The National Flag of India is a horizontal rectangular tricolour of India saffron, white and India .. "IS 1 (): Specification for The National Flag of India ( Cotton Khadi, PDF version)" (PDF). Government of India. Archived from the original (PDF). Brief History. The first flag flown in India was that of the Delhi Sultanate. The flag was a plain green field with a vertical black stripe representing Islam. In Large Indian Flag This flag of India can be printed from your web browser or the Adobe Acrobat PDF reader and is provided free for your personal use. Print from .
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Download free India flag graphics and printables including vector images, clip art , and more. Many different formats and sizes are available. Free flag of India vector files. Download high-resolution scalable files of the Indian flag in EPS, AI, PDF or SVG. Indian national flag: Flag of India. Name. Tiraṅgā (meaning "Tricolour"). Design. A horizontal tri-band of India saffron, white, and. India green; charged with a.
Sizex All about Indian National flag : Tiranga flag The Indian National Flag symbolises national pride and is one of the most respected national symbols. The late Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru called it "a flag not only of freedom for ourselves but a symbol of freedom to all the people. The flag code of India governs the usage of the flag. Initially, use of the Indian flag by private citizens was prohibited, except on national days like Republic Day and Independence Day. But gradually, some changes were made by the Union Cabinet about the flag's use by private citizens. The code was amended about its usage for hoisting and its adaptation on other types of clothes. The national flag is popularly known as Tiranga, which means "three colours" or "tricoloured".
At the top was white than green and at the bottom was red. White symbolised minority communities of India, green Muslims, and the red represented Hindu and Sikh communities. The 'Charkha' was drawn across all the bands symbolising the unification of these communities. The pattern of this flag was based on the flag of Ireland, another nation which was struggling to get its independence from Britain.
Although the Congress Committee did not adopt it as its official flag but it was widely used as a symbol of nationalism in India's freedom struggle. Indian Flag in Some people were not happy with the communal interpretation of the flag. Keeping this in view, a new flag was designed which replaced red with ochre.
This colour signified the combined spirit of both religions as saffron was the colour of Hindu yogis as well as Muslim darvesh. But the Sikh community also demanded a separate representation in the flag or the complete abandonment of religious colours. This resulted in another flag by Pingali Venkayya.
This new flag had three colours. Saffron was at the top followed by white in the middle and green at the bottom. The 'Charkha' was placed at the center. This flag was passed at the meeting of Congress Committee in and was adopted as the official flag of the Committee. The committee decided to adopt the flag of Indian National Congress, with suitable modifications, as the flag of independent India.
As a result, the flag of was adopted as Indian flag but 'Charkha' in the middle was replaced by 'Chakra' wheel and hence our National Flag came into being. The design of the flag was based on western heraldic standards and it was similar to flags of other British colonies, including Canada and Australia.
The blue banner included the Union Flag in the upper-left quadrant and a Star of India capped by the royal crown in the middle of the right half. It specifies the cloth, dye, colour, and thread count besides laying out rules regarding its hoisting.
The Indian flag can only be made of 'Khadi'. It is made of two types of khadi - one for its main part and the other one for the cloth that holds the flag to the staff. Code of Conduct of the Tiranga flag The flag is a national symbol and is respected by every Indian.
There are certain dos and don'ts laid down for common people regarding the flag: When the National Flag is raised the saffron colour band should be at the top.
No flag or emblem should be placed either above the National Flag or to its right. All other flags are to be placed to the left of the National Flag if they are hung in a line. When the National Flag is carried out in a procession or parade, it shall be on the marching right or in front of the center of the line, if there is a line of other flags. The National Flag or any imitation of it must not be used for purpose of trade, business, or profession.
The National Flag should always be taken down in the evening at sunset. The flag was attached as a medallion on the space suit of Sharma. It is 90 feet in length, 60 feet in width and is hoisted on a flagpole of feet. India holds the world record for the largest human flag which was formed by 50, volunteers in Chennai in December Who designed the national flag of India?
What is the meaning of each colour present in the Indian National Flag? There are 3 colours in the national flag and it is commonly known as Tiranga meaning tri-colour. The three colours are Saffron, White, and Green. Saffron: The saffron colour of the flag is a symbol of courage and sacrifice. What are the dimensions of the tiranga?
The dimension of the flag should be of ratio, i. The three stripes of Saffron, white and green colour should be equal in size and Ashoka Chakra should be in the middle of the flag. What does Ashoka Chakra represent in the flag? Why is Ashoka Chakra navy blue in colour? Ashoka Chakra is navy blue in colour as it represents the colour of sky and ocean.
It is kept in between the white strip of the tiranga to indicate the most truth of the universe. How many spokes are there in the National flag? There are 24 spokes in the Indian National Flag.
Why Ashoka Chakra was adopted in the flag and why there are only 24 spokes in it? Ashoka Chakra was adopted in the National flag to represent the Dharma and Law.
When was the national flag of India adopted? The Indian National flag was adopted on 22 July 9. When and where was it first hoisted? Who approves the design and manufacturing of the national flag? The white in the centre is light, the path of truth to guide our conduct.
The green shows our relation to the soil, our relation to the plant life here, on which all other life depends. The "Ashoka Chakra" in the centre of the white is the wheel of the law of dharma. Truth or satya , dharma or virtue ought to be the controlling principle of those who work under this flag. Again, the wheel denotes motion.
There is death in stagnation. There is life in movement.
India should no more resist change, it must move and go forward. The wheel represents the dynamism of a peaceful change. The first flag , whose design was based on western heraldic standards, were similar to the flags of other British colonies, including Canada and South Africa; its red field included the Union Flag in the upper-left quadrant and a Star of India capped by the royal crown in the middle of the right half.
To address the question of how the star conveyed "Indianness", Queen Victoria created the Knight Commander of the Order of the Star of India to honour services to the empire by her Indian subjects. Subsequently, all the Indian princely states received flags with symbols based on the heraldic criteria of Europe including the right to fly defaced British red ensigns. William Coldstream, a British member of the Indian Civil Service, campaigned the government to change the heraldic symbol from a star, which he considered to be a common choice, to something more appropriate.
His proposal was not well received by the government; Lord Curzon rejected it for practical reasons including the multiplication of flags. Another symbol was the cow, or Gau Mata cow mother. However, all these symbols were Hindu-centric and did not suggest unity with India's Muslim population. The partition of Bengal resulted in the introduction of a new flag representing the Indian independence movement that sought to unite the multitude of castes and races within the country.
The Vande Mataram flag, part of the Swadeshi movement against the British, comprised Indian religious symbols represented in western heraldic fashion. The tricolour flag included eight white lotuses on the upper green band representing the eight provinces, a sun and a crescent on the bottom red band, and the Vande Mataram slogan in Hindi on the central yellow band.
The flag was launched in Calcutta bereft of any ceremony and the launch was only briefly covered by newspapers. The flag was not covered in contemporary governmental or political reports either, but was used at the annual session of the Indian National Congress. A slightly modified version was subsequently used by Madam Bhikaji Cama at the second International Socialist Congress in Stuttgart in Despite the multiple uses of the flag, it failed to generate enthusiasm amongst Indian nationalists.
The flag consisted of a thunderbolt in the centre and a hundred and eight oil lamps for the border, with the Vande Mataram caption split around the thunderbolt. It was also presented at the Indian National Congress meeting in In , Lord Ampthill , former Governor of the Madras Presidency , wrote to The Times of London in the run up to Empire Day pointing out that there existed "no flag representative of India as a whole or any Indian province Surely this is strange, seeing that but for India there would be no Empire.
These many proposals and recommendations did little more than keep the flag movement alive. The flag included the Union Jack in the upper left corner, a star and crescent in the upper right, and seven stars displayed diagonally from the lower right, on a background of five red and four green alternating bands.
The flag resulted in the first governmental initiative against any nationalistic flag, as a magistrate in Coimbatore banned its use. The ban was followed by a public debate on the function and importance of a national flag. In November , the Indian delegation to the League of Nations wanted to use an Indian flag, and this prompted the British Indian government to place renewed emphasis on the flag as a national symbol.
Gandhi's Flag, introduced at the Congress meeting in  In April , Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi wrote in his journal Young India about the need for an Indian flag, proposing a flag with the charkha or spinning wheel at the centre. Gandhi wanted the flag to be presented at the Congress session of , but it was not delivered on time, and another flag was proposed at the session.
Gandhi later wrote that the delay was fortuitous since it allowed him to realise that other religions were not represented; he then added white to the banner colours, to represent all the other religions.
Finally, owing to the religious-political sensibilities, in , Gandhi moved towards a more secular interpretation of the flag colours, stating that red stood for the sacrifices of the people, white for purity, and green for hope. This event resulted in a confrontation between the Congressmen and the police, after which five people were imprisoned.
Over a hundred other protesters continued the flag procession after a meeting. Subsequently, on the first of May, Jamnalal Bajaj , the secretary of the Nagpur Congress Committee, started the Flag Satyagraha , gaining national attention and marking a significant point in the flag movement. The satyagraha, promoted nationally by the Congress, started creating cracks within the organisation in which the Gandhians were highly enthused while the other group, the Swarajists, called it inconsequential.
The flag movement was managed by Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel with the idea of public processions and flag displays by common people. By the end of the movement, over people had been arrested across all of British India. The Bombay Chronicle reported that the movement drew from diverse groups of society including farmers, students, merchants, labourers and "national servants". While Muslim participation was moderate, the movement enthused women, who had hitherto rarely participated in the independence movement.
News reports, editorials and letters to editors published in various journals and newspapers of the time attest to the subsequent development of a bond between the flag and the nation.
Soon, the concept of preserving the honour of the national flag became an integral component of the independence struggle. While Muslims were still wary of the Swaraj flag, it gained acceptance among Muslim leaders of the Congress and the Khilafat Movement as the national flag.
The Swaraj Flag, officially adopted by the Indian National Congress in  Detractors of the flag movement, including Motilal Nehru , soon hailed the Swaraj flag as a symbol of national unity.
Thus, the flag became a significant structural component of the institution of India. In contrast to the subdued responses of the past, the British Indian government took greater cognisance of the new flag, and began to define a policy of response.
The British parliament discussed public use of the flag, and based on directives from England, the British Indian government threatened to withdraw funds from municipalities and local governments that did not prevent the display of the Swaraj flag. However, by then, the flag had already become the symbol of the independence movement. Rajagopalachari , K. Munshi and B. Ambedkar as its members.
Indian Flag, the first stamp of independent India, released on 21 Nov , was meant for foreign correspondence. It was also resolved that the flag should not have any communal undertones. According to Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan , the chakra was chosen as it was representative of dharma and law. However, Jawaharlal Nehru explained that the change was more practical in nature, as unlike the flag with the spinning wheel, this design would appear symmetrical.
Gandhi was not very pleased by the change, but eventually came around to accepting it. The flag was proposed by Nehru at the Constituent Assembly on 22 July as a horizontal tricolour of deep saffron, white and dark green in equal proportions, with the Ashoka wheel in blue in the centre of the white band.
Nehru also presented two flags, one in Khadi-silk and the other in Khadi-cotton, to the assembly. The resolution was approved unanimously.
All of the flags are made out of khadi cloth of silk or cotton. The standards were created in and were updated in These were revised in to conform to the metric system which was adopted in India. The specifications were further amended on 17 August The guidelines are covered under civil and criminal laws and defects in the manufacturing process can result in punishments that include fines or jail terms. Raw materials for khadi are restricted to cotton, silk and wool.