Illustrations of Freemasonry [Capt William Morgan] on ronaldweinland.info *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. This controversial, and fully illustrated book forms a . Free PDF, epub, Kindle ebook. By William Morgan. Fully illustrated, this is one of the first published accounts of US Freemasonry in the early 19th century. William Morgan ( – c. ) was a resident of Batavia, New York, whose disappearance Illustration of Morgan. . In his novel The Craft: Freemasons, Secret Agents, and William Morgan (), the author Thomas Talbot presents a fictional version of the William . Create a book · Download as PDF · Printable version.
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Independence of the United States of America, A.D. , William Morgan, " Illustrations of Masonry, by one of the fraternity who has devoted thirty years to the. Masons in Europe and America, of all degrees and offices, to be one that every Morgan and Dr. Strong as the remains of William Morgan by their accurate. 'Captain' William Morgan, the author, was a disappointed Freemason in Batavia, New York. Rejected by the local lodge, he announced that he was going to publish a work exposing Masonic rituals and secrets. Shortly before publication in , he disappeared, and three Masons were.
One rap calls the Lodge to order; one calls up the Junior and Senior Deacons; two raps call up the subordinate officers; and three, all the members of the Lodge. Master to Junior Deacon, "Attend to that part of your duty, and inform the Tyler that we are about to open a Lodge of Entered Apprentice Masons; and direct him to tyle accordingly. The Master to the Junior Deacon, "By whom? Brethren, attend to giving the signs. In some they declare the Lodge open, as follows, before they give the sign. This is called the first sign of a Masonis the sign of distress in this degree, and alludes to the position a candidate's hands are placed in when he takes the obligation of an Entered Apprentice Mason.
After the candidate is brought to light, the Master addresses him as follows: "Brother, on being brought to light, you first discover three great lights in Masonry by the assistance of three lesser; they are thus explained: The three great lights in Masonry are the Holy Bible, Square and Compass. The Holy Bible is given to us as a rule and guide for our faith and practice; the Square, to square our actions, and the Compass to keep us in due bounds with all mankind, but more especially with the brethren.
Three lesser lights are three burning tapers, or candles placed on candlesticks some say, or candles on pedestals , they represent the Sun, Moon, and Master of the Lodge, and are thus explained: As the sun rules the day, and the moon governs the night, so ought the Worshipful Master, with equal regularity, to rule and govern his Lodge, or cause the same to be done; you next discover me, as Master of this Lodge, approaching you from the East upon the first step of Masonry, under the sign and due-guard of an Entered Apprentice Mason, as already revealed to you.
This is the manner of giving them; imitate me, as near as you can, keeping your position. First, step off with your left foot, and bring the heel of the right into the hollow thereof, so as to form a square.
It is the name of the left hand pillar of the porch of King Solomon's Templearise, Brother Boaz, and salute the Junior and Senior Wardens as such, and convince them that you have been regularly initiated as an Entered Apprentice Mason, and have got the sign, grip, and word. This is the way Entered Apprentice Masons wear, or ought to wear, their aprons until they are advanced.
The candidate is now conducted to the Master in the East, who says, "Brother, as you are dressed, it is necessary you should have tools to work with; I will now present you with the working tools of an Entered Apprentice Mason, which are the twenty-four-inch gauge and common gavel; they are thus explained: The twenty-four-inch gauge is an instrument made use of by operative Masons to measure and lay out their work, but we, as Free and Accepted Masons, make use of it for the more noble and glorious purpose of dividing our time.
The twenty-four inches on the gauge are emblematical of the twenty-four hours in the day, which we are taught to divide into three equal parts, whereby we find eight hours for the service of God and a worthy distressed brother; eight hours for our usual vocations; and eight for refreshment and sleep; the common gavel is an instrument made use of by operative Masons to break off the [Pg 11]corners of rough stones, the better to fit them for the builder's use; but we, as Free and Accepted Masons, use it for the more noble and glorious purpose of divesting our hearts and consciences of all the vices and superfluities of life, thereby fitting our minds as living and lively stones for that spiritual building, that house not made with hands, eternal in the Heavens.
A listening ear teaches you to listen to the instructions of the Worshipful Master, but more especially that you should listen to the cries of a worthy distressed brother.
A silent tongue teaches you to be silent while in the Lodge, that the peace and harmony thereof may not be disturbed, but more especially that you should be silent before the enemies of Masonry, that the craft may not be brought into disrepute by your imprudence. A faithful heart teaches you to be faithful to the instructions of the Worshipful Master at all times, but more especially that you should be faithful, and keep and conceal the secrets of Masonry, and those of a brother when given to you in charge as such, that they may remain as secure and inviolable in your breast as his own, before communicated to you.
I further present you with check-words two; their names are TRUTH and UNION, and are thus explained: Truth is a divine attribute, and the foundation of every virtue; to be good and true is the first lesson we are taught in Masonry; on this theme we contemplate, and by its dictates endeavor to regulate our conduct; hence, while influenced by this principle, hypocrisy and deceit are unknown among us, sincerity and plain dealing distinguish us, and the heart and tongue join in promoting each other's welfare, and rejoicing in each other's prosperity.
Union is that kind of friendship which ought to appear conspicuous in every Mason's conduct. It is so closely allied to the divine attribute, truth, that he who enjoys the one is seldom destitute of the other.
Should interest, honor, prejudice, or human depravity ever induce you to violate any part of the sacred trust we now repose in you, let these two important words, at the earliest insinuation, teach you to put on the check-line of truth, which will infallibly direct you to pursue that straight and narrow path which ends in the full enjoyment of the Grand Lodge above, where we shall all meet as Masons and members of the same family, in peace, harmony, and love; where all discord on account of politics, religion, or private opinion, shall be unknown, and banished from within our walls.
He is assisted in searchingnothing is found.
A zealous attachment to these principles will insure a public and private esteem. In the State, you are to be a quiet and peaceable subject, true to your government, and just to your country; you are not to countenance disloyalty, but faithfully submit to legal authority, and conform with cheerfulness to the government of the country in which you live. In your outward demeanor be particularly careful to avoid censure or reproach. Although your frequent appearance at our regular meetings is earnestly solicited, yet it is not meant that Masonry should interfere with your necessary vocations; for these are on no account to be neglected: neither are you to suffer your zeal for the institution to lead you into argument with those who, through ignorance, may ridicule it.
At your leisure hours, that you may improve in Masonic knowledge, you are to converse with well-informed brethren, who will be always as ready to give, as you will be to receive information. Finally, keep sacred and inviolable the mysteries of the Order, as these are to distinguish you from the rest of the community, and mark your consequence among Masons.
If, in the circle of your acquaintance, you find a person desirous of being initiated into Masonry, be particularly attentive not to commend him, unless you are convinced he will conform to our rules; that the honor, glory, and reputation of the institution may be firmly established, and the world at large convinced of its good effects. After this, the business of the meeting proceeds according to the by-laws or regulations of the Lodge. Before adjourning, it is a very common practice to close a Lodge of Entered Apprentices, and open a Lodge of Fellow Crafts, and close that, and open a Master Mason's Lodge, all in the same evening.
A brother having made a motion that the Lodge be closed, it being seconded and carried, the Master says to the Junior Deacon, "Brother Junior [giving one rap, which calls up both Deacons], the first as well as the last care of a Mason?
The Junior Deacon then opens the door, delivers his message, and resumes his place in the Lodge, and says, "The door is tyled, Worshipful. Should the Master discover that any declined giving it, inquiry is immediately made why it is so; and if any member is dissatisfied with any part of the proceedings, or with any brother, the subject is immediately investigated.
Master to the brethren, "Attend to giving the signs; as I do, so do you give them downwards;" [which is by giving the last in opening, first in closing. In closing, on this degree, you first draw your right hand across your throat, as hereinbefore described, and then hold your two hands over each other as before described. Brother Junior Warden, please inform Brother Senior Warden, and request him to inform the brethren that it is my will and pleasure that this Lodge of Entered Apprentice Masons be now closed, and stand closed until our next regular communication, unless a case or cases of emergency shall require earlier convention, of which every member shall be notified; during which time it is seriously hoped and expected that every brother will demean himself as becomes a Free and Accepted Mason.
Accept our humble praises for the many mercies and blessings which Thy bounty has conferred upon us, and especially for this friendly and social intercourse. Pardon, we beseech Thee, whatever Thou hast seen amiss in us since we have been together; and continue to us Thy presence, protection and blessing. Make us sensible of the renewed obligations we are under to love Thee supremely, and to be friendly to each other. May all our irregular passions be subdued, and may we daily increase in faith, hope, and charity; but more especially in that charity which is the bond of peace, and [Pg 15]perfection of every virtue.
May we so practice Thy precepts, that through the merits of the Redeemer we may finally obtain Thy promises, and find an acceptance through the gates and into the temple and city of our God. May brotherly love prevail, and every moral and social virtue cement us. After the prayer the following charge ought to be delivered, but it is seldom attended to; in a majority of Lodges it is never attended to; Master to brethren, "Brethren, we are now about to quit this sacred retreat of friendship and virtue to mix again with the world.
Amidst its concerns and employments, forget not the duties which you have heard so frequently inculcated, and so forcibly recommended in this Lodge. Remember that around this altar you have promised to befriend and relieve every brother who shall need your assistance. These generous principles are to extend further; every human being has a claim upon your kind offices. Do good unto all. Recommend it more 'especially to the household of the faithful. The above comprises all the secret forms and ceremonies in a Lodge of Entered Apprentice Masons; but if the candidate would thoroughly understand the whole, he must commit to memory the following "Lecture.
The "Lecture" is nothing more nor less than a recapitulation of the preceding ceremonies and forms by way of question and answer, in order fully to explain the same. In fact, the ceremonies and forms masonically called the WORK and Lecture are so much the same that he who possesses a knowledge of the Lecture cannot be destitute of a knowledge of what the ceremonies and forms are. The ceremonies used in opening and closing are the same in all the degrees.
QuestionFrom whence came you as an Entered Apprentice Mason? AnswerFrom the Holy Lodge of St. John at Jerusalem. What recommendations do you bring? What comest thou hither to do? To learn to subdue my passions, and improve myself in the secret arts and mysteries of Ancient Freemasonry. You are a Mason, then, I presume? How do you know that you are a Mason? By being often tried, never denied, and willing to be tried again. How shall I know you to be a Mason? By certain signs, and a token. What are signs?
All right angles, horizontals and perpendiculars. What is a token? A certain friendly and brotherly grip, whereby one Mason may know another in the dark as well as in the light. Where were you first prepared to be a Mason? In my heart.
Where secondly? In a room adjacent to the body of a just and lawfully constituted Lodge of such. How were you prepared? By being divested of all metals, neither naked nor clothed, barefoot nor shod, hoodwinked, with a cable-tow about my neck, in which situation I was conducted to the door of the Lodge.
You being hoodwinked, how did you know it to be a door? By first meeting with resistance, and afterwards gaining admission. How did you gain admission? By three distinct knocks from without, answered by the same from within. What was said to you from within? Your answer? A poor, blind candidate, who has long been desirous of having and receiving a part of the rights and benefits of this Worshipful Lodge, dedicated to God, and held forth to the Holy Order of St.
John, as all true fellows and brothers have done, who have gone this way before me. What further was said to you from within? I was asked if it was of my own free will and accord I made this request; if I was duly and truly prepared, worthy and well qualified; all of which being answered in the affirmative, I was asked by what further rights I expected to obtain so great a favor or benefit.
By being a man, free-born, of lawful age, and well recommended. What was then said to you?
I was bid to wait till the Worshipful Master in the East was made acquainted with my request and his answer returned. After his answer was returned, what followed? I was caused to enter the Lodge. On the point of some sharp instrument pressing my naked left breast, in the name of the Lord. How were you then disposed of? I was conducted to the centre of the Lodge, and there caused to kneel for the benefit of a prayer. After prayer, what was said to you? I was asked in whom I put my trust.
What followed? The Worshipful Master took me by the right hand and said, Since in God you put your trust, arise, follow your leader, and fear no danger. I was conducted three times regularly around the Lodge, and halted at the Junior Warden in the South, where the same questions were asked, and answers returned at the door. How did the Junior Warden dispose of you? He ordered me to be conducted to the Senior Warden in the West, where the same questions were asked, and answers returned as before.
How did the Senior Warden dispose of you? He ordered me to be conducted to the Worshipful Master in the East, where the same questions were asked, and answers returned as before, who likewise demanded of me from whence I came, and whither I was traveling.
From the West, and traveling to the East. Why do you leave the West and travel to the East? In search of light. How did the Worshipful Master then dispose of you? He ordered me to be conducted back to the West, from whence I came, and put in care of the Senior Warden, who taught me how to approach the East, the place of light, by advancing upon one upright regular step to the first step, my feet forming the right angle of an oblong square, my body erect at the altar before the Worshipful Master.
What did the Worshipful Master do with you? He made an Entered Apprentice Mason of me. In due form. What was that due form? In Adams published a widely distributed book titled Letters on the Masonic Institution that criticized the Masons' secret society.
Harris of Batavia, a silversmith who was 20 years older. After they moved to the Midwest, they became Mormons. After Smith was murdered in , she was " sealed " to him for eternity in a rite of the church. Members of Freemasonry criticized the Mormons for their alleged adoption of Masonic rituals and regalia. In the Mormons announced their vicarious baptism of William Morgan after his death, as one of the first under their new rite to posthumously offer people entrance into the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints.
By the Harrises had separated. When George Harris died in , he had been excommunicated from the Mormons after ceasing to practice with them. She had been widowed three times. In June, a grave was discovered in a quarry two miles south of the Indian reservation in Pembroke, New York.
In it were bones and a metal tobacco box. Other items found included a ring with the inscribed initials "W. On September 13, , the National Christian Association , a group opposed to secret societies , commissioned and erected a statue in memoriam to Morgan in the Batavia Cemetery. The ceremony was witnessed by 1, people, including representatives from local Masonic lodges.
Sacred to the memory of Wm. Morgan, a native of Virginia, a Capt. He was abducted from near this spot in the year , by Freemasons and murdered for revealing the secrets of their order.
The court records of Genesee County and the files of the Batavia Advocate , kept in the Recorders office contain the history of the events that caused the erection of this monument. The pharmacist John Uri Lloyd based part of the background story of his popular scientific allegorical novel Etidorhpa  , on the kidnapping of William Morgan and the start of the Anti-Masonry movement.
In his novel The Craft: He portrays him as a British spy, includes rogue British Masons, and has presidential agents thwart an assassination plot. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. William Morgan. Culpeper , Colony of Virginia.
Near Youngstown, New York probable. Plymouth, UK: Scarecrow Press.
Michael; Gallagher, Eugene V. Introduction to New and Alternative Religions in America. Westport, CT: Greenwood Publishing Group. The Democratic Dilemma: Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. Left, Right, Out: The History of Third Parties in America. Arts and Letters Imperium Publishing. New York, NY: Lewis Publishing Company. William Morgan: Robert Macoy, Masonic Printer. Trimble, Philadelphia et al. Was Morgan Murdered?
Packard's Monthly. The Broken Seal: Chicago, IL: Ezra A. For his comfort and well-being as a member of society, rules and regulations are necessary. In the various stages of his progress, these systematic improvements undergo various changes, according to circumstances and situations. What is proper and necessary in one grade of society, is wholly useless, and may be alarming in another. Opinions and usages that go down in tradition, and interfere not with our improvements in social concerns, adhere to us more closely and become entwined in all our feelings.
It is to this we owe our bigoted attachment to antiquity—it is this that demands from us a superstitious reverence for the opinions and practices of men of former times, and closes the ear against truth, and blinds the eyes to the glare of new lights and new accessions of knowledge through which medium only can they break in upon the mind.
We have within ourselves the knowledge; and everywhere around us the proofs that we are beings destined not to stand still. In our present state of advancement, we lock with pity on the small progress of our fathers in arts and sciences, and social institutions; and when compared with our elevated rank, we have just cause of pride and of grateful feelings. They did well for the times in which they lived, but to the ultimatum of perfectability we are nearer, and in the monuments we have before us of the skill and genius of our times and age we have only fulfilled these destinies for which we were created; and we object to every obstacle that opposes or attempts to oppose the will of heaven.
In the present enlightened state to which society has advanced, we contend that the opinions and tenets and pretended secrecies of "olden times," handed down to us, should be fully, fairly and freely canvassed; that from the mist and darkness which have hung over them, they should come out before the open light of day, and be subject to the rigid test of candid investigation.