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Tujuan dari penulisan karya tulis ini adalah untuk mengetahui dan menjelaskan majas personifikasi dan simile yang terdapat pada novel John Grisham yang berjudul The Street Lawyer beserta terjemahannya dalam Bahasa Indonesia. Data yang digunakan dalam karya tulis ini dikumpulkan dengan cara membaca secara seksama dan teliti yang berfokus pada majas personifikasi dan simile. Kumpulan data tersebut dianalisis dengan metode qualitative dan disajikan secara dekriptif. Data tersebut dianalisis dengan menggunakan teori figurative language oleh Knickerbocker dan Reninger dan teori terjemahan oleh Larson Terdapat empat majas personifikasi yang diterjemahkan secara figurative equivalent.
The data in this study were collected by doing documentary method in some steps. The first, the data were collected through reading attentively and accurately with focus on the Personification and Simile Expressions in The Street Lawyer novel Source Language version and their translation and then written down by the technique of note taking. The collected data in this study were analyzed by doing qualitative method and descriptively presented.
There were some steps followed in analyzing the data: The first, the data containing figurative language are observed and classified into personification and simile expressions.
The second step was 2 analyzing implementation of personification and simile expressions from The Street Lawyer novel into Pengacara Jalanan novel. The last step was analyzing types of translation adjustment found in translation personification and simile expressions. Source Language Target Language 1. The gun was back on me. Kemudian moncong senjata itu kembali terancung padaku.
A lone police car sat empty with Sebuah mobil polisi diparkir di bawah, its lights on. A porcelain vase sitting Vas porselen di atas meja kopi.
The city buries unclaimed. Pemerintah kota menguburkan mayat- mayat yang tak dikenal. A cup of apple juice was waiting Di ujung dapur disediakan segelas jus at the end.
The clock suddenly called him. Tiba - tiba dia ingat waktu. To translate the sense of the word non-figuratively, that is the intended meaning may be made plain so that there is no longer a figurative sense in the receptor language translation. It is necessary to translate idiomatic expressions into non figurative expressions equivalent when it is not available in the receptor language. In this there were six personifications expressions were found and they translated non-figuratively.
If they were translated into non figurative expressions, the most difficult problem is when the concepts are unknown in the receptor culture. So, the translator can use one of the possibility techniques.
In The Street Lawyer novel there were two techniques used in translating personification expressions. Two personification expressions were translated using structural adjustment. In this study the subject the gun as a prepositional 3 phrase in the source language is translated as an adverb kemudian in the receptor language and the subject the clock as a noun phrase in the source language is translated as an adverb of time tiba-tiba in the receptor language.
This may mean that a very different form will be used in order to insecure correct meaning and natural expression. It will not always be possible to translate a source language noun with a noun in the receptor language since the form in the receptor language is very different from the source language form and yet this kind of adjustment, using verbs or preposition rather than noun, must be made in order to communicate the message.
In this study there are four personification expressions found and they are translated by deleting sense of the expressions. The equivalent lexical items will never have the same sense from languages to languages. This technique was used because in the receptor language there was not the same sense as the source language and the translator only transferred the intended meaning of the text. The sunglasses were looking at Kacamata hitam itu memandangku.
A gust of wind hit the side of the Angin dingin menerpa samping building and rattled the windows. A sweet note on the table told me Pesan singkat yang manis di meja that she had to make her rounds. Another way of translating idiomatic expression is to substitute a figurative expression of the receptor language for the figurative expression in the source language if it is available with a note the meaning is retained. There were four personification expressions found and they were translated figuratively.
The translator tried to make the same message from the source language, keep the meaning of the source language. Although the receptor language still used figurative language but it can be accepted and understood by the reader.
A 4 translator also needs to develop sensitivity to the use of idioms in the receptor language and use them naturally to make the translation lively and keep the style of the source language. Wire ran like colored spaghetti. Kabel-kabel bersilangan seperti spageti. It sounded like a cannon. Letusan itu terdengar seperti dentuman meriam.
The change in careers had hit like Perubahan dalam karier menghantamku a bullet. Dumped them in other parts of Dicampakkan ke bagian kota yang lain the city like manure. I roared into the apartment like a Aku mnyerbu masuk ke apartment man possessed. Fancies himself as a godfather Menganggap dirinya semacam type. A translation can be considered as a good translation if the ideas, thoughts and messages of the sources language can be rendered to the target language accurately, clearly, naturally and when it comes to translate implicit meaning, text must be translated wholly without causing any ambiguity or missing ideas, thoughts and messages.
This study wants to find out how English Implicit Organizational Meaning of Substitution words are translated into Indonesian. The writer wishes to study this topic because the writer realizes that implicit substitution has meaning which is not as overt as it is seen. The replacement of textual material in one language SL by equivalent textual material in another language. The Theory of Meaning Hurford , p. Theory of Explicit Explicit information is the information which is overtly stated by lexical items and grammatical forms.
It is a part of the surface structure form.
Explicit information is fully revealed or expressed without vagueness, implication, or ambiguity. On the other hand, implicit information is that for which there is no form but the information is part of the total communication intended or assumed by the writer. Implicit Meaning Taken from http: It is information which is understood to be part of that utterance by its original hearers.
The meaning which occurs from the result of grammatical events between affixes with base word, word with other words, or phrase with other phrases. In English, substitution words may function as noun, verb or clause. Therefore according to Haliday and Hasan , p. Nominal Substitution: Nevertheless, the meaning of the nominal group containing the substitute is never exactly the same as the nominal group that is presupposed. I like to read this short story because the long one would make me boring.
I love you.
Verbal Substitution: Halliday and Hasan ,p. Do John visit you every day? Clausal Substitution: There are three environments in which clausal substitution takes place: In each of these environments may take either of two forms, positive which is expressed by so or negative by not. Halliday and Hasan, p. The children work very hard in the garden.
Is there going to be an earthquake? Research Design In this study, the writer conducted a qualitative research as there is a description of data from the source as well as from the product of the translation of implicit meaning in the novel.
One of the characteristic of qualitative research is descriptive research and a sub-category of this descriptive research is documentary analysis. Document is printed paper furnishing information. Thus, the source data found in the novels can be required for the analysis of this research. In this study, the documentary analysis focused on texts from the novels which contain implicit meaning in line with the theories stated in chapter two. The research is employing descriptive analytical method.
The substitution words are translated into Indonesian Explicitly 4. Nominal substitution: Pesawatnya sangat plane, … TB, p.