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ANSI INCITS 378 PDF

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Hand geometry image , and Testing and reporting fundamentals ANSI has approved multiple national standards for the exchange of biometric data, two biometric application profiles, two biometric interface standards, and the Common Biometric Exchange Formats Framework. These standards are generally closely related to corresponding international standards, either serving as input to the creation of the corresponding international standard or simply repeating an established international standard. Application tensions can arise when the ANSI standard and the corresponding international standard have significant differences. Two other standards are described below as examples of the challenges and complexities that can arise in the development of biometric standards.

The FBI works with industry to permit vendors to self-assess products in order to place the products on the FBI certified products list. Products on the list are typically certified as meeting Appendix F IQS with specific software drivers and operating system releases.

This is a case of a particular project or system, IAFIS, requiring a stan dard and driving the development and implementation.

Enter the world of Augmented Identity

Most of the other standards activity in the biometrics arena is driven not by a project but by a more general sense of a need for interoperability and a level playing field for technology providers. While the standard as written permits the exchange of minutiae in lieu of images, the minutiae defined in the standard are not as useful for processing across different vendor environments, from an algorithmic perspective, as permitting a vendor to receive an image and extract their proprietary minutiae set.

The reasons for the push in this direction are twofold.

First, when agencies exchange fingerprints for searching rather than retention, fingerprint minutiae can be transmitted and searched much more rapidly than fingerprint images. Storing a common, interoperable set of minutiae on the card was selected to reduce transaction time considerably.

One trend in large-scale AFIS benchmarking is to perform three sets of tests that are described below. This approach is becoming an ad hoc standard for large-scale AFIS benchmarking: Operational demonstrations, Lights-out performance, and Best practices performance.

Operational demonstrations are intended to evaluate user interfaces, compression rates, scanner flexibility, end-to-end workflows, report generation, and administrative tasks.

Best practices performance testing measures the performance of the underlying biometric matchers for fingerprints, palm prints, and latent impressions, with fingerprint personnel permitted to perform quality control steps such as sequence correction and editing of low-quality images.

Another trend in benchmarking large-scale matcher systems that will be servicing larger systems is to bring the algorithms in house and run them under very controlled conditions against millions of records. So-called patent ambush is one such challenge.

378 ansi pdf incits

Although proprietary information may become part of the standard, companies are required to formally disclose such information. However, the standards process should also uncover instances of patented technology as a proposed standard proceeds through review and approval phases. Instances of patent ambush have occurred in other technology industries 8 and are the subject of litigation in the area of biometrics.

This is not unique to biometrics by any means but often results in international standards bodies granting standards to the companies that propose them. A related challenge is that standards inevitably involve compromises and thus end up as a lowest common denominator among the various companies offering competing commercial biometric products.

Evaluation and testing might then require more than mere standards compliance. NIST, for example, has conducted performance tests at a level that surpasses the standards that have been established by the international standards body.

Pdf ansi incits 378

Two tests that have included additional criteria by NIST include the facial recognition challenge test and the MINEX test, which aim to enable interoperability of fingerprints at the minutiae level. Interoperability presents its own problem in the standards arena. What is an appropriate or useful level of interoperability? How can we arrive at a shared definition?

INCITS 378:2009 (R2014)

New to this release is a tool that evaluates the quality of a fingerprint scan at the time it is made. Problems such as dry skin, the size of the fingers, and the quality and condition of the equipment used can affect the quality of a print and its ability to be matched with other prints. The tool rates each scan on a scale from 1 for a high-quality print to 5 for an unusable one. NIST also worked with the FBI to develop fingerprint data compression standards acceptable to the latent print examination community.

It is important to note that the fingerprint images are compressed for transmission and storage while the latent print images are never compressed. The FBI works with industry to permit vendors to self-assess products in order to place the products on the FBI certified products list. Products on the list are typically certified as meeting Appendix F IQS with specific software drivers and operating system releases.

This is a case of a particular project or system, IAFIS, requiring a stan dard and driving the development and implementation. Most of the other standards activity in the biometrics arena is driven not by a project but by a more general sense of a need for interoperability and a level playing field for technology providers.

Incits pdf ansi 378

While the standard as written permits the exchange of minutiae in lieu of images, the minutiae defined in the standard are not as useful for processing across different vendor environments, from an algorithmic perspective, as permitting a vendor to receive an image and extract their proprietary minutiae set. The reasons for the push in this direction are twofold.

First, when agencies exchange fingerprints for searching rather than retention, fingerprint minutiae can be transmitted and searched much more rapidly than fingerprint images. Storing a common, interoperable set of minutiae on the card was selected to reduce transaction time considerably.

One trend in large-scale AFIS benchmarking is to perform three sets of tests that are described below. This approach is becoming an ad hoc standard for large-scale AFIS benchmarking: Operational demonstrations, Lights-out performance, and Best practices performance.

Pdf 378 ansi incits

Operational demonstrations are intended to evaluate user interfaces, compression rates, scanner flexibility, end-to-end workflows, report generation, and administrative tasks. Best practices performance testing measures the performance of the underlying biometric matchers for fingerprints, palm prints, and latent impressions, with fingerprint personnel permitted to perform quality control steps such as sequence correction and editing of low-quality images.

Another trend in benchmarking large-scale matcher systems that will be servicing larger systems is to bring the algorithms in house and run them under very controlled conditions against millions of records. So-called patent ambush is one such challenge.

ANSI/INCITSPDF | Finger Minutiae Format for Data Interchange | Document Center, Inc.

Although proprietary information may become part of the standard, companies are required to formally disclose such information. However, the standards process should also uncover instances of patented technology as a proposed standard proceeds through review and approval phases.

Instances of patent ambush have occurred in other technology industries 8 and are the subject of litigation in the area of biometrics. This is not unique to biometrics by any means but often results in international standards bodies granting standards to the companies that propose them. A related challenge is that standards inevitably involve compromises and thus end up as a lowest common denominator among the various companies offering competing commercial biometric products.

Evaluation and testing might then require more than mere standards compliance.