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LEY 136-03 REPUBLICA DOMINICANA PDF

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Presentación del sistema jurídico de la República Dominicana Ley , Código para el Sistema de Protección y los Derechos Fundamentales de Niños, . y Adolescentes, No. , enacted pdf. Government of the Dominican Republic. Ley Orgánica de Educación, No. , enacted April 9 republicadominicana/Ley__trafico_personas_GO_pdf. Government of the. República Dominicana: Encuesta Nacional de Hogares de http://www. ronaldweinland.info . , (August. ); http:// ronaldweinland.info%%%20Codigo%


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Ley No. Código para la protección de los derechos de los Niños, Niñas .. en las disposiciones del Código de Trabajo de la República Dominicana, el. Cumplir y respetar las leyes, al igual que cualquier otro deber establecido en .. en las disposiciones del Código de Trabajo de la República Dominicana, el. La Ley creó al Consejo Nacional para la Niñez y la Adolescencia como Que todos los niños, niñas y adolescentes en la República Dominicana vivan.

Arachu Castro a. In this article, focused on Mexico and the Dominican Republic, I contextualize obstetric violence within the larger context of social exclusion and discrimination against women. I establish associations between maternal deaths and health care systems characterized by a lack of continuum of care, a lack of accountability toward women, and the withholding of care. I argue that clinical staff learn to operate within the structural limitations of health care systems by not assuming the responsibility of the continuum of care that each woman needs, and that this discharge of accountability is at the heart of how health professionals can navigate, tolerate, and perpetuate the structure of the system and, in so doing, create the breeding ground for obstetric violence to occur. Finally, I explain that although reporting on the suffering of women will not, on its own, prevent obstetric violence, increasing its visibility through research can contribute to human rights-based advocacy on behalf of women in labor, to the monitoring of human rights standards, and to the creation of accountability measures within health systems to prevent obstetric violence. Please address correspondence to the author. Email: acastro1 tulane.

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Clinical history is incomplete or is filled out with predetermined values Responsibility to provide blood falls on the pregnant woman and her family Referrals and counter- Lack of clear criteria for referrals and unjustified referrals referrals Health care staff tell pregnant woman to go to another hospital on her own and without first checking with the referral hospital Receiving hospital lacks information about the condition of the pregnant or puerperal woman and previous management Infrastructure Insufficient availability of blood at hospital Lack of ambulances with or without doctor Irregular clean water supply in hospitals Limited number of beds in intensive care units and of incubators Conditions of poverty and Anemia or malnutrition present in woman inequality Non-adherence to treatment plan or vitamin intake due to the resale of pills to cover other costs Resort to unsafe abortion Late presentation to care Fear of disclosure of irregular residency status In propriate for each circumstance, the responsibility these contexts, the resulting mistreatment—which for the management of each woman is so diffused often takes a form of triple exclusion and discrimi- that nobody seems to be in charge.

This discharge nation on account of being poor, dark-skinned, and of accountability is at the heart of how health pro- female—is systematically embedded within clinical fessionals can navigate, tolerate, and perpetuate the encounters, contributing to differential health out- structure of the health care system and, in so doing, comes, not only as a stressor, but as a result of poor create the breeding ground for obstetric violence to quality of care or outright neglect.

As the examples in this paper illustrate, it These forms of violence are dually intolerable: can be difficult to isolate the boundaries between they are both an infringement of human rights the structural violence of a low-resourced health and fuel for inequitable health outcomes between system failing to provide adequate care and acts of JUNE VOLUME 21 NUMBER 1 Health and Human Rights Journal a. In antees the right of the population to access a model , the Congress of the Dominican Republic incor- of comprehensive care, with quality and warmth, porated into law the Inter-American Convention on which privileges the promotion of health and the the Prevention, Punishment and Eradication of Vi- prevention of disease, through the consolidation olence against Women of and the Convention of the National Health System.

The care should be performed state will protect motherhood. Ar- tion issued by the Ministry of Public Health.

Republica dominicana 136-03 pdf ley

However, groups—the latter being understood as powerful the visualization of obstetric violence rendered by and not necessarily greater in number. I am com- research offers two key benefits. Stanton, with the coordination and analysis of my maternal A.

Castro, et al.

Ettenger, T. Castro and V. Castro , see note 1. Note 3. Castro, A. Heimburger, and A. Langer, Iatrogenic 7. The integration of reproductive health and population policies 8. Castro and M. Singer eds , Unhealthy health mary health care now more than ever Geneva: World Health policy: A critical anthropological examination Walnut Creek, Organization, ; M. Fort, D. Grembowski, J. Verdu- CA: Altamira Press, , pp.

Castro, Y. Khawja, go, et al.

All toolkit resources

Castro —; R. Bautista, and A. Panama City, Miric, and A. Castro, V. Savage, and H. Castro, J. Espinoza, M. The international encyclopedia of anthropology Hoboken, NJ: Quintana, et al.

Dominicana pdf ley 136-03 republica

Savage and A. Miller, M. Cordero, A.

Coleman, et al. Castro , see note 3 ; R. The doctors minutes by car. Upon their arrival at p. She was admitted and transferred of the condition. In February , a year-old woman in her tees could identify in each case, the fundamental 37th or 38th week of pregnancy and mother of contributing determinant of these deaths was the four went to the emergency room of a public ma- structural state of the health system—in particu- ternity hospital in Santo Domingo at a.

The staff contacted her family members by and in which health providers are responsible and phone, urging them to bring blood. The woman gave life to a share my preliminary findings, they invited me to newborn son and had her fallopian tubes and give a formal presentation in March to a group cc of blood clots removed.

She was trans- of public health decision makers and hospital di- ferred to the recovery room and was left alone rectors.

¿Quiénes somos? - Conani

Wanting to move away from the concept until three hours later, when a second-year res- that clinical errors occur in a vacuum, I summa- ident found her profusely bleeding and under rized the causes of the 49 deaths according to five respiratory distress.

An attending doctor and systemic categories, each of which was formed by a a fourth-year resident evaluated the woman, list of criteria—the causes of the causes of the ma- diagnosed uterine atony, and conducted an ternal deaths. Four of the categories relate to health emergency laparotomy, during which she lost system issues—the organization of care inside the cc of blood and had her uterus removed.

The hospitals, the lack of a culture of patient safety, the woman went into cardiac arrest and died in the lack of guidelines for referrals and counter-referrals operating room at 1 a.

Mira que te miro

The reported cause of of women from one facility to another, and infra- death was preeclampsia. The maternal mortality structure limitations—whereas the fifth highlights review committee members determined, while I the structural conditions of poverty and social took notes, that her death could have been pre- inequality among the population that usually seeks vented if the woman had not been neglected in care in public health facilities.

The disconnect be- the recovery room. My collaborators accepted the findings in the recovery room. The number continuum of care, a lack of accountability toward of reported maternal deaths between and women on the part of health care providers, and kept steady at an average of per year; in , the the withholding of care and even outright neglect.

The 30 reasons for maternal deaths in the Dominican Republic Categories of criteria The greater the number of criteria present, the higher the probability of maternal death in a woman with associated with maternal obstetric complications mortality Organization of care inside 1.

Pregnant woman not assigned to a specific doctor the hospital 2. Disconnect between outpatient prenatal care and inpatient labor and other emergencies care 3. Lack of coordination between hospital departments 4. Lack of teamwork and second opinions 5. Insufficient attending doctors on duty and specialists on call 7.

Residents without supervision in charge of high-risk cases 8. Department chiefs assigned for reasons other than merit 9. Premature discharge of puerperal woman from hospital Lack of culture of patient Responsibility and accountability toward woman is diffused safety Lack of adherence to national or hospital guidelines Insufficient assessment of vital signs, including among high-risk cases Attending doctor is unavailable sleeping or in private practice Hospital hierarchy emphasized over the clinical needs of woman Clinical history is incomplete or is filled out with predetermined values Responsibility to provide blood falls on the pregnant woman and her family Referrals and counter- Lack of clear criteria for referrals and unjustified referrals referrals Health care staff tell pregnant woman to go to another hospital on her own and without first checking with the referral hospital Receiving hospital lacks information about the condition of the pregnant or puerperal woman and previous management Infrastructure Insufficient availability of blood at hospital Lack of ambulances with or without doctor Irregular clean water supply in hospitals Limited number of beds in intensive care units and of incubators Conditions of poverty and Anemia or malnutrition present in woman inequality Non-adherence to treatment plan or vitamin intake due to the resale of pills to cover other costs Resort to unsafe abortion Late presentation to care Fear of disclosure of irregular residency status In propriate for each circumstance, the responsibility these contexts, the resulting mistreatment—which for the management of each woman is so diffused often takes a form of triple exclusion and discrimi- that nobody seems to be in charge.

This discharge nation on account of being poor, dark-skinned, and of accountability is at the heart of how health pro- female—is systematically embedded within clinical fessionals can navigate, tolerate, and perpetuate the encounters, contributing to differential health out- structure of the health care system and, in so doing, comes, not only as a stressor, but as a result of poor create the breeding ground for obstetric violence to quality of care or outright neglect.

As the examples in this paper illustrate, it These forms of violence are dually intolerable: can be difficult to isolate the boundaries between they are both an infringement of human rights the structural violence of a low-resourced health and fuel for inequitable health outcomes between system failing to provide adequate care and acts of JUNE VOLUME 21 NUMBER 1 Health and Human Rights Journal a.

In antees the right of the population to access a model , the Congress of the Dominican Republic incor- of comprehensive care, with quality and warmth, porated into law the Inter-American Convention on which privileges the promotion of health and the the Prevention, Punishment and Eradication of Vi- prevention of disease, through the consolidation olence against Women of and the Convention of the National Health System.

The care should be performed state will protect motherhood. Ar- tion issued by the Ministry of Public Health. However, groups—the latter being understood as powerful the visualization of obstetric violence rendered by and not necessarily greater in number.

I am com- research offers two key benefits. Stanton, with the coordination and analysis of my maternal A.