David L Costill: ดาวน์โหลดฟรี. Download books for free. DOWNLOAD. ปี: . ภาษา: english. File: DJVU, MB. 2. Fisiología del esfuerzo y del deporte · Jack H. Wilmore, David L. Costill · DOWNLOAD. ปี: File: PDF, MB . David L Costill: unduh gratis. Pustaka elektronik. Temukan buku Z-Library | Z- Library. Download books for free. Find books. Fisiología del esfuerzo y del deporte · Jack H. Wilmore, David L. Costill · DOWNLOAD File: PDF, MB . Fisiologia del esfuerzo y del deporte (color) (Spanish Edition) [Jack H. Wilmore, David L. Costill] on ronaldweinland.info *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.
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FISIOLOGÍA. DEL ESFUERZO. Y DEL DEPORTE. Jack H. Wilmore. Profesor emérito de la Universidad de Texas en Austin. David L. Costill. Cátedra en Ciencias. DOWNLOAD OR READ: WILMORE PDF EBOOK EPUB MOBI. Page 1 FISIOLOGIA DEL ESFUERZO Y DEL DEPORTE WILMORE Y COSTILL PDF wilmore. DOWNLOAD OR READ: WILMORE PDF EBOOK EPUB MOBI. Page 1 . wilmore FISIOLOGIA DEL ESFUERZO Y DEL DEPORTE WILMORE Y COSTILL PDF.
In contrast, Skinner and McLellan developed the triphasic model which uses gaseous exchange breathing variables, thus distinguishing the two thresholds: the Ventilatory Threshold 1 VT1 and the Ventilatory Threshold 2 VT2. Unfortunately, in the literature, VT1 and VT2 are known by different names which has led to much ambiguity. This is so the body may experience conditions where oxygen can be used efficiently for as long as possible. Acidosis begins when VT1 is surpassed, and at this stage compensatory hyperventilation facilitates the continuation of exercise as lactic acid builds up. Several studies have provided descriptive data for VT1 and VT2 in different groups of athletes 6—11 ; however, the literature appears to contain no reports referring to the relationship between these thresholds, nor does it suggest if there is an ideal relationship between the VTs. As suggested in a review article 12 the VT1 can vary between 0.
In dipolar electrodes, the closer the electrodes are placed together, the more likely superficial layers, such as the epidermis, are being measured. As the distance between dipolar electrodes are increased, the current traverses through deeper layers and the measuring depth increases. Nevertheless, the epidermis immediately under the electrode maintains an important contribution to the overall impedance since the current density is still greatest near the electrode.
Measuring depth is an important consideration for those who feel that acupuncture points and meridians are manifestations arising exclusively from the skin or, conversely, from deeper tissue. The importance of electrode arrangement may be more critical for DC potential applications.
As mentioned previously, DC potential values have little meaning without a reference and thus a reference electrode is needed.
Due to the common use of differential amplifiers in DCpotential devices, a third ground electrode is also required. These devices output the differences in voltage between the active electrode located at an acupuncture point and a reference electrode located at an adjacent nonacupuncture control while using the ground electrode to determine the relative potential values for the two. Placing the active and reference electrode too close to each other can lead to failure in distinguishing the activities of the acupuncture point.
Placing the two electrodes too far from each other can contribute to unwanted noise originating from the intervening spaces. Power-line noise and movement are examples of such noise. The ground electrode should also be placed on a relatively inactive area for it, too, can contribute to undesired noise. Methods to Overcome Electrode Polarization As mentioned previously, polarization at the electrode surface is a major confounder for electrodermal measures.
This is so the body may experience conditions where oxygen can be used efficiently for as long as possible. Acidosis begins when VT1 is surpassed, and at this stage compensatory hyperventilation facilitates the continuation of exercise as lactic acid builds up.
Several studies have provided descriptive data for VT1 and VT2 in different groups of athletes 6—11 ; however, the literature appears to contain no reports referring to the relationship between these thresholds, nor does it suggest if there is an ideal relationship between the VTs. As suggested in a review article 12 the VT1 can vary between 0.
According to this rationale, the general aim of this study was to examine the ITA, and to report the values of inter-ventilatory threshold in a large sample of male athletes who specialize in different sports. The data was collected through subject completion of a maximal incremental exercise test until exhaustion. Our investigation followed a verified protocol proposed by Peinado et al. We hypothesized that athletes who participate in typical endurance-dominant sports, e.
All tests were performed under similar atmospheric conditions temperature All subjects were informed about the nature of the study and gave their signed consent for participation, in accordance with the norms set out by the Declaration of Helsinki regarding research involving human subjects. Windfall Gain In general, a tax payer's taxable income is determined by aggregating the income from all of the heads. The computation of business income is normally based on the profits shown in the financial statements, after adjusting for exempt income, final withholding payments, nondeductible expenditure, special deductions and unabsorbed losses and depreciation.
Expenditures are allowed for deduction for income from business and investment.
But any deductions and expenditure incurred for earning final withholding payments and exempt incomes are not allowed as deduction. There is no expenditure deduction for income from employment.
Tax on windfall gains is collected through WHT in case payments are made by resident persons. Resident tax payers are required to pay tax on windfall gains earned outside Nepal.
Tax on Non-resident Normally, tax on service fees etc. But where both service provider and recipient of service are non-resident, there is no WHT on service fee payment and the recipient is required to submit income tax return and pay tax on income from service provided in Nepal. The non-resident may create a permanent establishment if it provides service in Nepal for more than 90 days in a days period.
Such permanent establishment of non-resident is treated as resident taxable entity, independent from the non-resident parent company and taxed as resident person. Foreign airlines operating in Nepal pay turnover based income tax for sales arising from travel of person and goods originating from Nepal Excluding transits and for sales of tickets from Nepal for travel outside Nepal other than originating from Nepal.
Other income of the airlines are treated as normal income and taxed accordingly.
This is final withholding and so is not required to be included in calculation of taxable income. Dividends received by resident tax payers from non-residents are taxed as normal income. Nepal also has unilateral tax credit mechanism where resident tax payers are eligible to claim foreign tax credit for tax paid abroad with respect to their taxable income in Nepal.
Self Assessment Nepal follows a self assessment system and tax paid is not questioned unless the tax calculation is not in accordance with the law. If tax officer does not revise your assessment within four years, the tax return submitted and tax paid is considered final.
The self assessment of tax liability and submission of final annual tax return and tax payment should be done within 3 months from the end of an income year. An extension for return submission is granted on request, for a maximum period of 3 months, but there is no extension for tax payment deadline.
Companies and certain tax payers are also required to submit estimated tax return and pay estimated tax on three installments Refer Page 17 of this document. Taxation of Individuals 1.
Illustration 1 Mr. Thapa has total income from employment of Rs. He has contributed Rs. Assuming couple, tax will be calculated as follows. Income Tax Manual, requires the female to opt for individual assessment of tax to avail the Rebate facility.
Illustration 2 In illustration 1, if the income is earned by Ms. Gain from Non Business Chargeable Assets includes: gain from sale of shares of companies, Gain from sale of land and building owned and resided for less than 10 years and disposed for more than Rs.
The tax is collected on source, deducted as withholding tax WHT. The tax payer should submit tax returns to avail exemption benefit. Where both husband and wife have opted as couple, the insurance paid can be clubbed to claim for deduction, subject to maximum of Rs.
The limit prescribed is Rs. Any unutilized expenses can be carried forward to next year. Approved medical expense does not include cost incurred for cosmetic surgery.
Foreign Tax Credit If foreign income is included in taxable income of a resident person, foreign tax credit for tax paid in foreign country in respect of that income. The foreign tax paid can either be deducted as expense or tax liability in Nepal can be reduced by such tax paid up to average rate of tax applicable in Nepal, depending on the option of tax payer.
The calculation should be done for each sourced income separately and tax not eligible as credit in a year can be carried forward to claim as foreign tax credit in future year from the same source country. No any deduction is allowed. In such case, the person cannot claim medical tax credit or advance tax for TDS deposited.
Carry forward of normal business loss Losses arising from business in an income year may be set off against income from any other business or investment in that year of the same person. Investment loss cannot be set-off from business income. A business loss may be carried forward and set off against future business profits in the next seven assessment years. Similarly, investment loss may be carried forward and set off against future business profits in the next seven assessment years.
Foreign sourced loss can be set-off only with foreign sourced income.