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An architectural drawing or architect's drawing is a technical drawing of a building or building project that falls within the definition of architecture. Architectural drawings are used by architects and others for a number of purposes: Architectural drawings are made according to a set of conventions , which include particular views floor plan, section etc. Conventionally, drawings were made in ink on paper or a similar material, and any copies required had to be laboriously made by hand. The twentieth century saw a shift to drawing on tracing paper, so that mechanical copies could be run off efficiently.
Water supply. Upon completion of the course. Marks Duration: Answer all full questions.
Site Dimension Orientation 9 x 12 m Q. A Draw the site plan to a scale of 1: Apply local building Byelaws Site No. Draw to a scale of 1: Dressed size stone masonry in CM 1: The line diagram shown in the figure for a proposed Residential Building with clear dimensions. Building Drawing Uploaded by Vikram Rao. Flag for inappropriate content. Related titles. Civil v Transportation Engineering Unit 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8.
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Vigneshwaran Srinivasan. Deepak Jangra.
Foundation information should be presented using the proper symbology. The purpose of an elevation is to show the finished appearance of the structure and vertical height dimensions. Four Elevations are usually drawn, one for each of the sides of the house. Required Information Identification of the specific side of the house elevation Grade line Finish floor and ceiling levels shown with phantom lines Windows and doors Foundation shown with hidden lines Vertical dimensions of important features Porches, desks, patios, and material symbols B.
Elevation Identification Each elevation must be identified. The first method is the preferred. Right and left sides are determined by facing the front of the building. Identify each elevation directly below the drawing to avoid confusion.
Grade Lines, Floor and Ceilings 1. The reference point for most elevations is the grade line.
All features that are below the grade line should be shown as hidden lines. Examples are foundation, footings and window wells. Floor to ceiling height should be shown. Two method are used: a. Finished floor to finished ceiling distances.
The typical distance from finished floor to finished ceiling is 2. Carpenters prefer this method because it saves them doing the calculations. The top of the foundation must be 8" above the grade to protect framing members from moisture. Garage floors may be slightly higher than grade but should be at least 4" lower than an interior when the garage is attached to the house.
Walls, Windows, Doors 1. Exterior walls, windows, and doors must be shown on elevations. It is customary to make top of windows the same height as top of doors.
Roof Features 1.
Roof style, pitch, chimney height, and chimney size are shown. The roof pitch may be indicated using the fractional pitch or slope triangle. Chimney flashings, roof covering material, and gable ventilation area shown. Dimensions, Notes, and Symbols 1. Vertical height dimensions are shown including: a. Appropriate notes should be included where needed: a.
Symbols should be appropriately shown a. Describe the construction materials of the structure. Describe method of construction. General assembly of different parts 3.
Show interior design elements 4. Clearly depict the structural conditions existing in the building. Generally, sectional drawings describe constructions materials and methods especially those things hidden by wall or ceiling sheathing and are often the easiest way to describe a complex detail to a contractor.
Window and door section B.
Stair section C. Chimney section D. The practising engineers will also find it as an excellent reference book. Audience of the Book : This book Useful for civil engineering students. Table of Contents: 2. Types of Buildings Based on Occupancy 3. Types of Residential Buildings 4.
Basic Concepts of Building Elements 5. Methods of Construction 6. Cost-effective Building Techniques in Construction 7.