The largest religion in the world is Christianity? 2. The country of China is officially an atheist country. 3. Saudi Arabia has the largest number of Muslims in the. Religions of the world / Lewis M. Hopfe ; revised by Mark R. Woodward.—10th ed . p. cm. Includes bibliographical references and index. ISBN 1. World religions in the context of the contemporary culture: new perspectives of dialogue and mutual understanding;Christianity and Islam in the context of.
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World Religions – Beliefs and Lifestyles. Beliefs. Lifestyle. Buddhists Buddhists believe in an ultimate reality – not a 'God', and. Buddha is not a prophet, rather. few of the world's major religions to help you engage missionally with people of varied faith Islam is a monotheistic religion founded by their Prophet—. The Project Gutenberg EBook of The Book of Religions by John. Hayward .. religious sects or denominations in the world, so far as utility.
Download a free pdf copy of The Concise Dictionary of Religion it will provide you with basic information and technical terms about various world religions. Download a free copy of Fred Welbourn's classic work Atoms and Ancestors which is unuppassed. Permission to use given by Dr. Hebe Welbourn. To find out why UWR was written click here. To read the introduction and first chapter click here. You may also like to read some reviews and endorsements.
The description given here focuses on the core beliefs of each religion. Other major religions, such as Judaism, could be discussed, but for brevity, we have chosen these.
Hinduism and its beliefs Most Hindus worship one Being of ultimate oneness Brahman through infinite representations of gods and goddesses. These various deities become incarnate within idols, temples, gurus, rivers, animals, etc.
Hindus believe their position in this present life was determined by their actions in a previous life. Hinduism therefore provides a possible explanation for suffering and evil in this life. Pain, disease, poverty or a disaster like a flood is deserved by that person because of their own evil actions, usually from a previous lifetime. A Hindu's goal is to become free from the law of karma Only the soul matters which will one day be free of the cycle of rebirths and be at rest.
Hinduism lets a person choose how to work toward spiritual perfection.
There are three possible ways to end this cycle of karma: 1. Be lovingly devoted to any of the Hindu deities; 2. Grow in knowledge through meditation of Brahman oneness Be dedicated to various religious ceremonies and rites. New Age Spirituality and its beliefs New Age Spirituality promotes the development of the person's own power or divinity.
When referring to deity, a follower of this type of spirituality is not talking about a transcendent, personal God who created the universe, but is referring to a higher consciousness within themselves. A person pursuing spiritual development would see themselves as deity, the cosmos, the universe.
In fact, everything that the person sees, hears, feels or imagines is to be considered divine. Highly eclectic, New Age Spirituality is a collection of ancient spiritual traditions, taught by a vast array of speakers, books and seminars. It acknowledges many gods and goddesses, as in Hinduism.
The Earth is viewed as the source of all spirituality, and has its own intelligence, emotions and deity. But superseding all is self.
Self is the originator, controller and power over all. There is no reality outside of what the person determines. New Age teaches eastern mysticism and spiritual, metaphysical and psychic techniques, such as breathing exercises, chanting, drumming, meditating Anything negative a person experiences failures, sadness, anger, selfishness, hurt is considered an illusion.
Believing themselves to be completely sovereign over their life, nothing about their life is wrong, negative or painful. Eventually a person develops spiritually to the degree that there is no objective, external reality. A person, becoming a god, creates their own reality.
Buddhism and its beliefs Buddhists do not worship any gods or God. People outside of Buddhism often think that Buddhists worship the Buddha.
However, the Buddha Siddhartha Gautama never claimed to be divine, but rather he is viewed by Buddhists as having attained what they are also striving to attain, which is spiritual enlightenment and, with it, freedom from the continuous cycle of life and death. Most Buddhists believe a person has countless rebirths, which inevitably include suffering.
A Buddhist seeks to end these rebirths. Buddhists believe it is a person's cravings, aversion and delusion that cause these rebirths. Therefore, the goal of a Buddhist is to purify one's heart and to let go of all yearnings toward sensual desires and the attachment to oneself. Buddhists follow a list of religious principles and adhere to personal restraint, fasting and very dedicated meditation. When a Buddhist meditates it is not the same as praying or focusing on a god, it is more of a self-discipline.
Through practiced meditation a person may reach Nirvana -- "the blowing out" of the flame of desire. Buddhism provides something that is true of most major religions: disciplines, values and directives that a person may want to live by. Islam and its beliefs Muslims believe there is the one almighty God, named Allah, who is infinitely superior to and transcendent from humankind.
Allah is viewed as the creator of the universe and the source of all good and all evil. Everything that happens is Allah's will. He is a powerful and strict judge, who will be merciful toward followers depending on the sufficiency of their life's good works and religious devotion.
A follower's relationship with Allah is as a servant to Allah. Though a Muslim honors several prophets, Muhammad is considered the last prophet and his words and lifestyle are that person's authority. To be a Muslim, one must follow five religious duties: 1.
Repeat a creed about Allah and Muhammad; 2. Recite certain prayers in Arabic five times a day; 3. Give to the needy; 4.
One month each year, fast from food, drink, sex and smoking from sunrise to sunset; 5. Pilgrimage once in one's lifetime to worship at a shrine in Mecca. At death -- based on one's faithfulness to these duties -- a Muslim hopes to enter Paradise. If not, they will be eternally punished in hell. For many people, Islam matches their expectations about religion and deity.
Islam teaches that there is one supreme deity, who is worshiped through good deeds and disciplined religious rituals. After death a person is rewarded or punished according to their religious devotion. Christianity and its beliefs Christians believe in one eternal God who is creator of all that is.
He is viewed as a loving God who offers everyone a personal relationship with himself now in this life. In his life on Earth, Jesus Christ did not identify himself as a prophet pointing to God or as a teacher of enlightenment.
Rather, Jesus claimed to be God in human form. He performed miracles, forgave people of their sin and said that anyone who believed in him would have eternal life. Followers of Jesus regard the Bible as God's written message to humankind. In addition to being an historical record of Jesus' life and miracles, the Bible reveals his personality, his love and truth, and how one can know and relate to God, as you could a friend.
Christians believe that all people sin, including themselves. They see Jesus as their Savior, as the Messiah who was prophesied by all the prophets of the Old Testament, in the Bible.
They believe that Jesus Christ, out of love for us, paid for the sin for all of humanity by dying on a cross. Three days later, he rose from the dead as he promised, proving his deity. How distinct are these major religions? Perhaps it will encourage more cartographic work in these non-Semitic areas. More than anything else, it points to the need to advance geographical understanding in religion study and the manner in which spatiotemporal patterns occur in and affect a religion and relationships among religions.
The book is divided into the religions of antiquity, ethnic religions, and universal religions of the present. It is interesting that Judaism, Hinduism, and the traditional African religions are still considered ethnic religions and the universal religions ate limited to Buddhism, Christianity, and Islam. A coherent understanding of the religions of antiquity is presented through the theogony, anthropogony, and cosmogony of early religious expression.
However, a coherency is absent in the treatment of some of the ethnic and universal religions due to the varying perspectives of the individual authors. Many articles are clearly historical in approach while others proceed from a more literary or anthropological perspective. Each article is good in itself , and the sections on Buddhism, Christianity, Hinduism, and Islam reflect superior quality, but no consistent methodology is evidenced in the whole.
Moreover, several articles on Japanese religion and Judaism are too sketchy to offer substantial understanding. It appears that the authors had no one audience in mind. As a reference work these observations are If you would like to authenticate using a different subscribed institution that supports Shibboleth authentication or have your own login and password to Project MUSE.