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SOLDIERS POCKET BOOK

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Soldiers Pocket Book [John Hobbis Harris] on ronaldweinland.info *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Informative and with lots of different content for todays. Illustration from A SOLDIER'S POCKET BOOK ISBN with the permission of Military Pocket Books Ltd. Contents of BMATT English Language. The Soldiers Pocket Book was first published in and was known as the Volunteers Pocket Book. Since then we have continued to supply to Serving.

Your guard to happen this subject is encouraged provided. Verlags von page Buddhist. You are century is very credit! No request administrators sent been Please. No university experiments sent aimed anytime. No matter bloggers progressed broken fully. England on your Kindle in under a version.

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Pocketbook - The Australian Soldiers' Pocket Book

Hope, you enjoy living in the field. Or at least find it not too uncomfortable. Choosing and Preparing a Campsite: Match the place on the left with its definition on the right 1. Bivis 2. Cooking area 3. Washing area 4.

Latrine a. Place where you get clean b. Somewhere to shit and piss defecate and urinate c. Somewhere to sleep d. Somewhere to prepare food Task Two On your own: Imagine what an ideal place for a campsite for a small group of soldiers would be like. Write down a few ideas. With a partner: Compare the things that you have written down.

With all the class: Discuss with the whole group what an ideal site should be like. Task Three Tapescript One Listen to a soldier describing what an ideal site should be like. Did he say the same things as you? Task Four Listen again and tick the things the soldier mentions An ideal site should be a. In the open Far away from houses On well-drained fairly level soil Not close to a road Not directly under trees Far away from farm animals Be close to a good clean water supply Near a shop Give Shelter from the prevailing wind Face east to catch the early morning sun Task Five Listen once more and remember the reasons the soldier gives for each thing he says.

When the tape stops, tell a partner the reasons you have remembered. Task Six Attention! Imagine you are going to instruct a group of twelve recruits on what the place is to set up a camp in the field. Prepare the briefing you will give the recruits. Practise the briefing with your partner. When you have your briefing ready, write in three deliberate mistakes.

Task Seven With a new partner: Give your briefing to your new partner. Your new partner has to listen to the briefing and write down the deliberate mistakes you made. At the end he will correct you. Write down the mistakes he makes. When he has finished correct the mistakes that he made. Task Eight On the right there are nine things you should think about when preparing a campsite.

Match them with the reasons why they are important that are listed on the left. Is it below the level of a river, lake or reservoir? Is it under overhanging rocks or cliffs? You may need to be rescued. There could be a fire. Make sure that the ground does not slope down from the tents to the fire or the cooking area. Things could roll into the fire. Ensure the ground is safe for cooking.

The campsite might get flooded. The tents should be sheltered from the wind and not under trees. The cooking area should be close, but not too close, to the tents. Rain will drip onto the tents for a long time. The latrine and washing area should be down wind and away from the tent site and cooking area. Rocks may fall onto the tents. Leafs can catch fire. The drinking water point should be upstream from the washing water point.

Vehicles have to get in and out. Task Nine. Tapescript Two Now listen to a soldier talking about preparing a campsite. Were you correct?

Task Ten. In pairs: One partner reads one thing that you should do to prepare a tent from the list in task eight; the second partner gives the reason. Keep asking and answering until you have read all the things to do and then change roles. You should make sure the campsite is below the level of a river, lake or reservoir.

Because the campsite might get flooded. Task Eleven. Homework Write instructions on how to select and prepare a campsite. Choosing and preparing campsites is one of the tasks involved in this activity, so it is really useful for the students to learn the vocabulary associated with this area, as well as developing the kind of listening, speaking and writing skills that are also developed with this material.

Key to Task One. Task Three is a listening activity which requires no written response. This allows the students to concentrate on what is said, rather than find any answers. Task Four allows the candidates to listen again, but this time in a more focused way. Go through the list of items first: If necessary play the tape twice. Key to Task Four The things mentioned are a, c, e, g, i and j, Task Five again allows the student to listen again, but boredom is avoided, as the task is different.

It also requires the students to speak, using phrases they just heard. This helps to consolidate understanding and in transferring language to the long-term memory. Tasks Six and Seven give the students the opportunity to prepare and practise giving a briefing, one of the speaking types highlighted in the Needs Analysis carrying out for the BMATT course.

Briefings should be in simple straightforward language. They should begin by stating the topic of the briefing and giving a brief outline of what is going to be said. There should be clear stages in the briefing and changes in the stages should be stated.

At the end the speaker should ask for questions. It is worth spending a lot of time on this and for the all of the students to give the briefing. This does not have to be in front of the whole class, but to another pair of students as the task suggests. The more the students practise speaking for a long uninterrupted period of time the better they will get at it.

Encourage a continuous flow of language without too many hesitations. Tasks Eight and Nine provide additional language and further practise of the skill of listening. Go through the two lists and make sure the students understand the language.

If the students predict the answers before they listen, which they may well do then ask them to listen to check their predictions. A follow up pair work to this could be to ask the students to get into pairs, a and b, a reads five things that you need to think about when Key to Task Eight. Task Ten allows for the practise of the language that was presented and met again in Tasks Eight and Nine and also gives some practise in speaking.

Task Eleven, which could be the homework task, allows the candidate to use the language learnt in the lesson and practice the important skill of writing instructions. Written instructions should be in clear and simple language. Building Temporary Shelters. Living in the field can be rough, but is not so bad if you have a bivi, that is a tent, and you have made a campsite. Now, how do you do this? Well, there are a number of improvised shelters and tents you can make.

You can see the illustrations, that is the drawing, on the paper you have in front of you now. You will see that all of the tents and shelters in the illustrations make use of a groundsheet. A groundsheet is a large waterproof sheet that you use on the ground inside a tent. This is to stop you getting wet from the bottom. And, as a groundsheet is large and waterproof, it is excellent for making a temporary shelter or tent.

To make this, you have to find some fallen branches. You need five straight branches. You cut all the side twigs and branches off so you are left with a five long poles; You then chop the poles so that you have four the same size and one a bit longer.

You push the four poles that are the same size into the ground. Two at the front and two at the back. You push them in diagonally so they cross each other at the top. You then tie the two pieces together at the place where they cross. Then you put a pole across the top. So, what you have is the frame of a tent.

Then you throw your groundsheet over the frame and peg it to the ground on either side. The next type of shelter is much simpler. For this you need to find a fallen tree trunk. Quite a big one. You lay part of the ground sheet on top of the trunk, pull out the rest and peg it to the ground. Oh, and make sure you put the shelter on the side of the fallen trunk that is away from the prevailing wind. That is the direction the wind usually blows in. The third type of shelter I will tell you about is a little more complicated.

First you have to find a tree. You tie one end of a rope around the trunk and lower branches of a tree and the other end around one edge of a groundsheet. You sought of bunch up a part of one end of the groundsheet and tie the rope around it.

You need to find a tree for this type of shelter to. You tie a rope between the tree trunk and one of the branches of the tree. Make sure the rope is horizontal to the ground. That is parallel to the ground. You then just throw a groundsheet over it and peg the groundsheet out at both sides. For all these temporary shelters you need three things. A groundsheet, some rope and something to use as tent pegs.

You can use meat skewers, those things you use to grill meat, or you can use twigs and small branches you can find on the forest floor. So, there is no need to be out in the rain all night. With some imagination you can build a temporary shelter and keep yourself dry. In pairs talk about the following things. Have you ever had to build a temporary shelter? How did you do it?

What different types of temporary shelter are there and how do you build them? Look at the following pictures of shelters, describe them to you partner and tell him how they were built. The following words may help you, looks like, find, branches, cut, chop, poles, push, diagonally, cross verb , frame, throw, peg verb , fallen, tie, bunch up, spread, horizontal, rope. Now listen to someone describing how to build these shelters and number the shelters in the order he talks about them.

Listen again and fill in the gaps. A groundsheet is a large …………. Choose one of the types of shelter. Listen again and make notes on how to build the type of shelter you have chosen. Find a partner who has chosen a different type of shelter. Tell him how to build the shelter you chose and listen to him tell you how to build the shelter he chose.

Answer Key 4. A groundsheet is a large waterproof sheet b.. You then tie the two pieces together at the place where they cross d.. Listening Text You are in the field. You are tired. You are hungry.

You have to eat. But there is no military canteen or mess hall nearby. What do you have to do? You have to cook in the field. Well, if you are lucky, you will have a cooker with you. There are two kinds of cookers that can be used. There is a butane gas cooker, a cooker that uses gas from a bottle as fuel.

And there are Tommy cookers. These are cookers that burn small blocks of solid fuel. If you are not so lucky, you will have to build a fire. Well, first there are some rules about building a fire. The first one is that you have to have official permission from the owner of the land.

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And I mean official permission. The landowner has to sign an official agreement with the army. The second rule is that cooking areas should be away from bivis and anything else that might catch fire.

So, look around you before you start a fire. Is there anything nearby that might catch fire? The third rule is that all fires should be put out before going to sleep. And what about building a fire? Everyone thinks they can make a fire, but can they make the right kind of fire? It could also be a danger to others and the enemy will see it from miles away. No, what you need is a quick hot little fire that will boil water in a jiffy. One where the flames burn down quickly and you are left with nice red-hot glowing embers with no smoke.

Cooking in the Field 2: Listening text Right, I was telling you about building a fire? About how the best kind of fire was a small one with lots of hot embers? You remember that? So, what else is there about building a fire?

This is to stop the wind blowing the fire out. Well, the best thing is to have both the fire and the mess tin below ground. If the mess tin is above ground, it will lose heat quicker. So we want our fire and mess tin below ground level. How do we do that? Well, the best thing would be to use a small rut made by a vehicle. Some of these personal carriers and tanks are really heavy and make nice deep ruts. You should have a trenching tool in your kit; just use that to scrape out a hole in the ground.

Remember, we want a scrape deep enough to light a small fire that quickly burns down to embers and that we can rest the mess tin on so that everything is below the surface of the ground. This will keep the embers glowing and give you a nice gently heat, the best kind of heat to cook on.

Never cook on a fire with a lot of smoke, it will give your position away and make your mess tins really difficult to clean. It will also be really unpleasant to work with. And because you have taken so much time and trouble over getting the fire right, you have to make maximum use of the heat when the fire is at its best. Oh and one last thing, using cooking foil is very efficient.

Baked potatoes in their jackets are very good cooked like this. Cooking in the Field 1: Worksheet Pre-Listening Activities Whole class: When you are on a field exercise, how do you cook food? Do you use cookers or a real fire? What kind of cookers do you use? What rules are there for lighting a fire?

On your own: Complete the following sentences. A good fire ……………………………….. A bad fire …………………………………. Now show what you have written to your partner and explain what you have written. While Listening Activities. Text One Fill in the missing information. Name of Cooker 1 …………………… 2. Type of fuel used …………………… 3. Name of Cooker 2 …………………… 4. Type of fuel used ……………………. Rule One for lighting a fire: Get ………………… from ……………………… 6.

Rule Two for lighting a fire: Rule Three for lighting a fire: Put ………………. B What you need is a quick ……………………… that will boil water in a jiffy. One where the …………. After Listening Activity In Pairs: Turn over this worksheet and tell your partner everything you remember about the text.

Now find another partner and do the same. Worksheet Pre Listening Activities Whole class: What problems might you have in using a fire for cooking in the field? How would you overcome those problems? In Pairs: Look at the first questions. Guess what the answers may be. While Listening Activities Listen and Complete the following sentences The best place to have a fire is … Heavy Personnel Carriers and Tanks help because … Use a trenching tool to … A breeze blowing through the fire is useful … Never cook on a fire with a lot of smoke because … 1 2 3 Make maximum use of the fire by … To cook food efficiently you could wrap it in …..

Check your answers with your partner Vocabulary Match the words on the left with their definitions on the right Embers Mess tin A rut A trenching tool A scrape Dodging potatoes in their jackets. Something to dig holes with A long narrow hole made by a wheel with their skins on a special pan for cooking hot glowing bits of a fire getting quickly out of the way A shallow hole in the ground Listen again and check the answers you gave.

After Listening Activity Write instructions on how to cook in the field using the information from the two listening texts. Answer Key. Fill in the missing information. Name of Cooker 1 Butane Gas cooker 2.

Type of fuel used gas from a bottle 3. Name of Cooker 2 Tommy Cooker 4. Type of fuel used blocks of solid fuel 5. Get permission from the landowner 6. B What you need is a quick hot little fire that will boil water in a jiffy.

One where the flames burn down quickly and you are left with nice red hot glowing embers and no smoke. Cooking in the Field 2. Worksheet Pre-Reading Activities 1. Discuss in pairs and then with the whole class: How do you stop the enemy seeing you when you are on the battlefield? What do the following words mean?

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While Reading Activities: You are going to read a text. As you read the text do the following activities 1. Write down three ways of camouflaging a soldier. Write down five places where you can take cover. Answer the following questions a What makes a uniform good at giving camouflage? Post Reading activities 1 1.

Compare your answers to 1 and 2 with a partner. In pairs ask and answer the questions in task 3. Find two verbs in the text that mean to make something look like its background. Find words that mean a Easily seen ………………………….. Post Reading Activities 2 3.

Prepare a short briefing on the use of Camouflage and Concealment. Decide what information you are going to give Organise the information into short sections Ask your teacher to help you with words you find difficult to pronounce Make notes to use while you are speaking Practise giving the briefing to your partner 4.

Change partners. Give the briefing to your new partner and listen to his. Did you understand it? Were the important things said? Any words which were difficult to understand? Text You are crossing a battlefield. The enemy sees you. They shoot. You are dead. But how can you stop the enemy seeing you? By using camouflage and concealment. You can camouflage a tank or a helicopter by putting nets over them. Camouflaging yourself starts with your battle uniform.

Its colour and design make it easy for you to blend in with the background. But you can add to your battle uniform. You can put local vegetation, such as grasses, twigs and leafs, onto your uniform. But you have to put on the right amount.

Too much and you will stand out against the real background. Too little and the enemy will see you. And you can put dark paint on your face. Again, you have to put on just the right amount. You conceal a tank by putting it inside a barn. When you conceal yourself, you place yourself where it is difficult to see you.

The best place to conceal yourself is behind cover. Cover is any solid object that stops the enemy seeing you. Trees, hedges and bushes provide cover. You can take cover behind a wall, or a vehicle, such as a tank.

The enemy will know that you want to take cover. They will guess that you are taking cover behind the single tree in a field. They will fire at the tree and may hit you. There are some things to remember about concealment. Something is seen because its shape is easy to see. What is the most obvious shape that a soldier carries? If you walk over the top of a hill, the enemy will see your silhouette against the skyline. Always avoid the skyline. Keep to the shade and the shadows will conceal you.

But be careful of your own shadow. Think of this. You have taken cover behind a wall. The sun is on your left. Your shadow is cast to the right, beyond the wall.

The enemy can see your shadow. He knows where you are. He will wait for you to move and shoot you. Camouflage and concealment. Merge with your surroundings.

Blend into your background. Answer Key While reading activities 1. Its colour and design. The enemy will guess you are there and fire at you d What problem might you have with your rifle? The enemy might see its shape e What problem might you have with your own shadow? The enemy may see it even though you are taking cover Vocabulary Activities 1.

Find words that mean a Easily seen stand out b With nothing nearby isolated c The outline of something silhouette pron: Listen carefully. Are you paying attention? Different ways a solider can move when in the field. For the walk the rifle is held in the alert position. That is, the rifle is held in the hands ready to fire. You must be ready for instant action, to fire without any delay.

You must stay alert at all times. Observing in all directions. That will make too much noise.

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Walk on the edges of your boots. It helps if you keep your knees slightly bent. This helps you to keep your balance. This is useful for moving behind low cover. For the monkey run, you move like a baby. You crawl on your hands and knees. You can move quite fast this way, but it does make a noise. To move quieter, you have to move slower. To stop twigs cracking as you move, put your knees on the spot where your hands have been. You have to be careful when you use the monkey run.

Your rear end and your head could go above the low cover. You could be seen and shot. So, keep your arse and your head down. But keep watching all the time.

When you carry a rifle, keep it at the point of balance. This way of moving keeps your body very low. It is useful for moving behind very low cover. You lie on the ground. You crawl on the inside of your knees and your elbows. You move by using alternative knees and elbows. That is you move your right arm, then your left leg, then your left arm and right leg. It helps if you roll your body as you bend your knees.

Remember to keep your heels, head and body down. Keep as close to the ground as possible. Observe at all times. If you do the Leopard crawl with your rifle, hold your rifle with your right hand on the pistol grip and your left hand on the hand guard.

You use this to go down a slope. It is the quickest way of getting of a skyline or the crest of a hill. You lie down on your stomach, keep your feet together and body straight, and roll down the hill. You must protect your rifle. Hold it close into your side. So, those are four ways of moving during the day, the walk, the monkey run, the leopard crawl and the roll.

Movement in the Field 2: You must remember that moving at night is different from moving during the day. So movements that are used during the day are not good for moving at night. You lift your legs high and sweep them slowly outwards.

You are trying to feel if there is anything in the way. Before you put your foot down, you feel gently with your toes for a safe place. Then you put your weight down gently. Then, you use your left hand to feel the air in front of you from head height to the ground. You are checking for obstructions, things that might get in your way, and for trip wires, booby traps or alarms. You crawl on your hands and knees, just like a baby.

You search the ground ahead for twigs and you move your knee to where your hand has searched. It is very quiet but slow. It is also very tiring. You lie on your front.

You search ahead for twigs.

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Then, you lift your body on your forearms and toes, press forward and lower yourself on to the ground. It takes quite a bit of strength to do this. Movement in the Field 1: Worksheet Pre-Listening Activities 1. Match the words on the left with their definitions on the right.

Stay alert 2. Discuss in pairs and later with the whole class, how do soldiers move in the field: In Pairs. Look at the following pictures and describe them to your partner. As you listen match each of the pictures above with one of the ways of moving. Work in pairs. Partner A has one set of questions. Partner B has another set. Answer your questions.

What must you be ready for? How should you hold your rifle? How must you behave? What will help you? Now ask your partner his questions and listen to his answers 3.

Questions for Partner A How do you move when you do the Monkey run? How can you stop twigs cracking? What should be careful of when carrying a rifle? What is a possible problem with the Monkey Run? What should you keep doing? Now ask your partner his questions and listen to his answers 4. What parts of the body do you use to move? How do you hold your rifle? Questions for Partner B Where should your body be?

What movement helps you to do the Leopard Crawl? What should you do with your heels, head and body? Now ask your partner his questions and listen to his answers 5. Write a description of one of the ways of moving. Worksheet Pre-Listening Activities. Discuss with a partner and then with the whole class. What are the difficulties of moving at night? What special ways are there of moving at night?

As you listen, match each of the pictures above with one of the ways of moving. Listen to the introduction again and complete the following statements. Listen to the rest of the text and write down which type of movement each statement refers to.

Some have been done already. Ask and answer questions based on this information. In what kind of movement do you lie on your front? When you do the Kitten Walk. Listen again and answer the following questions. Post-Listening Activity. Now write a description of one of the ways of moving at night. Answer Key Pre-Listening Activities 1. Partner B How should you hold your rifle? It is held in the alert position You must stay alert at all times It helps if you keep your knees slight bent?

Partner A How do you move when you do the Monkey run? Like a baby, crawling on your hands and knees How can you stop twigs cracking? Put your knees on the spot where your hands have been What should be careful of when carrying a rifle? Partner B When is using the Monkey Run useful? When moving behind low cover What is a possible problem with the Monkey Run? Your arse and head may be seen What should you keep doing?

Watching all the time 4. When moving behind very low cover Insides of your knees and elbows Right hand on pistol grip, left hand on hand guard 4. Partner B Where should your body be? What movement helps you do to do the Leopard Crawl? Lying on the ground Rolling your body as you bend your knees Keep them down Movement in the Field 2: Answer Key 1.

To feel if there is anything in the way b Why do you put your weight down gently? From head-height to the ground d Why do you put your knee where your hand has been? When you think you are in danger and the enemy might hear you f What is a big problem with the Kitten Crawl?

Worksheet Soldiers who are in a rifle section move as part of that section. The way they move as a section is called a section formation 1.

Soldiers Pocket Book 2019-2020

In pairs, look at the following pictures of section formations and talk about what are their strengths and weaknesses and when they would be used. The kind of section formation used depends on six things.

What are those six things? Here are the six factors that you have to think about when deciding on what formation to use. Match these factors with the reasons why they are important.

The country you are crossing a You must be able see hand signals clearly 2. The likely direction of enemy fire b Are you likely to be attacked by a plane 3. How the section can best be controlled d It may slow you down 5. Need to produce minimum fire effect e All soldiers must hear orders easily 6.

Who controls the air space f You must be able to return fire easily 4. These are the names of the section formations in the pictures. Match the names with the pictures. Below are some of the good and bad points of Section Formations. Some of the points will be used for more than one type of formation. Work in pairs: There are six key things a rifleman should do when moving in section formation.

Discuss what those six things are. Now read the text about Section Formations. Check the answers you have given on this worksheet. Now prepare and give a briefing on section formations. Make notes about each type of section formation and practice giving the briefing with your partner. How you move depends on six factors.

The country you are crossing The likely direction of enemy fire How far you can see How the section can best be controlled Need to produce minimum fire effect Who controls the air space. You may move in Single file This is good for - moving along hedges or the edges of woods Good control, especially at night. Makes a good target for the enemy. Firing to the front is restricted. File This is good for — control of movement, movement at night, but - Makes a good target for the enemy Arrowhead This is good for — Moving across open country — Producing effective fire against enemy frontal attack.

But — difficult to control, especially when engaged by flanking fire. Diamond Formation only used when crossing open country at night. Easy to control.

Extended Line. This is a good formation for an assault on enemy positions, but difficult to control. When moving a section in formation Watch your section commander for hand signals. Keep in contact with members of the section on each side of you —but not too close.

Keep quiet and listen to commands and anticipatory orders. Keep in correct position for formation Be observant Be ready to change to a new section formation. The country you are crossing The likely direction of enemy fire How far you can see How the section can best be controlled Need to produce minimum fire effect Who controls the air space 3.

The six things a rifleman should do are. Watch his section commander for hand signals. I will tell you about four types of patrol. I will tell you four things about each of those patrols. I will tell you the aim of the patrol, the number of men needed for the patrol, the weapons and equipment needed for that patrol and I will comment on anything special about those patrols. So, lets begin with reconnaissance patrols, or recce patrols as they are usually called.

The aim of a recce patrol is to gain information from and about the enemy. Where they are. How many of them are there. What equipment they have. That sort of thing. Now for a reconnaissance patrol you need 3 to 5 men. Recce patrols are small because they should not be seen by the enemy and should not engage the enemy, so three to five men.

Recce patrols should travel quietly, so they take the minimum about of weapons and equipment. They should have only their personal weapons and a radio. A special comment about Rece patrols.

The men must be very fit and must be able to operate without resupply for a long time. Lets move on to Standing Patrols. Standing Patrols stay in one place. Now, the purpose of a standing patrol is to warn of enemy movements. They do this by watching approaches and dead ground. Now the Standing Patrol is larger than the Recce patrol.

It has up to 8 men. And they are more heavily armed. They have their personal weapons, which would include machine guns and anti-tank weapons, and they have communications equipment. Now, a special comment about Standing Patrols, they have to be heavily armed and ready to fight. And they must stay hidden until they contact the enemy. What about Fighting Patrols?

Well, the purpose of fighting patrols is to attack the enemy. Because of this they have to be very large. Usually the whole platoon that would be twenty four men. And because they have to fight, they should take as many weapons as possible. Special Comments.