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Download PDF Version of Economic and. Social Survey of Asia and the Pacific Wish to know more other. UNICs/UNIS around the world?. Reading English Newspapers Opinion and Bias in the News As you remember from the unit on editorials, news, ideally, consists of facts. In their news . 2 дн. назад Газеты на английском / Newspapers in English The Week The Economist - UK 27 МБ.

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Read the exact replica of your daily newspaper in a clean digital format Save Liked an article? Use the in-built search and find it instantly Archive Missed a news or offer? Just select the date and get the archived newspaper for upto 60 days Optimized reading options Choose image or text as per your convenience. Even download as PDF for reading later! The English language daily is best described as classic yet contemporary. It is known for the high quality of its journalism and excellent presentation. The newspaper is printed at 18 cities in India.

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The Hindu: Kasturi and Sons Ltd. Follow Live breaking news from India and world - all current news headlines.

Apps Portal. Read All Newspapers in one app. All English Newspapers India. Get all the English news published from diff sources right on your mobile screen. More specialist still are some weekly newspapers, usually free and distributed within limited regional areas; these may serve communities as specific as certain immigrant populations, the local gay community or indie rock enthusiasts within a city or region.

Daily[ edit ] A daily newspaper is printed every day, sometimes with the exception of Sundays and occasionally Saturdays, and some major holidays [34] and often of some national holidays.

Saturday and, where they exist, Sunday editions of daily newspapers tend to be larger, include more specialized sections e. Typically, the majority of these newspapers' staff members work Monday to Friday, so the Sunday and Monday editions largely depend on content done in advance or content that is syndicated.

Most daily newspapers are sold in the morning. Afternoon or evening papers, once common but now scarce, are aimed more at commuters and office workers. In practice though this may vary according to country , a morning newspaper is available in early editions from before midnight on the night before its cover date , further editions being printed and distributed during the night.

The later editions can include breaking news which was first revealed that day, after the morning edition was already printed. Previews of tomorrow's newspapers are often a feature of late night news programs, such as Newsnight in the United Kingdom.

In , the first daily newspaper appeared, Einkommende Zeitung, [35] published by Timotheus Ritzsch in Leipzig , Germany. In the past there were independent Sunday newspapers; nowadays the same publisher often produces a Sunday newspaper , distinct in many ways from the daily, usually with a related name; e. In some cases a Sunday edition is an expanded version of a newspaper from the same publisher; in other cases, particularly in Britain, it may be a separate enterprise, e.

Usually, it is a specially expanded edition, often several times the thickness and weight of the weekday editions and contain generally special sections not found in the weekday editions, such as Sunday comics , Sunday magazines such as The New York Times Magazine and The Sunday Times Magazine. In some countries daily newspapers are not published on Christmas Day , but weekly newspapers would change their day e.

Some newspapers are published two or three times a week and are known as biweekly publications. Some publications are published, for example, fortnightly or bimonthly in American parlance.

They have a change from normal weekly day of the week during the Christmas period depending the day of the week Christmas Day is falling on. Geographical scope and distribution[ edit ] Local or regional[ edit ] This section does not cite any sources.

Sentence a makes a prediction about the action — it is almost certain to be taken. Sentence b implies a possibility that the action will be taken. Sentences c and d assume a necessity or obligation on the part of John to take the action. As you see these forms permit the speaker or writer to express different attitudes toward the situa- tion uncertainty, possibility, obligation, etc.

Modality permits newspapers to express their views or to present the event in a way that is close to their ideology without directly declaring any distinct position about the issue. Consider these examples: In sentence a of both pairs, the newspaper is explicitly stating its position on the issues.

Typically, there is a change of lexical verb into a new verb which is close in meaning to the original. Reading Newspapers Critically a. Police shoot 3 Africans dead in black township riot. White racists stabbed a boy to death on the crime-ridden estate. A boy was stabbed to death on a crime-ridden estate. A Boy died on a crime-ridden estate. The government will deport illegal Afghans from the country.

Illegal Afghans will be deported from the country. Illegal Afghans will leave the country. A passenger plane was shot down in the Persian Gulf. A passenger plane crashed in the Persian Gulf. This year the government has raised several times the price of oil and consumer goods. This year the price of oil and consumer goods has risen several times. The government shut down the Stock Exchange despite all disagreements.

The Stock Exchange closed despite all disagreements. Metaphor Metaphor refers to when a word or phrase is used which establishes a comparison between an idea and another. To put it another way, metaphorization allows people to experess a concept in terms of another.

For example, imagine a love relationship being described as follows: Our relationship has hit a dead-end street. Here, love is being conceptualized as a journey, with the implication that the relationship is stalled, that the lovers cannot keep going the way they have been going, that they must turn back, or abandon the relationship altogether.

The metaphor involves understanding one domain of experience, love, in terms of a very different domain of experience, journeys. In the love-as-journey metaphor: Newspapers use metaphorization as a device to create specific effects, to distort the reality, and to slant the news against one side, or a group of people. In relation to immigrants or refugees also their own country may be metaphorically presented, e. Two common sources of metaphor in politics are sport and war, both of which involve physical contests of some sort.

Both politicians themselves, and newspapers who report politics, use these metaphors. Boxing metaphors are particularly common, conveying the sense of toughness and aggression, especially when an election is seen as a fight between two main protagonists.

In the United States, baseball metaphors abound in politics: When a Texas resident living near the U. To persuade the American people that war was necessary, the United States needed a moral justification. The justifiacation for the war was partly created based on the process of metaphorization in the U. A common metaphor in the U. A state in this metaphor is conceptualized as a person engaging in social relations within the world community.

Its land-mass is its home. It lives in a region, and has neighbors, friends and enemies. States are seen as having inherent dispositions: When this metaphor is applied to a war between two countries , that war is a fight between two people, a form of hand-to-hand combat. The classic fairy tale is the most common discourse form in the West when there is a combat to settle moral issues. In the classic fairy tale the cast of characters is: The victim and the hero may be the same person.

Also, there is a scenario: A crime is committed by the villain against an innocent victim typically an assault, theft, or kidnapping. The offense occurs due to an imbalance of power. The hero either gathers helpers or decides to go to war alone. The hero makes sacrifices; he undergoes difficulties, typically making a very difficult heroic journey, sometimes across the sea to a dangerous land.

The villain is inherently evil, perhaps even a monster, and thus reasoning with him is useless. The hero is left with no choice but to engage the villain in battle. The hero defeats the villain and rescues the victim. Victory is achieved.

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The hero, who always acts honorably, has proved his manhood and achieved glory. The sacrifice was worthwhile. The hero receives acclaim, along with the gratitude of the victim and the community.

In a fairy tale the hero and villian have contrastive charactristics. The hero is moral and courageous, while the villain is amoral and vicious. The hero is rational, but though the villain may be cunning and calculating, he cannot be reasoned with. Heroes thus cannot negotiate with villains; they must defeat them. The most natural way to justify a war on moral grounds is to fit this fairy tale structure to a given situation.

This is done by metaphorization, that is, by answering the questions: Who is the victim? Who is the villain? Who is the hero? What is the crime? What counts as victory?

As the Gulf crisis developed, the U. Iraq is the villain, the U. Metaphor is also widely used in economic news discourse.

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In the following examples, the attacks are depicted as causes for a change for the worse. The attacks are likely to deepen the economic downturn.

The attacks were a long-run economic depressant. September 11 pushed an already flagging U. The terrorist attacks have plunged the fragile economy into recession.

Thus, in the last example the seriousness of the situation is further empha- sized through the mixing of various metaphors within the same clause. The terror- ist attacks are seen as the animate cause of devastation.

By combining conventional metaphors within the same utterance, the writer establishes not only a conceptual ground for understanding the topic, but he also subtly adds opinion and thus indirectly invites the reader to accept his judgment.

Metonymy Metonymy, broadly defined, is a device by which one entity is used to stand for another associated entity. More specifically, it refers to the situations where: Exxon has raised its prices again. The Army wants to reinstitute the draft. The Senate thinks abortion is immoral. England won the World Cup. Scotland lost in the semi-final.

Pdf english newspapers

He bought a Ford. I hate to read Shakespeare. Remember the Alamo. Pearl Harbor still has an effect on our foreign policy. Watergate changed our politics. The pen is mightier than the sword. Nixon bombed Hanoi. Nixon stands for the armed forces that Nixon controlled. A Mercedes rear-ended me. The word me stands for the car that the speaker was driving. President Bush threatened Saddam with serious consequences if …. The land belongs to The Crown. Only empty heads and empty hearts can do that.

President and his advisors threatened Saddam Hussein with military action over the UN inspectors affairs. Similarly, when an announcement is made by a member of the British royal family, it is often described, for example, as follows: In the first example the journalist writing the report has used metonymy in a way which Newspapers may use metaphors gives a very favorable view of the American position.

Attacking a foreign country is represents a particular attitude dangerous, not something an individual would want to towards that event. When the news is more creasingly stronger beliefs or cheerful, however, involving success of some sort, then ideological orientations towards the President will be more than happy to be named an event.

So when the U. Indeed the speaking is done for them by a building which is, in many minds, a large and impressive structure. It can be argued that the metonymic use of Buckingham Palace gives a more impressive and sympathetic picture of the Royal Family. Immigrants are like an invading army. Depersonalization Depersonalization is another rhetorical device by which newspapers try to influ- ence the readers and manipulate their perception and impression of events in a specific direction. Newspapers sometimes report events in a depersonalized man- ner; that is, they report events as if no human agent had a role in their occurrence.

Take the following headline: There is no sign of the human agents who caused the event, nor any sign that the event was intentional; it might even appear to be accidental.

Here the headline could have been written as: White House Under Seige This headline would have been more approperiate for an event such as September 11 rather than a sex scandal. In other words, it is disguising whatever is ugly, repulsive, immoral, or otherwise unacceptable behind more attractive, less offensive, or neutral lables. Euphemistic terms can be used as a way of being vague and unclear, or to cover up the truth or reality of a situation.

The opposite of euphemism is derogation. Again in line with the overall strategy of positive Self-presentation and negative Other-presentation, newspapers use euphemistic terms to represent ingroup actions and people and derogatory terms to represent outgroup actions and people.

Look at the following examples: A group of Arab mercenaries are fighting along with the Taliban forces. A group of Arab combatants are fighting along with the Taliban forces. Muslims in Britain have the problem of public resentment. Christians residing in Muslim countries are suffering from Islamic fanaticism and racism. In these two pairs of sentences, you see how the very same people or realities are pictured quite differently.

The coverage of the incidents was quite different in spite of all the similarities of the two incidents. While the U. Now it sounds as though they are not in the business of waging war, but instead they are in the business of defending. The military uses of euphemism can seriously affect the way we view the devastation of war. It is used for effect, emphasis, or provocation, or for drawing a conclusionary statement from the facts at hand.

With all viloence on TV today, is it any wonder kids bring gun to school?

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Is justice then to be considered merley a word? The first few examples are taken from the context of the conflict in Iraq. First, here are the headlines and lead paragraphs of two articles which were published on the morning of March 11, by The New York Times and USA Today respectively. They are covering the same incident: Iraq Forces Suspension of U.

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Both of these stories are presenting the same piece of information, i. However, as you can see, the decisions concerning lexicon, syntax, and what further information is added can lead to sentences being so altered from the basic idea that the same exact event can be depicted in two profoundly different ways.

In the second story, there is no mention that these planes are, in fact, American. The news story seems to try to keep the appearance of all interaction happening between Iraq and the UN. In the first story, however, note the decision to specify the planes as American, even though they are flying in the name of the UN.

Iraq is depicted to threaten American planes, and therefore, thretening America. In this pair of example headlines, the difference of a single word changes the meanings to reflect opposing viewpoints. In fact, by changing only one letter, the entire issue of the military campaign changes from one of fighting dissidents with- in the political borders of Iraq to one of aggression against the entire nation. The second headline signifies a pro-coalition bias. The third headline signifies an anti-coalition bias.

The connotations many words carry with them have the power to put a tremendous slant on any news report. The folowing example is an excerpt from an article printed in an American newspaper. Democrats who are planning to seek Mr. Joe Lieberman of Connecticut, Sen. John Kerry of Massachusetts, Sen. John Edwards of North Carolina, Rep. Dick Gephardt of Missouri, and Gov. This example demonstrates another form of possible bias.

How do you think the identification of these men as potential presi- dential candidates affect their credibility as critics of President Bush? Seven Dead as Fresh Mideast Violence Flares In this headline of a news story covering the violence between Israelis and Palestinians , there is very little distinction made between the nationalities of the people killed in the violence, giving the readers the impression that the casualties have been relatively equal on both sides.

From the headline, it is not immediately apparent who the seven victims are, or why or how they died. Britain Invaded By an Army of Illegals The most obvious property of this headline is its rhetoric , namely, the hyperbolic use of metaphors. The use of military metaphors implies that immigrants are both violent and a threat. However, the violence and threat is not merely that of some individuals coming in, but is suggested to be massive and organized , as is the case for an army.

Moreover, invasion does not merely imply a violent act, but also a massive threat, namely a massive threat from abroad. The target of this threat is Britain, which is topicalized in the headline it occurs in first position of the headline and the article , so that it is highlighted as the victim of the foreign army.

Beside the massive violence of their entry, immigrants are thus also associated with breaking the law, and hence implicitly with crime. Police Attack Demonestrators, Kill 10 10 Dead in Clash between Police and Demonstrators The first headline is in active voice, which backgrounds the agency of police as those who started the attack on the demonstrators and consequently killed ten of them.

The second headline makes no mention of the attackers. Iraq used chemical weapons against Iran killing many soldiers and civilians and severly injuring many others. The use of chemical weapons in Iran-Iraq war has left many soldiers and civilians dead and severly injured. The first sentence is in active voice, foregrounding the agency of Iraq as the perpetrator of the crime.

The second sentence has used nominalization tactic and, thus, has concealed the agent of the crime. It only emphasizes the use of chemical weapons, but makes no mention of the country that used the forbidden weapons. Riot police shot and killed 11 African demonstrators and wounded 15 others here today in the Highfield African township on the outskirts of Salisbury.

In the first lead, the role of the police as the killers is backgrounded by the use of passive and the placing of the primary focus on the victims rather than the per- petrators of the crime.

The ACTU is seeking a rise of 1. In the second and third stories, however, events have been selectively chosen and linked together to lead the reader to particular evaluative responses.

Newspapers pdf english

The use of Chamber of Commerce as an external source with its explicitly negative judgment is influential here. To see how these non-linguistic and linguistic forms of bias appear in stories, let us finally examine in some detail published by two different local newspapers on the same event. He claims that his su- Authority said yesterday that Mr Robert periors did not inform him of the exact reg- Mitchell 24 had been relieved of his du- ulations covering the examination.

His lessons were fun. The headline of story b uses some negatively-loaded words, which prejudice the reader against the teacher. There are two quotes in story b which are meant to be given the same interpretation. The first quote is apparently positive and praises the teacher and approves of his performance. However, when interpreted in the context of the second quote, it loses its first-impression interpretation.