Your are downloading a professionell PDF instruction on how to build the pictured model out of LEGO® bricks. Shows in colored easy to step by step pictures how to. Evans, Bryan, and Greg Albo. Winter__content/Occupy% 20Together%%ronaldweinland.info b. “Lib Pollster to Head IR Ad Blitz.” The Age. Federal Government Prepares $Million Oil Sands Advertising Blitz. Retrieved from: ronaldweinland.info Carroll, W. K.
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-BLITZ MAGAZINt. is published twelve times a year. 'ronaldweinland.info Publications Ltd. Repr oduction of editorial or pictorial content in whole or in part is strictly. Heinkel He The Latter Years - the Blitz and War in the East to the Fall of Germany - dokument [*.pdf] HEINKEL He THE LATTER. Struggles To Survive pdf, Free Wartime Girls As The Liverpool Blitz Rages A consobacsi ed elenchi (albo promotori finanziari, albo sim, albo.
Semifinal Caruana beats Vachier after two blitz in Armageddon game. Final: Caruana beats Ngoc, seeded directly to the final as best player according to Sonneborn-Berger points, in rapid 1. Semifinal Vachier vs. Ding Liren blitz, Moiseenko vs. Bacrot blitz. Final: Vachier-Lagrave wins play-off vs. Moiseenko 1.
Lev Polugaevksy, the first Soviet player to play and win at the invitation tournament in Biel in , "Polu" won the GMT in Biel again in , alongside with young Ivanchuk! Polugaevsky was a frequent contender for the world chess championship eliminated in by Karpov, and then twice in a row and in the semi-finals by Korchnoi and one of the strongest players in the world from the mid s until the mid s, ranking third shared of the world in the then yearly ELO list of and again third shared in Also a distinguished author and opening theorist whose contributions in this field remain important to the present day.
Jeroen Piket, winner at Biel in , retiring from classical chess in at age of 33 years. He was a regular participant in top international events during the turn-of-the-century. His results from these events distinguish him as one of a handful of chess players to defeat Garry Kasparov, Vladimir Kramnik and Viswanathan Anand in tournament play. Tony Miles, the first British born otb grandmaster , pictured in , the year when he won the first invitation tournament at Biel, Miles won again in , then together with compatriot John Nunn.
The chess community will never forget you, Tony! This picture shows him in play at Amsterdam-IBM, where Miles followed up his shared win from the previous year with a clear first. Koen Suyk, Anefo. Igor Kurnosov, Russia, winner of the Open at Biel in and winner of the Zurich Weihnachtsopen in where this picture is taken from. The festival becomes quickly an important part of the international chess calendar. In some years eg. The list of winners include further prominent players such as listing in chronological order: Feller denies all accusations.
Peter Svidler 8. IM Nico Georgiadis The dates planned previously overlap with the Tour de France cycling passing through Bern, thus occupying most of the hotels in the region for several days. Due to finacial reasons, the Festival faced a format change: Instead, three matches classical chess and rapid chess combined have been held.
For some spectators a little confusing, the points in the classical chess games count double for the outcome, meaning actually a result of is indicating that White has won a single game in classical chess, a result of shows a draw in a rapid game.
Parallel to that Masters Challenge was the Juniors Challenge , following a similar format. With the classical games worth twice a rapid, the final score after ten rounds was Final Blitz: Vachier-Lagrave, Maxime vs. Svidler, Peter 2: In Switzerland it's about a year's issue: GM David Navara, a true gentleman over the board. He obtained a degree in logic at Charles University in Prague.
David Navara - Alexand. David Navara - Yifan Hou Alexand. Vachier-Lagrave, Maxime 3. Svidler, Peter 3.
Rambaldi, Francesco 2. Bok, Benjamin 2. Studer, Noel 2. Georgiadis, Nico 1. In total, Vachier-Lagrave and Svidler played each other eleven times at Biel in , MVL winning six games two in blitz, two in rapid, and two in classical chess , losing only one rapid game. Players from the Interzonal did not participate, but other assisting GMs, eg. Since the early s, she has been one of the strongest female players in the world. She has been ranked clear No.
Well into her forties, she still hold the third highest rating among all females. In , she became the third female to earn the FIDE GM title through conventional tournament play fifth woman overall.
She lived in Spain for a number of years, but recently moved back to Sweden. They have a daughter, Anna Cramling Bellon, herself a promising chess player. Anastasia Karlovich. The Grand Dame of Chess , Pia Cramling - just remember, she is born the same year and the same month as Garry Kasparov April , and still playing chess on highest female level! Additional closed B-group or team match always apart from the Open sections: World Ladies Team line-up: Europe In the year , Gavrikov was already Lithuanian Champion joint , he was joint winner of the Lithuanian championship but missed the title because of lesser tie-break score.
In , he moved to Bulgaria where he was coaching a range of local Grandmasters. Finest international achievements: Viktor Gavrikov also played regularly in the Tallinn Rapid Keres Memorial and won it a couple of times. In , he won the strong Kotov Memorial: In at Interzonal in Tunis, Gavrikov missed the Candidates narrowly, losing the play-off against Chernin: In December , Gavrikov battled Karpov again and again achieving a in the final, followed by a , Karpov then declared winner on better prior tie-break, the prize money was shared in a Rapid that time called Actice chess contest at Mazatlan, Mexico, sometimes referred as inofficial World Rapid Championships 61 players, incl.
In , he won the closed international invitation GM tournament at Biel outright. In order to compete at the same level as the companies of the USA, Canadian policy shifted to match the less regulated business model of its southern neighbor.
The current conservative government of Canada has shown a strong neoliberal character through many of the policies that it has put into practice or is currently working to implement. Some of the more prominent neoliberal style policies include the dismantling of many environmental regulations in order to allow the expansion of the natural resource sector, as well as the encouragement of foreign downloadouts of Canadian companies and an attempted free trade deal with the EU.
The passage of two omnibus budget bills in truly showcased the resource agenda of the conservative government and its neoliberal mentality. The budget bills were fundamentally about deregulation and amendment of policy that hindered access to natural resources. The effect of these amendments was considerable. The government duty to consult with aboriginal peoples about natural resource extraction projects before approving them was substantially reduced.
The ability for aboriginal peoples to participate in shaping or preventing developments was also hampered Stanley, The amendments to environmental legislation have shortened environmental review times, eliminated reviews for small projects and given new discretion to government ministers to decide what gets reviewed and what the scope of those reviews will be McCarthy, Its agenda is very clearly to create a stronger economy through the exploitation of natural resources, and it has attempted to do this through deregulation and the amendment of unfavorable policy.
If we look at the current temperament of the Canadian government through a historical institutionalist framework, it should come as no surprise that it is permeated by neoliberal principles. Neoliberal principles have dominated Canadian political thought for near three decades, beginning with its introduction into policy by the Trudeau government.
The entrenchment of neoliberalism in the political discourse is due to a path dependency feedback loop created by its initial introduction into the political process and has resulted in subsequent reinforcement. This normalization of neoliberalism has assisted the conservative government in pursuing its economic agenda due to the general acceptance of economic gain as the paramount goal of a nation.
The CAPP has a longstanding connection with the Canadian government and conservative party in particular, and has grown in lockstep with the ballooning economic importance of the oil and gas industry.
This section will look at the history of the CAPP as a contextual lead in for discussing it connection with the current government. The CAPP is one of Canada's oldest advocacy groups and has grown through the evolution and amalgamation of smaller groups with similar agendas.
It was at this point that the group began to take on a similar structure to the CAPP that exists today. The CPA drafted a new constitution and outlined its objectives with the expressed interest to create cooperative bonds between the provincial and federal governments and the oil and gas industry.
It also created a board of governors to manage its affairs and act as a liaison with the federal government. In the CPA opened an office in Ottawa in order to interact more effectively with the federal government. By the CPA had grown its membership to over members.
The CPA underwent rapid growth in the 's as the oil and gas industry expanded. The economic importance of these industries to Canada's overall economy began to be very apparent.
As the oil and gas industry continued to gain a higher political profile, the CPA became more powerful and influential in Ottawa. During the 's, the CPA played an influential role in the creation of Canada's energy policies.
It drafted recommendations that were adopted by the Progressive Conservative opposition of the time, and later translated into government policy. Its history shows its connection to the Canadian government, and its representative capacity shows its economic worth.
This has placed it in a position of great value for the current conservative government. Parallel Trajectory The oil and gas industry has far outstripped any other in terms of meetings with government officials. In the four-year period between and , oil and gas lobbyists met with federal office holders 2, times Cheadle, Compare this to the contacts by two major mining associations, contacts by major forestry groups and contacts by two major auto manufacturers in the same period, and the prominence of the oil and gas industry becomes incredibly clear.
However, I believe that the inverse is true. A central tenet of historical institutionalism is the autonomy of state institutions, directed by state elites, to choose what policy to implement and which groups to support Smith, It is my conclusion that the government has in fact chosen to create favourable operating conditions for the CAPP in order to fulfill its own neoliberal-style economic agenda. The economic plan of the conservative government is heavily reliant on the production and distribution of Canadian oil and gas, and the CAPP is in the perfect position to assist them.
The parallel trajectory of the CAPP and Canadian government becomes even more evident when one looks at the major projects that they support. It will also seek to show the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats that the CAPP faces in the Keystone XL campaign, and how these translate more generally to its overall security.
Case Study: The first would span approximately km and cross the U. It would connect an existing pipeline in Cushing, Oklahoma with locations in southern Texas; the aim being to transport crude oil from the Canadian oilsands to American refineries in the Gulf Coast, with the potential to export the finished product.
The Keystone XL would be able to carry , barrels per day bpd to its Gulf Coast destination, a substantially larger carrying capacity than any other U. The Canadian government has been very active in advocating for the completion of the Keystone XL pipeline. It has spent a considerable amount of time, effort and capital in order to lobby the US government. It has sent multiple letters to high-level US officials and created many news releases addressing issues associated with the pipeline.
The support and the difficulties that it faces in regards the pipeline project are widely applicable to its general standing and are very telling of its current and future stability. The Harper administration is very strongly in favour of the pipeline project and has expended a considerable amount of effort to bring it into reality. The CAPP also has strength in its economic argument. The pipeline would require 9, skilled American workers including welders, mechanics, electricians, pipefitters and heavy equipment operators.
It would also support 7, more jobs in the manufacturing of steel pipe and fittings.
The Gulf Coast Pipeline project is currently underway, and is employing 4, American workers. Weaknesses The weaknesses of the Keystone XL campaign are found mainly in the environmental argument and a counter economic argument. The pipeline is expected to release about 1.
Many skeptics also state that the construction process of the Keystone XL would take an estimated years to complete, and once complete the project would only employ between 35 and 50 people full time. It has also been argued that the person- hours of work generated in the construction process of the pipeline are not actually that much larger than the building of a shopping mall or of those generated by the proposed renovations of the University of Oregon Swift, Opportunities The CAPP has many opportunities to advance its project goals and its general image; the majority of these opportunities come from addressing its environmental standing.
It must begin to get serious about addressing the environmental aspect of its mission statement if it wants to avoid further clashes with other groups, citizens and governments.
There are many well-documented ways in which the oilsands extraction and processing methods could be made more environmentally friendly, such as polluter pay and more stringent regulation.
The CAPP could lobby its members and the government to implement some of these environmentally friendly measures.
In doing this, the CAPP and those that it represents would be able to rebrand themselves as environmentally conscious, which would likely create a far more approving public and an easier climate to operate in. The Canadian oil would ideally be used to replace similar heavy crudes that feed the Gulf Coast refineries from Venezuela and Mexico. Threats The greatest threats to the Keystone XL project come from environmental groups, indigenous groups and the environmentally based stance of the United States government.
Environmental groups have rallied to stop the Keystone XL project on the grounds that it will cause further expansion of the Canadian oilsands and create a substantial amount of GHG output. Aboriginal groups are also concerned about the effects that the pipeline will have on the environment. The US government has also voiced its clear displeasure at the GHG emission increases and how the number of jobs created is not worth the increase in emissions. All of these groups are mainly concerned about environmental issues associated with both the Keystone XL pipeline and the expansion of the Canadian oilsands that it implies.
Without addressing these concerns the Keystone XL project may never become a reality, and opposition to other projects that the CAPP supports will come into heavy opposition as well. Conclusion Through a historical institutionalist analysis, this paper has attempted to show how the neoliberal temperament of the current government has made the CAPP the most powerful pressure group in Canada.
The goal was then to elaborate on this claim by showing the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats that the CAPP faces in its attempt to gain approval for the construction of the Keystone XL pipeline.
The neoliberal principles that have served as its main strengths have also become its worst enemy. A neoliberal paradigm has little room for environmental concerns when they do not relate directly to economic gains.
What we began to see is that environmental concerns from multiple groups have created legitimate problems for an otherwise economically sound project. The growth of mainstream environmental consciousness has actually become a potent opponent to neoliberal based projects and policy decisions. The CAPP has tasted the environmental kickback to the Keystone XL project, and in order to insulate itself from further shocks it needs to take the environmental aspect of its mission statement more seriously.
If this environmental movement is able to follow the same trajectory as neoliberalism has, it could create policy choices that lead to a critical junction and would entrench environmental values in government and society. Retrieved from: Dissecting what the Throne Speech said about energy. Responsible Resource Development. The National Post.
A Very Short Introduction. New York, USA: