Basic English Grammar PDF | All Tenses Rules, Chart & Formulas In Hindi Last Word: आशा करते हैं English Grammar Book In Hindi PDF. Hindi English grammar book app contains the English Grammar that are You can find all the grammar contents and are explained in simple and easy. Preface. This 'English Speaking & Grammar' book of Cromosys Language Research and Education Center is designed to teach you English from very basic to.
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Learn English Grammar in Hindi - Step by Step-Explanation of Basic English Grammar Videos with Examples and Translation in English/Hindi. Learn English . Hindi English grammar book app contains the English Grammar that are explained in Hindi language for the ease of user use. You can find all the grammar. This application is the best way to improve your English Grammar at home in hindi, on the move, anywhere! Grab it and Master it. What is included in the app?.
Product description Some key features of this book are: Learn with Pictures: You would like to learn basics of English Grammar by looking at how it is used in day to day life. Well, we have added a lot of pictures which help you see the real application of the same. Start with Any Chapter: A lot of time, English learners prefer to focus only on certain aspects of English grammar. We have divided Basic English Grammar into individual chapters. The learner has a choice to study any individual chapter and move to any other chapter. It is not necessary for you to use this grammar book from start to end. Basic and Advanced Examples: English is used mainly for work and it is also being used in day to day life.
You need to know about each part of speech that makes the English language complete. Without the knowledge of verb tense, you cannot make a single sentence correct. If you are able to move an English speaking country, maybe it is possible to learn English without grammar.
Living in Pakistan and India there is no English speaking environment, you will never be able to learn the English language without grammar. You have to learn grammar and commonly used words before you start learning spoken English. As you know that I teach English step by step.
I have already released my first course its title is 1ooo action verb with Urdu meaning. My second course is about English grammar. I will make different courses accounting for needs and wants and expectations of students who really want to learn the English language.
You will learn parts of speech, verb tenses, active voice and passive voice, direct and indirect, clauses, idioms, proverbs, and so on. It will be a complete course that you have ever seen.
The possessive form of who is whose the man whose car is missing The word that as a relative pronoun is normally found only in restrictive relative clauses unlike which and who, which can be used in both restrictive and unrestrictive clauses.
It can refer to either persons or things, and cannot follow a preposition. For example, one can say the song that [or which] I listened to yesterday, but the song to which [not to that] I listened yesterday. The relative pronoun that is usually pronounced with a reduced vowel schwa , and hence differently from the demonstrative that see Weak and strong forms in English.
If that is not the subject of the relative clause, it can be omitted the song I listened to yesterday. The word what can be used to form a free relative clause — one that has no antecedent and that serves as a complete noun phrase in itself, as in I like what he likes. The words whatever and whichever can be used similarly, in the role of either pronouns whatever he likes or determiners whatever book he likes. When referring to persons, who ever and whom ever can be used in a similar way but not as determiners.
The "logical subject" of the verb then appears as a complement after the verb. This use of there occurs most commonly with forms of the verb be in existential clauses , to refer to the presence or existence of something.
For example: There is a heaven; There are two cups on the table; There have been a lot of problems lately. It can also be used with other verbs: There exist two major variants; There occurred a very strange incident. The dummy subject takes the number singular or plural of the logical subject complement , hence it takes a plural verb if the complement is plural.
In informal English, however, the contraction there's is often used for both singular and plural. It can also appear without a corresponding logical subject, in short sentences and question tags : There wasn't a discussion, was there?
There was. The word there in such sentences has sometimes been analyzed as an adverb , or as a dummy predicate , rather than as a pronoun.
Other[ edit ] Other pronouns in English are often identical in form to determiners especially quantifiers , such as many, a little, etc.
Sometimes, the pronoun form is different, as with none corresponding to the determiner no , nothing, everyone, somebody, etc. Many examples are listed as indefinite pronouns. Another indefinite or impersonal pronoun is one with its reflexive form oneself and possessive one's , which is a more formal alternative to generic you.
Most verbs have three or four inflected forms in addition to the base form: a third-person singular present tense form in - e s writes, botches , a present participle and gerund form in -ing writing , a past tense wrote , and — though often identical to the past tense form — a past participle written.
Regular verbs have identical past tense and past participle forms in -ed, but there are or so irregular English verbs with different forms see list.
The verb be has the largest number of irregular forms am, is, are in the present tense, was, were in the past tense, been for the past participle. Most of what are often referred to as verb tenses or sometimes aspects in English are formed using auxiliary verbs.
The auxiliaries shall and should sometimes replace will and would in the first person. For the uses of these various verb forms, see English verbs and English clause syntax. The basic form of the verb be, write, play is used as the infinitive , although there is also a "to-infinitive" to be, to write, to play used in many syntactical constructions.
There are also infinitives corresponding to other aspects: to have written, to be writing, to have been writing. The second-person imperative is identical to the basic infinitive; other imperative forms may be made with let let us go, or let's go; let them eat cake.
A form identical to the infinitive can be used as a present subjunctive in certain contexts: It is important that he follow them or There is also a past subjunctive distinct from the simple past only in the possible use of were instead of was , used in some conditional sentences and similar: if I were or was rich For details see English subjunctive.
The passive voice is formed using the verb be in the appropriate tense or form with the past participle of the verb in question: cars are driven, he was killed, I am being tickled, it is nice to be pampered, etc. The performer of the action may be introduced in a prepositional phrase with by as in they were killed by the invaders. The English modal verbs consist of the core modals can, could, may, might, must, shall, should, will, would, as well as ought to , had better, and in some uses dare and need.
The modals are used with the basic infinitive form of a verb I can swim, he may be killed, we dare not move, need they go? The copula be, along with the modal verbs and the other auxiliaries , form a distinct class, sometimes called " special verbs " or simply "auxiliaries". I could not Apart from those already mentioned, this class may also include used to although the forms did he use to? It also includes the auxiliary do does, did ; this is used with the basic infinitive of other verbs those not belonging to the "special verbs" class to make their question and negation forms, as well as emphatic forms do I like you?
For more details of this, see do-support. Some forms of the copula and auxiliaries often appear as contractions , as in I'm for I am, you'd for you would or you had, and John's for John is.
For detail see English auxiliaries and contractions. Phrases[ edit ] A verb together with its dependents, excluding its subject , may be identified as a verb phrase although this concept is not acknowledged in all theories of grammar . A verb phrase headed by a finite verb may also be called a predicate. The dependents may be objects , complements, and modifiers adverbs or adverbial phrases. In English, objects and complements nearly always come after the verb; a direct object precedes other complements such as prepositional phrases, but if there is an indirect object as well, expressed without a preposition, then that precedes the direct object: give me the book, but give the book to me.
Certain verb—modifier combinations, particularly when they have independent meaning such as take on and get up , are known as " phrasal verbs ". For details of possible patterns, see English clause syntax. See the Non-finite clauses section of that article for verb phrases headed by non-finite verb forms, such as infinitives and participles. Adjectives[ edit ] English adjectives , as with other word classes, cannot in general be identified as such by their form,  although many of them are formed from nouns or other words by the addition of a suffix, such as -al habitual , -ful blissful , -ic atomic , -ish impish, youngish , -ous hazardous , etc.
Adjectives may be used attributively , as part of a noun phrase nearly always preceding the noun they modify; for exceptions see postpositive adjective , as in the big house, or predicatively , as in the house is big. Certain adjectives are restricted to one or other use; for example, drunken is attributive a drunken sailor , while drunk is usually predicative the sailor was drunk. Comparison[ edit ] Many adjectives have comparative and superlative forms in -er and -est,  such as faster and fastest from the positive form fast.
Spelling rules which maintain pronunciation apply to suffixing adjectives just as they do for similar treatment of regular past tense formation ; these cover consonant doubling as in bigger and biggest, from big and the change of y to i after consonants as in happier and happiest, from happy.
The adjectives good and bad have the irregular forms better, best and worse, worst; also far becomes farther, farthest or further, furthest.
The adjective old for which the regular older and oldest are usual also has the irregular forms elder and eldest, these generally being restricted to use in comparing siblings and in certain independent uses. For the comparison of adverbs, see Adverbs below. Many adjectives, however, particularly those that are longer and less common, do not have inflected comparative and superlative forms.
Instead, they can be qualified with more and most, as in beautiful, more beautiful, most beautiful this construction is also sometimes used even for adjectives for which inflected forms do exist. Certain adjectives are classed as ungradable.
Consequently, comparative and superlative forms of such adjectives are not normally used, except in a figurative, humorous or imprecise context. Similarly, such adjectives are not normally qualified with modifiers of degree such as very and fairly, although with some of them it is idiomatic to use adverbs such as completely.
Another type of adjectives sometimes considered ungradable is those that represent an extreme degree of some property, such as delicious and terrified. Phrases[ edit ] An adjective phrase is a group of words that plays the role of an adjective in a sentence.
It usually has a single adjective as its head , to which modifiers and complements may be added. Some can also be preceded by a noun or quantitative phrase, as in fat-free, two-metre-long.
Complements following the adjective may include: prepositional phrases : proud of him, angry at the screen, keen on breeding toads; infinitive phrases: anxious to solve the problem, easy to pick up; content clauses , i. An adjective phrase may include both modifiers before the adjective and a complement after it, as in very difficult to put away.
Adjective phrases containing complements after the adjective cannot normally be used as attributive adjectives before a noun.
Exceptions include very brief and often established phrases such as easy-to-use. Certain complements can be moved to after the noun, leaving the adjective before the noun, as in a better man than you, a hard nut to crack. Certain attributive adjective phrases are formed from other parts of speech, without any adjective as their head, as in a two-bedroom house, a no-jeans policy.
Adverbs[ edit ] Adverbs perform a wide range of functions. They typically modify verbs or verb phrases , adjectives or adjectival phrases , or other adverbs or adverbial phrases. Certain words can be used as both adjectives and adverbs, such as fast, straight, and hard; these are flat adverbs. In earlier usage more flat adverbs were accepted in formal usage; many of these survive in idioms and colloquially.
That's just plain ugly. Some adjectives can also be used as flat adverbs when they actually describe the subject. The adverb corresponding to the adjective good is well note that bad forms the regular badly, although ill is occasionally used in some phrases. There are also many adverbs that are not derived from adjectives,  including adverbs of time, of frequency, of place, of degree and with other meanings.
Some suffixes that are commonly used to form adverbs from nouns are -ward[s] as in homeward[s] and -wise as in lengthwise. Most adverbs form comparatives and superlatives by modification with more and most: often, more often, most often; smoothly, more smoothly, most smoothly see also comparison of adjectives , above.
However, a few adverbs retain irregular inflection for comparative and superlative forms:  much, more, most; a little, less, least; well, better, best; badly, worse, worst; far, further farther , furthest farthest ; or follow the regular adjectival inflection: fast, faster, fastest; soon, sooner, soonest; etc. Adverbs indicating the manner of an action are generally placed after the verb and its objects We considered the proposal carefully , although other positions are often possible We carefully considered the proposal.