History of Java is a book written by Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles, and published in Flag of Indonesia · Hourglass icon, This about a non-fiction book on Indonesian history article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it. Kumpulan buku pemrograman gratis dalam bahasa indonesia dan inggris Compiling Scala for the Java Virtual Machine - Michel Schinz (PDF) . Selenium IDE: Critical Evaluation of Record-Playback Automation Tools. Frederick Engels – The Origin of the Family, Private Property and the State Pëtr Kropotkin – Brain Work and Manual Work YB MANGUNWIJAYA – Mengapa Republik Indonesia Serikat Thomas S. Raffles – The History of Java Vol . Karena pertimbangan quota limit pada versi blog, ke depan saya mungkin akan.
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Free kindle book and epub digitized and proofread by Project Gutenberg. The History of Java, v. by Sir Read this book online: HTML. Tak diragukan lagi, buku The History of Java telah menjadi salah satu sumber . buku ini ternyata ada kamusnya juga penggunaan bahasa indonesia yang. Book digitized by Google and uploaded to the Internet Archive by user tpb. Subject: history of java. the fundamental book about java.
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He attended a boarding school. In , at the age of 14, Raffles started working as a clerk in London for the British East India Company , the trading company that shaped many of Britain's overseas conquests. Nine years later, in , the year-old Raffles married Olivia Mariamne Devenish , a widow 10 years his senior  , 73, , who was formerly married to Jacob Cassivelaun Fancourt, an assistant surgeon in Madras who had died in He started with a post, as assistant secretary, under the Honourable Philip Dundas , the new Governor of Penang.
In , after the annexation of the Kingdom of Holland by France during Napoleon's war, Raffles had no choice but to leave the country. He mounted a military expedition against the Dutch and French in Java , Indonesia.
The war was swiftly conducted by Admiral Robert Stopford , General Frederick Augustus Wetherall , and Colonel Robert Rollo Gillespie , who led a well-organized army against an army of mostly French conscripts with little proper leadership. The previous Dutch governor, Herman Willem Daendels , had built a well-defended fortification at Meester Cornelis now Jatinegara , and at the time, the governor, Jan Willem Janssens who, coincidentally, had surrendered to the British five years earlier at the Cape Colony , mounted a brave but ultimately futile defence at the fortress.
The British, led by Colonel Gillespie, stormed the fort and captured it within three hours. Janssens attempted to escape inland but was captured. The British invasion of Java took a total of forty-five days, during which Raffles was appointed the Lieutenant-Governor of the Dutch East Indies by Baron Minto before hostilities formally ceased. He took his residence at Buitenzorg and despite having a small subset of Britons as his senior staff, kept many of the Dutch civil servants in the governmental structure.
Rule[ edit ] During the relatively brief British rule in Java, Raffles negotiated peace and mounted some significant military expeditions against local Javanese princes to subjugate them to British rule.
Most significant of these was the 21 June assault on Yogyakarta, one of the two most powerful indigenous polities in Java. During the attack, the Yogyakarta kraton was badly damaged and extensively looted by British troops. Raffles seized much of the contents of the court archive.
The event was unprecedented in Javanese history. It was the first time an indigenous court had been taken by storm by a European army, and the humiliation of the local aristocracy was profound. Raffles re-landscaped these gardens, which were established in in Buitenzorg now Bogor , West Java. During his lieutenant-governorship, Raffles placed some restrictions on the local slave trade in line with wider British policy across its Asian territories, although slavery remained widespread and Raffles himself was served by a large retinue of slaves at his official residences in Java.
Under Raffles's aegis, a large number of ancient monuments in Java were systematically catalogued for the first time. The first detailed English-language account of Prambanan was prepared by Colin Mackenzie while Borobudur was surveyed and cleared of vegetation by H.
In , he left again for England shortly before the island of Java was returned to control of the Netherlands following the Napoleonic Wars , under the terms of the Anglo-Dutch Treaty of Raffles had been removed from his post by the East India Company ahead of the handover and officially replaced by John Fendall on account of the poor financial performance of the colony during his administration and allegations of financial impropriety on his own part.
He sailed to England in early to clear his name and, en route, visited Napoleon , who was in exile at St. Helena , but found him unpleasant and unimpressive.
Interlude in England[ edit ] In , Raffles wrote and published The History of Java ,  describing the history of the island from ancient times as well as its geography, flora, and fauna. In he was created a Knight Bachelor by the Prince Regent whose daughter, Princess Charlotte , was particularly close to him. At the publication of the book, he also stopped using the name "Thomas", preferring to use his middle name, "Stamford", possibly to avoid confusion amongst his associates with Sir Thomas Sevestre or his cousin Thomas Raffles who bore the same name.
On 22 February he married his second wife, Sophia Hull ,  and later set sail to Bencoolen present day Bengkulu in Indonesia to take up his new post with his new wife. National Portrait Gallery, London. Raffles arrived in Bencoolen on 19 March , where he was appointed as the Lieutenant-Governor of Bencoolen on 22 March Despite the prestige connected with the title of Lieutenant-Governor, Bencoolen was a colonial backwater whose only real export was pepper and only the murder of a previous Resident, Thomas Parr, gained it any attention back home in Britain.
To replace the slaves, he used a contingent of convicts , already sent to him from India. It was at this point that he realized the importance of a British presence that both challenged the Dutch hegemony in the area and could remain consistently profitable, unlike Bencoolen or Batavia.
However, the strategic importance of poorly maintained but well-positioned British possessions such as Penang or Bencoolen made it impossible for the British to abandon such unprofitable colonies in such proximity to the Dutch in Java.
The competition in the area, between Raffles and the aggressive Dutch de jure Governor, Elout, certainly led at least in part to the later Anglo-Dutch Treaty of Bintan was also under consideration.
Despite the fact that Francis Light overlooked the island before settling upon Penang in , the Riau Archipelago was an attractive choice just to the south of the Malay Peninsula , for its proximity to Malacca. In his correspondences with Calcutta, Raffles also emphasized the need to establish a certain amount of influence with the native chiefs, which had greatly waned since the return of the Dutch.
Raffles sent Thomas Travers as an ambassador to the Dutch, to possibly negotiate an expansion of British economic interests. When this failed, and when Raffles' own expeditions into his new dominion found only treacherous terrain and few exportable goods, his desire to establish a better British presence was cemented.
However, the Anglo-Dutch Convention of was not completely clear, especially on the issue of certain possessions such as Padang. The Convention of only returned Dutch territory that was held before , which did not include Padang. Raffles asserted the British claim personally, leading a small expedition to the Sultanate of Minangkabau. Yet, as Raffles confirmed with the sultan regarding the absolute British influence of the area, he realized that the local rulers had only limited power over the well-cultivated and civilized country, and the treaty was largely symbolic and had little actual force.
Founding of modern Singapore[ edit ] Main article: Founding of modern Singapore Statue of Sir Stamford Raffles in Singapore, based on the original by Thomas Woolner Major William Farquhar , the British Resident of Malacca, had been attempting to negotiate commercial treaties with the local chiefs of the Riau Archipelago, especially before Raffles's arrival. Farquhar was compelled to sign the treaty not with the official head of the sultanate, but rather, the Raja Muda Regent or Crown Prince of Riau.
He noted it as a success and reported it as such to Raffles. Raffles sailed to Malacca in late to personally secure a British presence in the Riau area, especially Singapura, which was favoured by him both through the readings of Malayan histories and by Farquhar's explorations. Despite Lord Hastings' less-than-stellar opinion of Raffles before which had necessitated his trip to England to clear his name at the end of his tenure as Lieutenant-Governor of Java , the now well-connected and successful Raffles was able to secure permission to set up a settlement.
At this point in Malaysian history the name Lion City was applied. The city was in a strategically advantageous position; however, he was ordered not to provoke the Dutch, and his subsequent actions were officially disavowed by the British government. In London, Viscount Castlereagh attempted to quell Dutch fears, and continuing efforts were made to reach an agreement between the nations that eventually became the Anglo-Dutch Treaty of London of As well as the treaty, instructions were sent out to Raffles to undertake far less intrusive actions; however, distance between the Far East and Europe meant that the orders had no chance of reaching Raffles in time.
Establishment[ edit ] After a brief survey of the Karimun Islands , on 29 January , he established a post at the southern tip of the Malay Peninsula. It was established that there was no Dutch presence on the island of Singapore. Johore also no longer had any control of the area, so contact was made with the Temenggong Abdul Rahman.
The contacts were friendly and Raffles, knowledgeable about the muddled political situation, took advantage to provide a rudimentary treaty between the nominal chiefs of the area that called for the exclusivity of trade and the British protection of the area.
Members of Raffles' party surveyed the island and proceeded to request the presence of the sultan, or whoever at the time had supreme nominal power, to sign a formal treaty, while Major Farquhar was ordered to do the same in Rhio Riau. A few days later, the formal treaty was signed by a man who claimed to be the "lawful sovereign of the whole of territories extending from Lingga and Johor to Mount Muar. However, Raffles was able to charm the man and to reassure him that the Dutch posed no threat in the area.
Hussein Shah had been the crown Prince of Johor, but while he was away in Pahang to get married, his father died and his younger brother was made sultan, supported by some of the court officials and the Dutch. To circumvent the situation of having to negotiate with a sultan influenced by the Dutch, Raffles decided to recognise, on behalf of the British Crown, Hussein Shah as being the rightful ruler of Johor.
Farquhar's attempt to establish a more favorable treaty in Rhio Riau was met with greater challenge, as the Dutch were present and made for a rather awkward position.
The Dutch were alarmed and sent a small contingent to the island. Despite a covert offer of subterfuge against the Dutch offered by the Raja of Rhio Riau , Farquhar returned and an official protest was sent by the Raja to Java regarding the matter.
Raffles declared the foundation of what was to become modern Singapore on 6 February, securing the transfer of control of the island to the East India Company. With much pomp and ceremony, the official treaty was read aloud in languages representing all nations present, as well as the Malay and Chinese inhabitants. Although ownership of the post was to be exclusively British, explicit orders were given to Farquhar to maintain free passage of ships through the Strait of Singapore and a small military presence was established alongside the trading post.
After issuing orders to Farquhar and the remaining Europeans, Raffles left the next day, 7 February Achin, and the early conflict with the Dutch[ edit ] Raffles also planned to start a British presence in Achin , on the northern tip of Sumatra.
As soon as he had departed, the Raja of Rhio Riau sent letters to the Dutch, disclaiming the deal, protesting innocence and blaming British encroachment.
Meanwhile, in Malacca the Dutch acted at once, commanding that no Malays could go to Singapore. Raffles' bold claim of Singapore created a curious geographic situation: although Penang was clearly closer in distance to Singapore, Raffles, in his capacity as Lieutenant-Governor of Bencoolen, was nominally still in control.
This undoubtedly irked the authorities in Penang to the point where they refused to send any sepoys to Singapore to complete the garrison. Official Dutch complaints came before the end of the month, and Raffles attempted to appease the situation by instructing Farquhar to not interfere with the politics of surrounding islands.
Despite numerous threats and serious considerations by the Dutch Governor-General in Java, they did not take any military action. The confused political situation in Johore and Rhio also created a certain uneasiness and instability for the two nations. Tengku Long was claimed to be a pretender to the throne, and, since the succession laws in the Malay sultanates were not clear cut, treaties signed between native rulers and the European powers always seemed to be on the verge of invalidation; especially if a sultan should be deposed by one of his siblings or other pretenders.
Nonetheless amidst uncertainty and intrigue, Raffles landed in Achin on 14 March , with begrudging help of Penang. Once again, it seems that multiple people were in power, but none wanted to formally deal with the British.
The hostile atmosphere created allowed Raffles to cancel the only meeting he was able to arrange, with Panglima Polim , a powerful divisional chief, fearing treachery. As the influential merchant John Palmer , Raffles, and fellow commissioner John Monckton Coombs of Penang sat offshore, awaiting a response, Calcutta debated whether to reinforce the port city. Evacuation plans were made, but the Dutch never acted and ultimately Lord Hastings prompted Colonel Bannerman, the Governor of Penang , to send funds to bolster Singapore.
Finally Raffles was capable of convincing his fellow commissioners to sign a treaty with Jauhar al-Alam Shah , the ruler of Achin, which installed a British resident as well as guaranteeing the exclusivity of bi-lateral trade. By the time Raffles had returned to Singapore, on 31 May, much of the immediate crisis that the colony had caused in Penang and Calcutta had passed. By then, the initial five-hundred villagers had grown to become five-thousand merchants, soldiers, and administrators packed onto the island.
Raffles was determined to destroy the Dutch mercantile monopoly in the area to replace it with a gateway for trade with China and Japan. The latter he had attempted but failed to reach an agreement while governing Java. First year of Singapore[ edit ] While in Singapore, Raffles established schools and churches in the native languages.
He allowed missionaries and local businesses to flourish. Certain colonial aspects remained: a European town was quickly built to segregate the population, separated by a river; carriage roads were built and cantonments constructed for the soldiers. They would remain there for five turbulent years. Drawing on both British and Javanese archival sources, this entertaining and highly readable narrative history-cu On a hot August afternoon in , an army of 10, British redcoats splashed ashore through the muddy shallows off Batavia the former name of Jakarta, Indonesia's capital to conquer the Dutch colony of Java.
Drawing on both British and Javanese archival sources, this entertaining and highly readable narrative history-cum-biography explores the bloody battles and furious controversies that marked British rule in Java, and reveals the future founder of Singapore, Thomas Stamford Raffles - long celebrated as a hero, a liberal and a visionary - in a shocking new light, showing how he crushed dissent, looted palaces and incited massacres to further his own insatiable ambitions.
The book features the dramatic Battle of Batavia, the sinister British expedition to Palembang, the sacking and looting of Yogyakarta, and various fights between soldiers and civilians, buffaloes and tigers, and Englishmen and Javanese. Get A Copy. Published November 1st by Monsoon Books first published More Details Original Title. Other Editions 3. Friend Reviews. To see what your friends thought of this book, please sign up.
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This book is not yet featured on Listopia. Community Reviews. Showing Rating details. Sort order. My knowledge of Asian history is very poor - I thought Thomas Stamford Raffles was a famous hotelier! I now know that he was the founder of modern Singapore and the hotel that bears his name, was named in his honour, long after Raffles had died.
But what of Raffles in his younger years? In this work by Tim Hannigan, Raffles is far from a heroic figure. Engraving of Raffles, from his Wikipedia page Ambitious, greedy, brutal and in some cases, incompetent.
The only thing Hannigan and most histor My knowledge of Asian history is very poor - I thought Thomas Stamford Raffles was a famous hotelier! The only thing Hannigan and most historians agreed on was that Raffles adored his first wife and that she was a notable flirt.
As yet, I haven't found another source that says Olivia was an alcoholic! After Olivia's death at a relatively young age Raffles was heartbroken and erected a beautiful monument as tribute to her in what is now the Bogor Botanical Gardens in West Java. He remarried,to the plain Sophia, and Hannigan alleges she and Raffles faithful underling Otho Travers are responsible for much of the reinvention of the Raffles legend after Raffles died of a brain tumour in England in My lack of knowledge of the history means I'm rating this book as how it was as a read - and for me it was very entertaining.
Hannigan has a lovely relaxed writing style which kept me entertained to the end. Raffles and the British Invasion of Java, by Tim Hannigan, is a well researched and well-written book. Tim Hannigan presents Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles 6 July — 5 July in a way he has rarely been seen; not as a liberal paragon, but as a flawed, overly-ambitious man.
He is presented as intelligent and creative, but also as willful, petty and somewhat of a hypocrite. An examination of the life and legacy of the man often credited with the success that is Singapore. This book looks at Raffles and the British Invasion of Java, by Tim Hannigan, is a well researched and well-written book. This book looks at what happened when the British invaded Java. It's not an alternate history or an episode of Doctor Who. The British did invade and occupied Java for almost five years Aug.
The changes, reforms and consequences of that half-decade resonated long after they left. From government structure, land division and the administration of tax districts Raffles policies and decisions would have lasting consequences for himself, his family, Indonesia and for Great Britain. The man who is touted as a great reformer is more often revealed as an example of colonial excess, greed and cultural disregard.
View 1 comment. Mar 16, Jack Lindsey rated it really liked it. I do not normally read biographies but having met Tim Hannigan at The Penzance Literary Festival in July where he was running a workshop on travel writing I thought I would give this book a try. I was not disappointed. The author puts the reader squarely in the thick of the action.
We can smell the jungle, the smoke and cordite of the muskets and hear the sound of canon fire, the cries of the combatants and the rattling of the sabers. This is an account of a short lived campaign of the British a I do not normally read biographies but having met Tim Hannigan at The Penzance Literary Festival in July where he was running a workshop on travel writing I thought I would give this book a try.
This is an account of a short lived campaign of the British army at the height of its empire and according to Hannigan, Raffles comes out of it with an extremely tarnished reputation. Raffles is famous as the founder of Singapore and London zoo. But it seems he was an opportunist out to make a quick buck. He was involved with corruption, turned a blind eye to slavery and complicit in inciting the massacre of Dutch citizens.
This is all the more shocking because of the high esteem in which his memory is held by many. This book is an extremely good read and I highly recommend it.
Nov 27, Andrew Wanner rated it really liked it Shelves: There is a fantastic amount of research that went into writing this book. It is well cited, and quite in depth. Despite all this, the author does a pretty good job of maintaining a decent narrative flow throughout the book. The writer doesn't hide his disdain for Raffles, and explores some other intriguing characters as well. The book has some wonderful passages of prose that add to the mystique of the real java as opposed to simply focusing on the colonial characters as the title might suggest.
I enjoyed reading it, and would recommend it to others. Apr 08, Adityas Nugroho rated it really liked it. Menceritakan usaha Inggris menguasai Jawa selama lima tahun. Namun, menemui kegagalan. Alih-alih berkompromi dengan para raja lokal, mereka justru mengacak2 kerajaan2 dan mengubah tatanannya. Sehingga koloni Inggris runtuh dengan sendirinya.
Dapat menjadi renungan orang Indonesia yg beranggapan jika dijajah Inggris maka nasib Indonesia akan lebih baik spt Malaysia dan Singapura. Aug 07, Lauti Sutedja rated it it was amazing. Entertaining historical book of someone that usually called as "pioneer and reformer" of Southeast Asia during the colonial era. This book explained Raffles as the other side of a coin, a person with greed, ambition, racist view and never hesitated to crush his rival, his own or other nations.
I read that the Indonesian translation is a messy one, so I opted to read this book in its original language, and I enjoyed it. This book vividly described Java in the 19th century, and while reading it, I Entertaining historical book of someone that usually called as "pioneer and reformer" of Southeast Asia during the colonial era.
This book vividly described Java in the 19th century, and while reading it, I can imagine a lush green, mythical Java and its people, the smell of blood and gunpowder Aug 19, Jun Wen rated it really liked it. As a Singaporean trying to understand more about the man whose overwhelming charm, intellect and preeminence is second only to founding father Lee Kuan Yew, this book served its purpose. It also came with more than a bag full of unexpected surprises.
The author, Tim Hannigan, is prone to losing himself in exceedingly long poetic descriptions of scenic Java.
I found this rather disorientating and out of place for what essentially is a book on history, but perhaps that was because the history I was As a Singaporean trying to understand more about the man whose overwhelming charm, intellect and preeminence is second only to founding father Lee Kuan Yew, this book served its purpose.
I found this rather disorientating and out of place for what essentially is a book on history, but perhaps that was because the history I was used to reading were too heavy. In any case, once Hannigan is satisfied with his literary indulgences, he rolls up his sleeves and gets into the mud of facts - and boy, was it muddy. Clearly, the author intended the reader to leave the book disillusioned with Raffle's gloriously bright legacy. Yet that legacy was so ridiculously clean it should have been obvious in the first place.
So what Hannigan has truly done was to breathe life back into a historic figure who had prematurely lost all remnants of character due to excessive whitewashing. Through Hannigan's descriptions, we see Raffle's insecurity and psychopathic ambition.
Through Raffle's insecurity and psychopathic ambition, we come to realise the extent of his humanness. Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles had been a very bad boy indeed, but ironically that inspires more love for him than the impeccable image epitomized in his statue along Singapore River.
I picked up Raffles and the British Invasion of Java expecting a Napoleon, a Caesar, an epic with highs and lows and historic greatness. What Raffles offered was very much less, both in terms of historical significance and greatness of character.
Yet it was exactly his small-mindedness and reckless ambition that made me feel more attached to Raffles than either Napoleon or Caesar. Put simply, the story of Raffles resonates precisely because it is the story of a flawed human pretending to greatness, a story that I can relate to. Despite living two-thirds of my life in Bogor or Buitenzorg, as it is referred to in this book , I did not know much about Raffles.
Sure, I have seen several times the monument built for his first wife, Olivia, which can be found in the Kebun Raya Botanical Garden. I know that we drive on the left side thanks to the British. I know he wrote The History of Java. I know that for around five years in the early 19th century the British temporarily replaced the Dutch as the colonisers of Indonesia Despite living two-thirds of my life in Bogor or Buitenzorg, as it is referred to in this book , I did not know much about Raffles.
I know that for around five years in the early 19th century the British temporarily replaced the Dutch as the colonisers of Indonesia. And in an afternoon in Singapore, I finally saw the man, as depicted in his statue: In short, what I knew about Raffles was his glory. I had no interest whatsoever in finding out more, until one day a few years ago I read a review of Hannigan's book in a national newspaper.
It piqued my interest, and for the next few years, whenever I visited a library, I tried to find this book. I finally did, in UI's own library. Hannigan chose the perfect way to open this book: Instead of complaining about being colonised at all, we complaint about being colonised by the wrong people! A sentiment that I admit I used to share. Hard not to, when almost everyone you know say the same thing. Sure, we know that the British was here for a short time; it is in every history textbook.
But there is no adequate explanation on the impacts the British's short-term rule had on Indonesia. I personally like it, even though in some parts one may have to return a few pages back to remind oneself of who's who. I also like the fact that he has lived in Java and has some grasp on the culture, and the fact that he included sources written by the Javanese themselves. So what did the book taught me about Raffles? Well, he is no hero, no great, glorious man as many think he is. He was a man full of ambition who tended to overestimate himself; a man who thought that he was greater than he actually was.
However, his actions in Java did leave a lasting impact, primarily the splitting of the Keraton. Beside giving me another perspective on Raffles, this book also revealed some facts about Indonesia that I did not know before, such as the fact that slavery happened here. It is not something that show up in the history textbooks, I can tell you.
Hannigan's book enlightened me on this little-talked about aspect of Indonesia's history. More importantly, it reminded me that there is still a lot of things I do not know about my own history. Homework for me, then, to learn more.
Mar 31, Nina added it Shelves: Drawing on both British and Javanese archival sources, this entertaining and highly readable narrative history-cu Lists with This Book This book is not yet featured on Listopia. Those five years are rich with material that Hannigan presents with a fresh eye, sensitive to the Javanese side of the story.
The author sometimes seems to be nursing a grudge against his subject - the treatment of Olivia Raffles is downright mean - but the cloud of myth around Raffles is apparently pretty thick, and the author cuts through it with som Nabilah M.
About Tim Hannigan Tim Hannigan is a freelance author and travel journalist. He was born in Penzance in Cornwall in the far west of the United Kingdom and specialises in writing about Indonesia and the Indian Subcontinent. He has contributed features and images to various newspapers and magazines in Asia, the Middle East and the UK. Tim formerly worked as a professional chef, before studying journalism at the Univers Harry Potter meets The Hobbit!
But a chance encounter makes them allies as they face a greater enemy-Hell's hounds. No trivia or quizzes yet. First of all, buku ini mendapatkan penghargaan John Brooks Award tahun di Inggris, untuk kategori nonfiksi sejarah.
Jadi mengapa saya hanya memberikan satu bintang disini? Mungkin di terjemahannya, yang menurut saya cukup kacau balau dan penerjemah sepertinya hanya menerjemahakan kalimat per kalimat namun tidak berusaha memahami roh cerita di buku ini.
Dari isi, menurut saya buku ini terlalu banyak tokoh yang ingin diceritakan selain Raffles sendiri. Mungkin penulis ingin memberikan informa First of all, buku ini mendapatkan penghargaan John Brooks Award tahun di Inggris, untuk kategori nonfiksi sejarah. Mungkin penulis ingin memberikan informasi latar belakang orang-orang yang ada di sekitarnya.
Tapi deskripsi mungkin terlalu panjang --dan fakta terjemahan kacau balau membuat saya cukup tersiksa membacanya. Kemudian inti apa yang dilakukan Raffles dan "prestasi" dia selama hampir 5 tahun di Jawa juga tidak secara eksplisit diceritakan.
Penulis nampak lebih fokus bercerita petualangan Raffles daripada mengulas kebijakan dan implementasinya. Dan akhirnya saya kembali ke paragraf pertama, kok bisa buku ini mendapatkan penghargaan ya?
Sep 20, Ridzwan rated it it was amazing. Stamford Raffles may be a figure that is often worshipped in Singapore, but through meticulous research drawing on a vast volume of primary sources, British writer Tim Hannigan proves that the man was a scheming murderer, ruthless plunderer, and corrupt administrator who wrecked havoc on the island of Java despite occupying it for just five years between and During his tenure as the governor of the Indonesian island, Raffles was not only an inept, but also arrogant in the way he dealt Stamford Raffles may be a figure that is often worshipped in Singapore, but through meticulous research drawing on a vast volume of primary sources, British writer Tim Hannigan proves that the man was a scheming murderer, ruthless plunderer, and corrupt administrator who wrecked havoc on the island of Java despite occupying it for just five years between and During his tenure as the governor of the Indonesian island, Raffles was not only an inept, but also arrogant in the way he dealt with the natives of Java.
For example after he attacked and looted the Kraton at Yogyakarta, he ordered the murder of courtiers, and insisted that surviving royals kiss his knees during a coronation ceremony.
As a result of his inability to govern, the Javanese economy spiralled out of control, and was in shambles by the time the Dutch re-took the island in A must read for avid historians, especially in this art of the world, who are more accustomed to disproportionately glowing praises of Raffles.
Full of amusing tidbits about Britishers and everyone else really behaving rather badly in Java. Sir Raffles was apparently an unhinged egomaniacal douchebag, completely detached from reality. There are two small sections that are quite interesting, and can be topics for further writings: The second is Mount Tambora eruption in Apparently it was a much much bigger eruption than Krakatoa. It wiped out completely two existing kingdoms in a single explosion. Detail, runut dan menurut saya sih sumbernya juga terpercaya: Sejarah pulau Jawa, sejarah Kerajaan Mataram smp akhirnya terbelah menjadi Jogja dan Solo, awal mula penemuan Candi Prambanan dan Borobudur, budaya adu kerbau dan harimau, praktek hukuman sula oleh Belanda sampai terjadinya letusan Gunung Tambora yang dahsyat itu dan masih banyak lagi, mantabhhhh Biasanya alasan utamanya betapa majunya negara2 yg di jajah Inggris, contohnya negara tetangga kita Singapura.
Nah bicara Singapura pasti yg terpikir tentunya om Raffles ini. Tapi menurut sejarahnya beliau hanya hitungan bulan berkuasa di Singapura, itupun dalam kondisi sakit sebelum akhirnya kembali ke Inggris, Singapura masih "berantakan" ketika ditinggalkan olehnya.
Tapi kan tetep dikuasai oleh Inggris dan jadinya maju kan Singapura? Nah itu dia, masalahnya 5 tahun Indonesia dijajah oleh Inggris, yang bertugas memimpin adalah Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles.