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GEOGRAPHY OF INDIA BY MAJID HUSAIN PDF

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Today GK Solve share Indian & World Geography by Majid Husain pdf book provided here. Most of the students' preparation for Civil Service. Geography By Majid Husain (PDF) - VISION Book Name: Geography Of India. Author: Majid Hussain. Publisher: Tata McGRAW Hills. in the form of the Himalayas. GEOGRAPHY OF INDIA-MAJID HUSAIN. Tibet, the sediments which had been accumulating in the Tethys basin had begun to rise.


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Indian Geography by Majid Husain 5th Edition PDF Click to Download Please hindi medium me bhi upsc ke liye all books ki pdf provide kre. Reply. EDGE. ESTrager. GEOGRAPHY. OF INDIA. ANNI DEL. "anada asalne. LULE Majid Husain This edition can be exported from India only by the publishers. 4 दिसंबर दोस्तों आज Sarkari Naukri Help की टीम सिविल सेवा परीक्षा की तैयारी करने वाले प्रतियोगी छात्रों के लिए India.

It is now a widely read academic-cum-refrence manual that addresses the relavant topics of geography of india in a systematic and comprehensive manner. The inclusion of carefully thought out Multiple Choice Questions MCQs especially relavant for General Studies Paper 1 of the Civil Services Preliminary Examination is an additional for aspirants appearing in this prestigious examination. Written in a lucid style and documented with suitable maps and diagrams, the uniqueness of the book lies in the wide coverage of the subject. In the process the book will be of immense interest to acadmic students, teachers, researchers and those who have a secial interest in the subject. Contents: 1. Structure of India 2. Physiography 3.

Natural vegetation and National Parks 6. Soils 7. Resources 8.

Geography of India by Majid Husain Sir, PDF Download

Energy Resources 9. Agriculture Spatial Orgainisation of Agriculture Industries Transport, Communication and Trade Cultural Setting Settlement It marks the beginning of life on the Earth's surface. The formations of this period are almost absent in the Peninsular India except near Umaria in Rewa.

It was during this period that the Pangaea was broken and the Tethys Sea came into existence. The Cambrian rocks include shales, sandstones, clays, quartzites slates, salts, marble, etc. They were deposited in the river basins and lakes during the Upper Carboniferous Period. These basins later subsided along the trough faults amidst ancient rocks of the great southern continent called the Gondwanaland. The term is used for a period of geologic time in which the presence of fossil invertebrates dominated the rocks.

The Gondwana group begins with the Permo-Carboniferous period which, in the Standard Geologic Time Scale, is known as a period of coal formation. Most of the good quality coal deposits bituminous and anthracite of India are found in Gondwana formations.

Moreover, iron ore occurs in the iron-stone shales of Raniganj coal fields.

In addition to coal and iron, kaolin, fireclay, sandstone and grits are also found in the Gondwana formations. The Damuda series The Damuda series belongs to the Middle Gondwana Period which contains enormous deposits of coal seams. The Jhingurda Coal Seam with a thickness of about metres is the thickestcoal seam in India. The coal seams of these areas are metamorphosed.

Panchet Series the youngest series of the Lower Gondwana System, which derives its name from the hill of that name south of Raniganj. The series consists of greenish-sandstone and shales.

Geography of India

It is, however, devoid of coal-seams. The iron-ore shales of the Lower Gondwana System are particularly well developed in the Raniganj coalfield of West Bengal. Being inferior in quality, they are generally not mined for iron. Moreover, it provides iron-ore, limestone, sandstone and raw material for ceramic industry.

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The salient features of the Aryan formations are: During the Upper Carboniferous Period, the Himalayan region was occupied by a vast geosyncline which was connected lo the Pacific Ocean in the east through China and the Atlantic Ocean in the west through Afghanistan, Iran, Asia Minor and the present Mediterranean Sea.

This was called the Tethys Sea. The area of the Kashmir Himalayas from Pir Panjallo Hazara in the north-west and Ladakh in the north-east witnessed violent volcanic activity. The Subcontinent of India drifted towards north and northeast to collide with the Asian land mass Eurasian Plate. There was large scale eruption of lava in the Deccan Trap.

The development and expansion of the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal. The Tertiary mountain building gave birth to Himalayas. The Subcontinent of India assumed its present shape. The beginning of lce Age, belonging to the Pleistocene Period, covering large parts of the earth under ice-sheet.

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Evolution and spread of man in different parts of the world. The term 'Cretaceous' has been obtained from the Latin creta, meaning 'chalk'. This period is marked by the transgression of the sea Coromandal coast, Narmada valley and outpouring of huge quantity of lava basalt so as to form the Deccan Trap and intrusion of plutonic rocks such as gabbro and granite.

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Towards the end of the Cretaceous period the Peninsula was affected by intense volcanic activity. During this period, enormous quantity of basaltic lava was poured out to the surface assuming a great thickness of over three thousand metres.

The Lava Plateau the Deccan Trap is the result of that lava eruption.

The lava plateau of India Deccan Trap has a maximum thickness of about m along the coast of Mumbai from where it decreases towards south and east It is about m in Kachchh, m at Amarkantak and 60 m at Belgaum Karnataka. The individual lava flows, on an average, have a thickness of about 5 m to 29 m. Such flows have been identified in a boring near Bhusawal Maharashtra. These are inter-bedded with sedimentary beds called 'inter-trappean beds'.

The basalt of the Deccan Trap is used for the construction of roads and buildings. Moreover, quartz, bauxite, magnetite, agate and semi-precious stones are also found in the trap. It is also rich in magnesium, carbonate, potash and phosphates. The beginning of the Tertiary Period is about 66 million years ago.

Fossils in these rocks include many types, closely related to modem forms, including mammals, plants and invertebrates. The two great events that occurred during the Tertiary Period include: i the final beaking-up of the old Gondwana continent, and ii the uplift of the Tethys geosyncline in the form of the Himalayas.

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The upheaval of the Himalayas altered the old topography of the subcontinent. Three phases of the upheaval of the Himalayas have been distinguished: During the first upheaval Eocene-about 65 million years ago , which culminated in the Oligocene, and resulted in the upheaval of the Greater Himalayas.

It was followed by a more intense movement during the mid-Miocene period about 45 million years ago, which resulted in the folding of Lesser Himalayas. The third upheaval took place during the Post-Pliocene period, about 1.