, 67 Kaufmann devotes a great deal of energy defending Nietzsche from ill-informed and judgmental critics, and rebutting groundless gossip. It is because biography and thought are entangled in ways of which we cannot be entirely conscious that questions such as the syphilis issue and the Nazi appropriation are important.
These texts' ideas cry out to be tested in attempts and experiments in real life. This is not quite the absolute "us" of the conclusion of Hegel's Phenomenology, but it is more than the mere "me" that shows through in section 4 of chapter 1 of Without Guilt and Justice pages , revealing Kaufmann's third flaw, sometimes called his "humanism.
Just as these first two volumes appeared in the U. The first decade of the twenty-first century has been an exciting one for readers of Nietzsche in English translation. Not at all. With other authors, new translations of a work usually do supplant older ones. But this is not the case for Nietzsche, for the work being translated is sufficiently nuanced, subtle and personal that a reader can only ever benefit from comparing varying translations.
The comparative study of all seven English translations of Thus Spake Zarathustra, for example, is a fascinating exercise in the hermeneutics of perspectivism. What is needed is multidimensional thinking.
In the epilogue to his Faith of a Heretic, Walter Kaufmann wrote the following exhortation to us, his future readers: When I die, I do not want them to say: Think of all he still might have done. There is cowardice in wanting to have that said. Let them say - let me live so they can say: There was nothing left in him; he did not spare himself; we put everything he had into his work, his life.
An idiot with no mind left? Or a retired writer who, demonstrably, had nothing more to say? How hideous! Luckily for us, Kaufmann was granted twenty more years after he wrote those lines. As it turned out, that was just long enough to make them come true, and easily short enough for Walter Kaufmann to get what he wished for. Here I list only those works with a direct bearing upon his Nietzsche-interpretation. Revised edition Wyden Inc. His essay is especially strong on Kaufmann's somewhat strained relation with Jaspers.
The subtle distinction between sublation and sublimation is the key to resolving the question of Nietzsche's negotiation of his own inner contradictions and conflicts, and Jasper's characterization of this negotiation as "the whirl" in which Nietzsche's posits are understood only when their op-posit is found is, for Kaufmann, too close to the Hegelian system.
But Pikus goes too far when he thus ascribes to Kaufmann an "antiacademic agenda" p. Kaufmann was a consummate academic, and thematizes sublimation as a style in order to avoid sublation as a system, and not in order to avoid "the system" as such.
That said, it must be admitted that Kaufmann did manage to alienate not only both Jaspers and Heidegger, but also other expatriate Germans such as Hannah Arendt and Herbert Marcuse with his style of debate, which could be at times less than diplomatic, and the exploration of the interesting sublation vs.
Clear, comprehensive and thorough, although as I have suggested, more worried about the existentialist issue than necessary: Kaufmann's description of Nietzsche as an existentialist need not be taken as the reductive claim that he is nothing but an existentialist. Highly critical of Kaufmann, who maintained that the Will to Power doctrine sublimated the Apollo- Dionysus tension, whereas Sokel maintains "The Will to Power is the mature Nietzsche's version of the Apollonian drive of visionary projection and creation" p.
This issue is at best contentious, and Sokel's accusation that "Kaufmann has given us an antiseptic image of [Nietzsche] which cannot remain credible for long" is based on an inadequate reading of Kaufmann's works, as well as perhaps, like Bergmann, not a little professional ressentiment towards the extremely successful Princeton professor.
This is biographical-intellectual entanglement at its worst: mere ad hominum argumentation. In his attack on a straw Kaufmann, Sokal makes it obvious that he has not read page of volume two of Discovering the Mind , when he says "According to Kaufmann, power for Nietzsche is nothing other than what Freud was to call sublimation" p. Orth, M.
A careful review of Nietzsche's "cold case," ruling out syphilis and arguing contra Schain that schizophrenia is not indicated, but rather a cause not specified beyond "Frontotemporal Dementia.
Like all good research, it has spawned much disgreement concerning the meningioma hypothesis, but no rebuttal concerning the basic disproval of syphilis. Does not cite Schain, which is either innocent ignorance, or nefarious scholarship. Schain, R. Medically sophisticated, but philosophically ignorant.
As yet untranslated into English. Comprehensive collection of the relevant documents concerning the history of the debates over Nietzsche's illness. It is Volz's opinion that the true cause of Nietzsche's dementia shall never be known with certainty.
It is also worth noting that Ernst Bertram's book of has now been translated into English by Robert E. Show related SlideShares at end. WordPress Shortcode. Didembadeg Follow. Published in: Full Name Comment goes here. Are you sure you want to Yes No. Be the first to like this. No Downloads. Views Total views. Actions Shares.
Embeds 0 No embeds. No notes for slide. Book details Author: Friedrich Nietzsche Pages: Penguin Classics Language: English ISBN Description this book The works of Friedrich Nietzsche have fascinated readers around the world ever since the publication of his first book more than a hundred years ago.
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