of life, referred to as the Death drive, or Thanatos. Freud recognized a counterbalancing tendency for sustaining life, known as the Life drive, or Eros. death drive, mourning and melancholia (S. Kahn: Eros &Thana- 1 Referring to Freud's death drive by the name of 'Thanatos', the Greek God of Death, is common, although Masson J., , Complete Letters of Sigmund Freud to Wilhelm Fliess Samuel Y., , Organizational Pathology, Life and Death of Organiza-. Freud Eros and Thanatos - Download as Word Doc .doc), PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or read online. Alquimia y Astrología, Ariell Chris & Laura Morandini.
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Sigmund Freud, brilliantly gives names to these inevitable happenings of our lives,Thanatos and ronaldweinland.info is a deep chasm between the Also this struggle is very much present in the `Lady. Chatterley`s Lover`, where the. PDF | This paper is an attempt to think the connection between Eros In the light of Freud's claim, that there is a tension between Eros and . Dufourmantelle and Lacan – namely, that Eros does not only clash . the 'life-instincts' (Eros) and the ' death-instincts' (Thanatos). 6 .. Sigmund Freud · J. Strachey. INTRODUCTION. When, in , Sigmund Freud attempted to formulate an Eros-Thanatos: A Modification of Freudian Instinct Theory. In the Light of Torah . Written down in the second century by Rabbi Shimon bar Y ohai, who received its .
You are on page 1of 5 Search inside document Eros and Thanatos Tony White, Transactional Analyst Introduction Any student of the psychotherapies would have heard of the terms: Eros and thanatos Libido and mortido Life instinct and the death instinct If they have not heard of them then they should have! Freud seized on this concept and it became central in his overall theory of human nature. In his book The ego and the id he discusses this theory of instincts at length. Freud in his discussion of the two classes of instincts states that the first class is the sexual instincts or Eros. This is a " On the other hand there is the death instinct whose task it is to, "
The life instincts might compel you to seek healthy relationships and social support, which are essential for emotional health. Destructive tendencies, on the other hand, might lead you to engage in actions that are less healthy, such as behaving aggressively or engaging in risky actions.
Once you are able to recognize some of these tendencies in yourself, you might be better able to temper these drives and replace negative behaviors with more positive choices. Was this page helpful? Thanks for your feedback! Have you ever wondered what your personality type means? Sign up to get these answers, and more, delivered straight to your inbox. Email Address There was an error. Please try again. Now why do we do these things as children?
Are we conditioned to do so as the behaviorists would say? Not under Freudian ideas where we have this drive, this need to be creative. From a historical point-of-view Freud could use this theory to explain the creativity of man. Under behaviorist theory they could easily write it off that they were conditioned to because most off their famous works were commissioned and paid for.
However this does not explain humanities appreciation for creativity and love of these works. A better example would be musicians and composers, how could one explain the Romantic Era of music with such THANATOS AND EROS composers as: Ludwig Von Beethoven, Franz Schubert, and Richard Wagner, whose musical compositions went against the Classical style of compositions of Mozart, Bach, and Salieri, to elicit more emotion and feeling from their music, in fact the entire music industry from past to present shows the exact meaning of Eros pleasure from creating on the basis of merely wanting to create.
Its not so difficult to see how creative we are in the culinary world as well, if there were no creativity we could merely survive on the bare basics of nutrition, however just looking at such cuisines as Italian, Indian, and Mexican we see a plethora of different flavors ranging from bold to subtle and we derive pleasure from consuming and creating these dishes.
If it were so basic that humans were like any other animal like the behaviorists assume, humans wouldnt have such a vast culinary palette.
We would consume foods in their most basic forms and that would be it. So once again how do we explain human creativity in the Freudian model? That we have a drive for it, an unconscious need and desire to create. Freuds theory of Thanatos and Eros show a dual nature of humanity, this type of duality is not a new idea, the easiest comparison I can make is Robert Louis Stevensons famous book: The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. In the Story Dr. Jekyll has to try and maintain his humanity while turning into the brutal and sadistic Hyde Stevenson, This books theme is the juggling of good and evil within the same body, and this conflict of good and evil can be seen throughout history.
Black and white, good and evil, Thanatos and Eros this dual nature of conflict is universal and has been around in stories as early as we can find. I do not feel however, that the relationship of Thanatos and Eros is that simple.
To me it seems that the relationship is more akin to the relationship of Yin and Yang. While Thanatos is viewed negatively for a reason, Thanatos does have its positive aspects. Our fascination with death has gained us insight into our anatomy and we have reaped medical benefits from the study of how people die.
Even from the atrocities of the holocaust of World War Two, we still use research retrieved by Nazi doctors who committed some of the worst atrocities Cohen, We study the lives of serial killers so as to gain an insight into the diseased mind and attempt to find methods of treatment for the individuals.
As disturbing and morbid as Thanatos is, it still has its benefits to our society. Looking at the other side of the spectrum, Eros can be characterized by the white half sphere, and within this half sphere we see a dark center, likewise Eros has its negative aspects as well.
Eros is creativity and love, both of these can have a negative side. Love has lust which if unchecked can lead to unspeakable perversions: rape, pedophilia, even sadomasochism. Creativity has given us the airplane, harnessing electricity, and works of art; on the other hand it has also given us: machine guns, atomic weapons, and the different means of hurting our fellow man. Freud believed that human beings had both of these drives and that certain actions were caused by a drive being more dominant than the other.
This idea once again makes me think of the yin yang and how it interacts with itself. The way that Thanatos and Eros attempt to maintain balance is through the process of sublimation.
This channeling of emotions and thought patterns is where once again I see similarities between than Thanatos and Eros and Yin and Yang. The close relationship she formed with Freud led to rumours, started by Carl Jung , of an affair. The discovery of a Swiss hotel log of 13 August , signed by Freud whilst travelling with his sister-in-law, has been presented as evidence of the affair.
He believed that smoking enhanced his capacity to work and that he could exercise self-control in moderating it. Despite health warnings from colleague Wilhelm Fliess , he remained a smoker, eventually suffering a buccal cancer. Brentano discussed the possible existence of the unconscious mind in his Psychology from an Empirical Standpoint Although Brentano denied its existence, his discussion of the unconscious probably helped introduce Freud to the concept.
Other texts of importance to Freud were by Fechner and Herbart  with the latter's Psychology as Science arguably considered to be of underrated significance in this respect. One historian concluded, based on Freud's correspondence with his adolescent friend Eduard Silberstein, that Freud read Nietzsche's The Birth of Tragedy and the first two of the Untimely Meditations when he was seventeen.
Freud had a lithograph of this painting placed over the couch in his consulting rooms. He was later to recall the experience of this stay as catalytic in turning him toward the practice of medical psychopathology and away from a less financially promising career in neurology research. Once he had set up in private practice back in Vienna in , Freud began using hypnosis in his clinical work.
He adopted the approach of his friend and collaborator, Josef Breuer , in a type of hypnosis which was different from the French methods he had studied, in that it did not use suggestion. The treatment of one particular patient of Breuer's proved to be transformative for Freud's clinical practice.
Described as Anna O.
In the course of talking in this way, her symptoms became reduced in severity as she retrieved memories of traumatic incidents associated with their onset. The uneven results of Freud's early clinical work eventually led him to abandon hypnosis, having reached the conclusion that more consistent and effective symptom relief could be achieved by encouraging patients to talk freely, without censorship or inhibition, about whatever ideas or memories occurred to them.
In conjunction with this procedure, which he called " free association ", Freud found that patients' dreams could be fruitfully analyzed to reveal the complex structuring of unconscious material and to demonstrate the psychic action of repression which, he had concluded, underlay symptom formation.
By he was using the term " psychoanalysis " to refer to his new clinical method and the theories on which it was based. His explorations of his feelings of hostility to his father and rivalrous jealousy over his mother's affections led him to fundamentally revise his theory of the origin of the neuroses. On the basis of his early clinical work, Freud had postulated that unconscious memories of sexual molestation in early childhood were a necessary precondition for the psychoneuroses hysteria and obsessional neurosis , a formulation now known as Freud's seduction theory.
In he published The Interpretation of Dreams in which, following a critical review of existing theory, Freud gives detailed interpretations of his own and his patients' dreams in terms of wish-fulfillments made subject to the repression and censorship of the "dream work". He then sets out the theoretical model of mental structure the unconscious, pre-conscious and conscious on which this account is based.
An abridged version, On Dreams, was published in In works which would win him a more general readership, Freud applied his theories outside the clinical setting in The Psychopathology of Everyday Life and Jokes and their Relation to the Unconscious Both men saw themselves as isolated from the prevailing clinical and theoretical mainstream because of their ambitions to develop radical new theories of sexuality.
Fliess developed highly eccentric theories of human biorhythms and a nasogenital connection which are today considered pseudoscientific.
He shared Freud's views on the importance of certain aspects of sexuality — masturbation, coitus interruptus , and the use of condoms — in the etiology of what were then called the "actual neuroses," primarily neurasthenia and certain physically manifested anxiety symptoms.
His first attempt at a systematic theory of the mind, his Project for a Scientific Psychology was developed as a metapsychology with Fliess as interlocutor. According to Freud, her history of symptoms included severe leg pains with consequent restricted mobility, as well as stomach and menstrual pains.