This Digital Download PDF eBook edition and related web site are NOT.. dependable A Tale of Two Cities - Free eBooks at Planet eBook - Classic. comIelt 9 1J A TALE OF TWO CITIES The year is and in a room aboye a wine-shop in Paris sits a white-haired man, busy making shoes. Free download of A Tale of Two Cities by Charles Dickens. Available in PDF, ePub and Kindle. Read, write reviews and more.
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Download free eBooks of classic literature, books and novels at Planet eBook. Subscribe to our free eBooks blog and email newsletter. A Tale of Two Cities. Download our free ePUB, PDF or MOBI eBooks to read on almost device — your desktop, iPhone, iPad, Android phone or tablet, site Kindle and more. A TALE OF TWO CITIES. 3in Qfytte ISoofcs. BY CHARLES DICKENS. BOOK THE FIRST. RECALLED TO LIFE. CHAPTER I. THE PERIOD. IT was the best of.
This novel follows the lives of three peasants who are degraded and subdued by the French aristocracy. Pip is a poor orphan who grows up in England in the early 's. He endures many hardships including poverty and violence. This three book collection conveys the story of the difficult lives endured by factory workers in Coketown. This compilation of 56 short pieces which describe the everyday life of people in London during the 's, and it includes accompanying illustrations.
As soon as they saw this, the customers stopped Who knows what will happen? Yes, I know who you are, Mr John Barsad. The people are so poor. It began one summer day in the streets of Saint Antoine, around Defarge's wine-shop, with a great crowd of people. A crowd who carried guns, knives, sticks, even stones — anything that could be a weapon.
An angry crowd who shouted and screamed, who were ready to fight and to die in battle. Triends and citizens! We are ready! To the Bastille! A long sharp knife shone brightly in her hand. We can kill as well as any man! Fire and smoke climbed up the high stone walls and the thunder of the guns echoed through the city. Four terrible and violent hours.
Then a white flag appeared aboye the walls and the gates were opened. The Bastille had been taken by the people of Paris! Soon the crowds were inside the building itself, and shouting 'Free the prisoners!
It was a small room, with dark stone walls and only one very small window, too high for anyone to look out. Defarge Soon the hated prison was ringing with the noise of battle. It was very dark that night and the wind was strong. Alexandre Manette,' said Defarge softly. But soon the castle itself could be seen in the dark sky. Monsieur Gabelle called loudly for help, but the places. The Bastille and its where the Marquis had lived.
It was the fourteenth of July, Everything was old and tired The troubles in France continued. The citizens of France had and broken down — the people, the land, the houses, the fought to win power, and now they used it. Castles were animals. In the past everything and everybody had had to burned, laws were changed, and the rich and powerful nobles work for the Marquis, and he had given nothing in return.
In Paris the King was put in prison, and in strangers who were poor, like the people, but who talked the people of France sent him to the Guillotine as well.
The about new ideas — ideas which had started in Paris and were French Revolution was now three years old, but there were now running like fire across the country. The road-mender, who had brought the news of Gaspard to Not all the rich nobles had died. Some had escaped to Paris, still worked repairing the roads. One day a stranger England; some had even sent or brought their money to carne to him as he worked on the road outside the village. London before the Revolution began. He shook the road-mender's which the French emigrants used, had become a meeting- hand, and turned to look at the Marquis's castle on the hill.
The years since Charles's marriage name on it: Since bis uncle's death, this was Darnay's real name. Dr Manette had continued in good health, and On the morning of his wedding to Lucie he had told Dr at the centre of that warm family circle was always Lucie — a Manette, but the Doctor had made him promise to keep bis loving daughter, wife, mother, and a kind-hearted friend. Not even Lucie or Mr Lorry knew. Even Sydney Canon, though his old, bad ways were unchanged, We can't find this Marquis,' said the clerk.
The weather is not good, the roads are bad, think of your age,' he said. But that's exactly why I must go. I have the experience, I know the business. My work is to find and hide papers that might be dangerous to our customers. And anyway, Jerry Cruncher goes with me. He'll take good care of my old bones. You must not go. Your life is here, with your family.
But you are, and I'm worried about you. It bad and every town, every village had its citizens with guns was from Monsieur Gabelle, who had been arrested and taken who stopped all travellers, asked them questions, looked at to Paris.
And it was all done in the I am in prison, and I may lose my life, because I worked for name of freedom — the new Freedom of France. You told me to work for Damay soon realized that he could not turra back until he the people and not against them, and I have done this. But had reached Paris and proved himself to be a good citizen, not no one believes me.
They say only that I worked for an an enemy of the people. Oh Monsieur, please On his third night in France he was woken by an official and help me, I beg you! This cry for help made Darnay very unhappy. But now Gabelle was in prison, just because he was Darnay could only obey and at three o'clock in the morning employed by a nobleman.
It was clear to Damay that he must he left with three soldiers to guard him. Even with them he was go to Paris. He did not think that he would be in danger, as he sometimes in danger; the people in the towns and villages all had done everything he could to help the people of his village. Darnay had to wait a long That night Charles Darnay sat up late, writing two letters. One official, seeing Gabelle's Manette. He told them where he had gone and why, and he letter, looked up at Darnay in great surprise, but said nothing.
You will be held in secret. Take travel only very, very slowly towards Paris. The roads were him away. Perhaps you have heard of me. My wife carne to your house to find her father. It will be very bad for you. He thought of Dr Manette and his many years alone, forgotten, in the Bastille. Now I, too, have been buried alive,' he thought. Mr Lorry had arrived in Paris some days before Charles Darnay, and was now living in He had decided to go downstairs and talk to the bank some rooms aboye the bank.
One evening, looking out of the guards, when suddenly the door of his room opened, and window, he saw that a large grindstone had been brought into Lucie and her father ran in. There was a wild, shouting crowd around it, Manette! What has happened?
Why are you here? But he's been taken to prison.
I was a this place yet. Take Defarge to Lucie. They went I suffered. Already people want to help me; they gave us news downstairs and at the front door found Madame Defarge, of Charles.
Where is Charles? Dear Lucie, you can do nothing tonight. You Dearest — be brave. I am well, and your father has some must go to one of the rooms here and wait. I must talk with power here.
You cannot answer this, but kiss our child for me. Lucie kissed him and left the room. Gratefully, she kissed the hands of Defarge and his wife. If you and Lucie felt frightened of her. Tell them who you are, and go to La Force. Quick, before it is too late! Mr Lorry watched from the window as the Doctor talked to the crowd. Help his friend in La Force! Together they waited all night for news, but none carne. In the morning Mr Lorry found rooms for Lucie and her family in a quiet street near the bank.
He left Jerry Cruncher with them as a guard, and returned worriedly to Tellson's. At Gratefully, Lucie kissed the hands of Defarge and bis wife. He was able to see Darnay regularly, but knitting to stare. The little daughter. We can many, many people — the powerful and the cruel, but also the go now. She lived every moment beg you, as a wife and mother.
What is one more, among so many? Dr Manette now had an official job as doctor to three afraid of her than of any other person in Paris,' she whispered.
He became Mr Lorry held her hands; he did not say anything, but he was also very worried. The Doctor did not come back from La Force for several days. During that time eleven hundred prisoners were killed by the people.
Inside the prison Dr Manette had come before a Tribunal, which was a group of judges appointed by the people. These judges made their own laws and threw prisoners out into the streets to be murdered by the crowds. Dr Manette told the Tribunal that he had been a prisoner in the Bastille for eighteen years, and that his son-in-law was now a prisoner in La Force.
The Tribunal had agreed to keep Charles Darnay safe from the murdering crowds, but they would not let him leave the prison. Dr Manette seemed to become stronger as he lived through Darnay was still in prison.
Nothing can happen to name of Marquis, and I did not want to live by the work of the Charles. I know that I can save him. So I went to live and work in England, him or visit him; she could not even write to him. The daughter of Dr Mr Lorry. As they arrived, a man got up and disappeared into Manette, a prisoner of the Bastille and a well-known friend of another room.
They did not see who it was, but in fact it was all good citizens! These words had a happy effect on the crowd. Those who There were five judges in the Tribunal, and the trials were had shouted for his death now shouted for his life. Then short and simple. When he had finished, the judges decided that the crowds.
Fifteen prisoners were called before Darnay that day, prisoner should be set free, and the crowd shouted their and in no more than an hour and a half, all of them had been agreement loudly.
Soon they were carrying Darnay in a chair condemned to death. All emigrants together again, safe and happy. That is the new law of France. He's an Well, I have saved him, and you must not worry now. A shadow of fear and bate lay over France, and no one Tes, that is true,' replied Darnay. Dr Manette had said nothing. He seemed to be made of But that night, when Dr Manette, Charles and Lucie were stone, but suddenly he spoke.
He is a free Madame Defarge, and by one other person. He is again the prisoner of the people. I've found you at last, dear brother! But whatever are you doing here in Paris? You'll get me killed. Pay for your wine, and come outside,' said the man in a low, frightened voice. They went outside. Go your way, and let me go mine. And I've Wait a minute,' said Jerry. Come with me to the Solomon John?
Your sister calls you Solomon. I know that office of Mr Lorry. What was your name then? Barsadr said another voice. He turned round and been arrested again. That's not true! So we must have Mr Barsad's help. Let's think. Mr Barsad is a spy, and a prison guard, but he used to be a spy in England. Is he still paid by the English? Barsad had more problems than Carton knew. He could not return to England because he was wanted by the police there. And in France, before he became a prison guard for the citizens' revolution, he had been a spy for the King's officers.
He knew that Madame Defarge, that terrible woman, had knitted his name into her list of enemies of the people. Barsad did not want to be next. The spy turned to Mr Lorry. Would you send her brother to his death, sir? He wrote on a piece of paper the narres of several smoothly, 'is not to have a brother like you. I think I will powders and gave it to the shopkeeper. You will be condemned at once, I am sure.
Keep these things separate. He thought had done. It's all I could do. Tears filled his eyes as he realized he could do nothing to help Lucie and her father now. Sydney Carton felt very sorry for Mr Lorry. It can't help Lucie. I have the necessary papers to leave Paris. I was ready to go tomorrow' Carton spent the rest of that night walking the streets of Paris. The love in Lucie's eyes as she looked at her husband warmed Darnay's heart.
It had the same effect on Sydney Carton, though no one saw him standing at the back of the room. It was the same Tribunal who had let Darnay go free on the 1 day before. But Revolution Laws were not as powerful as the anger of the people. When the shouting stopped, Dr Manette my daughter's husband? You know that the man who Defarge carne forward to answer questions. He told how he is accused, Charles Darnay, is my daughter's husband.
My had been at the Bastille at the beginning of the Revolution, daughter and those who are dear to her are far more important when that hated prison had been taken by the citizens. Nothing had when he came to me in I went to the room and, can be more important to a good citizen than the freedom hidden in a hole, I found a written paper. It is in Dr Manette's of France. He carne here shouting and listened. I boy was less important than a horse or a dog. One evening in December, , I was walking by the 'I have seen her,' I replied.
River Seine and a coach stopped beside me. Two men got 'These rich nobles are cruel to us, Doctor. They destroy out and one asked me if I was Dr Manette. When I replied our land, they take our food, they steal our sisters.
My sister that I was, they asked me to go with them, and made it clear loved a man in our village; he was sick, but she married him that I could not refuse. But my sister is beautiful, and that The coach left Paris and stopped at a lonely house. I nobleman's brother saw her and wanted her. They made could hear cries coming from a room upstairs.
When I went her husband work night and day without stopping, until he in, I saw a young woman lying on a bed. She was young and dropped dead where he stood. Then they took my sister very beautiful. She was also very She kept crying out, away.
When my father heard what had happened, the news 'My husband, my father, and my brother! I for a moment, and began once again, 'My husband, my took my younger sister to a place where she is safe, and father, and my brother carne here to find this man. He threw some money at me, I gave the girl something to make her calmer, but her tried to download me like a dog, but I made him pull his sword and feverish screams continued.
Then I turned to question the fight me to save his life. They were clearly brothers, and their clothes and The boy's life was going fast, but he cried, 'Lift me, voices suggested that they were noblemen. But they took Doctor. There was a sword wound in The young woman's fever continued, but I could not his chest and I could see at once that he was dying.
She lived for severa more days, and once the 'How did this happen? Marquis said to me, 'How long these peasants take to die! Not a word was silent. They offered me money, but I refused it and was spoken. Then I was brought here to this prison, my living taken back to my home. The next day I decided to write to the King's officials. I I have been here for ten long years. I do not know if my knew that nobles who did unlawful things were usually not dear wife is alive or dead; these brothers have sent me no punished, and I expected that nothing would happen.
But I news of my family. There is no goodness in their cruel did not realize the danger for myself. Just as I had finished hearts. I, Alexandre Manette, in my pain and sadness, I writing my letter, a lady came to see me.
She said she was condemn them in the face of God. When Defarge had finished reading, a terrible sound rose from She wanted to help the younger sister of the girl who had the crowd, a long wild cry of anger and revenge.
Death for the died, and asked me where she could find her. The trial not know and so could not tell her. But that was how I learnt was over, and in less than twenty-four hours Charles Darnay the brothers' name. The wife of the Marquis was a good, kind woman, deeply unhappy in her marriage. She had brought her son with her, a boy about three years old. You will remember that, little Charles, won't Madame Defarge's revenge you? My servant, a boy Most of the citizens had gone out into the streets to shout called Ernest Defarge, brought in a stranger, who asked me how they hated the prisoners, but Barsad was still there.
Now we know how much you suffered, especially who had decided to do something. But you kept your feelings people here,' he thought. They should know that there is a secret, because of your love for Lucie.
We thank you, with all man like me in the city. I tried so hard to do what my In Defarge's wine-shop the only customer was Jacques mother had wished, but I never found that poor girl. And how Three, who had been on the Tribunal that had decided Darnay could that terrible story ever have a happy ending? When Carton sat down and asked for a glass of He turned to his wife. Then in the place where there are no worries. God be with you both.
She went back to her husband and As Darnay was taken away, Lucie fell to the floor, Jacques Three, who viere talking. Mr Lorry and Dr Manette. He carried Lucie to her coach and Defarge himself looked at Carton and said, 'Yes, but only a she was taken home.
Then he carried her into the house where litde,' and the three continued their conversation. Carton her daughter and Miss Pross waited, tears falling from their eyes.
You must try again to talk to the judges. Everything,' Dr Manette said. Mr Lorry went with Carton to the door. The people would be too angry.
I will return here later, to see if there is any news, but there is no real hope. Not until they are all dead, every one of that family,' said Charles Darnay passed his last night alone in the prison. He his wife. He Perhaps he has suffered enough. And it was my family that suffered so prison until he told me. It was my sister who my family that had been so cruel to him.
Tell others to stop; don't tell me! I am sure that he had forgotten the Carton paid for his wine and went out quickly on his way.
Take care of him and our child, and one day we shall was waiting for him. The Doctor's mind had returned to the all meet again in the happier world that comes after death. He did not recognize his friends, and wanted Darnay did not sleep peacefully that night and in the only to find his old table and to make shoes. At one o'clock he heard someone outside the great danger.
I heard Madame Defarge talking about them door. The door opened and closed and there stood Sydney tonight. They must leave Paris tomorrow. They have the Carton, holding a warning finger to his lips. I come from your wife. She begs you to do exactly and keep them safe with your own.
You must leave by coach at what I say, and to ask no questions. There is no time. Take off two o'clock tomorrow. Keep a place for me in the coach, and your boots and put on mine. Many lives will depend on it. You will only die with me. Tm not asking you to escape. Put on my shirt, and my coas. Then he went to the door and quickly! Have you written "see it"? You can say that writing,' said Carton quietly. This is not a reason for sadness. A minute later Darnay lay out of danger, and go on with this plan to the end?
The number unconscious on the ground. Carton quickly dressed himself in must be right. Fifty-two prisoners must die today. Hurry, man! Take him to Mr Lorry, put him in the coach yourself, and tell Mr Lorry to leave at once! He listened carefully but there were only normal prison sounds. No shouts, no alarm bells. He waited calmly. Soon he heard the sound of doors opening. Most of them The last goodbyes stood, silent, looking at the ground.
A young woman carne up to him; she was thin and pale. Show us your papers! Which is he? What could a poor little thing like me do? Which is she? Thig is she. With her child, little Lucie, beside her. If it is true, I am willing to die, but I do not know how that can be.
I am not afraid but I am little and weak, and it will help to make me brave. He touched his lips with his fmger. Sydney will go to her. She will say things against the Revolution, and Carton. Lawyer, English. Here, take my knitting and keep my usual He is here, in the comer.
He is not well. Banker, English. You may go. There are wildly beating hearts in the coach, and trembling There were many women in Paris at that time who hated hands; there is the heavy breathing of the unconscious traveller.
But of all there women, But onwards the coach goes; the horses are fast, and there are Madame Defarge was the one most feared. All her life she had no shouts behind them on the road. It was nothing to her that an innocent man was going to die because of his father's and his uncle's Also that afternoon Madame Defarge was talking with her crimes. She wanted more. Hidden in her clothes were a gun friends. He feels sorry for the Doctor. Miss Pross and Jerry people must go to the Guillotine.
The wife and the child must Cruncher were there, preparing to follow Mr Lorry's coach. But Three. Their heads will be a pretty sight when they are shown Miss Pross was still worried. A second coach leaving from the to the people. Yes, they too, must die. Drive to the church instead, and I'll meet you something myself.
It was twenty past two, and at once The others agreed willingly. More Miss Pross began to get herself ready to leave. She was heads must fall. Miss Pross looked down, saw what Miss Pross quickly stood in front of the door to Lucie's it was, and hit out at it wildly.
There was a loud bang, and a room. Each woman spoke in her own language, and neither All this in a second. As the smoke cleared, Miss Pross saw understood the other's words. Go and tell her. Do you hear me? She stared angrily at Miss Pross, but Miss Pross stared back just as angrily.
If you fight me, I'll fight back! Answer me! One Miss Pross hit out at the gun wildly. Five years later, in , Lucie testies at the London treason trial of Charles Darnay, a young Frenchman she had met on the boat from France to England.
In Paris, the aristocratic Marquis St. Evrmonde receives a letter that outlines the evidence that will be brought against his nephew, this same Darnay, who had moved to London and renounced his French lands and title.
Darnay has been falsely accused by two notorious police spies, Roger Cly and John Barsad. He is acquitted only after Sydney Carton, a dissolute young lawyer, points out the remarkable resemblance between himself and Darnay, therefore casting doubt on Barsads testimony. He remembers very little about his imprisonment or the events leading up to it. However, when Manette is faced with a stressful situation, he obsessively reverts to his prison occupation as a shoemaker.
One of the most striking images, in both the lm and the novel, occurs when a great cask of wine bursts in the street outside the Defargess wine shop. Dozens of people rush to the scene and scoop up the wine as it rushes down the gutter. Some of these people are so desperate that they get down on their hands and knees and lap up the wine like animals.
One man, Gaspard, uses the spilled wine to write the word blood on a wall. This act clearly foreshadows the French Revolution. The carriage of the Marquis St. Evrmonde, rushing through the streets of Paris, crushes Gaspards little boy. The Marquis callously tosses a coin at Gaspards feet and continues on his way. That same night, the Marquis is visited by his nephew. Darnay is disgusted with the way his family has oppressed the poor.
The young man has a plan to undo some of the wrong his family has done, a plan his uncle bitterly opposes. Darnay even suspects that his uncle played a role in fabricating evidence against him at the trial in England. Darnay and his uncle quarrel. That night, the uncle is murdered by Gaspard. As he stabs the Marquis, Gaspard whispers the name Jacques, revealing his role as a member of the Jacquerie, a secret revolutionary society.
Discussion Questions 1. The opening lines of A Tale of Two Cities are some of the most famous in literature: It was the best of times, it was the worst of times Yet these lines are not spoken at the beginning of the lm. Instead, the lm begins with Doctor Mannet in the Bastille prison. After several moments, the lms titles are shown. Ask students to comment on the lms opening scenes. What does it convey about the story? How does the appearance and behavior of Manette set the scene?
What draws them into the lm? Why do they think the lmmakers chose to not use the famous opening lines at this point in the story? As they watch the lm, have students note where and how starvation, oppression, and cruelty are portrayed in the lm. Students may want to keep a written or online journal as they watch the lm and read the book. What techniques do Dickens and the lmmakers use in terms of imagery, descriptive language, costumes, camera angles, and so on?
Have students cite specic passages from the book or scenes from the lm. Ask students to observe the dierences in the lm between how the poor in France and England are portrayedfor instance, the poor people outside the courthouse in England and the scene in Paris when the wine cask is broken.
What do you think Dickens is trying to express by showing these dierences? Page 8 4. What purpose does the scene of the overturned wine cask serve? How does it foreshadow the French Revolution? How does the scene with the carriage accident build upon the wine scene? Ask students to comment on how these two pivotal scenes made them feel.
Have a student volunteer to read aloud the rst two paragraphs of Book the First, Chapter 5, which describe the breaking of the wine cask. Begin with the sentence A large cask of wine had been droppd and broken, in the street. End with the sentence, if anyone acquainted with it could have believed in such a miraculous presence.
Have students jot down key words that Dickens uses to convey images of poverty and desperation. Could that scene occur today in this country or around the world? If so, under what circumstances? Music plays a very important part in lmmaking. Have students critique the use of music in the opening scene and in the scene where the Marquis St. Evrmonde is served coee by a long line of servants.
How does the music enhance the scene? Have students listen and note other uses of music as they watch the lm. Activities 1. Distribute the Character Chart on page Ask students to identify and describe each character they have met so far and their relationship with others on the list.
As they view the lm, have students add their observations to the chart. Poverty is an issue that Dickens explores in many of his works. Have students nd two articles online or in the newspaper about poverty in their neighborhood, region, or around the world. How do the issues of poverty that people struggle with today compare to what the French and English experienced in the 18th century?
How has our attitude towards poverty changed or remained the same since then? What remedies, if any, are oered today? Dickens is known for his keen and evocative descriptions. Have students take turns reading aloud the passage in Chapter 5 The Wine-Shop that describes the DeFarges neighborhood. Begin with the line And now that the cloud settled on Saint Antoine and end with Indeed they were at sea, and the ship and crew were in peril of tempest.
Working individually or in pairs, ask students to think about a neighborhood or area they know well and write a one-page description of it as Dickens might have described it. Have students cover the scene in which Gaspards son is killed as a news story.
Brainstorm and explore the dierences among the various kinds of news stories today: a who-what-where-when-why newspaper story, an investigative report, a TV nightly news story, a blog, a hour cable news network story, a radio story, and so on.
Choosing one of the news styles, and working in teams, pairs, or individually, have students cover the scene in which Gaspards son is killed. After students deliver their reports, reect on how various media outlets aect our perception of events. Page 9 6.
Dickenss novels often include one or more courtroom scenes. In the lm, the courtroom scene is crucial. It not only introduces us to Darnay and other important characters, it contains many of the issues the story explores.
Why did Dickens write so much about the law? Why are legal matters often so deemed to be dramatic? Have students make a list of current lms and television shows that use courtroom scenes for their dramatic core. What are some of the similarities and dierences between Dickenss use of this setting and more contemporary uses?
Jacques is simply a code name used to conceal their true identity from strangers and perhaps from each other. They form a secret society, at rst keeping track of aristocratic crimes, and later bringing their enemies to trial and execution once the revolution has begun. In fact, it is unlikely that secret societies played an important role in the French Revolution.
Most of the major revolutionary groups, such as the Jacobins and Girondins, operated quite openly. Secret revolutionary societies were actually more important in Dickenss own time. He may have drawn inspiration from such secret groups as the Carbonari, which operated in Italy.
In the summer of , on a visit to Doctor Manette, Darnay announces that he wishes to marry Lucie. When Manette gives his blessing, Darnay wants to reveal his true identity. Manette stops him, saying that if Lucie accepts the proposal, Darnay can reveal his identity on the day of the wedding. In addition to working ocially as a messenger for Tellsons Bank and as Lorrys assistant, Jerry Cruncher robs graves to supplement his income by selling cadavers for medical research.
That same summer, there is a funeral for the police spy Barsad. When Cruncher and his accomplices open the grave to steal the body, they nd that the con is full of dirt and rocks. In France, Gaspard, the murderer of the Marquis St.
Evrmonde, is executed. The revolutionaries have sworn vengeance against all members of the St. Evrrmonde family. Meanwhile, Barsad has begun working in Paris for the French government. The Defarges and their friends, however, quickly realize that he is a spy when he begins asking suspicious questions. Knowing that the Defarges had sheltered Manette after his release from prison, Barsad tells them that Lucie Manette is about to marry Charles Darnay, the nephew of the Marquis St. Shortly before the wedding of the two lovers in England, Sydney visits Lucie, asking her to remember that he will always be ready to give his life for her or for anyone she loves.
On the day of the wedding, Darnay reveals his true name to Manette. Although he seems at rst to take the news well, Manette falls into a t of madness while Darnay and Lucie are away on their wedding journey. He soon recovers, however, and begs Lorry not to tell Lucie what has happened. At the very end of Disc One, the action skips forward eight years to show the fall of the Bastille in Discuss what triggers Manettes relapses. What clues from the lm hint at the reasons?
Have students research the condition now known as post-traumatic stress disorder. How might Manettes ashbacks and psychological setbacks be diagnosed today?
Lorry suggests that burying his shoemaking tools might help Manette put his imprisonment behind him. What might the treatment be today? Although many of the French characters are working-class people, Cruncher is the only prominent English character from the working classes. Ask students to compare and contrast Cruncher to the French characters, such as the Defarges and their friends.
Does England appear to be almost as dangerous a place as France? Why or why not? Is England nearly as ripe for revolution as France? How do these early scenes of violence and injustice in England prepare the reader or viewer for the coming scenes of the French Revolution? What message or warning is Dickens expressing? Dickens often uses the names of his characters to reveal something about those individuals.
Have students refer to the list of characters they created at the beginning of the lm. Consider the very last scene of Episode Two: a young girl stares at the buckled shoes of a hanged man. What does this scene evoke? Why do you think the lmmakers chose this image? Page 12 Activities 1.
What do each of them symbolize for Dickens? Consider how each woman is portrayed in the lm. How do the lmmakers convey the womens personalities? Ask students to re-cast the lm using todays actors. Working in pairs, have one student pretend to be an agent and another to be a studio executive.
Have the agent present his or her pitch as to why his or her client would be perfect for the role. Have the studio executive respond, explaining whether or not the actor would be able to embody the character.
When Darnay wants to reveal his true identity to Doctor Manette, the doctor stops him. He tells Darnay, Tell me when I ask you, not now. If your suit should prosper, if Lucie should love you, you shall tell me on your marriage morning. Working in small groups, have students develop three possible reasons to explain Doctor Manettes response to Darnay.
Have each group present their explanations to the class, and then take a class vote to see which reason the class nds most plausible. Give students the following assignment: Imagine that you are an American visitor to Paris during the storming of the Bastille. Write to a friend in the United States and describe what you observed during the course of that fateful night, either according to the lm or based on your own research of historical accounts.
Resurrection men like Cruncher carried on an illicit trade in corpses, which they often obtained by robbing new graves. In real life, the two most notorious resurrection men were two Scotsmen named Burke and Hare, who began, like Cruncher, by robbing graves. Burke and Hare, however, couldnt dig up corpses as fast as they could sell them. They decided to speed up the process by murdering people and selling bodies to doctors in Edinburgh.
It is not known how many people they may have murdered before they were caught. Their scheme nally came apart when a medical student recognized the body of a murdered prostitute he had known.
These crimes took place when Dickens was young. People who read Dickenss books when they were rst published would have remembered the real-life resurrection men.
Defarge forces one of the jailers to take him to Manettes old cell, North Tower. Defarge completes a thorough search of the cell. Three years later, in the autumn of , the crowd at Tellsons Bank in London is talking about the events of the Revolution. Many French aristocrats have taken shelter in England. Some English rms, such as Tellsons Bank, still do business in France.
Lorry is sent to Paris to look after the interests of the bank. Back in England, Darnay learns that Gabelle, an old family servant, has been charged with treason. Telling only Manette, Darnay leaves for France to help Gabelle. Unknown to Darnay, Gabelles letter was sent in order to lure him back to France to face trial as a member of the French aristocracy. After being recognized as a former aristocrat, Darnay is arrested almost immediately in Paris and sent to La Force prison, where he is held in secret.
Lucie and her father follow Darnay to Paris. Since Manette was a prisoner in the Bastille, he has become a hero to the Paris mob and is able to use his prestige to protect Darnay. Madame Defarge visits Lucie and her child. When Lucie asks for help in obtaining permission to visit Darnay, Madame Defarge replies, Your husband is not my business here. You are my business here.
Carton confronts Barsad, who is now working for the French revolutionary government, and tells him that he will soon demand a favor. Barsad is vulnerable to blackmail because of his former work as a spy for both the French aristocracy and the British government.
Finally, Darnay comes to trial and is acquitted, largely because Manette speaks in his defense. That evening, Darnay is arrested again. He is told that he has been denounced by the Defarges and by a third person, whose name he will learn at the trial. At Darnays second trial, it turns out that his third accuser is Manette himself.
During the storming of the Bastille, Monsieur Defarge had found a document that Manette had written while in prison. The document reveals that in two French aristocrats, the father and uncle the Marquis St.
Evrmonde of Darnay, had taken Manette to the bedside of a young woman who was driven insane and was now dying in agony. In an adjoining room lay the young womans brother, dying of a sword wound. The brother died that night, while his sister lingered for a few more days before her death. Manette learned that one of the St. Evrmonde brothers had wanted the woman for his lover. He had her husband worked to death, and then he carried her away.
When the young womans father learned of what had happened, he died of grief. The young womans brother challenged the nobleman, but was fatally wounded in a swordght. Before he died, he also revealed that he had another sister, who had gone into hiding.
She would grow up to become Madame Defarge. Manette reported the crimes of the St. Evrmondes to the authorities. As a result of the aristocrats corrupt inuence, Manette was secretly imprisoned.
In the last words of the document, he indicts the St. Evrmondes: I denounce them and their descendants to the last of their race. Darnay is now condemned to death for the crimes of his father and uncle. Manette begins to lose his sanity once again, as a result of Darnays death sentence. What does the fact that Darnay is so willing to return to France reveal about his character? Take a class poll and post the results on the board, on chart paper, or the class website.
Not until Manette reads his letter Book the Third, Chapter 10 do we fully understand the reasons for Madame Defarges hatred.
Discuss the letters contents. Does what happened to her and her family justify Madame Defarges actions? Page 15 3. In Chaper Two of Disc Two, well into the middle of the lm, Sydney Carton speaks the now-famous line that begin the novel: It was the best of times, it was the worst of times Ask students why they think the lmmakers chose to have Carton deliver those lines in that particular scene.
What has been gained or lost by moving it from the beginning of the story and by having Carton say it? Could those words apply to the time we live in now?
As the camera pans from the crowd in the opening scenes of Disc Two, we see the cobblestones and then the infamous guillotine for the rst time. Discuss the way in which the lmmakers use camera angles in this scene. Why do you think the lmmakers chose not to show more gory details about the guillotine? Does this make the scene more or less eective? Consider these changes in Epsiode Three: mob rule, demise of the aristocracy, Manettes status, and status of the Defarges.
Where are these changes evident in the lm? Assign each of these changes to a classroom group and have students discuss their observations of each of these changes. Have a spokesperson from each group report back to the class and then have a whole-class discussion about the signicance of the changes and how they are portrayed in the lm.
It was the best of times, it was the worst of times How has this message or theme revealed itself at this point in the lives of these characters: I. Have students choose a character. In a blog, diary entry, or dramatization, have students explain, in character, how this quotation may or may not apply to his or her character.
The refrain of Liberty, Equality, Fraternity, or Death is repeated by the revolutionaries throughout the novel. Have students research the origins of the phrase and its meaning, as well as conditions in France after the aristocracy lost power. What contradictions are evident in the use of this revolutionary slogan? The events have been foreshadowed by Cartons own words to Lucie: I told you once, for you I would do anything.
Have students imagine they are Carton writing a letter of explanation to Lorry. Ask them to explain the motive for Cartons actions and the sudden shift in character. Hanging, which was probably the most common form of execution in both France and England, was slow and inecient. Instead of using the sort of gallows with a drop-trap that appears in so many western movies, the executioner would sling the rope from a beam or a branch of a tree.
The condemned person, with a rope around the neck, would stand on a cart, or sometimes sit on a horse.