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FIRST AID TRAINING PDF

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This handbook serves as a reference guide for basic first aid. For the purpose of defined as someone with formal training in first aid. American Safety and. This PDF is the Intellectual Property (IP) of St John Ambulance Australia Inc. ( Australian Office,. Canberra With St John first aid training, you will have the skills. and the Guidelines for First Aid. These treatment recommendations and related training guidelines have been reviewed by the American.


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The Proper Training | Chapter 2: EMERGENCy RESPONSE | History of CPR | The ABCs of First Aid | Basic CPR and AED | Recovery Position . The Emergency Safety and First Aid Handbook seeks to provide local administrations as well as the It can also be used as a simple training material for. that you also take a formal first aid course from an organization in your community that provides such training. These organizations include the. American Red.

View All This quick primer on common basic first aid procedures can help get you through a minor crisis, at least until the paramedics arrive or you can get to medical treatment. These tips are based on the first aid procedures recommended by the American Heart Association and American Red Cross. They are not a substitute for proper first aid training but can be an introduction to what you can do. You can start by reviewing the basics of CPR. There is no substitute for a hands-on class.

AEDs are available in many public areas and businesses. These devices are simplified for use even if you have never been trained.

Aid training pdf first

According to the American Heart Association and American Red Cross guidelines , the steps to take when a cardiac arrest is suspected are: Command someone to call or the medical alert system for the locale. Immediately start chest compressions regardless of your training. Compress hard and fast in the center of the chest, allowing recoil between compressions.

Hand this task over to those who are trained if and when they arrive. If you are trained, use chest compressions and rescue breathing. But it is essential not to delay chest compressions, so finding one should be commanded to someone else while you are doing chest compressions. Mild bleeding will usually stop on its own. If severe bleeding is not controlled, it may lead to shock and eventually death.

Cover the wound with a gauze or a cloth and apply direct pressure to stop the blood flow. Don't remove the cloth. Add more layers if needed. The cloth will help clots form to stop the flow. In most cases, applying a tourniquet may do more damage to the limb than good. The American Heart Association guidelines also discount the value of elevation and using pressure points.

First Aid Information and Resources

Chemicals need to be cleaned off. Electricity needs to be turned off. Heat needs to be cooled down with running water.

Aid training pdf first

Sunburn victims need to be covered up or go inside. No matter what caused the burns or how bad they are, stopping the burn comes before treating the burn. Take these first aid steps: Flush the burned area with cool running water for several minutes. Do not use ice. Apply a light gauze bandage. Do not apply ointments, butter, or oily remedies to the burn. Take ibuprofen or acetaminophen for pain relief if necessary.

Do not break any blisters that may have formed. If the blister is small, unbroken and not very painful, it is probably best to leave it alone. Cover it to prevent continued rubbing and pressure on it that can cause it to swell more and possibly burst on its own. Then apply antibiotic ointment and cover it to protect it from further rubbing and pressure.

Pdf first aid training

There are all kinds of broken bone myths, such as not being able to walk on a broken leg or whether there's a difference between a fracture and a break. According to the American Heart Association and American Red Cross guidelines , the steps to take when a cardiac arrest is suspected are:.

Regardless of how severe, almost all bleeding can be controlled. Mild bleeding will usually stop on its own. If severe bleeding is not controlled, it may lead to shock and eventually death. The first step to treating a burn is to stop the burning process. Chemicals need to be cleaned off.

Electricity needs to be turned off. Heat needs to be cooled down with running water. Sunburn victims need to be covered up or go inside. No matter what caused the burns or how bad they are, stopping the burn comes before treating the burn.

Whether or not a blister needs any treatment is debatable. If the blister is small, unbroken and not very painful, it is probably best to leave it alone. Cover it to prevent continued rubbing and pressure on it that can cause it to swell more and possibly burst on its own. Then apply antibiotic ointment and cover it to protect it from further rubbing and pressure. All extremity injuries need to be treated as broken bones fractures until an X-ray can be obtained.

There are all kinds of broken bone myths, such as not being able to walk on a broken leg or whether there's a difference between a fracture and a break. If you don't have Superman's X-ray eyes, treat it like it's broken. Take these steps for a suspected fracture:. The symptoms of a sprain are almost exactly the same as that of a broken bone. When in doubt, first aid for sprains should be the same as broken bones.

Immobilize the limb, apply a cold pack, elevate it, and take anti-inflammatory drugs. See your doctor for further diagnosis and treatment. Most of us have had a bloody nose at some time in our lives. It simply means bleeding from the inside of the nose due to trauma. The first aid for nosebleed includes:. Frostbite occurs when the body's tissues freeze deeply in the cold. Ice crystals that form in the tissues cause damage to the cells.

Pdf first aid training

This is the opposite of a burn, but it does almost identical damage to the skin. Treating frostbite is a delicate procedure of gradual warming.

If at all possible, this should be done by professionals at a medical facility. First, get out of the cold. Small areas of minor frostbite may be rewarmed by skin-to-skin contact, but avoid using any heat sources or hot packs. If you can't make it to a medical facility, use immersion of the affected area in warm water 98 to F for 20 to 30 minutes to rewarm it.

First aid fact sheets | St John SA

Do not rub the affected area or use heat sources. Bee stings are either annoyingly painful or deadly, depending on if the victim is allergic to the venom. Use these bee sting first aid tips:. The problem with jellyfish is that they sneak up on their victims. Swimmers are cruising along in the ocean one minute, and feeling the sting of the jellyfish the next.

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There was an error. Please try again. Thank you, , for signing up. More in First Aid. According to the American Heart Association and American Red Cross guidelines , the steps to take when a cardiac arrest is suspected are: Command someone to call or the medical alert system for the locale. Immediately start chest compressions regardless of your training.

First aid fact sheets

Compress hard and fast in the center of the chest, allowing recoil between compressions. Hand this task over to those who are trained if and when they arrive. If you are trained, use chest compressions and rescue breathing. But it is essential not to delay chest compressions, so finding one should be commanded to someone else while you are doing chest compressions. Cover the wound with a gauze or a cloth and apply direct pressure to stop the blood flow. Don't remove the cloth.

Add more layers if needed. The cloth will help clots form to stop the flow. In most cases, applying a tourniquet may do more damage to the limb than good.