Charles Darwin's groundbreaking work of evolutionary biology, "The Origin of Species" introduces the scientific theory of evolution, which posits that species. On the Origin of Species. The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals. The Descent of Man. On Natural Selection. The Descent of Man. See all books by . On the Origin of Species. This, certainly the most important biological book ever written, has received detailed bibliographical treatment in Morse Peckham's.
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On the Origin of Species published on 24 November , is a work of scientific literature by Charles Darwin which is. The Origin of Species book. Read reviews from the world's largest community for readers. Darwin's theory of natural selection issued a profound cha. download The Origin of Species: th Anniversary Edition on ronaldweinland.info ✓ FREE Discover delightful children's books with Prime Book Box, a subscription that.
This, certainly the most important biological book ever written, has received detailed bibliographical treatment in Morse Peckham's variorum edition, The first edition also has a full bibliographic description in H. Horblit One hundred books famous in science, , Grolier Club. Peckham considers all editions and issues published in England of which he was aware, from the first of up to the thirty-ninth thousand of His work includes consideration of paper, type and bindings, as well as giving summaries of John Murray's accounts for each printing. The bibliography is an adjunct to the variorum text which shows the great changes which Darwin made to the five editions which follow the first. The author's minor changes in the printing of , which seem to have been ignored by all subsequent editors and even by the publisher's themselves, are brought to light, although Peckham was only able to see the issue of
The issue was of 1, copies only. This number is as small as any, being equalled only by that of the first edition; and, whilst the latter has been carefully conserved in libraries, no attention seems to have been paid to this one.
It does not seem to have been previously recognized as the first printing of the final text, and is remarkably hard to come by. It was, incidentally, this edition which Samuel Butler had beside him when writing Evolution old and new in This printing is the eighteenth thousand, but, as it is important to know what was the first issue of the final text, it should be noticed that advertisements for The origin of species in other works by Darwin around mention the existence of both sixteenth and seventeenth thousands as well as this one.
These may be summarized as follows:. No copies of the sixteenth or seventeenth thousands have ever been recorded; it is difficult to see from the printing records how they can exist, although they may. We know that the eighteenth was in print in , yet the sixteenth is advertised three times in the following year. It is more likely that the compositor was making up from bad copy. The title page of this issue bears 'Sixth edition, with additions and corrections to Eighteenth thousand.
There are no additions to the text and the pagination, from stereos, is unchanged. There are however corrections, slight but undoubtedly those of Darwin himself. The two most obvious of these are the change from Cape de Verde Islands to Cape Verde Islands, and the change from climax to acme. The index is not altered so that Cape de Verde is retained there in this edition and later issues and editions, including the two volume Library Edition, which was entirely reset.
The reason for the change of the name of these islands is not known, and Cape de Verde is retained long afterwards in issues of the Journal of researches printed from stereos. However Darwin had no copyright in his Journal and only Cape Verde is found in Vegetable mould and worms which was first published in There is also one small change in sense in Chapter XIV.
The details of these changes can be found in Peckham. In , and subsequently, the same stereos were used for the very many issues which appeared, in a variety of bindings.
The first one to appear in a standard binding was the twenty-fourth thousand of All these issues, right up to the last in , continue to include the summary of differences and the historical sketch. An entirely new setting in larger type, was made for the Library Edition of in two volumes and, after two reissues in that form, the same stereos, repaginated, were used for the standard edition of the Edwardian period. This Library Edition is uniform with a similar edition of The descent of man, and the same cloth was used for Life and letters.
The cheap edition was entirely reset for the forty-first thousand of The paper covered issues, which have been referred to above, have the title embossed on the front cover, and were produced for the remarkable price of one shilling, whilst the same printing in cheap cloth cost 2s. Both of these, the latter particularly, are hard to find.
There are two issues by another publisher in the copyright period. In the first issue, the title page and text are those of the forty-fifth thousand of , with a list of Sir John's choices tipped in before the half-title leaf. Seven hundred and fifty sets of the sheets were bought from Murray and issued in this form by Routledge and Kegan Paul in The second issue consists of Murray's fifty-sixth thousand, of , and there is no printed indication that this is a part of Sir John's series.
The green cloth binding is however uniform with the rest of the series. The first edition came out of copyright in November , and Ward Lock printed it in the same year in the Minerva Library new series. The statement by Darlington, in Watt's reprint of , that his is the only reprinting of the first edition is not true.
Most of the other early reprints are based on the fifth thousand, but that of Collins in is based on the third edition. Modern reprints usually state that they are based on the sixth edition of , but they are actually based on that of There have been about reprints in English in this century, many of them in standard library series such as Everyman and the World's Classics.
Some are important because they are introduced by leading scholars of evolution and show the changing attitudes towards Darwinism over the years; one, the Everyman of , has even had its introduction reprinted by the Evolution Protest Movement. Almost all of them are bread and butter reprints in small type, but at a reasonable price.
However there is one spacious edition, that for the Limited Editions Club of New York in ; this was designed and printed by the scholar-printer George Dunstan, at the Griffin Press, Adelaide. There are the usual abridged versions and extracts for schools, and even a coupon edition from Odhams Press.
There have been two facsimiles of the first edition; the earlier, in , omits the original index and substitutes its own; the later, in , is twenty millimetres taller than the original.
In a concordance was published: Barrett, Donald J. Weinshank and Timothy T. In January , Asa Gray was arranging for an American issue of the first edition to be published in Boston, but two New York houses, Appleton and Harpers, were also considering it. The former got their edition out in the middle of January and Harpers withdrew.
Darwin wrote in his diary for May 22nd that it was of 2, copies, but there were four separate printings in and it is not clear whether this figure refers to the first alone.
The title pages of the first two of these are identical, but the first has only two quotations on the verso of the half-title leaf whereas the second has three; the one from Butler's Analogy was added after Whewell and Bacon instead of between them as in the English second edition.
The University of Virginia holds all four and their copies have been examined with a Hinman scanner. The texts of the first three are identical, in spite of the statement on the title page of the third, and follow that of the first English. The fourth is considerably altered. It includes a supplement of seven pages at the end of author's 'additions and alterations. It also contains the historical sketch, in its earlier and shorter form, as a preface.
All four contain the whale-bear story in full. This total of twenty-nine is higher than any other scientific work, except for the first books of Euclid. The Autobiography also gives Bohemian and Japanese; the former refers to the Serbian, but he was misinformed about the latter; the first appeared in Darwin was not happy about the first German translation. It was done from the second English edition by H.
Bronn, who had, at Darwin's suggestion, added an appendix of the difficulties which occurred to him; but he had also excised bits of which he did not approve. This edition also contains the historical sketch in its shorter and earlier form.
The text was tactfully revised by J.
Carus who remained the most faithful and punctual of all Darwin's translators. There were also difficulties with the first French. Mile Royer, who Darwin described as 'one of the cleverest and oddest women in Europe' and wished 'had known more of natural history', added her own footnotes. He was not really happy until the third translation by Edmond Barbier appeared in The first Spanish, of , contains two letters from Darwin which have not been printed elsewhere.
Click here for a full bibliographical list. See the Darwin Census: Darwin, C. On the origin of species by means of natural selection, or the preservation of favoured races in the struggle for life.
John Murray. New York: The origin of species by means of natural selection, or the preservation of favoured races in the struggle for life. New edition, revised and augmented. Seventh thousand. Eighth thousand. Tenth thousand. PDF F Translated by J. Revised by Frits Heide. Het ontstaan der soorten van dieren en planten door middel van de natuurkeus, of het bewaard blijven van bevoorregte rassen in de strijd des levens.
Guillaumin et Cie. Victor Masson et fils; Guillaumin et Cie. Image PDF F Translated by H. Bronn and J. Die Entstehung der Arten.
Edited by Heinrich Schmidt. Image Provided by http: Whereas the latter is an octavo in eights, the former two, as well as the eighteenth of , are octavos in twelves. He treats all the octavos in twelves as duodecimos, when Murray's accounts make it clear that they are octavos imposed in sheet and a half.
He states p. Murray Darwins after this date occur in three forms, the standard, in cloth, those in Murray's Library series in cloth, and the cheap in paper covers. All the issues are listed in the printing of , and all that I have seen do contain the summary of differences. Indeed I have never seen a Murray Darwin without it after , when it first appeared. He also states that issues after are printed from the stereos of the two volume Library Edition repaginated.
His statement on page  that in the later issues, from the thirty-fifth thousand of , the thousands given on the title pages are correct is not true because he has ignored the two volume Library Edition of which is the thirty-third thousand. Finally, he considers only the editions and issues printed in England. Darwin was extremely keen that his ideas should be disseminated as widely as possible by translation, and that the changes in these ideas should also reach foreign editions.
To this end, he corresponded with translators and with publishers. Certainly, the fourth American printing of and the first Spanish of contain matter not present in any English printing.
The early German and French editions also need examination. Although Peckham describes and illustrates the bindings, he does not seem to have seen enough copies to notice even striking variations in them.
Darwin had intended to write a much larger work on transmutation and had made considerable progress towards it when he received, on June 18th , the letter from Wallace which led to the publication of their joint paper in August.
His 'big book' as he called it was never published as such, but Variation under domestication represents the first part of it, and his surviving manuscript of most of the second part, Natural selection, although far from prepared for the printer, has appeared recently, edited by Robert C. Stauffer No. Hooker wrote to Darwin , late in after the publication of On the origin of species, 'I am all the more glad that you have published in this form, for the three volumes, unprefaced by this, would have choked any naturalist of the nineteenth century'.
He started work on the book on Tuesday July 20th, , whilst on holiday at Sandown in the Isle of Wight. The details of its composition and publishing are given in Life and letters Vol.
II, pp. To begin with, he expected it to be an abstract of perhaps as little as thirty pages, published in the Journal of the Linnean Society, but by the winter it was clear that it would have to be a book. In March Lyell mentioned it to John Murray who accepted it in April, after seeing the first three chapters.
It was all, except the index, in corrected proof by September 11th. Darwin was still calling it an abstract up until the end of March, and he roughed out a title page which Lyell showed to Murray. This is printed in Life and letters Vol. II, p.
Murray thought it too long. Darwin received a copy early in November; Peckham says that Murray sent it on Wednesday 2nd. The overseas presentation copies were sent out before Friday 11th, and the home ones must have gone out at about the same time because he received a letter of thanks from Sir John Lubbock on Tuesday 15th, or earlier.
Twenty-three author's presentation copies are recorded, but there were probably more; the twelve which I have seen are all inscribed by one of Murray's clerks and I know of no record of one inscribed by Darwin himself. It was offered to the trade at Murray's autumn sale a week later, on 22nd; most sources say that 1, were taken up, others 1, Only 1, had however been printed of which 1, were available for sale, the rest being twelve for the author, forty-one for review and five for Stationers' Hall copyright.
As Darwin took at least another twenty for presentation, the final number available for the trade was about 1, These facts are at variance with the often-printed statement that all the 1, copies were sold to the public on publication day, Thursday 24th; indeed once copies had reached the bookshops, up and down the country, how could anyone know whether they were sold or not. The origin of this mistake is in Darwin's diary ' copies printed.
The first edition was published on November 24th, and all copies sold first day. There are, however, small differences in the cases and in the inserted advertisements; these points have been considered in detail in The Book collector, Vol.
The presence of two quotations only, from Whewell and Bacon, on the verso of the half-title leaf p. Two other points are usually made, the misprint ' speceies ' on page 20, line 11, and the whale-bear story in full on page ; these are not necessary for its recognition, and many more differences can be found in Peckham's edition.
Indeed the whale-bear story in full is not peculiar to the first edition, but occurs in all the four American printings of The single folded lithographic diagram , by William West, is inserted facing page It indicates Darwin's views of possible sequences of evolution, and continued to be used in all subsequent editions. Philip D. Gingerich has used it recently in a discussion of the speed and pattern of evolution at a species level Amer. The book is signed and sewn in twelves and is often described as a duodecimo.
The page shape is that of an octavo and Murray's ledger shows that the paper used was sheet and a half crown.
In the bolts the folded half sheet is inserted in the middle of the folded sheet; the first and second leaves are signed A1, A2 etc. The identification of original variants of the case is bedevilled by the habit of transferring the text of copies in original, but worn, cases into better cases taken off copies of the second or third editions, which are closely similar.
However, examination of copies with impeccable antecedents has shown two variants. These are described under No. The first edition, when in the cloth, has, almost invariably, thirty-two pages of inserted advertisements of Murray's general list dated June and with the edges uncut.
I have seen a copy in commerce with  pages of Murray's popular works, dated July , following the general works. The copy gave no indication of being sophisticated and was probably a freak. The general list occurs in three forms: 1 With the text of each page surrounded by a frame of a single rule; page  signed B; on page 2 the fourth item of Admiralty publications retains the numeral 4, and on page 3 in item 22 the name Harrison's retains the genitive S.
The other anomalies in the Admiralty list, that is the repetition of number 17, and the number 22 coming before 21, are the same in all issues. This situation would seem to suggest that the advertisements were printed from standing type at least three times, in the order given. I have seen only two copies of the first, Darwin's own, at Cambridge, and one at the University of Toronto, bought in Cambridge but not an author's presentation.
Both the other two are found in author's presentation copies, the third more commonly. Photograph: John van Wyhe. Murray's letter reached the author on November 24th, while he was on a long water cure at Ilkley, Yorkshire.
On November 25th, he writes 'I have been going over the sheets'; on December 14th 'I have been busy in getting a reprint with a very few corrections through the press. Murray is now printing copies'; and on December 21st 'my publisher is printing off, as rapidly as possible. The new edition is only a reprint, yet I have made a few important corrections'. This would have been quite normal practice for a book which was to have an official publication date early in the new year, nevertheless there are two copies known which are dated on the title page.
The existence of such copies has long been known to the trade, although, from their extreme rarity, few booksellers can ever have seen one. It was customary, for many years, for anyone offering a copy of the first edition to describe it as 'first edition, first issue', and Casey A.
Wood An introduction to the literature of vertebrate zoology, , claimed that McGill University held them both. It does not and never did.
The book-sellers were, in a purist sense, right; the new printing was from standing type of the first edition, although with a considerable number of resettings. Darwin himself considered that it was merely corrected, but the next printing, in , was called the third edition on the title page.
The copy at Yale is in poor condition and that at the University of Southern California bad, but both are in the original cases which are identical with one of the variants of the cases of and neither has any inserted advertisements.
A third copy, in commerce in America, was brought to my notice in March This one was in excellent condition and had inserted advertisements dated June , in the third variant referred to above.
The case was precisely the same as those of the other two. Three thousand copies were printed, perhaps including the few, considered above, which have on the title page; this was the largest printing of any edition or issue in Darwin's lifetime. It can be recognized immediately by the date, by the words 'fifth thousand', and the correct spelling of 'Linnean' on the title page.
There are three quotations on the verso of the half-title leaf. The misprint 'speceies' is corrected and the whale-bear story diluted, an alteration which Darwin later regretted, although he never restored the full text. Low Stock. Gargantua and Pantagruel. The Book of the New Sun. Illustrated by Sam Weber. Limited Editions Limited Editions. Last Chance to download. Fiction Ideas.
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