Osborn's Morning's at Seven; Charlotte Jones' Humble Boy. The Night Iguana of the. Tennessee Williams'. Different Stages Presents. City Theatre Airport. The night of the iguana: a play by Tennessee Williams; 17 editions; First published in ; Subjects: Protected DAISY, Accessible book. The Night of the Iguana text by. Aliza Wassner and Tiffany Gilbert. Contents. CHARACTER DESCRIPTIONS. SYNOPSIS. BIOGRAPHY: TENNESSEE WILLIAMS.
|Language:||English, Spanish, Japanese|
|Genre:||Health & Fitness|
|ePub File Size:||15.71 MB|
|PDF File Size:||14.18 MB|
|Distribution:||Free* [*Register to download]|
THE NIGHT OF THE IGUANA. And so, as kinsmen met a night,. We talked between the rooms,. Until the moss had reached our lips,. And covered up our names. The Night of the Iguana () - Download as PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or read online. Night of the Iguana Script. Welcome to THE NIGHT OF THE IGUANA, the Third show of our 23rd. Season. With the support of our members, you the audience, the Province- town Art.
Description[ edit ] In s Mexico an ex-minister, the Reverend T. Lawrence Shannon, has been locked out of his church after characterizing the Western image of God as a "senile delinquent", during one of his sermons. Shannon is not de-frocked, but he is institutionalized for a " nervous breakdown ". Some time after his release, the Rev. Shannon obtains employment as a tour guide for a second-rate travel agency.
Shannon finds his salvation in Hannah, who helps him face himself and his problems. Shannon ends up letting the group go, by force, but symbolically frees himself when he frees the iguana tied up by the veranda. At the final curtain, it is implied that Shannon will stay at the hotel with Maxine and help her run the establishment.
Shannon is the primary focus of these tensions. He is a minister who has lost his church, and a tour guide who, during the course of the play, loses his group and his job. In both instances, Shannon acted inappropriately towards a young woman. In the latter, for example, Shannon had sex with a young Baptist girl who was part of the group he was leading.
Maxine, the padrona of the hotel, tells Shannon that many of his problems stem from the fact that his mother caught him masturbating as a child and beat him because she believed it was wrong.
She believes that Shannon gets back at her by engaging in such behaviors. Shannon is not the only character driven by lust. Maxine also engages in numerous affairs—and did so while married to her now-deceased husband.
When Shannon arrives at the hotel, she immediately begins trying to seduce him with her body and rum-cocos. She wants to control Shannon through sex.
Maxine becomes extremely jealous when Shannon shows interest in Hannah, the spinster from New England. Unlike Maxine and Shannon, Hannah is not motivated by sexual desire. She has only had two sexual encounters in her life. Hannah helps Shannon through his crisis, but refuses his sexual advances.
After the worst has passed, Shannon decides to stay and live with Maxine, seemingly the only option, sexual or otherwise, that he has left open. Alienation and Loneliness Underlying the theme of sex and sexual desire, is alienation and loneliness. Both Maxine and Shannon fear being alone, in their own way, while Hannah has a seemingly secure relationship with her grandfather that prevents true alienation from the world. Maxine desperately wants Shannon to stay with her and help her run the hotel that her recently deceased husband left her.
She tries everything in her power to control him: leaving her shirt half open; plying him with rum-cocos, knowing he has a problem with alcohol; tying him up when he seems really crazy. She wins in the end because Shannon is just as alone as she is. He lost his church and his status as minister long ago.
His job is not conducive to forming positive long-term relationships: the groups come and go, and he is left alone. Shannon has no real friends except Maxine and her now-dead husband.
They join forces at the end because this is the only solution to their loneliness. Why were people like Shannon, Hannah, and Maxine drawn there? Why are both emotional cripples? How do they deal with their sexual desires? Research the iguana and its habits. Where else has the iguana been used in art? The old man is practically senile and requires her constant care. But, unlike Shannon and Maxine, Hannah is not really lonely. She has someone to take care of, someone who loves and depends on her.
While she may be sexually alienated, she is not lacking what seems to be a permanent human relationship. Permanence Each of the characters in The Night of the Iguana lack permanence. Only Maxine desires it from the beginning, in her quest to convince Shannon to stay with her to run the hotel.
The fact that the play is set in a hotel—a place filled with temporary residents—epitomizes this condition. Shannon has lived a transitory life since he was expelled from his church. Being a tour guide involves dealing with different groups of people, leaving him little opportunity for a lasting relationship. Even when Shannon tries to make a connection—by sleeping with one of his tourists—it is an impermanent gesture. He does not want to marry the girl, though she wants so marry him.
Hannah and her grandfather live an analogous life. Though they have an unspecified home base in New England, they choose to travel the world, living in hotels. They are an independent entity that does not seek or embrace permanence, except in each other.
But even this situation is only temporary. Jonathon Coffin dies at the end of the play, leaving Hannah in a situation that is even less permanent than it was before. There is no indication of her next move, but Shannon chooses to embrace permanence by staying with Maxine and running the hotel.
All the action takes place in one location: the veranda of the Costa Verde Hotel and several rooms that open up on to it. The veranda also has several components key to the story: the hammock, the railing, and its underside.
The iguana is tied up underneath the veranda, thrashing about, until Shannon frees him. The rooms that open up on the veranda are separate cubicles with screen doors.
During the night scenes, when the veranda is illuminated, the action inside the rooms is highlighted. Symbolism The events in The Night of the Iguana are underscored by symbols. The most prominent is found in the title: the iguana. The iguana is caught by local boys who work at the hotel and tied up underneath the veranda for fattening.
When the time is right, the local boys will kill and eat the animal. This does not happen, however. By the end of the play, Shannon has cut the reptile loose, at the request of Hannah. The iguana could represent a number of things. Many critics believe that it represents Shannon, who is also tied up during the course of the play. Like the animal, Shannon is straining against the bonds of society and fighting a losing battle.
The iguana could also be seen as a symbol of the human condition. There are other symbols at work in the play. The spook that Shannon claims is following him can be seen as his conscience.
The rum-cocos, which Maxine constantly tries to push on Shannon, are a symbol of her sexuality. Costumes Several of the characters in The Night of the Iguana are described wearing specific kinds of clothing that underscore their actions. He wants to symbolically reconnect with his past as well as prove to the tour group that he was once a minister, but the button on the collar is so worn that it immediately pops off. He cannot even wear the garb. Later, he nearly chokes himself to death on the cross.
At the end of the play he gives Hannah his cross to fund her journey back to the United States. It is carefully daubed with color to complete the look of a working artist. Hannah wears this smock when she tries to convince hotel patrons to allow her to sketch them for a fee.
The outfit defines her for others, rather than for herself. Unlike Shannon, she is fairly secure in her identity. Costumes also define Maxine who wears a half-unbuttoned shirt when she first sees and tries to seduce Shannon.
In , for example, President Dwight D. Eisenhower left office. The new president was the youthful, more liberal John F. Change was not limited to the United States: political and cultural turmoil could be found worldwide and the United States was often involved. One of the biggest threats to the American mainland in the 20th century was Cuba after Fidel Castro rose to power.
In , the United States cut off diplomatic relations with Cuba. Cuban exiles, backed by the American government, led an invasion into Cuba at the Bay of Pigs —the operation was a dismal failure. The Soviets later remove their missiles from the island after the Cuban Missile Crisis of The Soviet Union and the United States eventually began discussing disarmament in Geneva later in the decade. In the early s, the United States also became involved in the on-going conflict in Vietnam.
Military aid and advisors were sent to American allies in the region. By the end of the decade this involvement would become extremely controversial and create a rift in American society. Eventually the country was drawn into the conflict. Eventually, the country was drawn into the war.
Today: Women struggle to balance the demands of work and home life. There is still a significant disparity in pay: women earn much less than men for the same work.
The feminist movement is on the decline. Attitudes towards sex are becoming more liberal. Today: Birth control has become even more convenient. This takes many forms in different countries, including restriction of movement and denial of basic human rights. The Auschwitz concentration camp is built.
Today: Efforts to keep alive the memory of the Holocaust are widespread. Despite these conflicts, the United States became dominant in the political and cultural climates of the world.
The economy boomed, and American businesses grew rapidly at home and abroad. Americans were prosperous. Disposable goods were developed and the youth market boomed.
Such incidents drove home the fear that the American education system was not up to the demands of the modern society that was emerging. One of the biggest changes in the United States concerned women. More women entered the workforce, many of whom were married. During World War II, many women joined the workforce to support the war effort as many men went off to fight in the war. In this book, she argued that women should seek self-fulfillment. Though they may have found such fulfillment in the workforce, they were still responsible for the majority of household chores.
The lives of women did not only change in the workforce.
In the s, it became acceptable for women to wear pants in more formal social situations for the first time. In general, women dressed less formally overall, and younger women embraced fashion that changed from season to season. Women also married at a later date, and the divorce rate grew. There was more sex outside of marriage, and premarital sex became more common.
In , the birth control pill became available on the open market, making contraception easier than it had ever been for both single and married women. Such changes marked the emergence of modern society in America. Williams, The Night of the Iguana marks a turning point. When compared with the best of the preceding plays, this work of subtle vibrations reflects a profound change.
It bathes everything in glamour. Some see the group of German tourists who pop in and out of the story as extraneous. These critics believe the Germans serve no real function in the plot but to give it a sense of time and some comic relief. Other critics like them for their reactions to the main plot. Some critics dislike the play overall, but find moments of merit.
But it seems doubtful that is right for the best reasons. Lawrence Shannon to stay at the hotel with Maxine Faulk at the end of the play. Even according to the overt level of drama, the ending sounds suspiciously like the product of wishful thinking.
Shannon has no choice but to stay at the hotel, and the events of the play—particularly his interaction with Hannah, which leads to personal growth—make the decision seem like the right one. Ten years earlier, he was an Episcopalian minister leading a church in Virginia. He was locked out of his church after he seduced or was seduced by, according to Shannon a Sunday school teacher and gave a sermon the following Sunday that was full of heresy. Shannon became a tour guide, traveling around the world.
Over the years, he continued to lose jobs as he acted inappropriately towards female clients. He comes to the Costa Verde Hotel while working for Blake Tours, the only company he has not been fired from.
But he has recently seduced or been seduced by Charlotte, a sixteen-year-old Baptist school teacher, who was a member of his latest tour group. He is not altogether mentally well, and he keeps the key to the bus in his pocket so the group has to stay there while he sorts out this mess. His intentions are not clearly thought out.
Shannon places the blame for his problems on everyone but himself.
He does not even take responsibility for the seductions: he blames the girls for the affairs. He does this despite the fact that after at least two of these sexual encounters he hits the women involved, perhaps an acting out of his own guilt. Shannon is a weak man who constantly associates with weak, immature women. He is fundamentally lonely as well. By leading tour groups, he makes few real, long-term connections with people. Tourists come and go, and he never sees them again.
Shannon is desperate for real contact, but does not have the means or the capacity to find it. He has to stay in control, but he cannot do it very well. Shannon pulls away from these offers; He is not ready to accept such a fate just yet.
The first person she meets is Shannon, who helps convince Maxine that they should stay, if only for one night. Hannah is the opposite of every woman with whom Shannon has had any type of relationship—she is a New England born and bred spinster, about 40 years of age.
In many ways, Hannah has been and still is as desperately lonely as Shannon, but she handles it with serenity. Unlike Maxine, she does not try to seduce him from the first. Instead, she wants to help him. Hannah is a saint, the answer to prayers Shannon should have said. Hannah does for Shannon what Maxine and apparently the young women he has slept with could never do: give of herself unconditionally in a helpful, non-sexual manner. For example, she covers for him when Miss Fellowes and Charlotte are looking for him.
But one event is particularly telling. Near the end of Act II, while engaged in conversation with Shannon, Hannah reaches into her pocket for her cigarettes. She only has two left, and returns the packet to save the smokes for later. Shannon asks for a cigarette, and Hannah selflessly gives him the packet. Cat on a Hot Tin Roof, a play by Tennessee Williams first performed in , also concerns a character, Brick, who is plagued by self-deception of a sexual nature.
The Male Experience, a nonfiction book published by James A. Doyle in , explores male psychology, focusing on their sexuality and masculinity. The play is based on this story, though many of the elements are very different. Shannon questions her about the act, but Hannah does not think the moment is much of anything.
She tolerates his histrionics.
To help Shannon help himself, Hannah has him help Nonno her grandfather on several occasions. She gets Shannon to admit that what he did to those girls in his charge was wrong, though he denies it to almost everyone else. After Shannon is tied up for fear that he might hurt himself, Hannah is the only one he will speak to calmly. She tells him, without judging him, that he is enjoying the penance involved in being tied up on the hammock, suffering like Christ for his sins.
No one else, not even Maxine, can tell him such things. Hannah takes it further. She even admits that she respects him—something that no one to that point has said. This gives him the strength soon after to break out of the ties that bind him.
Hannah also feels sympathy, even empathy for his loneliness, which he fully appreciates. Because of this connection, Shannon wants to travel with Hannah, but she refuses the offer.
She is only there to help, not serve as a crutch. She only asks that he free the iguana, as she has freed him. She can only give so much of herself. Shannon logically turns to Maxine, the woman who has pursued him from the moment he set foot in the hotel.
Maxine is the opposite of Hannah in many ways, though they share common traits. She, too, is desperate, but is sexually aggressive and insulting to Shannon. Knowing that Shannon has had problems with alcohol in the past, she continually tries to get him to drink rum-cocos, which he always turns down. Maxine wants to control him, but her methods alienate Shannon. Maxine wants to be rid of her rival, but she has met her match in Hannah. Even Shannon points out that she will not win such battles.
She says that she has dealt with his breakdowns before and threatens to send him to the nuthouse. She is the rest of his cure, the part that Hannah cannot provide. After Hannah has refused him and he has set the iguana free, Maxine can finally give him that rum-coco. She can finally get him to go swimming with her, something he has also refused to do. Maxine is aware of his past, but now that Shannon has been able to give up control—free his iguana as it were—he can live with it.
Shannon stays at the Costa Verde not just because he has nowhere else to go he gave his crucifix with an amethyst in it to Hannah to provide for her return to the States , but because the hotel is the sight of his healing.
Shannon will get what he needs there: a cure for loneliness, mature sexual companion or companions, a stable place to live. It makes sense as he has examined his soul and may be still vulnerable to the world. He also has no money or job, and there may be a warrant for his arrest in Texas. The hotel and Maxine are about the only place Shannon can safely live in.
Shannon has lost everything and is living with a woman who has been both mean and helpful to him. His future has numerous uncertainties: How long will the relationship with Maxine last? Will he have another breakdown? If nothing else, Shannon has grown during the play and become a man that understands himself. At least he has more at the end then he did at the beginning of The Night of the Iguana, which is about as happy as the ending gets.
Source: A. Petrusso, for Drama for Students, Gale, Can you add one? The night of the iguana , New Directions Pub. The night of the iguana: The night of the iguana , Dramatists Play Service. The night of the iguana. The night of the iguana , New Directions. Readers waiting for this title: The night of the iguana , Me. Publish date unknown, New American Library. History Created October 13, 8 revisions Download catalog record: Libraries near you: WorldCat Library.
The night of the iguana , Dramatists Play Service in English. The night of the iguana , New Directions in English. November 23, Edited by Anand Chitipothu.
November 22, Edited by