ronaldweinland.info In English PSICOLOGIA COMUNITARIA MARITZA MONTERO DOWNLOAD

PSICOLOGIA COMUNITARIA MARITZA MONTERO DOWNLOAD

Sunday, July 7, 2019 admin Comments(0)

Get Instant Access to Introduccion A La Psicologia Comunitaria By Maritza Montero #bcd. EBOOK EPUB KINDLE PDF. Read Download. Introduccion a la Psicologia Comunitaria (Spanish Edition) [Maritza Montero] on ronaldweinland.info Get your Kindle here, or download a FREE Kindle Reading App. Psychology of Liberation: Theory and Applications by Maritza Montero; Christopher Sonn. Article (PDF Available) in be subject to copyright. Download full-text PDF . Hacer para Transformar: El Método en la Psicología Comunitaria. Buenos.


Author:ELENI CAMELI
Language:English, Spanish, Hindi
Country:Liberia
Genre:Politics & Laws
Pages:608
Published (Last):17.01.2016
ISBN:865-5-39089-706-1
ePub File Size:17.45 MB
PDF File Size:17.35 MB
Distribution:Free* [*Register to download]
Downloads:27332
Uploaded by: JESUSA

10 Psicología de la comunidad. Teoria Y Practica De La Psicologia Comunitaria. by: Maritza Montero DOWNLOAD OPTIONS. download 1 file. Board index Free Unlimited PDF Downloads Free Downloads. Please, help me to find this psicologia comunitaria maritza montero pdf. Redaktion: Reich, Stephanie; Montero, Maritza; Prilleltensky, Isaac; Riemer, . Dieser Download kann aus rechtlichen Gründen nur mit Rechnungsadresse in A, .

Montero, M. Este equilibrio permite a la persona ser productiva en la vida laboral o intelectualmente, etc. Los psicologos comunitarios que -basados en las ideas de Gergen, Shotter, y B. Estas confluencias y articulaciones han dado a la PC latinoamericana una identidad propia que presenta particularidades diferenciadas en el Sur de America, en Centro y en el Caribe. Todos los conocimientos deben ser compartidos para poder saber desde donde partimos y hacia donde vamos. Esto implica un primer movimiento al interno de los equipos de salud.

Use in the Title Page and on the covers, if any a title distinct from that of the Document, and from those of previous versions which should, if there were any, be listed in the History section of the Document. You may use the same title as a previous version if the original publisher of that version gives permission. List on the Title Page, as authors, one or more persons or entities responsible for authorship of the modifications in the Modified Version, together with at least five of the principal authors of the Document all of its principal authors, if it has fewer than five , unless they release you from this requirement.

State on the Title page the name of the publisher of the Modified Version, as the publisher. Preserve all the copyright notices of the Document.

Add an appropriate copyright notice for your modifications adjacent to the other copyright notices. Include, immediately after the copyright notices, a license notice giving the public permission to use the Modified Version under the terms of this License, in the form shown in the Addendum below. Preserve in that license notice the full lists of Invariant Sections and required Cover Texts given in the Document's license notice.

Licencia 10 8. Include an unaltered copy of this License.

Preserve the section Entitled "History", Preserve its Title, and add to it an item stating at least the title, year, new authors, and publisher of the Modified Version as given on the Title Page. If there is no section Entitled "History" in the Document, create one stating the title, year, authors, and publisher of the Document as given on its Title Page, then add an item describing the Modified Version as stated in the previous sentence. Preserve the network location, if any, given in the Document for public access to a Transparent copy of the Document, and likewise the network locations given in the Document for previous versions it was based on.

These may be placed in the "History" section. You may omit a network location for a work that was published at least four years before the Document itself, or if the original publisher of the version it refers to gives permission. Preserve all the Invariant Sections of the Document, unaltered in their text and in their titles. Section numbers or the equivalent are not considered part of the section titles. Delete any section Entitled "Endorsements". Such a section may not be included in the Modified Version.

Do not retitle any existing section to be Entitled "Endorsements" or to conflict in title with any Invariant Section. Preserve any Warranty Disclaimers. If the Modified Version includes new front-matter sections or appendices that qualify as Secondary Sections and contain no material copied from the Document, you may at your option designate some or all of these sections as invariant. To do this, add their titles to the list of Invariant Sections in the Modified Version's license notice.

These titles must be distinct from any other section titles. You may add a section Entitled "Endorsements", provided it contains nothing but endorsements of your Modified Version by various parties--for example, statements of peer review or that the text has been approved by an organization as the authoritative definition of a standard. Only one passage of Front-Cover Text and one of Back-Cover Text may be added by or through arrangements made by any one entity.

Montero psicologia comunitaria download maritza

If the Document already includes a cover text for the same cover, previously added by you or by arrangement made by the same entity you are acting on behalf of, you may not add another; but you may replace the old one, on explicit permission from the previous publisher that added the old one.

The author s and publisher s of the Document do not by this License give permission to use their names for publicity for or to assert or imply endorsement of any Modified Version. The combined work need only contain one copy of this License, and multiple identical Invariant Sections may be replaced with a single copy.

If there are multiple Invariant Sections with the same name but different contents, make the title of each such section unique by adding at the end of it, in parentheses, the name of the original author or publisher of that section if known, or else a unique number.

Make the same adjustment to the section titles in the list of Invariant Sections in the license notice of the combined work. Adverse conditions, as well as favourable ones, may be modified, and in the community psychosocial perspective, they can be used to produce changes in the people and their environment. Another idea derives from the previously mentioned political condition of community action, being generated by engaged-participation, as in doing so it creates a way of action in public space, and simultaneously, a mode of appropriation of that space, as it is a form of civic activity.

A third idea is that of the shared agency. Community psychological work has a change generating function performed by two types of agents: those of an origin external to the community, already mentioned, and the stakeholders interested people and organized groups inside the community, who are internal agents of such transformations. Both agents should work together. Participatory Methods Not exactly an idea, but a very important action derived from the idea of participation, has been the adoption of participatory methods generated and successfully employed by other social sciences i.

When adopted by community psychology these methods have been adapted to community work, enhancing their applications. These methods not only provide ways to do, but also promote and strengthen engaged-participation; simultaneously uniting the activity of EAs and IAs, strengthening their relation and producing new knowledge.

To this should be added that those methods facilitate the engaged-participatory permanence of a greater number of IAs. It was first developed in practice and then theorized, and has been slow in its dissemination.

I must say that its scarce popularity is due in part to the fact that it is an idea that goes against another one that has absolutely reigned since the beginning of the 20th century. One that is so deeply ingrained and naturalized that, for many people, and I do not refer to the common people but to academics and college students, it is the only way possible to refer to power.

I refer to the notion of power coined by Max Weber in In fact, it is so naturalized that to speak of symmetry in relation to power seems like an oxymoron. A definition that since then has been paraphrased by innumerable social scientists Dahl, , including a few psychologists i.

In that theory the power is always asymmetric; that is, power would always be concentrated in one pole of the relation. Such definition condemns to a perpetual situation of unbalance, in which any change would refer only to the holders of the power, not to its distribution in society. When it is accepted that there may be different forms of exercising the power which could break the asymmetry, fair and durable changes will be achieved. Their work, of which I heard for the first time in Costa Rica in , was published in a book edited by me in Mexico in reedited in These authors introduced the idea that resources, the basis of power, are unequally distributed, but at the same time, as they argue, every person has the capacity to exercise the power.

Power relations have a historical character and precede interaction, leading to the emergence of conflicts between individuals or groups of interest, as both parts in those conflicts are interested in the resources unequally handled benefitting one part and depriving the other. This relational conception is important because it constructs the relation as being plural.

Uniqueness does not make a relation, therefore when speaking of relation, the possibility of knowledge, feelings and various actions is being introduced. Thus, although a person or a group control all the possible resources in a situation, establishing the norms and the organization of the relation, as well as the behaviour to be observed by those lacking the resources, and wishing to obtain them, they are related with those people in need.

The power relation needs them. It is then possible to introduce in the relation other cultural and historical resources generated by desire and necessity, that might affect the certitude that those controlling the resources may have, in relation with their position and role in the relation.

At the same time, the controlling ones may be interested in those other unexpected resources. A negotiation could be thus produced, and even more important, a change in the norms and organization of the relation, regarding the use of the desired resources.

Crozier , introduced the concept of power strategies that can be used to define that intra-relation movement by making possible the contrast between resources, both asymmetrical, in order to balance the relation and gain access to what is desired. Graphic 2 see PDF for figure presents situations of asymmetrical and symmetrical power.

Graphic 3 see PDF for figure shows the dynamic of asymmetrical power. This ignorance of the power that may be possessed and exerted in order to transform things or to obtain a better quality of life, is a problem present in the community psychology field.

In Julian Rappaport introduced the concept of empowerment as a means of tending to the lack of power through the development in individuals and communities, consciousness of their power, or of their capacities. This concept was rapidly converted into an instrument for community work, as it implies processes in which community stakeholders jointly develop capacities and resources to control their living situation, committing themselves to achieve transformations in their environment, and at the same time transforming themselves.

In Rappaport defined empowerment as a set of possibilities that go from being a powerful model for social policies directed to community intervention, to being a process whose aims, ways and outcomes are variable and even inconsistent; to be considered both as an internalized attitude and as an observable behaviour that may produce a sense of control and authority over the life of a person. Its heuristic usefulness is very high, as well as its productivity in terms of methodological forms of obtaining that individuals and communities develop control of their potentials and their capacities see compilation Rappaport and Hess, ; Rappaport, Thus, re-strengthening is a paradox that implies rethinking what has been automatically assumed.

To me this conception fits in with the idea of conscience, discussed later; with the processes of denaturalization and problematisation moving it, and incorporating the deconstruction about which Vazquez refers , and with the symmetric conception of power. The Idea of Praxis This idea has a long history. In the first place and as its name indicates, it was originated in Greece and was created by Aristotle Nichomachean Ethics , who will never cease to impress us with his enormous capacity of producing knowledge.

In that first definition, which he defined as practice, praxis formed part of a triad together with poiesis creation and episteme knowledge. A second Aristotelian version of these gnoseologic fields substituted episteme by theory, as the highest limit of what is human, bordering divinity.

Introduccion a la Psicologia Comunitaria

Then, praxis had a long historical period being considered as the lowest expression of knowledge. In the CPS developed in Latin America the concept of praxis is taken from the version developed in the nineteenth century by Karl Marx, in which that distance between praxis and theory generated through history is overcome.

The Marxian version gives praxis a critical practice character considering that practical and theoretical reasons are linked, and that union is such that from practice emerges theory and from theory derives practice. It is in this sense, developed from the Marxian criticism of Feuerbach theses, and from the experiences in research and action, that the idea of praxis is assumed by CP. The concept has a philosophical origin, but its development is based on action and reflection, as is so well illustrated by researches made according to Freirian ideas, and a host of followers all over the world, as well as from post-Marxist, neo-Marxist, and also non-Marxist perspectives incorporating the concept of praxis.

That is what has been named conscientization, which is understood as a change in consciousness that enlarges cognition and affectivity, thus obtaining transforming actions. Through conscientization, consciousness critically examines situations and facts not previously considered and redefine situations or facts previously considered as natural and unavoidable. Conscientization supposes linking the knowledge of the present reality, with all its deficiencies, biases and limitations and the positive or negative conditions it may have, to the knowledge of their causes and effects acknowledging and recovering their historical character.

Furthermore, conscientization is a way to generate a critical problematizing capacity. This idea has impelled in CP, the construction of methods to foster conscientization Montero, , taking on account the specific situations characteristic of each community.

This does not mean establishing a fixed line of action, but trying to respond in a critical manner to negative situations, stimulating analytical reflection. In this sense CP joins to its efforts the idea of liberation, of which it is one of its more assiduous exponents.

That would just be a boring gesture, and an insufficient task. Social problems are multiple, varied, changing and, few at the same time. A distinction should be made when speaking about social problems, classifying them in two lines that in fact are interwoven. This means that unfortunately there are societies within which staying alive is the first daily task of a person. That is why liberation is primordial. Autonomy in them may be called liberation. That is, liberation from slavery, oppression, illness, hunger and thirst, and from the inequality and necessity producing those circumstances.

And there are societies in which the main task is to achieve the greatest possible well-being, by improving the services and opportunities within equal circumstances and with the autonomy derived from the liberation of disqualifying ideologies, alienation and anomy. In the first case, the task of living includes being liberated from situations which make precarious that uncertain life.

In the second case, the target is to reach the highest possible degree in quality of life, obtaining at the same time the necessary autonomy to make of that life a sum of satisfactions. In both cases human creativity is present. The fundamental causes of social problems are always the same and I summarize them in Graphic 4 see PDF for figure.

Challenges and Conclusions What I have briefly described is a construction elaborated from a long experience characterized more by multiple everyday queries and questioning I pose myself than by orderly and clear definition. The reason is apparently simple: CP is in constant movement, every day we learn new things, others are more deeply studied, something is understood, which tomorrow might be problematised anew, because it is a knowledge being constructed at various fronts. I started speaking of the complexity it presents from its birth, as a form of doing science, while being involved in common daily life.

Now, at the moment of closing this address, I can only do it by enumerating the challenges that as a community psychologist and researcher I see in front of me, but knowing that other people, in other places, are equally perceiving, and probably much more, what I will state as follows: In the first place the necessity, more urgent time and time again, of conscientisizing the external agents, in all their manifestations: psychology and other branches of science practitioners; technicians; representatives of NGOs and also of governmental institutions.

The idea of consciousness as the moment of understanding necessary to transform a situation is not something to be reached only by IAs, all of us need to be conscientisized regarding what we do and how and for whom we do it.

montero-introduccion-a-la-psicologia-comunitaria

This supposes that EAs have to be problematized in order to be able to problematize other persons. And, likewise, they must be sensitized towards the people, locations, situations and relations with which they must work.

It is not an easy task, but it is necessary to undertake it, as the current situation frequently is unbalanced with regard to these aspects.

The question is not that in the communities they do not understand us, it is a question that many EA do not understand the communities. Other challenge is the necessity of handling with a plurality of methods, developed ad hoc, situations of a very high complexity. We need to avoid the methods in vogue, generating responses that really respond to the situations confronted. And to finish, even when there must be many other challenges, let us avoid the rigidity of procedures and let us hear, observe, respond and act according to each situation and its peculiarities, remaining faithful in this manner to the paradigm of which CP is part and to whose development CP has contributed.

Crozier, M. Paris: Seuil. Dahl, R. The Concept of Power. Bell, D. Edwards y R. Harrison Eds. New York: The Free Press. Dussel, E. An introduction]. Buenos Aires: La Aurora. Fals Borda, O. Por la praxis.

My 60 Memorable Games (Bobby Fischer)

How to intervene with reality to change it]. Include, immediately after the copyright notices, a license notice giving the public permission to use the Modified Version under the terms of this License, in the form shown in the Addendum below.

Preserve in that license notice the full lists of Invariant Sections and required Cover Texts given in the Document's license notice. Licencia 10 8. Include an unaltered copy of this License. Preserve the section Entitled "History", Preserve its Title, and add to it an item stating at least the title, year, new authors, and publisher of the Modified Version as given on the Title Page.

If there is no section Entitled "History" in the Document, create one stating the title, year, authors, and publisher of the Document as given on its Title Page, then add an item describing the Modified Version as stated in the previous sentence. Preserve the network location, if any, given in the Document for public access to a Transparent copy of the Document, and likewise the network locations given in the Document for previous versions it was based on.

These may be placed in the "History" section. You may omit a network location for a work that was published at least four years before the Document itself, or if the original publisher of the version it refers to gives permission. Preserve all the Invariant Sections of the Document, unaltered in their text and in their titles. Section numbers or the equivalent are not considered part of the section titles. Delete any section Entitled "Endorsements". Such a section may not be included in the Modified Version.

Do not retitle any existing section to be Entitled "Endorsements" or to conflict in title with any Invariant Section. Preserve any Warranty Disclaimers.

If the Modified Version includes new front-matter sections or appendices that qualify as Secondary Sections and contain no material copied from the Document, you may at your option designate some or all of these sections as invariant. To do this, add their titles to the list of Invariant Sections in the Modified Version's license notice.

These titles must be distinct from any other section titles. You may add a section Entitled "Endorsements", provided it contains nothing but endorsements of your Modified Version by various parties--for example, statements of peer review or that the text has been approved by an organization as the authoritative definition of a standard.

Only one passage of Front-Cover Text and one of Back-Cover Text may be added by or through arrangements made by any one entity. If the Document already includes a cover text for the same cover, previously added by you or by arrangement made by the same entity you are acting on behalf of, you may not add another; but you may replace the old one, on explicit permission from the previous publisher that added the old one.

The author s and publisher s of the Document do not by this License give permission to use their names for publicity for or to assert or imply endorsement of any Modified Version.

Montero maritza psicologia download comunitaria

The combined work need only contain one copy of this License, and multiple identical Invariant Sections may be replaced with a single copy. If there are multiple Invariant Sections with the same name but different contents, make the title of each such section unique by adding at the end of it, in parentheses, the name of the original author or publisher of that section if known, or else a unique number.

Make the same adjustment to the section titles in the list of Invariant Sections in the license notice of the combined work. In the combination, you must combine any sections Entitled "History" in the various original documents, forming one section Entitled "History"; likewise combine any sections Entitled "Acknowledgements", and any sections Entitled "Dedications".

You must delete all sections Entitled "Endorsements. You may extract a single document from such a collection, and distribute it individually under this License, provided you insert a copy of this License into the extracted document, and follow this License in all other respects regarding verbatim copying of that document. When the Document is included in an aggregate, this License does not apply to the other works in the aggregate which are not themselves derivative works of the Document.

If the Cover Text requirement of section 3 is applicable to these copies of the Document, then if the Document is less than one half of the entire aggregate, the Document's Cover Texts may be placed on covers that bracket the Document within the aggregate, or the electronic equivalent of covers if the Document is in electronic form.

Otherwise they must appear on printed covers that bracket the whole aggregate.