tion about medicinal plants and their uses and are not intended as a seventy- five plants through their scientific, vernacular and common. Common Herbs and their Medicinal Uses. Introduction. Plants continue to be a major source of medicines, as they have been throughout human history. Populations, through their healers and autonomous use, have systems. Medicinal plants can be used in various forms according to different medical Disponível em: pdf/icse/v4n7/pdf>. Acesso.
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PDF | Sacred groves are a small area of forest protected by the local The details of the plants and their uses were collected from the local. 𝗣𝗗𝗙 | On Jan 1, , Bassam Abdul Rasool Hassan and others published Medicinal Medicinal plants have a promising future because there are about. medicinal plant use for treating diseases and ailments is probably dates back medicinal plants and their uses during the field data collection. Thanks are.
The list for medicinal herbs available across the globe is no doubt endless. Amongst them, a few are commonly used due to their wonderful healing effects and therapeutic value. Such types of medicinal plants and their uses are mentioned in the table below. Plenty of herbs are also utilized for herbal remedies to treat heath disorders. From the table below you shall come to know their medicinal properties and uses.
While healers relied most on the uses of native species, amateur healers were inclined to rely on introduced species. Medicinal plant administration in both municipalities follow the usual pattern: Leaves are used most commonly prepared by decoction or infusion and administrated orally.
Conclusions The high proportion of introduced plant species used in the local traditional medicines is similar to the results of a number of other ethnobotanical studies and emphasise the need for efforts to record and maintain traditional knowledge on native species.
Keywords: Acculturation, Ethnobotany, Trained healers, Amateur healers, Introduced medicinal plants, Traditional knowledge Background Medicinal plant species constitute important alternatives to conventional medicine in a large number of developing countries, especially within poor communities that inhabit rural areas and lack access to health services [ 1 , 2 ].
A number of native medicinal plants of both the palaeotropics and neotropics have traditionally had a high value for indigenous communities, not only because of their healing properties, but also due to other uses [ 3 ]. An example of such multi-use plants is the neotropical species Crescentia cujete L.
Recently, this species has reached the United States and European pharmaceutical markets demonstrating that traditional medicinal plants used by indigenous communities may be of high economic value [ 3 ]. However, knowledge, cultivation and maintenance of these native species within rural communities is decreasing, due to modernization processes, such as acculturation [ 1 - 3 ].
Consequently, a number of native medicinal plant species have been replaced by introduced species. For these reasons, the uses of a number of native species have been replaced by introduced species, incorrectly perceived as native. When faced with the rapid decline in traditional knowledge it is relevant to identify medicinal species and to record their uses within local communities.
This is especially important in regions that currently are affected by land-use change and modernisation. Documentation and awareness of ethnobotanical knowledge within these regions may facilitate the maintenance of medicinal plant resources and uses.
Furthermore, ethnobotanical studies may support implementation of strategies that integrate native medicinal plant uses with sustainable management of natural resources. Furthermore, many multiple-use plants have been overexploited [ 7 , 8 ].
This situation has caused loss of a number of native species pers. Importance of some herbs with their medicinal values Herbs such as black pepper, cinnamon, myrrh, aloe, sandalwood, ginseng, red clover, burdock, bayberry, and safflower are used to heal wounds, sores and boils.
These herbs are easy to grow, look good, taste and smell amazing and many of them are magnets for bees and butterflies. Many herbs are used as blood purifiers to alter or change a long-standing condition by eliminating the metabolic toxins. These are also known as 'blood cleansers'. Certain herbs improve the immunity of the person, thereby reducing conditions such as fever. Some herbs are also having antibiotic properties. Turmeric is useful in inhibiting the growth of germs, harmful microbes and bacteria.
Turmeric is widely used as a home remedy to heal cut and wounds. To reduce fever and the production of heat caused by the condition, certain antipyretic herbs such as Chirayta, black pepper, sandal wood and safflower are recommended by traditional Indian medicine practitioners.
Sandalwood and Cinnamon are great astringents apart from being aromatic. Sandalwood is especially used in arresting the discharge of blood, mucus etc. Some herbs are used to neutralize the acid produced by the stomach. Herbs such as marshmallow root and leaf. They serve as antacids.
The healthy gastric acid needed for proper digestion is retained by such herbs. Indian sages were known to have remedies from plants which act against poisons from animals and snake bites. Herbs like Cardamom and Coriander are renowned for their appetizing qualities.
Other aromatic herbs such as peppermint, cloves and turmeric add a pleasant aroma to the food, thereby increasing the taste of the meal. Some herbs like aloe, sandalwood, turmeric, sheetraj hindi and khare khasak are commonly used as antiseptic and are very high in their medicinal values.
Ginger and cloves are used in certain cough syrups. They are known for their expectorant property, which promotes the thinning and ejection of mucus from the lungs, trachea and bronchi. Eucalyptus, Cardamom, Wild cherry and cloves are also expectorants.
Therefore, they are used as cardiac stimulants. Certain medicinal herbs have disinfectant property, which destroys disease causing germs. They also inhibit the growth of pathogenic microbes that cause communicable diseases.
Herbal medicine practitioners recommend calmative herbs, which provide a soothing effect to the body. They are often used as sedatives.
Certain aromatic plants such as Aloe, Golden seal, Barberry and Chirayata are used as mild tonics. The bitter taste of such plants reduces toxins in blood.
They are helpful in destroying infection as well. Certain herbs are used as stimulants to increase the activity of a system or an organ, for example herbs like Cayenne Lal Mirch, Myrrh, Camphor and Guggul.
A wide variety of herbs including Giloe, Golden seal, Aloe and Barberry are used as tonics. They can also be nutritive and rejuvenate a healthy as well as diseased individual. Honey, turmeric, marshmallow and liquorice can effectively treat a fresh cut and wound.
They are termed as vulnerary herbs. Conclusion As our lifestyle is now getting techno-savvy, we are moving away from nature. While we cannot escape from nature because we are part of nature.
As herbs are natural products they are free from side effects, they are comparatively safe, eco-friendly and locally available. Traditionally there are lot of herbs used for the ailments related to different seasons. There is a need to promote them to save the human lives. These herbal products are today are the symbol of safety in contrast to the synthetic drugs, that are regarded as unsafe to human being and environment.