The Shock Doctrine: The Rise of Disaster Capitalism. Toronto: Knopf. Canada, pages. n Karl Marx published the first volume of a revolutionary. Naomi Klein's brilliant new book, The Shock Doctrine: The Rise of Disaster. Capitalism, describes how modern capitalism thrives on shocks and disasters. Summary of The Shock Doctrine, by Naomi Klein. Allen Lane / Penguin Books, The original book has pages plus 70 pages of notes, in which the.
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Klein calls "the shock doctrine": the use of public disorientation following massive collective shocks- wars, terrorist attacks, natural disasters—to push through. 4 THE SHOCK DOCTRINE Born and raised in New Orleans, he'd been out of the flooded city for a week. He looked about seventeen but told me he was. The Shock Doctrine: The Rise of Disaster Capitalism and millions of other books are available for instant access. The Shock Doctrine: The Rise of Disaster Capitalism Paperback – June 24, This item:The Shock Doctrine: The Rise of Disaster Capitalism by Naomi Klein Paperback.
Naomi Klein Critical Pedagogy in Neoliberal Times Naomi Klein begins her book reporting on how neoliberals imposed their polices of privatization and markets on New Orleans after Hurricane Katrina. She exposes how neoliberals both within and supported by the Bush administration used the disaster as an opportunity to eliminate public housing and privatize public schooling, including how the Bush administration collaborated with anti-government activists to dismantle the public schools and the teachers union, and replace them with privately administered charter schools. Grassroots New Orleans organizations, such as the non-profit Center for Community Change , corroborate Kleins analysis and describe the dismantling of the citys schools as a case in which neoliberal and neoconservative reformers distain the public sector and those who work within it. It is a vision of competition and economic markets. It is a vision of private hands spending public funds.
It is a vision of competition and economic markets.
It is a vision of private hands spending public funds. Most disturbing, it is a vision that casts families and students as customers, who shop Copyright by David Hursh and Cultural Logic, ISSN David Hursh 2 for schools in isolation from and even in competition with their neighbors.
It is a vision that, like the game of musical chairs, requires someone to be left without a seat. In the remainder of the book, Klein shows how the U. She narrates how neoliberalism was first implemented at a national level in Chile in when the U.
Pinochet not only murdered or forced into exile thousands but also, with the advice of Milton Friedman and other neoliberal economists from the University of Chicago dubbed the Chicago boys , impoverished millions by privatizing education, health care, social security, and other social services.
Klein also provides an in-depth examination of how similar policies were implemented in other Latin American countries, including Argentina and Brazil, and in Russia, where crony capitalism has enabled a few to become fabulously wealthy and the rest to become increasingly poor.
She also details the less well-known adoption of neoliberal policies in post- apartheid South Africa, where Blacks obtained political freedom in exchange for consenting to whites implementing neoliberal economic policies that have, incredibly, worsened rather than improved the living conditions for Blacks.
I first became aware of this policy and its effects when I visited South Africa in ; see Hursh, Immediately after the invasion, the U. Furthermore, the U. Klein also reveals how Chinas extraordinary economic growth is a result of neoliberal policies that include low taxes and tariffs, corruptible officials and, most of all, a plentiful low-wage workforce that for many years, would be unwilling to risk demanding decent salaries or the most basic workplace protections for fear of the most violent reprisals p.
Furthermore, as I have described elsewhere Hursh, , Chinas economic policies have contributed to producing a toxic environment along with economic inequality.
Anne-Marie Broudehoux, in Evil Paradises: Dreamworlds of Neoliberalism , portrays Chinas crony capitalism and billionaire gangsters as it prepares for the Olympics. She writes that in China the gap between the rich and the poor, urban and rural is constantly widening and has now become one of the worlds most unequal societies , p. Under neoliberalism, people have lost health care, pensions, jobs, and homes previously provided by the government.
In particular, Beijing is a new metropolis [that] mirrors the society that builds and inhabits it: an increasingly individualist society that willfully sacrifices a more cohesive one, where a predatory elite of private entrepreneurs, technocrats, and party members prey on a disenfranchised and vulnerable populace.
A city glittering on the surface but hollow at the core: a truly evil paradise.
They rightly argue that as a nation we have avoided any serious discussion about what such Copyright by David Hursh and Cultural Logic, ISSN David Hursh 4 policies mean for democracy, the racial divide, and the obligation of government to its citizens p.
The residents of New Orleans, they point out, have historically experienced a poverty rate twice the national average and now, after the hurricane, many of the poor have been discarded as if they do not exist. But McLaren and Jaramillo push their analysis to raise questions about what we can and should do as educators and, in response, describe a revolutionary critical following.
First, they argue that educators are crucial to reclaiming public life that is Peter McLaren and Nathalia Jaramillo under the relentless assault of the corporatization and privatization of the life world, including the corporate-academic complex p. But we need to do more than reclaim the public sphere; we need to work for its socialist transformation. They continue: The terms revolutionary critical pedagogy seeks to identify the realm of unfreedom as that in which labor is determined by external utility and to make the division of labor coincide with the free vocation of each individual and the association of free producers, where the force of authority does not flow from the imposition of an external structure but from the character of the social activities in which individuals are freely and consciously engaged.
Freedom as we are conceiving it is freedom from necessity. Here, the emphasis is not only on denouncing the manifest injustices of neo-liberal capitalism, critiquing the current global crisis of overproduction, stagnation, and environmental ruin and on creating a counter force to neoliberal ideological hegemony but also Copyright by David Hursh and Cultural Logic, ISSN David Hursh 5 establishing the conditions for new social arrangements that transcend the false position between the market and the state.
Rather than a society that focuses on creating more goods, regardless of whether they add value to our lives, and working for the purpose of creating profits, they aim to create a socialist society in which the goals are democratic equality and economic well-being.
However, as long as we live in a capitalist society in which profits are valued over people, such goals cannot be achieved. McLaren and Jaramillo lament that most educators ignore the role that capitalism has in creating class inequality and that exploitation is a fundamental character of capitalism, that it is constituent of the labor- capital relation Under neoliberalism in particular, with the so-called end of ideology in which capitalism supposedly reigns triumphant, alternatives to capitalism are impossible.
However, the evidence provided by Klein, Harvey , Faux , and many others demonstrate that unregulated capitalism or neoliberalism necessarily results in economic inequality and environmental degradation.
But in a society in which capitalism has gained hegemony, the destructive consequence of capitalism is the problem that has no name.
Therefore, McLaren and Jaramillo desire to create a socialist society in which decisions are made not based on profit but on the developing of an inclusive democracy. It is not enough to bemoan the increasing inequality in the U. McLaren and Jaramillo raise the essential questions of how we, as educators, might create alternatives in a time in which individualism, entrepreneurship, and corporate profits are held in higher regard than the community and non-economic values such as the environment.
I would suggest that current events provide opportunities. Further, Mandela had tremendous grassroots political struggle of the masses. Economics yes, but what does she mean by it? Klein Klein herself shows how the ANC had long here meant the actual agreements, the negotiations, compromised with apartheid.
The key premise of the shock doctrine process, due process of law and so on, too can deliver here stands challenged. For it is difficult to argue free market fundamentalism policies. Indeed, Klein herself points out that the up in technocratic solutions. Klein has no answer. The absence of India in her work has been noted by other always be sourced into the heads and minds of the commentators. The for adoption of free market policies.
Volume 3, Number 3 Interrogating Shock Doctrine much about the ongoing revolution which was thus For Klein of course the answer follows almost countered p.
The free market justification the political struggle. Before the free- over the market and resources. And that however What is left unanswered here is why dislodging is precisely the crux of the problem.
For the kind of Keynesianism should involve a counter-revolution, political struggle she posits is however that which engulfing society as a whole, a coup and major terror would remain under the umbrella of social democ- and repression. As we saw above in the case of South racy, developmentalism, Keynesianism and so on. Africa free markets found their way without a coup, Klein debunks the Cold War binary not however to without resort to brutal forms of coercion. Democracy, Vintage, London, , p.
It is clearly the blocking off of class militancy and resistance, with support from the this third element then which allows Klein to portray revolutionary left force like the MIR Movimiento di the struggle as constituted by Keynesianism and free Izquierda Revolucionaria. Here this third element was working class wanted to uphold. Now it was always an open question whether an expression of the working class resistance, yet it developmentalism or Third World nationalism could could not contain the latter for long.
This is where contain the political struggle, or whether it would, one sees that the mass movement was not just for in its populism and pro-poor posturing, arouse more economic democracy, or for reining-in capitalism, aspirations and accentuate the struggle further — in but it also opposed constitutional democracy and which case, the class struggle cannot any longer be challenged capitalist political democracy. The historic displaced into the developmentalist vs.
Orlando Letelier, The Nation, 28 August, This was the case in South the barricades of capitalism with armies they did not Africa and Poland. One writer has compared the Chile situation with the See Henry A. Landsberger Political Weekly, Vol. In Lajpat Rai, op.
Unlike Klein he more likely to strike. This is not to say that shock and however does not, as we noted above, totally exter- terror is not used purely to grab markets and resources, nalise the source of excesses to a closed- loop market regardless of the balance of political forces. That is, market fundamentalists.
Coverage is given to the Asian Tiger's financial currency debacle and the recovery from the Tsunami that hit many coastal areas in the Indian ocean basin in In the last section, Kline does hold out some hopefulness, as she describes people's efforts in recent years to counter the neoliberals and corporatists to take over of many country's economies.
I recommend this book, especially for those who have a concern for the poor. It should be of interest to others interested in how modern economic theory affects the world. Let's read and re-read, and discuss and do. Paperback Verified download. I was, to put it mildly, shocked, but not in the way Naomi Klein means it. Shock used as a force of manipulation and the taking over of our resources and even our perceptions, by those in power and in wealth, is a formidable concept--a formidable reality.
As a person considering myself progressive, I have tried in recent years to get to better understand what goes on beneath the apparent destructive trends in our social and political policies. I have realized that I and many of us, have been naive, preaching and repeating, demonstrating but with little or not enough, understanding of the dynamics that are pulling on all of us, and often pulling us down.
As a psychotherapist I have been concentrating on the inner dynamics keeping us addicted, just about, to blame and denial. This book, I have to say, blew me out of the water. It is so smart, so thorough and so clear--even if the concepts and facts are making me toss and turn and get upset and have to reread. They are extremely worthy and important, very important in their own right, but I keep coming back to just how urgent the concepts in The Shock Doctrine are.
I will do my part and re-read, so as to re-absorbe. This is the stuff we need to be aware of and current on, and have on our lips, in our minds, our hearts, and in the urgent discussions we can only have as we get more aware of what the? Oh yes, here too an important addendum is that this book does not leave the reader in a dark space without hope. But please read it to see where Naomi Klein winds up, as she helps us to see where clarity could yield something deeply and dramatically positive.
Naomi Klein is the same age as me. She was born in capitalist Canada, I in socialist Poland. In communism collapsed like a house of cards. It created a breach that flooded the new wave. At that time, working in the corporate seemed fondest dream; stable, interesting work, modernity, prestige, touching a better world.
Today, after 28 years, the situation has changed. Corporate employees called in Poland as lemmings. The Shock Doctrine is shocking.
I think this was the aim of the author, starting from a high "C" or by describing interrogation techniques, including torture, in the first part. Disaster makes the opportunity for profit. In these few words can be summarized as six hundred pages book that touches the problems of social injustice and corporate greed over the years , including Chile, Argentina, Bolivia, China, Poland, Russia, South Africa, Sri Lanka, USA.
Naomi's views are clearly defined: The influence of family? It is hard to expect that the contents of the book differed from the author's worldview. For neoliberalism Naomi replies shocking content. I learned a lot from this book. Worth reading The Shock Doctrine, even if the content contained in the book is filtered through the views of Naomi Klein.
We were born in the same year, in different countries, but divide us experience and look at the reality. The world is not one-dimensional, and corporate greed is embedded in our biological nature.
Judging by the last, summarizing chapter probably Naomi itself does not have an explicit opinion on how to alleviate the symptoms of the free market. Communism died, socialism is expensive and creates parasites see Hugo Chavez , capitalism without a bridle causing barbarism, democracy promotes crooks and populists. What is the solution Naomi? See all reviews. site Giveaway allows you to run promotional giveaways in order to create buzz, reward your audience, and attract new followers and customers.
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