The essentials of action research design follow a characteristic cycle whereby form, “If X, then Y.” This type of research is used to measure what impact a. TYPES OF RESEARCH. The different characteristics of research: Research May be Applied or Basic. The purpose of applied research is to solve an immediate. Research can be classified in many different ways on the basis of the methodology of research, the This type of research can also be called Action Research.
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Adapted from Edvantia SBR Rating for Technical Assistance Programs and Services form () and Carter McNamara Overview of Methods to Collect. TYPES OF RESEARCH (based on methodology). QUANTITATIVE RESEARCH. Descriptive (What is the current situation?) ‐numerical data gathered through. How do we know something exists? There are a numbers of ways of knowing - Sensory Experience -Agreement with others -Expert Opinion -Logic -Scientific.
Basic research[ edit ] This research is conducted largely for the enhancement of knowledge and is research which does not have immediate commercial potential. The research is done for human welfare, animal welfare, and plant kingdom welfare. It is called basic, pure, fundamental research. The main motivation here is to expand man's knowledge, not to create or invent something. It is used to solve a problem by adding to the field of application of discipline. Applied Research[ edit ] Applied research is designed to solve practical problems of the modern world, rather than to acquire knowledge for knowledge's sake. The goal of applied research is to improve the human condition.
The objective of quantitative research is to develop and employ mathematical models, theories or hypothesis pertaining to phenomena.
The process of measurement is central to quantitative research because it provides fundamental connection between empirical observation and mathematical expression of quantitative relationships.
Statistics is the most widely used branch of mathematics in quantitative research. Statistical methods are used extensively with in fields such as economics and commerce. In sum, the research using the normative approach conducts why may be called quantitative research as the inferences from it are largely based on quantitative data.
Moreover, objectivity is the primary guard so that the research may be replicated by others, if necessary.
Quantitative can also be called Analytical Research. Qualitative Research[ edit ] Qualitative research presents a non-quantitative type of analysis. Qualitative research is collecting, analyzing and interpreting data by observing what people do and say. Qualitative research refers to the meanings, definitions, characteristics, symbols, metaphors, and description of things.
Qualitative research is much more subjective and uses very different methods of collecting information,mainly individual, in-depth interviews and focus groups. The nature of this type of research is exploratory and open ended.
Small number of people are interviewed in depth and or a relatively small number of focus groups are conducted. Qualitative research can be further classified in the following type. Phenomenology:-a form of research in which the researcher attempts to understand how one or more individuals experience a phenomenon.
Eg:-we might interview 20 victims of bhopal tragedy.
Ethnography:- this type of research focuses on describing the culture of a group of people. A culture is the shared attributes, values, norms, practices, language, and material things of a group of people. Eg:-the researcher might decide to go and live with the tribal in Andaman island and study the culture and the educational practices.
Case study:-is a form of qualitative research that is focused on providing a detailed account of one or more cases. Eg:-we may study a classroom that was given a new curriculum for technology use. Grounded theory:- it is an inductive type of research,based or grounded in the observations of data from which it was developed; it uses a variety of data sources, including quantitative data, review of records, interviews, observation and surveys V.
The nature of this type of research is exploratory and open ended. Small number of people are interviewed in depth and or a relatively small number of focus groups are conducted. Qualitative research can be further classified in the following type. A culture is the shared attributes, values, norms, practices, language, and material things of a group of people.
Case study: Grounded theory: Historical research: In addition to the above, we also have the descriptive research. Fundamental research, of which this is based on establishing various theories.
From Wikibooks, open books for an open world. There are 3 pending changes awaiting review. Introduction to Research. Research Questions and Hypothesis. Research Methodology. Variables in Research. Validity in Research.
Central Limit Theorem. Measurement, Reliability, Validity. Probability and Significance Test. Comparing Multiple Levels of IV: Between-subjects Factorial Design: Correlated-groups Design. Mixed-model Design.
Book's main Page: Types of Research.