Production and Operations Management by N.G. Nair; Publisher: Tata Mc. Graw Hill 09 Production and operation management provides the means to explore. Introduction to Production and Operation functions – Understanding the relationship . Production and operations management concerns not only with the. presents an introduction and overview of operations management. Among the issues . both goods production and service delivery in these product packages.
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In keeping with the basic objective of making the learning of the 'Concept and Principles in Production and Operations Management', the following chapters. Production and Operation. Management. Prepared by. Dr. Sarojrani Pattnaik Dr. Swagatika Mishra. Assistant Professor. Department of Mechanical Engineering. This book contains the course content for Production and Operation Management . First Edition Printed by. Universal Training Solutions Private Limited.
Different meaning could be attached to the word quality under different circumstances. The word quality does not mean the quality of manufactured product only. It may refer to the quality of the process i. Quality begins with the design of a product in accordance with the customer specification further it involved the established measurement standards, the use of proper material, selection of suitable manufacturing process etc. Modern information methods and mounting product requirements. Production And Operations Management Tutorial. Work Study time And Motion Study.
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Top 10 facts why you need a cover letter? Table 8: The Competitive Framework Key Overview. The Aberdeen Competitive Framework defines enterprises In the following categories: What is the efficiency and effectiveness of this process?
How is this automation integrated performance. How frequently? Table 9: The level of competitive performance that a company achieves is strongly determined by the PACE choices that they make and how well they execute those decisions.
Appendix B: Related Aberdeen Research Related Aberdeen research that forms a companion or reference to this report includes: Matthew Littlefield, Research Analyst, Manufacturing, matthew. Aberdeen Group has , research members in over 36 countries around the world that both participate in and direct the most comprehensive technology-driven value chain research in the market.
Through its continued fact-based research, benchmarking, and actionable analysis, Aberdeen Group offers global business and technology executives a unique mix of actionable research, KPIs, tools, and services.
This document is the result of primary research performed by Aberdeen Group. Aberdeen Group's methodologies provides for objective fact based research and represent the best analysis available at the time of publication.
Unless otherwise noted, the entire contents of this publication are copyrighted by Aberdeen Group, Inc. As a Harte-Hanks Company, Aberdeen plays a key role of putting content in context for the global direct and targeted marketing company. Aberdeen's analytical and independent view of the "customer optimization" process of Harte- Hanks Information Opportunity Insight Engagement Interaction extends the client value and accentuates the strategic role Harte-Hanks brings to the market.
For additional information, visit Aberdeen http: Manufacturing Operations Management. Flag for inappropriate content. Related titles. Jump to Page. Search inside document. Figure 1: Aberdeen Group, January The relationship between these two pressures is interesting; both clearly touch on overlapping and interrelated aspects of Manufacturing Operations Management MOM. Figure 2: Aberdeen Group, January Top Strategies The top strategic action, being taken by more than two thirds of all manufacturers, is to implement continuous improvement teams.
Aberdeen Group, January Manufacturers of all performance levels face the same market pressures and are responding with the same strategic actions. Table 2: Aberdeen Group, January Implementing and Managing Manufacturing Solutions In regards to the organizational architecture of Best-in-Class manufacturers, collaboration is again the theme.
Aberdeen Group, January Gaining Visibility into Your Manufacturing Operations While Best-in-Class manufacturers have automated data collection, that alone is not sufficient to realize higher manufacturing performance. Aberdeen Group, January The findings in the above table are telling.
Aberdeen Insight Performance Management While Best-in-Class manufacturers are more likely than others to adopt many of the above capabilities; it is important to note that the adoption of these capabilities in a vacuum does not necessarily have the greatest impact on performance. Aberdeen Group, January Aberdeen Group.
This allows manufacturers to eliminate the traditional approach of managing silo-ed departments and business processes, providing a common solution platform to standardize processes and exchange information across the enterprise Aberdeen Group.
Aberdeen Group, January Aberdeen Case Study he Woodbridge Group is a leader in automotive urethane technologies and is a specialist in Just-in-Time assembly and sequencing systems. Aberdeen Group, January Table 8: Aberdeen Group, January Table 9: Siraj Muhammed. Saurabh Natu. Adnan Hameed. Aya Kusuma. Kaushal Chhadva. David Dick. Syed Mubashir Ali.
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Nicolas Lopez. Karam Fta Al-andalus. Bala Venugopal. Dasuki Fahmi. Syafri Gt. Kevin Lim. Preparation of plan layout for the establishment of machines in the required sequence. Storage of material and handling it in most effective way to avoid the wastage and delivery at the work centers as and when required.
Objectives of Production and Operations Management: Reduced processing time: Operations Mgt. Operations management OM is the set of activities that creates value in the form of goods and services by transforming inputs into outputs. Characteristics of product design 1: Which appeals to the human sense and also adds value to the product.
High degree of maintainability is desired so that the product will can be restored repaired to be used within a short time after it breaks down. A product is available for use when it is an operational state. Availability is the combination of reliability and maintainability. Characteristics of product design 6: Product design process Developing a new product involves a number of stages which typically center around the following key areas: In some cases, this might be fairly simple, basing the new product on something similar that already exists.
In other cases, it may be something revolutionary and unique, which may mean the idea generation part of the process is much more involved. Most companies have a "Idea Committee.
They select the good ideas and reject the bad ideas. An organization may have plenty of ideas for a new product, but once it has selected the best of them, the next step is to start researching the market. Looking at the feedback from consumer testing enables the manufacturer to make any necessary changes to the product, and also decide how they are going to launch it to the market.
Finally, when a product has made it all the way through the new product development stage, the only thing left to do is introduce it to the market. Once this is done, good product life cycle management will ensure the manufacturer makes the most of all their effort and investment.
The factors affect a product design are as: Process can be classified in two main categories such as: Cont… — Made to order MTO: Intermittent Production System Production is performed on a start-and-stop basis, such as for the manufacture of made-to-order products. Done to produce small volume and high diversity products. Project production flows Here, in project production flows, company accepts a single, complex order or contract. The order must be completed within a given period of time and at an estimated cost.
The characteristics or features of project production flows are as: Generally, the resource requirement at the beginning is low. Then in mid of production, the requirement increases. Finally, it slows down when the project is near its completion phase.
Each agency performs specialized jobs. Here, coordination between agencies is important because all jobs are interrelated. Jobbing production flows Here, in jobbing production flows, company accepts a contract to produce either one or few units of a product strictly as per specifications given by the customer. The product is produced within a given period and at a fixed cost. This cost is fixed at the time of signing the contract. The characteristics or features of jobbing production flows are as: Sometimes only one product is produced at one time.
For e. Batch production flows This process is adopted when batches or lots of item are to be produced using the same set of machines in the same sequence. Here, the production of items takes place in lots or batches.
A product is divided into different jobs. All jobs of one batch of production must be completed before starting the next batch of production. The characteristics or features of batch production flows are as: This is because large varieties of items are to be produced. Planning and Control Mechanism for Intermittent System: Here customer provides the blue print and other specification regarding the product to be manufactured.
Then the organization formulates their production strategy to suit the needs of the customer. Goods are produced on a large scale for stocking and selling.
They are not produced on customer's orders. Here, the inputs and outputs are standardized along with the production process and sequence. The production system of a food industry is purely based on the demand forecast. Here, a large-scale production of food takes place. It is a continuous production. The characteristics of a continuous production system are as follows: It is not intermittent.
The types of continuous production system include: Mass production flows Here, company produces different types of products on a large-scale and stock them in warehouses until they are demanded in the market. The characteristics or features of mass production flows are as follows: However, this depends on the demand in the market.
There is little or no queuing at any stage of production Process production flows Here, a single product is produced and stocked in warehouses until it is demanded in the market. The flexibility of these plants is almost zero because only one product can be produced.
The characteristics or features of process production flows are as follows: Conveyors and automatic transfer machines are used to move the materials from one stage to another. Production Control Mechanism for Continuous manufacturing system: In this system the control mechanism is not as elaborate and complex as for intermittent system. In continuous system large quantities of standardized products are produced using standardized production process.
This system does not involve diverse work, due to which routing standardized route and schedule sheets are prepared. Goods are tangible but services are intangible. Goods are objects, which can be seen, felt, sensed easily. Services are performance which cannot be tasted, felt, touched.
The ownership rights of goods are transferable, there is however no ownership involved in services. The people creating and delivering the service can be located anywhere. Manufacturers must have a physical location for their production and stock holding operations. Production does not necessarily take place on the manufacturer's own site; it can take place at any point in the supply chain.
Manufacturers can automate many of their production processes to reduce their labor requirements. There are generally four stages in the life of a product. These four stages are the Introduction stage, the Growth stage, the Maturity stage and the Decline stage.
The four stages of PLC 1: Introduction stage: This is the stage in which the product is initially promoted. It is a trial stage of the product so the success of new product depends on how the introduction stage react? In this stage the product development and design are of considerable importance. The Growth stage is where your product starts to grow.
In this stage a very large amount of money is spent on advertising. Cont 3: This is the stage in which sales of your product begin to fall. Either everyone that wants to has bought your product or new, more innovative products have been created that replace yours. Planning Decision If the company wants to expand and diversify its activities, it will have to search for a new-location for setting up its new business unit. In this case, it will need a location planning. Cost advantages: If an existing plant is not near a market place, it will increase the transport cost.
This will also increase the cost of the product. So, to avoid this, the company will search for a new plant location which is near the market. Discovery of raw-material: Generally, a plant must be located at a place where raw-material is available. For example, if oil and gas are found at some place, then a new petrochemical plant has to be set up there for processing purpose. Additional facilities: Plant location-related decisions will have to be taken if the organization wants additional facilities.
New facilities may be necessary to improve the quality of work, to meet rising demands, etc. Cont… 5: Mergers, joint-ventures, and Amalgamations may lead to start a new unit at a new-location. It may even require closure of an existing plant unit. In mergers, production is mostly started at a new place as per the new-agreement. Political and social changes: Each political party has its own philosophy. Political changes can lead to changes in economic policies of the government.
This may make the existing location unattractive for doing business.