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HARRY POTTER THE BOOK

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2 hours ago Harry Potter fans can now learn about folklore and magic in a new series of e- books that will be released next month. Explore the entire series of Harry Potter books and audio books, as well as colouring books, box Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone - Gryffindor Edition. 9 hours ago There are few franchises quite as beloved as Harry Potter. What started with JK Rowling's acclaimed seven-book series has expanded to a.


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Find Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone, Harry Potter and the Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban, Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire, of the Phoenix, Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince and Harry Potter and the Media of Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows. Harry Potter is a series of fantasy novels written by British author J. K. Rowling. The novels Since the release of the first novel, Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone, on 26 June , the books have found immense popularity , critical. Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire Illustrated Edition The fourth book in the beloved Harry Potter series, now illustrated in glorious full color by award- winning.

Harry Potter is a series of fantasy novels written by British author J. The novels chronicle the lives of a young wizard , Harry Potter , and his friends Hermione Granger and Ron Weasley , all of whom are students at Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry. The main story arc concerns Harry's struggle against Lord Voldemort , a dark wizard who intends to become immortal, overthrow the wizard governing body known as the Ministry of Magic and subjugate all wizards and Muggles non-magical people. Since the release of the first novel, Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone , on 26 June , the books have found immense popularity, critical acclaim and commercial success worldwide. They have attracted a wide adult audience as well as younger readers and are often considered cornerstones of modern young adult literature.

This year, Harry must compete against a witch and a wizard "champion" from overseas schools Beauxbatons and Durmstrang, as well as another Hogwarts student, causing Harry's friends to distance themselves from him. The point at which the mystery is unravelled marks the series' shift from foreboding and uncertainty into open conflict.

Voldemort's plan to have Crouch use the tournament to bring Harry to Voldemort succeeds. Although Harry manages to escape, Cedric Diggory , the other Hogwarts champion in the tournament, is killed by Peter Pettigrew and Voldemort re-enters the Wizarding World with a physical body. In response to Voldemort's reappearance, Dumbledore re-activates the Order of the Phoenix , a secret society which works from Sirius Black's dark family home to defeat Voldemort's minions and protect Voldemort's targets, especially Harry.

Despite Harry's description of Voldemort's recent activities, the Ministry of Magic and many others in the magical world refuse to believe that Voldemort has returned. In an attempt to counter and eventually discredit Dumbledore, who along with Harry is the most prominent voice in the Wizarding World attempting to warn of Voldemort's return, the Ministry appoints Dolores Umbridge as the High Inquisitor of Hogwarts and the new Defence Against the Dark Arts teacher.

Rare ‘Harry Potter’ book featuring misspelled title fetches $90,000 at auction

She transforms the school into a dictatorial regime and refuses to allow the students to learn ways to defend themselves against dark magic. Through those lessons, Harry begins to develop a crush on the popular and attractive Cho Chang. Juggling schoolwork, Umbridge's incessant and persistent efforts to land him in trouble and the defensive lessons, Harry begins to lose sleep as he constantly receives disturbing dreams about a dark corridor in the Ministry of Magic, followed by a burning desire to learn more.

An important prophecy concerning Harry and Lord Voldemort is then revealed, [19] and Harry discovers that he and Voldemort have a painful connection, allowing Harry to view some of Voldemort's actions telepathically. In the novel's climax, Harry is tricked into seeing Sirius tortured and races to the Ministry of Magic.

He and his friends face off against Voldemort's followers nicknamed Death Eaters at the Ministry of Magic. Although the timely arrival of members of the Order of the Phoenix saves the teenagers' lives, Sirius Black is killed in the conflict.

Harry and his friends are relatively protected from that danger at Hogwarts. They are subject to all the difficulties of adolescence — Harry eventually begins dating Ginny, Ron establishes a strong infatuation with fellow Hogwarts student Lavender Brown , and Hermione starts to develop romantic feelings towards Ron. Near the beginning of the novel, lacking his own book, Harry is given an old potions textbook filled with many annotations and recommendations signed by a mysterious writer titled; "the Half-Blood Prince.

With war drawing near, Harry takes private lessons with Dumbledore, who shows him various memories concerning the early life of Voldemort in a device called a Pensieve. These reveal that in order to preserve his life, Voldemort has split his soul into pieces, used to create a series of Horcruxes — evil enchanted items hidden in various locations, one of which was the diary destroyed in the second book.

Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows , the last original novel in the series, begins directly after the events of the sixth book. Lord Voldemort has completed his ascension to power and gained control of the Ministry of Magic. Harry, Ron and Hermione drop out of school so that they can find and destroy Voldemort's remaining Horcruxes.

To ensure their own safety as well as that of their family and friends, they are forced to isolate themselves. A ghoul pretends to be Ron ill with a contagious disease, Harry and the Dursleys separate, and Hermione wipes her parents' memories and sends them abroad. As the trio searches for the Horcruxes, they learn details about an ancient prophecy of the Deathly Hallows, three legendary items that when united under one Keeper, would supposedly allow that person to be the Master of Death.

Harry discovers his handy Invisibility Cloak to be one of those items, and Voldemort to be searching for another: the Elder Wand, the most powerful wand in history. At the end of the book, Harry and his friends learn about Dumbledore's past, as well as Snape's true motives — he had worked on Dumbledore's behalf since the murder of Harry's mother.

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Eventually, Snape is killed by Voldemort out of paranoia. The book culminates in the Battle of Hogwarts. Harry, Ron and Hermione, in conjunction with members of the Order of the Phoenix and many of the teachers and students, defend Hogwarts from Voldemort, his Death Eaters, and various dangerous magical creatures.

Several major characters are killed in the first wave of the battle, including Remus Lupin and Fred Weasley , Ron's older brother. After learning that he himself is a Horcrux, Harry surrenders himself to Voldemort in the Forbidden Forest, who casts a killing curse Avada Kedavra at him. The defenders of Hogwarts do not surrender after learning of Harry's presumed death and continue to fight on. Harry awakens and faces Voldemort, whose Horcruxes have all been destroyed.

In the final battle, Voldemort's killing curse rebounds off Harry's defensive spell Expelliarmus , killing Voldemort.

An epilogue "Nineteen Years Later" set on 1 September [21] describes the lives of the surviving characters and the effects of Voldemort's death on the Wizarding World. In the epilogue, Harry and Ginny are married with three children, and Ron and Hermione are married with two children. Rowling , Thorne and director John Tiffany.

The script was released on 31 July The play's official synopsis was released on 23 October [25] It was always difficult being Harry Potter and it isn't much easier now that he is an overworked employee of the Ministry of Magic, a husband, and father of three school-age children.

While Harry grapples with a past that refuses to stay where it belongs, his youngest son Albus must struggle with the weight of a family legacy he never wanted. As past and present fuse ominously, both father and son learn the uncomfortable truth: sometimes, darkness comes from unexpected places. Harry Potter Book Night has been happening since Every February, Harry Potter fans congregate together to celebrate the iconic series. And ever since, more and more fans all over the world are getting involved.

Every year has a new theme The Wizarding World is so rich and bountiful that every year, Harry Potter Book Night celebrates a different part of it. This year, the theme is Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry. Or perhaps emulate a Great Hall feast. Or dress up as a ghost and try and spook people.

Through the diary, Ginny acts on Voldemort's orders and unconsciously opens the "Chamber of Secrets", unleashing an ancient monster, later revealed to be a basilisk , which begins attacking students at Hogwarts. It kills those who make direct eye contact with it and petrifies those who look at it indirectly.

The book also introduces a new Defence Against the Dark Arts teacher, Gilderoy Lockhart , a highly cheerful, self-conceited wizard with a pretentious facade, later turning out to be a fraud. Harry discovers that prejudice exists in the Wizarding World through delving into the school's history, and learns that Voldemort's reign of terror was often directed at wizards and witches who were descended from Muggles.

Harry also learns that his ability to speak the snake language Parseltongue is rare and often associated with the Dark Arts. When Hermione is attacked and petrified, Harry and Ron finally piece together the puzzles and unlock the Chamber of Secrets, with Harry destroying the diary for good and saving Ginny, and, as they learn later, also destroying a part of Voldemort's soul.

The end of the book reveals Lucius Malfoy, Draco's father and rival of Ron and Ginny's father, to be the culprit who slipped the book into Ginny's belongings.

The third novel, Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban , follows Harry in his third year of magical education. It is the only book in the series which does not feature Lord Voldemort in any form. Instead, Harry must deal with the knowledge that he has been targeted by Sirius Black , his father's best friend, and, according to the Wizarding World, an escaped mass murderer who assisted in the murder of Harry's parents.

As Harry struggles with his reaction to the dementors — dark creatures with the power to devour a human soul and feed on despair — which are ostensibly protecting the school, he reaches out to Remus Lupin , a Defence Against the Dark Arts teacher who is eventually revealed to be a werewolf. Lupin teaches Harry defensive measures which are well above the level of magic generally executed by people his age.

Harry comes to know that both Lupin and Black were best friends of his father and that Black was framed by their fourth friend, Peter Pettigrew , who had been hiding as Ron's pet rat, Scabbers. During Harry's fourth year of school detailed in Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire , Harry is unwillingly entered as a participant in the Triwizard Tournament, a dangerous yet exciting contest where three "champions", one from each participating school, must compete with each other in three tasks in order to win the Triwizard Cup.

This year, Harry must compete against a witch and a wizard "champion" from overseas schools Beauxbatons and Durmstrang, as well as another Hogwarts student, causing Harry's friends to distance themselves from him. The point at which the mystery is unravelled marks the series' shift from foreboding and uncertainty into open conflict.

Voldemort's plan to have Crouch use the tournament to bring Harry to Voldemort succeeds. Although Harry manages to escape, Cedric Diggory , the other Hogwarts champion in the tournament, is killed by Peter Pettigrew and Voldemort re-enters the Wizarding World with a physical body.

In response to Voldemort's reappearance, Dumbledore re-activates the Order of the Phoenix , a secret society which works from Sirius Black's dark family home to defeat Voldemort's minions and protect Voldemort's targets, especially Harry. Despite Harry's description of Voldemort's recent activities, the Ministry of Magic and many others in the magical world refuse to believe that Voldemort has returned.

In an attempt to counter and eventually discredit Dumbledore, who along with Harry is the most prominent voice in the Wizarding World attempting to warn of Voldemort's return, the Ministry appoints Dolores Umbridge as the High Inquisitor of Hogwarts and the new Defence Against the Dark Arts teacher.

She transforms the school into a dictatorial regime and refuses to allow the students to learn ways to defend themselves against dark magic.

Hermione and Ron form " Dumbledore's Army ", a secret study group in which Harry agrees to teach his classmates the higher-level skills of Defence Against the Dark Arts that he has learned from his previous encounters with Dark wizards.

Through those lessons, Harry begins to develop a crush on the popular and attractive Cho Chang. Juggling schoolwork, Umbridge's incessant and persistent efforts to land him in trouble and the defensive lessons, Harry begins to lose sleep as he constantly receives disturbing dreams about a dark corridor in the Ministry of Magic, followed by a burning desire to learn more.

An important prophecy concerning Harry and Lord Voldemort is then revealed, [19] and Harry discovers that he and Voldemort have a painful connection, allowing Harry to view some of Voldemort's actions telepathically. In the novel's climax, Harry is tricked into seeing Sirius tortured and races to the Ministry of Magic. He and his friends face off against Voldemort's followers nicknamed Death Eaters at the Ministry of Magic.

Although the timely arrival of members of the Order of the Phoenix saves the teenagers' lives, Sirius Black is killed in the conflict. Harry and his friends are relatively protected from that danger at Hogwarts. They are subject to all the difficulties of adolescence — Harry eventually begins dating Ginny, Ron establishes a strong infatuation with fellow Hogwarts student Lavender Brown , and Hermione starts to develop romantic feelings towards Ron. Near the beginning of the novel, lacking his own book, Harry is given an old potions textbook filled with many annotations and recommendations signed by a mysterious writer titled; "the Half-Blood Prince.

With war drawing near, Harry takes private lessons with Dumbledore, who shows him various memories concerning the early life of Voldemort in a device called a Pensieve. These reveal that in order to preserve his life, Voldemort has split his soul into pieces, used to create a series of Horcruxes — evil enchanted items hidden in various locations, one of which was the diary destroyed in the second book. Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows , the last original novel in the series, begins directly after the events of the sixth book.

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Lord Voldemort has completed his ascension to power and gained control of the Ministry of Magic. Harry, Ron and Hermione drop out of school so that they can find and destroy Voldemort's remaining Horcruxes. To ensure their own safety as well as that of their family and friends, they are forced to isolate themselves. A ghoul pretends to be Ron ill with a contagious disease, Harry and the Dursleys separate, and Hermione wipes her parents' memories and sends them abroad.

As the trio searches for the Horcruxes, they learn details about an ancient prophecy of the Deathly Hallows, three legendary items that when united under one Keeper, would supposedly allow that person to be the Master of Death. Harry discovers his handy Invisibility Cloak to be one of those items, and Voldemort to be searching for another: At the end of the book, Harry and his friends learn about Dumbledore's past, as well as Snape's true motives — he had worked on Dumbledore's behalf since the murder of Harry's mother.

Eventually, Snape is killed by Voldemort out of paranoia. The book culminates in the Battle of Hogwarts. Harry, Ron and Hermione, in conjunction with members of the Order of the Phoenix and many of the teachers and students, defend Hogwarts from Voldemort, his Death Eaters, and various dangerous magical creatures.

Several major characters are killed in the first wave of the battle, including Remus Lupin and Fred Weasley , Ron's older brother. After learning that he himself is a Horcrux, Harry surrenders himself to Voldemort in the Forbidden Forest, who casts a killing curse Avada Kedavra at him. The defenders of Hogwarts do not surrender after learning of Harry's presumed death and continue to fight on. Harry awakens and faces Voldemort, whose Horcruxes have all been destroyed.

In the final battle, Voldemort's killing curse rebounds off Harry's defensive spell Expelliarmus , killing Voldemort. An epilogue "Nineteen Years Later" set on 1 September [21] describes the lives of the surviving characters and the effects of Voldemort's death on the Wizarding World. In the epilogue, Harry and Ginny are married with three children, and Ron and Hermione are married with two children.

Rowling , Thorne and director John Tiffany. The script was released on 31 July The play's official synopsis was released on 23 October It was always difficult being Harry Potter and it isn't much easier now that he is an overworked employee of the Ministry of Magic, a husband, and father of three school-age children.

While Harry grapples with a past that refuses to stay where it belongs, his youngest son Albus must struggle with the weight of a family legacy he never wanted. As past and present fuse ominously, both father and son learn the uncomfortable truth: Rowling has expanded the Harry Potter universe with several short books produced for various charities. Proceeds from the sale of these two books benefited the charity Comic Relief. The book was published internationally on 4 December In , she released three new e-books: In , Rowling launched a new website announcing an upcoming project called Pottermore.

The main purpose of the website was to allow the user to journey though the story with access to content not revealed by JK Rowling previously, with over 18, words of additional content. In September , the website was completely overhauled and most of the features were removed. The site has been redesigned and it mainly focuses on the information already available, rather than exploration. The Harry Potter novels are mainly directed at a young adult audience as opposed to an audience of middle grade readers, children, or adults.

The novels fall within the genre of fantasy literature , and qualify as a type of fantasy called " urban fantasy ", "contemporary fantasy", or "low fantasy". They are mainly dramas, and maintain a fairly serious and dark tone throughout, though they do contain some notable instances of tragicomedy and black humour.

In many respects, they are also examples of the bildungsroman , or coming of age novel, [37] and contain elements of mystery , adventure, horror , thriller , and romance.

Harry Potter (book series) | Harry Potter Wiki | FANDOM powered by Wikia

The books are also, in the words of Stephen King , "shrewd mystery tales", [38] and each book is constructed in the manner of a Sherlock Holmes -style mystery adventure. The stories are told from a third person limited point of view with very few exceptions such as the opening chapters of Philosopher's Stone , Goblet of Fire and Deathly Hallows and the first two chapters of Half-Blood Prince.

The Harry Potter stories feature much medieval imagery and motifs drawn from the King Arthur stories. Hogwarts resembles a medieval university-cum-castle with several professors who belonging to an Order of Merlin; Old Professor Binns still lectures about the International Warlock Convention of ; and a real historical person, a 14th century scribe Sir Nicolas Flamel , is described as a holder of the Philosopher's Stone.

Many of the motifs of the Potter stories such as the hero's quest invoking objects that confer invisibility, magical animals and trees, a forest full of danger and the recognition of a character based upon scars are drawn from medieval French Arthurian romances. Arnden and Lorenz wrote about the similarity between the Arthurian romances, where Camelot is a place of wonder and safety, and from the heroic knights must venture forth facing various perils, usually in an enchanted forest; and Hogwarts, likewise a wondrous safe place, where Harry Potter and friends must periodically venture forth from to the magical forest that surrounds Hogwarts.

Like an Arthurian knight, Harry receives advice and encouragement from his mentor, Albus Dumbldore, who resembles both Merlin and King Arthur, but must vanquish his foes alone. Both Percival and Potter are however outsiders in the places that they belong, unfamiliar with the rules of knighthood and magic, but both show extraordinary natural abilities with Percival proving himself an exceptional fighter while Potter is an excellent player of Quidditch.

Each of the seven books is set over the course of one school year. Harry struggles with the problems he encounters, and dealing with them often involves the need to violate some school rules. If students are caught breaking rules, they are often disciplined by Hogwarts professors.

The stories reach their climax in the summer term , near or just after final exams , when events escalate far beyond in-school squabbles and struggles, and Harry must confront either Voldemort or one of his followers, the Death Eaters , with the stakes a matter of life and death — a point underlined, as the series progresses, by characters being killed in each of the final four books. According to Rowling, a major theme in the series is death: They open with the death of Harry's parents.

There is Voldemort's obsession with conquering death and his quest for immortality at any price, the goal of anyone with magic. I so understand why Voldemort wants to conquer death.

We're all frightened of it. Rowling stated that " Harry Potter books have always, in fact, dealt explicitly with religious themes and questions" and that she did not reveal its Christian parallels in the beginning because doing so would have "give[n] too much away to fans who might then see the parallels. Hermione Granger teaches Harry Potter that the meaning of these verses from the Christian Bible are "living beyond death.

Living after death", which Rowling states is "one of the central foundations of resurrection theology " and that these bible verses "epitomize the whole series". In the seventh novel, Harry speaks with and questions the deceased Dumbledore much like a person of faith would talk to and question God.

Academics and journalists have developed many other interpretations of themes in the books, some more complex than others, and some including political subtexts. Themes such as normality , oppression, survival, and overcoming imposing odds have all been considered as prevalent throughout the series. Rowling has also been praised for her nuanced depiction of the ways in which death and violence affects youth, and humanity as a whole. Rowling said that, to her, the moral significance of the tales seems "blindingly obvious".

The key for her was the choice between what is right and what is easy, "because that In , Rowling was on a crowded train from Manchester to London when the idea for Harry suddenly "fell into her head".

Rowling gives an account of the experience on her website saying: I had been writing almost continuously since the age of six but I had never been so excited about an idea before.

I simply sat and thought, for four delayed train hours, and all the details bubbled up in my brain, and this scrawny, black-haired, bespectacled boy who did not know he was a wizard became more and more real to me. Rowling completed Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone in and the manuscript was sent off to several prospective agents. She elected to use J. Rowling Joanne Kathleen Rowling , using her grandmother's name as her second name because she has no middle name. The series has been translated into 80 languages, [3] placing Rowling among the most translated authors in history.

The first volume has been translated into Latin and even Ancient Greek , [74] making it the longest published work in Ancient Greek since the novels of Heliodorus of Emesa in the 3rd century AD. Some of the translators hired to work on the books were well-known authors before their work on Harry Potter , such as Viktor Golyshev , who oversaw the Russian translation of the series' fifth book.

'Accio payday!' A rare Harry Potter book just sold for almost $100,000

The Turkish translation of books two to seven was undertaken by Sevin Okyay , a popular literary critic and cultural commentator.

This led to more and more copies of the English editions being sold to impatient fans in non-English speaking countries; for example, such was the clamour to read the fifth book that its English language edition became the first English-language book ever to top the best-seller list in France. The United States editions were adapted into American English to make them more understandable to a young American audience. In December , Rowling stated on her web site, " will be the year when I write the final book in the Harry Potter series.

The book itself was finished on 11 January in the Balmoral Hotel , Edinburgh, where she scrawled a message on the back of a bust of Hermes. It read: Rowling herself has stated that the last chapter of the final book in fact, the epilogue was completed "in something like ".

On 28 March , the cover art for the Bloomsbury Adult and Child versions and the Scholastic version were released. In September , Rowling mentioned in an interview that she might go back to make a " director's cut " of two of the existing Harry Potter books.

For cover art, Bloomsbury chose painted art in a classic style of design, with the first cover a watercolour and pencil drawing by illustrator Thomas Taylor showing Harry boarding the Hogwarts Express, and a title in the font Cochin Bold.

These covers were created by first Cliff Wright and then Jason Cockroft. Due to the appeal of the books among an adult audience, Bloomsbury commissioned a second line of editions in an 'adult' style. These initially used black-and-white photographic art for the covers showing objects from the books including a very American Hogwarts Express without depicting people, but later shifted to partial colourisation with a picture of Slytherin's locket on the cover of the final book.

Fans of the series were so eager for the latest instalment that bookstores around the world began holding events to coincide with the midnight release of the books, beginning with the publication of Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire.

The events, commonly featuring mock sorting, games, face painting, and other live entertainment have achieved popularity with Potter fans and have been highly successful in attracting fans and selling books with nearly nine million of the The final book in the series, Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows became the fastest selling book in history, moving 11 million units in the first twenty-four hours of release.

The word Muggle has spread beyond its Harry Potter origins, becoming one of few pop culture words to land in the Oxford English Dictionary.

Both MuggleCast and PotterCast [98] have reached the top spot of iTunes podcast rankings and have been polled one of the top 50 favourite podcasts. Some lessons identified in the series include diversity, acceptance, political tolerance, and equality.

Surveys of over 1, college students in the United States show that those who read the books were significantly different from those who had not. Readers of the series were found to be more tolerant, more opposed to violence and torture, less authoritarian, and less cynical. Although it is not known if this is a cause-and-effect relationship, there is a clear correlation, and it seems that Harry Potter's cultural impact may be stronger than just a fandom bond.

Many fan fiction and fan art works about Harry Potter have been made.

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In March , "Harry Potter" was the most commonly searched fan fiction subject on the internet. The sport Quidditch , played by characters in the Harry Potter series, was created in and is played worldwide. The popularity of the Harry Potter series has translated into substantial financial success for Rowling, her publishers, and other Harry Potter related license holders.

This success has made Rowling the first and thus far only billionaire author. The great demand for Harry Potter books motivated The New York Times to create a separate best-seller list for children's literature in , just before the release of Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire. By 24 June , Rowling's novels had been on the list for 79 straight weeks; the first three novels were each on the hardcover best-seller list.

Together, site. Early in its history, Harry Potter received positive reviews. On publication, the first book, Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone , attracted attention from the Scottish newspapers, such as The Scotsman , which said it had "all the makings of a classic," [] and The Glasgow Herald , which called it "Magic stuff. The Mail on Sunday rated it as "the most imaginative debut since Roald Dahl", [] a view echoed by The Sunday Times "comparisons to Dahl are, this time, justified" , [] while The Guardian called it "a richly textured novel given lift-off by an inventive wit.

By the time of the release of the fifth book, Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix, the books began to receive strong criticism from a number of literary scholars. Byatt authored an op-ed article in The New York Times calling Rowling's universe a "secondary secondary world, made up of intelligently patchworked derivative motifs from all sorts of children's literature Michael Rosen , a novelist and poet, advocated the books were not suited for children, as they would be unable to grasp the complex themes.

Rosen also stated that "J.

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Rowling is more of an adult writer. His overall view of the series was negative — "the Potter saga was essentially patronising, conservative, highly derivative, dispiritingly nostalgic for a bygone Britain," and he speaks of "a pedestrian, ungrammatical prose style.

Le Guin said, "I have no great opinion of it. When so many adult critics were carrying on about the 'incredible originality' of the first Harry Potter book, I read it to find out what the fuss was about, and remained somewhat puzzled; it seemed a lively kid's fantasy crossed with a 'school novel,' good fare for its age group, but stylistically ordinary, imaginatively derivative, and ethically rather mean-spirited.

By contrast, author Fay Weldon , while admitting that the series is "not what the poets hoped for," nevertheless goes on to say, "but this is not poetry, it is readable, saleable, everyday, useful prose. Wilson praised the Harry Potter series in The Times , stating, "There are not many writers who have JK's Dickensian ability to make us turn the pages, to weep — openly, with tears splashing — and a few pages later to laugh, at invariably good jokes We have lived through a decade in which we have followed the publication of the liveliest, funniest, scariest and most moving children's stories ever written.

Charles Taylor of Salon. While he conceded that she may have "a valid cultural point — a teeny one — about the impulses that drive us to reassuring pop trash and away from the troubling complexities of art," [] he rejected her claims that the series is lacking in serious literary merit and that it owes its success merely to the childhood reassurances it offers.

Taylor stressed the progressively darker tone of the books, shown by the murder of a classmate and close friend and the psychological wounds and social isolation each causes. Taylor also argued that Philosopher's Stone , said to be the most light-hearted of the seven published books, disrupts the childhood reassurances that Byatt claims spur the series' success: Stephen King called the series "a feat of which only a superior imagination is capable," and declared "Rowling's punning, one-eyebrow-cocked sense of humor" to be "remarkable.

Sameer Rahim of The Daily Telegraph disagreed, saying "It depresses me to see 16 and 17 year-olds reading the series when they could be reading the great novels of childhood such as Oliver Twist or A House for Mr Biswas. What that says about the adults who are fanatical fans I'm not sure — but I suspect in years to come people will make a link between our plump, comfortable, infantilising society and the popularity of Potter.

There is ongoing discussion regarding the extent to which the series was inspired by Tolkien 's Lord of the Rings books. Although Time magazine named Rowling as a runner-up for its Person of the Year award, noting the social, moral, and political inspiration she has given her fandom , [] cultural comments on the series have been mixed. Washington Post book critic Ron Charles opined in July that the large numbers of adults reading the Potter series but few other books may represent a "bad case of cultural infantilism", and that the straightforward "good vs.

He also argued "through no fault of Rowling's", the cultural and marketing "hysteria" marked by the publication of the later books "trains children and adults to expect the roar of the coliseum, a mass-media experience that no other novel can possibly provide". Librarian Nancy Knapp pointed out the books' potential to improve literacy by motivating children to read much more than they otherwise would. Agreeing about the motivating effects, Diane Penrod also praised the books' blending of simple entertainment with "the qualities of highbrow literary fiction", but expressed concern about the distracting effect of the prolific merchandising that accompanies the book launches.

Research by the National Endowment for the Arts NEA has found no increase in reading among children coinciding with the Harry Potter publishing phenomenon, nor has the broader downward trend in reading among Americans been arrested during the rise in the popularity of the Harry Potter books.

The trouble is that one Harry Potter novel every few years is not enough to reverse the decline in reading. Jennifer Conn used Snape's and Quidditch coach Madam Hooch's teaching methods as examples of what to avoid and what to emulate in clinical teaching, [] and Joyce Fields wrote that the books illustrate four of the five main topics in a typical first-year sociology class: From the early s onwards several news reports appeared in the UK of the Harry Potter book and movie series driving demand for pet owls [] and even reports that after the end of the movie series these same pet owls were now being abandoned by their owners.

Rowling to issue several statements urging Harry Potter fans to refrain from downloading pet owls. Jenny Sawyer wrote in Christian Science Monitor on 25 July that the books represent a "disturbing trend in commercial storytelling and Western society" in that stories "moral center [sic] have all but vanished from much of today's pop culture Rowling's towering achievement lacks the cornerstone of almost all great children's literature: Harry Potter, Sawyer argues, neither faces a "moral struggle" nor undergoes any ethical growth, and is thus "no guide in circumstances in which right and wrong are anything less than black and white".

She also noted the "deeper magic" by which the self-sacrifice of Harry's mother protects the boy throughout the series, and which the power-hungry Voldemort fails to understand. In an 8 November Slate article, Chris Suellentrop likened Potter to a "trust-fund kid whose success at school is largely attributable to the gifts his friends and relatives lavish upon him".

Noting that in Rowling's fiction, magical ability potential is "something you are born to, not something you can achieve", Suellentrop wrote that Dumbledore's maxim that "It is our choices that show what we truly are, far more than our abilities" is hypocritical, as "the school that Dumbledore runs values native gifts above all else". In , coinciding with the release of the film Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows Part 1, a series of articles were written about Private Harry Potter of the British army.

His grave, located in the British cemetery in Ramla , Israel , began to receive curious visitors leading the Ramla Municipality to list it on their website. In , an article written by Diana C. Mutz compares the politics of Harry Potter to the Donald Trump presidential campaign. She states that 3 themes throughout the books are widely predominant '1 the value of tolerance and respect for difference; 2 opposition to violence and punitiveness; and 3 the dangers of authoritarianism.

The books have been the subject of a number of legal proceedings , stemming from various conflicts over copyright and trademark infringements. The popularity and high market value of the series has led Rowling, her publishers, and film distributor Warner Bros. The books also aroused controversies in the literary and publishing worlds. From to , Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone won almost all the UK awards judged by children, but none of the children's book awards judged by adults, [] and Sandra Beckett suggested the reason was intellectual snobbery towards books that were popular among children.

In , shortly before the publication of Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire , the previous three Harry Potter books topped The New York Times fiction best-seller list and a third of the entries were children's books. The newspaper created a new children's section covering children's books, including both fiction and non-fiction, and initially counting only hardback sales.

The move was supported by publishers and booksellers. Doubtfire and proven experience with directing children as influences for their decision. After extensive casting , filming began in October at Leavesden Film Studios and in London itself, with production ending in July Just three days after the film's release, production for Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets , also directed by Columbus, began.

Filming was completed in summer , with the film being released on 15 November Columbus declined to direct Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban , only acting as producer. Due to the fourth film beginning its production before the third's release, Mike Newell was chosen as the director for Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire , released on 18 November Production began in January and the film was released the following year in July In March , Warner Bros.

Horn announced that the final instalment in the series, Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows , would be released in two cinematic parts: Part 1 on 19 November and Part 2 on 15 July Production of both parts started in February , with the final day of principal photography taking place on 12 June Rowling had creative control on the film series, observing the filmmaking process of Philosopher's Stone and serving as producer on the two-part Deathly Hallows , alongside David Heyman and David Barron.

Philosopher's Stone was the highest-grossing Harry Potter film up until the release of the final instalment of the series, Deathly Hallows , while Prisoner of Azkaban grossed the least. Opinions of the films are generally divided among fans, with one group preferring the more faithful approach of the first two films, and another group preferring the more stylised character-driven approach of the later films.

Obviously films have restrictions novels do not have, constraints of time and budget; I can create dazzling effects relying on nothing but the interaction of my own and my readers' imaginations". A new prequel series consisting of five films will take place before the main series. The Crimes of Grindelwald in November ; the next three are due to be released in , and respectively. A number of other non-interactive media games and board games have been released such as Cluedo Harry Potter Edition , Scene It?

Harry Potter and Lego Harry Potter models, which are influenced by the themes of both the novels and films. There are thirteen Harry Potter video games, eight corresponding with the films and books and five spin-offs. Quidditch World Cup , with the game version of the first entry in the series, Philosopher's Stone , being released in November Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone went on to become one of the best-selling PlayStation games ever.

Objectives usually occur in and around Hogwarts , along with various other magical areas. The story and design of the games follow the selected film's characterisation and plot; EA worked closely with Warner Bros. The last game in the series, Deathly Hallows , was split, with Part 1 released in November and Part 2 debuting on consoles in July The two-part game forms the first entry to convey an intense theme of action and violence, with the gameplay revolving around a third-person shooter style format.

The spin-off games Lego Harry Potter: Years 1—4 and Lego Harry Potter: Years 5—7 were developed by Traveller's Tales and published by Warner Bros. Interactive Entertainment. In , Warner Bros. Interactive Entertainment opened its own Harry Potter themed game design studio, by the name of Portkey Games ; before releasing Hogwarts Mystery in , developed by Jam City. All seven Harry Potter books have been released in unabridged audiobook versions, with Stephen Fry reading the UK editions and Jim Dale voicing the series for the American editions.

Harry Potter and the Cursed Child: Parts I and II is a play which serves as a sequel to the books, beginning nineteen years after the events of Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows. The script was released as a book at the time of the premiere, with a revised version following the next year. The land officially opened to the public on 18 June Other rides include Dragon Challenge , a pair of inverted roller coasters , and Flight of the Hippogriff , a family roller coaster.

It includes a re-creation of Diagon Alley and connecting alleys and a small section of Muggle London. The flagship attraction is Harry Potter and the Escape from Gringotts roller coaster ride.

The Making of Harry Potter is a behind-the-scenes walking tour featuring authentic sets, costumes and props from the film series. The attraction is located at Warner Bros. Studios, Leavesden , where all eight of the Harry Potter films were made.

Warner Bros. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Fantasy literature series. This article is about the series of novels.