PDF | The German Shepherd Dog, one of the most popular breeds of domestic animal, was created between the s and World War I by a. DISCUSSION PAPER: A challenging and thought provoking discussionof the structural evolution of the German Shepherd Dog. Picture. German Shepherd Dog. The first breed club was formed in after Max von Stephanitz and his followers developed and promoted the breed as a herding.
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According to the official documentation of the Verein für Deutsche. Schäferhunde (SV) e.V. (Society for the German Shepherd Dog,. “SV” for short) – legal. German Shepherd Dogs: What a Unique Breed! Your dog is special! She's your best friend and companion and a source of unconditional love. Chances are that . Learn The History, Heritage, And What Makes German Shepherds Such Loyal, Tenacious, Energetic, And Fun Loving Dogs With The Shepped.
Are you thinking of welcoming a German Shepherd into your family? Potential GSD owners are usually curious about this extraordinary breed. This hopefully helpful guide is filled with interesting and exciting information about the German Shepherd breed. One of the first questions potential dog owners ask themselves is if GSD is the perfect breed for them and their lifestyle. The following details will bring you on a journey of learning more about German Shepherds and help you make your decision. He crossbred local herding farm dogs from Bavaria, Thuringia, and Wurtemberg that had a variety of hair textures such as wire-hair, short hair and long hair. The result is an intelligent, obedient and responsive dog known as the German Shepherd.
If the ears never stand up, there is a possibility that the dog is a mix breed, or there are some structural issues. Visiting the veterinarian to have the ears checked is highly recommended to assure they are growing and developing at the proper rate. There are plenty of unethical breeders around the world that are convincing people that they have miniature German Shepherds available. While the pups might look like they are a smaller version of a full bred GSD, this simply is not true.
The only full bred GSD that is extremely smaller than the standard size German Shepherd are those rare ones that have a genetic defect that causes dwarfism. These dogs can live a happy healthy life as long as they are cared for properly. They tend to bald as they age due to their dwarfism. Breeders should advise potential dog owners of the genetic deformity at first glance because there is a possibility the dog will experience health issues related to its dwarfism throughout his or her lifetime.
This is not true, and it is truly a mix breed. While the combination of the two breeds results in a beautifully colored dog, it is still not considered a full breed German Shepherd. This mix breed also can have different characteristics and temperament when compared to a full breed German Shepherd. Beware of these adorable mix breeds if you prefer to have a full breed GSD.
Dog owners that choose not to breed their dog will find that spaying or neutering has a positive effect on German Shepherds. Since German Shepherds have a well-balanced temper, the neutering or spaying process does not affect the behavior either way. It does, however, lessen the risk of health issues such as developing cancer of the testicles in male dogs. The choice of neutering a GSD is the choice of the dog owner and possibly at the request of a licensed veterinarian. The GSD is naturally a hard worker and enjoys a strenuous activity.
They have a bundle of energy and need to be exercised on a daily basis. If this exercise requirement is not met the German Shepherd will get bored and release his built up energy by chewing on furniture and destroying other household items.
German Shepherds are great exercise buddies. If you enjoy jogging, running, walking, bicycling, hiking and almost any other outdoor activity you can be assured that your GSD will be right by your side matching your energy level. They also love to play fetch, Frisbee, and other games that they can exert themselves and use their mind.
If you are an active person or have an active family that enjoys being active and being outdoors, the GSD is a perfect fit. A common health issue that is passed down through DNA is hip dysplasia. This breed frequently suffers from the ailment, but there are measures that can be taken to prevent and treat it.
The first signs that hip dysplasia is present is the GSD limping on his hind legs and having trouble getting up from a sitting or lying down position.
Dog owners are encouraged to bring their GSD to the veterinarian for proper diagnosis.
The veterinarian will conduct a thorough physical exam, process blood tests and possibly take X-rays of the hips. Once the condition is confirmed, the veterinarian will provide a course of action to help the GSD live with the condition. Some solutions that are recommended by veterinarians include consuming a healthy diet, moderate exercise, supplements, prescription medication for pain and inflammation and possibly surgery.
German Shepherds are known to live a long healthy and happy life even though they suffer from this condition. They are eager to please their owner and take pride in completing their tasks.
Training of house rules and obedience should begin at the moment your GSD arrives at your home for the first time. Dog owners can choose to train their dogs or have the assistance of a professional dog trainer. While training your dog allows you to bond, it also makes it clear that you are the Alpha. On the other hand, there are a variety of dog training classes available within communities located worldwide that can help the training process go smoothly. Once you make the decision to be a GSD owner, you will want to begin your search for your perfect dog.
Remember, full breed German Shepherds have a variety of color coats such as solid white, solid black, black and tan, black and white, sable, red, black, white and red plus black white and tan. You can begin your search by going online to find reputable German Shepherd breeders or rescues in your community.
Reputable breeders will be happy to answer any questions and provide you with any health documentation you request. Some breeders may even have a strict downloading policy meaning they may require you to provide them with details about yourself and your home to assure that the GSD is being placed in a secure and loving home.
You can also contact local dog shelters for adoption process information and inquire if they have any pure bred GSD in their facility. You can also request to be put on a waiting list for when a GSD does arrive they can contact you. Always keep in mind that most pet stores have puppies that are the product of puppy mills.
Most puppy mills treat their breeding dogs harshly and demand that the dogs produce more puppy litters than what is healthy for them.
They also live in harsh conditions and can have a variety of health issues that can affect the health of their offspring. When making a decision to choose a GSD be patient and make sure it is the right choice for you. Always investigate the source of where the dog came from and ask as many questions as you like. You can always ask family or friends if they can recommend a reputable GSD breeder in the area. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment.
Usually trained for scout duty, they are used to warn soldiers to the presence of enemies or of booby traps or other hazards.
They were used in World War II as messenger dogs , rescue dogs and personal guard dogs. These include search and rescue , cadaver searching , narcotics detection, explosives detection , accelerant detection and mine detection dog, among others.
They are suited for these lines of work because of their keen sense of smell and their ability to work regardless of distractions. When formal guide dog training began in Switzerland in the s under the leadership of Dorothy Eustis , all of the dogs trained were German Shepherd females. These results suggested that Labrador Retrievers were more suited to guide dog work while German Shepherds were more suited to police work. They are expected to patrol the boundaries to keep sheep from trespassing and damaging the crops.
In Germany and other places these skills are tested in utility dog trials also known as HGH Herdengebrauchshund herding utility dog trials.
He is regarded to be the dog who has captured the most drugs in Mexican police and military history. These dogs all looked very similar at that time, and it was around that the three breeds Belgian Shepherd , German Shepherd and Dutch Shepherd went their separate ways. Of those breeds, the Dutch shepherd looks closest to the continental shepherd of that time. It was recognized that the breed had the necessary skills for herding sheep, such as intelligence, speed, strength and keen senses of smell.
With the rise of large, industrialized cities in Germany, the predator population began to decline, rendering sheepdogs unnecessary. He was pleased with the strength of the dog and was so taken by the animal's intelligence, loyalty and beauty, that he downloadd him immediately. It is believed the society accomplished its goal mostly due to Von Stephanitz's strong, uncompromising leadership and he is therefore credited with being the creator of the German Shepherd Dog.
Female left , male right. The breed was so named due to its original purpose of assisting shepherds in herding and protecting sheep. The direct translation of the name was adopted for use in the official breed registry; however, at the conclusion of World War I, it was believed that the inclusion of the word "German" would harm the breed's popularity,  due to the anti-German sentiment of the era.
Eventually, the appendage "wolf dog" was dropped,  after numerous campaigns by breeders who were worried that becoming known as a wolf-dog hybrid would affect the breed's popularity and legality. By this number had grown to over 8, Returning soldiers spoke highly of the breed and animal actors Rin Tin Tin and Strongheart popularised the breed further. Her offspring suffered from defects as the result of poor breeding, which caused the breed to suffer a decline in popularity during the late s.
As of [update] , the German Shepherd is the second most popular breed in the US.
Health[ edit ] A nine-week-old German Shepherd puppy Many common ailments of the German Shepherd are a result of the inbreeding practiced early in the breed's life.
They include making sure you get them from a good breeder, keeping them on a healthy diet, and limiting the amount of jumping or rough play. Degenerative myelopathy , a neurological disease, occurs with enough regularity specifically in the breed to suggest that the breed is predisposed to it.
A very inexpensive DNA saliva test is now available to screen for degenerative myelopathy. The test screens for the mutated gene that has been seen in dogs with degenerative myelopathy. The test is only recommended for predisposed breeds, but can be performed on DNA samples from any dog, collected through swabbing the inside of the animal's cheek with a sterile cotton swab.