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of the Red Book of Westmarch, and is now told in The Lord of the Rings. A final note The Lord of the Rings Part 1 The Fellowship of the Ring By JRR Tolkien. about this book. The Fellowship of the Ring picks up where The Hobbit left off. Book I begins with a party Bilbo is throwing for himself. As Gandalf leaves to. I have the book you are looking for >>> The Lord of the Rings An by Frodo and the Fellowship of the Ring: Gandalf the Wizard; the hobbits Merry, Pippin, and.

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of six books plus appendices, sometimes published in three volumes. The first volume, The Fellowship of the Ring, was published in Great Britain by the London. View and download on DocDroid. Of the Finding of the Ring note on the shire records Book I Chapter 1 Chapter 2 The Great River The Breaking of the Fellowship Book III Chapter 1 Chapter 2.

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In the third and final circle we can find the twelve volumes of The History of Middle-earth, in which Christopher explains and defends his composition of The Silmarillion.

The Lord of the Rings The Fellowship Of The Ring Book 1 Chapter 1 Summary - Course Hero

But The History of Middle-earth also gives a unique insight into the whole process of the creation of Arda. As I have mentioned before, Tolkien worked on his legendarium for nearly sixty years and most of the material he produced was never published during his lifetime. Because of this, a lot of these texts would stay subject to change, until his death in , resulting in a lot of rewriting and reinterpreting, which were the cause of some inconsistencies and internal contradictions. One of the best examples of this problem is that of the lineage of Gil-galad.

This problem led Michael Martinez to say that: The legendarium had become more detailed to him [Tolkien, red. The various fragments and versions of his essays and stories were written according to different needs and scopes, those scopes were defined by the changing boundaries of his imagined legendary world at different periods in his life.

I went on after return; but when I attempted to get any of this stuff published I was not successful. The Hobbit was originally quite unconnected, though it inevitably got drawn in to the circumference of the greater construction; and in the event modified it. After all, if this were 8 Tolkien, C. That is because, in the legendarium, everything is interconnected. The Lord of the Rings is not merely a story which happens to take place in Middle-earth, but everything that happens to the fellowship is woven into the fabric of Middle-earth, which in turn is part of the larger tapestry of the legendarium.

I would dearly like to hear more about Elves; the dark seems to press round so close. It is a fair tale, though it is sad, as are all the tales of Middle-earth, and yet it may lift up your hearts. In , when The Fellowship of the Ring was first published, no one knew this story, except for what was sung by Aragorn in this passage. It would take until , with the publication of The Silmarillion, for readers to actually learn what it was all about.

Every work of Tolkien has internal references to the legendarium, which is a body of texts on the history of Arda. Now that we understand what the legendarium is, we can see how important source fiction is for the greater structure of The Lord of the Rings. In one of his letters, Tolkien expressed his original intentions when he started working on his legendarium thus: Do not laugh!

But once upon a time my crest has long since fallen I had a mind to make a body of more or less connected legend, ranging from the large and cosmogonic, to the level of romantic fairy-story — the larger founded on the lesser in contact with the earth, the lesser drawing splendour from the vast backcloths ….

The Silmarillion, HarperCollins, London, , p In this chapter I want to investigate the application of source fiction within the legendarium to find out more about its function. I will do this by discussing the different types of source fiction in their presentation and application, primarily within the The Lord of the Rings. But before I start, I will have to make a few more remarks. Firstly about the organisation of the different types of sources.

At first glance it may appear quite rigorous, but in fact it is mostly out of convenience. For instance, the Doors of Durin are an object, a doorway, which is a source of information through its design, but the inscription on the doorway also provides us with information. In this way it could be considered an object but also a written source. I have decided to discuss the Doors of Durin in paragraph 3. This is an arbitrary choice based on its main function within the story.

Secondly, as I have said before, everything within the fictional world of Arda is interconnected through the legendarium.

However, the legendarium is simply too big for me to discuss in its entirety. Oral sources are presented within the story as information which is told or sung from memory.

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Characters presenting us with these kinds of oral sources should therefore be considered intradiegetic narrators. It seemed that he was learned in old lore, as well as in the ways of the wild. Suddenly a low voice murmured: Gil-galad was an Elven-king. Of him the harpers sadly sing: the last whose realm was fair and free between the Mountains and the Sea. His sword was long, his lance was keen, his shining helm afar was seen; the countless stars of heaven's field were mirrored in his silver shield.

But long ago he rode away, and where he dwelleth none can say; for into darkness fell his star in Mordor where the shadows are. The others turned in amazement, for the voice was Sam's.

Bilbo when I was a lad. He used to tell me tales like that, knowing how I was always one for hearing about Elves. It was Mr.

Bilbo as taught me my letters. He was mighty book-learned was dear old Mr. And he wrote poetry. He wrote what I have just said. Bilbo must have translated it. I never knew that. Yet, there something peculiar about this source.

This poem, better known as The Fall of Gil-galad, tells us about events long past, but it is not presented as an accurate or objective account of history. The source has a particular form and uses the literary art of poetry, specifically the lay. At the end of the poem, however, we realise that we are actually told very little. Here we can see how the source has an explicative and decorative function: It tells us about 16 Tolkien, J. However, for Tolkien it was also a reference to a variety of other texts, which were also part of his legendarium, even though these texts were never published during his lifetime.

That country had of old been named Lindon by the Noldor, and this name it bore thereafter; and many of the Eldar still dwelt there, lingering, unwilling yet to forsake Beleriand where they had fought and laboured long. The second stanza is a description of his appearance, presenting Gil-galad as a warrior and a hero of the Last Alliance.

The third stanza, which would eventually give the poem the name The Fall of Gil-galad, is described in the following passage: Then Gil-galad and Elendil passed into Mordor and encompassed the stronghold of Sauron; and they laid siege to it for seven years, and suffered grievous loss by fire and by the darts and bolts of the Enemy, and Sauron sent many sorties against them. But at the last the siege was so strait that Sauron himself came forth; and he wrestled with Gil-galad and Elendil, and they both were slain, and the sword of Elendil broke under him as he fell.

Also, in the primary world the source connects to other texts within the legendarium. He was also the guardian of one of the three Elven rings until he gave it to Elrond before his death. This is all the information about Gil-galad published during 17 Tolkien, J. The Silmarillion HarperCollins, London, p.

Not only in the canonical texts like The Lord of the Rings, but especially in the posthumous publications. In relation to this, Vink makes a very keen observation: From the legendary but elusive hero he is in LotR, Gil-galad now becomes a character firmly embedded in the history of Middle-earth.

But virtually all other oral sources have a similar function within the legendarium: They deepen the fictional world of Arda, by providing it with a historical backdrop, and they link all the texts within the legendarium together.

The Lord Of The Rings series

Most of these sources function in the same way as oral sources. However, in this section I would like to discuss an example of source fiction which seems to be an anomaly; the Red Book of Westmarch hereafter referred to as the Red Book , as mentioned in The Grey Havens book 6, chapter 9. In his aforementioned lecture, Kvothe, Tyrion and Lancelot, Brandsma considered source fiction in relation to the eye-witness as the most ideal medieval narrator.

In the previous example, I considered Sam as the intradiegetic narrator of The Fall of Gil-galad, as a source that in the fictional world has been passed down through the ages and has thus become stylized 21 Vink, R.

The parentage of Gil-galad - a textual history Lembas According to Brandsma, the final volume describes how the main eyewitnesses Bilbo and Frodo play the role of the scribe, how Sam finishes the book and how we the readers read what they wrote. There was a big book with plain red leather covers; its tall pages were now almost filled. At the beginning there were many leaves covered with Bilbo's thin wandering hand; but most of it was written in Frodo's firm flowing script.

It was divided into chapters but Chapter 80 was unfinished, and after that were some blank leaves. The title page had many titles on it, crossed out one after another, so: My Diary.

My Unexpected Journey. There and Back Again. And What Happened After. Adventures of Five Hobbits.

The Lord Of The Rings

The Tale of the Great Ring, compiled by Bilbo Baggins from his own observations and the accounts of his friends. What we did in the War of the Ring. Together with extracts from Books of Lore translated by Bilbo in Rivendell.

In appendix F of The Lord of the Rings it is quite clear that Tolkien uses a conceit26 to present his work. Which course of action does the Council advise? Boromir suggests using the Ring for good. How does Elrond show this to be folly? What is the weakness in Sauron and how will the group catch him off guard?

What is the strategy of the Council of Elrond? Frodo again shows his courage, as do other members of the group. Who are they and how do they display it? Chapter 3 Who are the nine members of The Fellowship of the Ring? Why is each one chosen? What gifts does Bilbo give to Frodo? How is the weather controlled by the Dark Lord at the mountain pass of Caradhras?

Chapter 4 What is the only option left to the Company? How does Gandalf get the Company into the Dwarf doors? What does Frodo notice about himself since receiving the wound on Weathertop?

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What does he hear in Moria? What does the morning light allow the Company to find?

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Chapter 5 What does Gandalf find in the tomb? What does it teach the Company? Sam saves Frodo for the second time since entering Moria.

How does he do it? Chapter 6 What strange land does the Company arrive into from Moria? What does Frodo see climbing up the tree in the night?

Why do the elves not want Gimli in the trees or in the forest? How does Aragorn keep the Company moving and divert a disaster? What power does the Dark Lord possess that keeps forces of good separated? What do the elves sing about? Where are they planning on going? Who sends the news to unmask the Company? What is the nature of time in Cerin Amroth?

Chapter 7 Who entertains the Company in Caras Galadon? What happens when Lady Galadriel holds each of the Company in her gaze? Chapter 8 How is the decision making process of the Company delayed? How do the elves prepare the Company for their journey? Name the gift each member of the Company receives and tell why it is significant to each.

How is Nature bent toward destroying the Company down stream? What significance is there in the hands of the Pillars of Kings? Chapter 10 What decision is forced upon the Company in the shadow of Tol Brandir? Who must make that decision? What does Boromir advise Frodo to do with the Ring? What does Frodo see on Amon Hen? What action does he take which shows his strength and courage?

Seriously, take a peek at them — they demonstrate the same creativity and whimsy Tolkien brought to "The Hobbit" and "The Adventures of Tom Bombadil. Thousands of pages of Tolkien's work have been published posthumously under the care of his family, most notably by his third son, Christopher. When J. Huge canonical contradictions presented themselves at every turn, largely because of the fact that the whole canon of Middle-earth changed as a result of finishing "The Lord of the Rings": It was inevitable that "The Lord of the Rings" must alter "The Silmarillion," because having once been — as I have said — an enclosed myth, with a beginning and an end — it now has the vast extension.

And in "The Lord of the Rings" there are major figures who come out of the Elder Days, out of the primeval world of "The Silmarillion"; chief among them, Galadriel.

So a great deal of writing back would have to be done. But my father being who he was, this writing back would never be a simple thing because he — when Galadriel enters out of "The Lord of the Rings" into the world of the Elves in Valinor new stories begin. Tolkien " While many fans were excited to receive a finished version of "The Silmarillion" in , they did not spare it from criticism.

Setting the differences in style from "The Hobbit" and "The Lord of the Rings" aside, readers accused Christopher Tolkien of having invented too much of the book from whole cloth — a subject that's grown increasingly complex after more and more of J.

The effect of Christopher's editorial decisions are a thorny issue on the basis of constructing a sensible canon alone, but they're also demonstrative of issues that plague any fandom of significant size. With "The Silmarillion," Christopher faced the formidable task of presenting a version of his own father's unfinished work that both respected the source material and felt complete. If he had tried to release something like the volume "History of Middle-earth" in the seventies, he would've been skewered every which way by fans of his father's work and by a literary community that at the time was far less interested in legitimizing serious study of Tolkien's work.

In short, Christopher Tolkien was stuck picking between a number of unpleasant choices. He could present a version of "The Silmarillion" he personally deemed printable but that would never live up to expectations set by fans; hide the contents of his father's brilliant-yet-incomplete manuscripts from the world indefinitely; or release their unedited contents to an audience that, at the time, would be largely uninterested in wading through it all.

Christopher Tolkien made a tough choice that nonetheless resulted in more of his father's brilliant work reaching the public eye. Fans are certainly allowed their opinions about the editorial impact on the posthumous works, but someone was inevitably going to call those shots — and it might as well be someone raised by J.

Tolkien himself. No offense to fans of the movies, but the three-part "Hobbit" adaptation sort of proved Christopher right. It's pretty uncontroversial to say that they didn't live up to the highs of Jackson's earlier "Lord of the Rings" adaptations, and they certainly played it pretty loose in terms of sticking to canon Hi Tauriel, nice to meet you for the first time ever.

This well-researched article by Robin Parrish at ScreenRant explains the motives behind the expansion of "The Hobbit" to three movies — "because money," essentially — and why we're not likely to see a feature film adaptation of "The Silmarillion" any time soon — "also because money," basically.

There was a legal battle between the Tolkien estate and Warner Brothers that ended not-too-long-ago, and unless Christopher changes his mind about the movie adaptations he's not likely to work out another movie deal.

Things could change when Christopher passes away or cedes control of the estate to another family member, but consider this also: from the cosmic origin story to the grand swathes of Middle-earth history it contains, "The Silmarillion" is so expansive that it would be far harder to make a movie from than either "The Hobbit" or "Lord of the Rings. Movies don't have that luxury. That wouldn't necessarily stop a studio from trying If I had to do it, I'd take one or more prominent tales from the book, jettison the rest and hold on to the title for brand recognition but it's another hurdle nonetheless.

On the other hand, video games based on Middle-earth are right up Warner Brothers' alley. Both games are set between "The Hobbit" and "The Lord of the Rings" and, as they're Warner products, they draw heavily on the aesthetics of Peter Jackson's films.