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All about Etikang Tagalog (Ang Ikatlong Nobela Ni Rizal) by Nilo S. Ocampo. LibraryThing is a cataloging and social networking site for booklovers. Related Tags: Etikang Tagalog: Ang Ikatlong Nobela Ni Rizal. Category: " Uncategorised", Book Info: N/A. Published: by Lathalaing. TAGALOG (No English) Ang Aklat Ang bayaning naka-overkowt, ninanais at na nahatak magbarong tagalog muli, pero hindi na siya sanay, nahiyang na sa.

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Get this from a library! Etikang Tagalog: ang ikatlong nobela ni Rizal. [José Rizal; Nilo S Ocampo]. View Essay - Copy of Etikang from PI at University of the Philippines Diliman. Etikang Tagalog book. Read reviews from world's largest community for readers.

Upper Member Beunacop Limestone 2. Middle Member Alagao Volcanics 3. This is characterized by two pronounced seasons, which are dry from December to May, and wet from June to November. Rainfall The rainfall regime in the area is dominated by the monsoons which render a seasonal variation in precipitation. It receives sufficiently abundant rainfall annually with total annual levels amounting to 2, In addition.

This low-sun season is dominated by the northeast monsoon, which produces dry conditions. The rather short dry season is also due to the ITCZ, which is not overhead in this period. Because of its latitudinal locations, the sun is usually directly overhead at noontime throughout the year. The area consequently receives an enormous concentration of solar energy, which contributed to the uniformly high temperatures year-round.

As a result, it is consistently warm, with all months averaging above degree Celsius. Furthermore, there is minimal fluctuation in temperature in the various months. The annual temperature range is below 5 degrees of centigrade. The average yearly temperature is also quit high at Nonetheless, the hottest times occur before the summer solstice or prior to the onset of the summer monsoon, particularly during the months of April and May, Obviously, the warmest months are on the high-sun period when there a high receipt of insulations incoming solar radiation.

These months, generally from May to September, have high relative humidity moisture content of the atmosphere because maximum evaporation is favored by the prevailing temperature conditions.

Hence, there is abundant moisture available for precipitation, which also explains the wet conditions during this season. But I have neither seen nor found a relatively exhaustive bibliography on philosophy that will help philosophers, students, and teachers of philosophy in doing research on Filipino philosophy. The method used is critical analysis of texts.

No such thing has been done in the bibliographic work of Parts II and III that incorporate the original and the update editions. What has been done is to prepare the readers through prefatory explanations in Chapters 4 and 7 of each category or division of philosophy. The prefatory notes carry some critical or analytical remarks to determine the relative position of the various entries of each category of Filipino philosophy.

The various entries are thereby holistically integrated into the text of Part I while simultaneously introducing the individual philosophical category to the readers in terms of its definition, its major issues, and some of its major philosophers. I find this procedure more convenient than making an annotation of each bibliographic entry since it is impractical as it will run into several volumes. Besides, an annotation may not be critical, in the sense of analytical, but may only be explanatory.

The closest thing done on critical bibliography similar to that in literature has been on determining whether the author is a Filipino or a foreigner and whether the given bibliographic entry belongs, for example, to this category of classification or to another one. In a sense—in view of the critical prefatory notes and the critical discrimination of entries with respect to authorship Filipino or otherwise and to category—this work, in its entirety, goes beyond just an enumerative or systematic bibliography, that is, beyond a mere listing of works in consonance with a useful classificatory scheme.

As a modest contribution to that endeavor, the second edition of Filipino philosophy: A critical bibliography, , has been prepared. It is, of course, not complete—because of the nature of the work itself—but is continuing. The cut-off date of the original work is 31 December It has been enlarged or supplemented and updated for the period Henceforth, it will continue to be enlarged and updated every five years.

III The limitations of the present work depend largely on the following: Firstly, insufficient funding. I have alloted some precious time to earn an extra income for research purposes in doing the original bibliography. The amounts of both researches, however, have still been quite meager to enable the compiler to travel to the provinces to examine college and university publications there which are either not available or are rather incomplete as to their periodic appearances in Metro Manila libraries.

While they will be included in future updates, the compiler hopes that a greater amount of funding can be obtained in the near future. Secondly, insufficient time. A professional researcher will always expect a voluminous material on his field of research even when the majority of his colleagues are skeptical about it.

And by this situation, I mean that even if the collected bibliographic entries are meager, the materials to be examined can be very extensive.

A professional researcher, for example, will have to go over all the issues of the Philippines Free Press even if he collects only a handful of philosophical entries. And this requires much—a much longer— time. I must confess that not all the available materials which have probable Filipino philosophy entries have been examined in view of lack of time.

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Even in researching and writing the update, I was saddled with teaching, administrative, and committee works. There was just not enough time to go to the provinces and examine the graduate publications of colleges and universities there. This factor explains why this second edition becomes a continuing project.

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Although many articles that belong to the timeframe have already been examined and incorporated, there are still some which need more time to determine. The same holds true in the case of the update. This broad definition necessarily includes the three approaches to Filipino philosophy minus the nuances that differentiate them from one another. As a consequence, it is sometimes difficult to determine whether a name of an entry is Filipino or not.

This problem requires further verification. I have allowed a small margin of error for entries adjudged written by a Filipino on the basis of its Filipino-sounding name, but which may later turn out to be written by a Spaniard, or a Filipino who has become a naturalized citizen of another country, or the like. On the other hand, I have included foreign writers in the entries for as long as the content of their works are indigenous or basically Filipino.

For example, if a foreign author writes on the philosophy of life of the Ifugao, then his name is included. The perspective in this bibliography is basically pro-Filipino: it is the interpreter as criterion when the subject matter is foreign but it is the subject matter as criterion when the interpreter is a foreigner.


There are also a few cases where a bibliographic entry is taken from a decennial index, a short bibliography, curriculum vitae, or the like, and the title of the entry does not give any hint as to the content of the article or book. Lastly, there are philosophical poems and short stories which require thorough analysis and classification.

I have included them, but some are still placed in the verification file because of methodological difficulties in ascertaining their philosophical value. They will be included in the listings in future updates.

This bibliography is limited to published materials. I have decided in the meantime to place on file papers read, presented, discussed in various venues and on different occasions, pending their ultimate publication because generally authors make extensive revisions.

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I myself did all the gathering and analyses of data over a ten-year period because I was convinced no research assistant could do the work that was highly interpretative. IV The traditional categories or philosophical divisions are aesthetics, ethics, epistemology, logic, metaphysics, natural philosophy, and politics.

I have made, however, some modifications in the categories of the bibliographic work instead of just following the above-cited 17 divisions of philosophy. V In the first and second editions, the prefatory explanations of each philosophical branch were written as separate essays for Parts II and III. After examining a considerable number of books and periodicals, I have found the entries in the original work and the update to be the only productive ones.

I did not include, of course, a list of periodicals which are nonproductive, that is, no philosophy works article, poem, review are obtainable. I also noticed that a number of journals have become extinct like Agimata of De La Salle University, although a few ones have been established or revitalized like Budhi of the Ateneo de Manila University.

Some journals pop up every now and then like Karunungan whose latest issue—volume —came out after hibernating for some time.

This chapter will go deeper into the analysis of three basic terms: philosophy, Filipino, and Filipino philosophy. The other important view is the traditional approach that identifies individual Filipino philosophers.

This approach is used in the discipline of philosophy; in that respect, it may likewise be called the philosophical approach to philosophy. The third important view conceives of Filipino philosophy from the constitutional or national perspective Gripaldo In this case, any philosophical work written by a Filipino including naturalized ones as defined by the Philippine Constitution is Filipino philosophy.

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I call this view the constitutional or national approach in that it is defined in terms of nationality. In the light of hermeneutics see Nicholson , a philosophical interpretative input was made by the Filipino author.

One notices that this approach to Filipino philosophy is broad enough as to cover the other two approaches. However, one should likewise consider other nuances in the classification. The authors cited hermeneutically extract or derive philosophical presuppositions from such sources.

Hence, the collective nature of the extracted philosophy. In the traditional approach, the authors are also Filipinos but their subject matter is their own interpretations of universal philosophical themes. However, the resultant philosophy is individual—not collective—and could be highly original—not necessarily derivative. In the constitutional approach—as strictly defined in Chapter I—the authors are Filipinos but their subject matter has been traditionally described as Western or Eastern, therefore nonFilipino.

The nature of their work is basically expository and with no or very little original ideas as inputs. The exposition itself, however, is original in the sense that no such expository style has been used as exactly as it is except by the author himself. It is in this sense, I contend, that hermeneutically the resulting interpretative work is the expression of a Filipino mind. Although the constitutional approach can broadly apply to the other two views in the sense that the authors are themselves Filipinos as defined in the Philippine constitution, I wish to limit its application to only the third view since its subject matter content or philosophical source is non-Filipino or non-native or non-original.

Generally, the writer is only considered a Thomist, a Kantian, a Platonist, etc. He can graduate from this constitutional approach by becoming innovative or by inserting original ideas or insights into the work. He then becomes a neo-Thomist, a neo-Kantian, etc. In that respect, he belongs now to the traditional-approach category. The authors of the anthropological and constitutional approaches are scholars or specialists in certain areas of concentration.

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Etikang Tagalog: Ang Ikatlong Nobela Ni Rizal

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