Effective Writing. Effective Learning Service. 1. Bad English can lead to poor results. This is true of both the business and academic worlds. This site is rich in tips, tools and examples for effective writing. Its intention is to on-line, in MS-Word and PDF format at ronaldweinland.info and on CD-ROM. Why am I writing? (Purpose). • I am writing this (Document Type) so that who. (My Audience) can do what (Purpose)?. • Where will the (Document Type) be.
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PDF | On Nov 17, , Vlad Krotov and others published Basic Principles of Effective Written Principle 1: Write coherent sentences. Edith Cowan University. Effective writing. Academic Tip Sheet. CRICOS IPC B. 01/ This academic tip sheet: • examines the factors that affect the style. Guide to Effective Writing Strategies. An Online Resource Created by the. Connecticut Distance Learning Consortium ronaldweinland.info Authored by.
Skip to main content. Log In Sign Up. Teaching the features of effective writing The five features of effective writing. Kathleen Cali. Teaching the features of effective writing. By teaching these features, you can help your students become more effective writers in any genre, at any level, and make your writing instruction easier to manage at the same time. This series of articles, written with the support of the North Carolina Department of Public Instruction, will show you how.
But even carefully muddied puddles are soon fathomed. Or he may cultivate eccentricity, to seem original. But really original people do not have to think about being original—they can no more help it than they can help breathing.
They do not need to dye their hair green. My point is merely that the sophisticated ready though they may be to suppose so do not necessarily express themselves better than the simple—in fact, may often have much to learn from them. Apart from a few simple principles, the sound and rhythm of English prose seem to me matters where both writers and readers should trust not so much to rules as to their ears. We love what we do!
Clarity It is bad manners to give [readers] needless trouble. Communication The social purpose of language is communication—to inform, misinform, or otherwise influence our fellows…. Emphasis Just as the art of war largely consists of deploying the strongest forces at the most important points, so the art of writing depends a good deal on putting the strongest words in the most important places….
Honesty As the police put it, anything you say may be used as evidence against you.
Its theory is sound and its practicality is gratifying. It possesses, perhaps, more of the characteristics of a good technical writing textbook, including brevity, than I have encountered anywhere else. To be effective, writers must still reflect carefully on their aims, audiences, and contexts, and then make shrewd choices of what to say and how to say it.
So most of the advice in this book remains unchanged. We have taken the opportunity to extend the range of topics covered, and to reinforce some sections of the text.
We acknowledge with gratitude the comments sent to us by readers of the first edition. We should welcome feedback on the usefulness and practicality of this extended edition. He has lectured widely on aspects of communication in the UK, Belgium and Sweden. He was Paul Mellon Fellow at Yale in His other publications include several articles on computer-aided writing, Effective Speaking E.
He has a special research interest in the processing of natural language by computer, a branch of artificial intelligence. Since , he has worked full- time as a consultant on scientific and technical communication.
He has consulted for more than organizations in 16 countries.
He has published more than 70 articles, and has written, edited or contributed to 10 books, including Good Style: Spon, , and Full Marks: For example, few people lack the basic equipment to learn to ride a bicycle balance, strength, sight , but most become skilful cyclists only after much practice.
Confidence is the main necessity, and having the courage to get on and try. The same is true of writing. Most people have the basic equipment tact, experience, language , but like riding a bicycle, writing is a skill that must be learnt by doing it. No amount of reading, or absorbing rules and advice, can substitute for practice. Practice will bring co- ordination and control that will change writing from an apparently hazardous exercise to an efficient means of getting somewhere.
We start from the assumption that thinking about writing can improve it, and that everyone can learn to write well.
Most people, in reality, are better at writing than they fear.
They can write successful letters to friends and effective complaints about faulty goods. These writing tasks require the same basic skills as long reports, detailed instructions, or complex letters or memoranda. Judgement of what the audience needs to know, tact in assessing which way to present this information to them most usefully, and the resources of language to do the job exist in everyone.
We all develop a basic storehouse of skills. It is drawn on to tell successful jokes at the bar, to shout at the other driver, to persuade a friend to do something with you. This book sets out to encourage a more conscious use of those skills. Writing as communication The first task is to encourage the right attitudes to writing. An instructor teaching timid old ladies to ride bicycles would soon find that getting them to take a positive and confident view was a major step towards success.
Writing is often felt to be a nuisance; frequently it is something which is secretly dreaded, rarely is it looked forward to as the climax of research. This hesitation is the first problem.
Like mathematical techniques and specialized knowledge in the subject, writing skill is basic professional equipment. Professional scientists or engineers spend up to one third of their working time writing, reading and talking, and paper is one of the major products of all industrial and research organizations. By making the writing task easier, we hope to reduce the burden on the reader, and thereby make the communication of information more effective.
We should start by emphasizing that writing is an essential professional skill in which we can take as much pride as we take in experimental technique. To improve this writing skill, we need first to consider our experience as readers. Everyone is aware of the huge amount of written material to be dealt with; much of it is verbose, far too long for the job it has to do, and—what is worse—confusingly organized. By thinking of our irritation as readers with the inadequacy of many writers, we can learn to be more professional writers ourselves.
Read, for instance, this passage: The principal advantage that the soft contact lens offers over the conventional hard contact lens is increased comfort. The associated benefits of rapid patient accommodation and extended wear times with minimal overwear syndrome are also superior to hard lens experience. However, experience has taught us that maintaining the soft lens in such an ideal, comfortable state for the patient requires the daily maintenance of a satisfactory care regimen.
Of prime importance in such a regimen is cleaning. You cannot fool all your judges all the time…. Most style is not honest enough. Easy to say, but hard to practice. A writer may take to long words, as young men to beards—to impress.
But long words, like long beards, are often the badge of charlatans.
Or a writer may cultivate the obscure, to seem profound. But even carefully muddied puddles are soon fathomed. Or he may cultivate eccentricity, to seem original.