The Ideas behind the Chess Openings. How to Open a Chess Game-Evans, Larry. Uploaded by. Nishanth Raaj. Fine, Reuben - Basic Chess Endings. Uploaded. Fine's "The Ideas Behind the Chess Openings" is a great book, but dated. In understanding the motivations behind the major opening systems, and explaining. Reuben Fine "Ideas Behind The Chess Openings" - Annotations?? .org/web/ /ronaldweinland.info
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The Ideas Behind The Chess Openings Bookyards is the world's biggest online library where you can find a large selection of free ebooks. Download or publish . DOWNLOAD PDF Ideas Behind Modern Chess Openings: Black Chess Opening Essentials: The Ideas & Plans Behind ALL Chess Openings, The Complete. Fine, Reuben. - The Ideas behind the Chess Openings - Download as PDF File . pdf), Text File .txt) or read online.
But there are so many complicated variations -- how can you memorize them all? You can't -- and you don't have to! If you understand the basic goals of the opening you're playing, you will know which moves fit logically into its overall scheme. This classic, best-selling volume, now completely reset in modern algebraic notation, explains everything you need to know to play the opening sensibly and successfully. Reuben Fine, an International Grandmaster, is one of the world's top players and a leading theoretician of chess.
After 5 P-Q4. A typica. But as fate or whoever else invented chess would have it. I P-lCl. P-KB41 and Black has all the p1a. The most customary and best reply is 4. BXKtj 10 Q-R5ch. Black's reasoning is much the same: Every time a piece is exchanged he is one step nearer his goal.
B-Kt3j 11 QXB. B-X2j Thus the leading ideas for both sides boil down to the following: White heads straight for the endgame.. Thus he wants an open game and a mobile Pawn center..
Examination of the diagrammed.. Q--Q2 with about even chances. O--Oj 6 P-Q3. PXKt4j is refuted. One obvious idea. P-Q3j 7 B-KtS. P-B4Ij 12 P-Kt3.
Note here that White delayed.. B-KtS 9. P-Kt4j 12 B-Kt3. Kt-QR4j 11 Kt-Q2. Kt-B2j 13 B-Bl. Kt-Qlj 10 P-Q4. Kt-K2 by 9 Kt-R Then a normal line where both sides are partially satisfied. White has the inferior Pawn position. Black can simplify his problem by compelling the early exchange of the White 0 by 9. A locked center is better for him. White must threaten something early.. It is a natural impulse for Black to try to force the normal.
BXKt above instead of So 4 B-KtS. Game So Black. P-Q4 in view of White's seemingly passive play Kt-Kt3j 10 KtXKt. B-Kt5j 5 Experience has shown that the sixth or seventh move is best unless he plays the Rubinstein Line. P-Q4 or develop all his pieces without any trouble. Now the question for Black all along is: When shall I break. P-QR3 instead of QR-Q1j 16 P-Q5. P-QB4 compare Ruy Lopez va.. An idea. P-R31 he must be careful not to let the pin become too dangerous. HilL there is a tactical refutation: Black with his Kt's prefers a closed position where he will be able to secure impregnable posts for his horsemen especially QB4.
To close the center he will then have.. Q-K3 after the exchange o the enemy D. B-Kt5j 5 0 O B-R4j 15 B-KKt2. QXPchj 9 K-B2. A better reply for Black is 9. The same holds for 4. The strategic ideas. Thus after either 5 B-R4. It must not be supposed that because White does not play P-Q4 immediately he will never do so when an opportunit PXKtj 11 P-B4.
Now 9. B-B4j 5 Kt-K 15!. B-B4 must be tried. B-KKtS is disastrous. After 5 B-R Thus 5 B-R Black must.. Q-Kt31 the exposure of the White King will soon lead to an incurable lung disease. Then it has been found that Black can equalize with 5. For Black. Q-Q3j 10 B-B B-B4chj 12 K-R1. B-KKtS White's game is far from easy.. Kt-K2j 8 P-B3. R-K1j 11 PXP P--Q4j 10 B-Kt B-R4j 9 Kt-Kt3. Consequently the Four Knights' would undoubtedly be more popular were it not for the speculative but promising Rubinstein Defense: B-B4j 6 KtXP..
While White does not secure any noticeable advantage in the above variations.. Bere White pursues the plan of gaining material. Q-Q3j 11 P-KR3. BXKt is most important. Black's idea is to bolster the center with. First of all we have the most obvious line 5 KtXP. It will be recaJled that this is a great problem in many variations of the Ruy Lopez. P-B3j 10 B-R4.
Likewise on the normal 'I Kt-Kt3 instead of 9. The chief advantage of the Kt sortie in that connection is that it leaves the way open for the development of the Black. Kt-K2 in the main line instead of 7. P-Q3 instead.
P--Q3j 6 P-Q4. Since the direct acceptance fails.
Despite a great deal of analysis.. The thought underlying this gambit is that Black can secure adequate counterplay by developing and hitting at the White center. Instead of 8 BXKt. P-Q4 and if then 10 KtXKt.. KtXPj 6 B-Kt2. White may wish to exploit the Kt thrust by concentrating on quick..
Then 6 KtXP..
P-KB4 Black's attack is very hard to meet. R-Klj 10 P-KS.. Q-B2 or 5 B-K R-Kl Black has little to fear. BXKtj 8 P-Q4?.
But Black can counter with an immediate threat to White's center. PXP followed by. P--Q4j 5 PXP. B-Q3 etc. Similarly on 5 B-B4. P-Q3 etc. P-Q4j 7 B-Kt It should be noted that when White is anxious to draw no weapon is more effective against a player of equal strength.
J P-K4. Alternatives to P-Q4 guarantees equality. On other replies Black. The point is that the exchange frees his game to such an extent that even if White gets a slightly stronger Pawn center it will be of little ava. This is really a generic name to cover all the replies at Kt-B Kt-B3 is possible j 5 P-Q4I. Black is threatening to exchange White's valuable center Pawn. B-KtS and Black's game is already wholly satisfactory..
R-Kl when White must return his booty J Kt-BJ. B-K2 White has no time to build up a strong center because of his exposed KP. Z Kt-KBI.. Since Black's B is exposed. P-Q3 Black's disposal other than the regular 3. Note that P--Q4 may also be answered by.. On untheoretical lines. B-K3 equalizes.. In the second branch. Thus 8 P--Q3 instead of 8 P-Q4 is necessary. KKt-K2 of course 4.
B-B4j 7 P-Q3j 9 Against complicated lines he can always simplify by exchanges. One of the chief merits of the defense is that it is rather diffi. Thus on 3. White undermines its position by B-Q3. The alternative 5 Q-K2 on White's 5th move is designed to exploit the extra move in an endgame. Kt-Q2j 4 B-QB4. Black can also vary with 6. The natural. White can proceed by opening some lines especially with P-KB4 and securing an attack.
On the normal course 3 P-Q4. The alternative 3 P--Q4 is based on the idea of exploiting the undefended Black center. On 3 P--Q4. All told. P-KR3j 9 B-Kt3. QB3j 5 Kt-B3. So slight a superiority.. Omitting transpositions into other openings e. Q-B2j 10 P-RJ. White can recapture with either Kt or Q and secures an ideal development. BJ Here we have the counter-attack. PXPj 6 Q-Q5 is immediately disastrous.
The abandonment of the center with 3. X-R2j 11 B-KJ. B-K2 instead of 6. With a simple line such as P-QB4. The two prophylactic moves 7 P-QR4 and 10 P-R3 have been stressed because they illustrate the all-important principle that by depriving the enemy of counterpIay.
KtXPj 5 P-Q4. P-B4 and R-K1. P-Q3j 4 Kt-KB3. I P-K. But the defender can avoid all the traps and secure a tenable though passive position with 3 P--Q B-Q3j 7 White retains control of slightly more terrain. P-QKt3j 11 P-B4 with about even prospects. One worthwhile idea is the fianchetto of the QB. After 3 KtXP. Q-K2j 5 QXKt. Likewise on 3 P-Q Kt-Q2 j 4 B--QB4. B--Q3 in order to have the QP defended.
A typical line is 5 Q-K2. QXPj 7 P-Q4! Kt-KB3 when the Pawn sacrifice is counterbalanced.. Except for the Center Game. Most effective is 2 KtIm If then 3. Kt-B3j etc. QXBj 10 Kt-Q Black hopes to be able to secure play on the open KB file and a strong PaWn center KtXPlj 4 P-Q3. He may also have a chance to transpose into one of a number of other openings. This and the Greco are another illustration of the principle that it is far more dangerous for Black to experiment in the openings than it is for White White's thought is that he will be able to ward off any Black.
With his last move White envisages setting up a strong Pawn center. P-Q41 With the center liquidated White has nothing to show for his efforts. PXPj 4. Kt-Q3lj 5 B-Kt Thus the best is 3 KtXP. Q-Kt3j 7 B-B More promising is 3 P-Q4 after 2.
Kt-B3j 5 KtXP. After 4 P-Q Yet the obvious disadvantages of the move cannot be conjured awa. Just as violent as the preceding.. B-Q2 is also playable. It goes almost without saying that BIa. PXPj 6 Kt-B3. QXPj 4 Kt-B3. J P-BJ: P-KBI- This counter-attack. Q-B3 is the most promising.
Somewhat more logical on 2. P-B4 or 3. Note that White's strategy revolved around the prevention of. This counter-action can take one of three forms: B-K2j 7 Kt-B3. B-K2j 9 B-B4. The advanta. B-K2j 8 B-B4. Further he must either prevent White from maintaining a Pawn center or break it up as soon as it is formed..
Instead 3. P-Q4j 5 PXP.. But instead 6 QK21 compels: White must try either 3 P-B4 or 3 B-B4. Bishop's Opening and King's Gambit Declined are so intimately connected. On 3 P-B4. For the realization of his objectives Black may choose one of five moves: Black's chief trump for the moment is rus Kt at K5: P-Q4 e Kt away preferably by P-Q3 and set up a strong Pawn center p's at Q4.
Then the esta. B-KtSchl in the above va. Another goal that he may pursue is the artificial isolation of the White KP by. There is one danger in this latter variation: P-B3 after 3 P-Q3. If White tries to develop normally with 6 B-K2. P-QB4j 9 gives White good attacking possibilities..
KtXP liquidates the center Pawns and gives Black. P-B3j 4 Xt-KR As usual. To avoid such a weakness he should play 6 '". If he wishes to get the better of it. P-QS if necessary. From the diagram it can be seen that the central ideas are simple enough. White wishes to drive the Black.
PXPj 6 B-Kt3. PQ4j 6 PXP. B-QKtS gives Black White's King has an extra Pawn for protection here.. ICt-OBI he would like to keep it there as long as possible.. P-Kt3j 11 P--Q3. After the natural 6. Kt-Q3lj 5 B-KtJ. Yet it would do him no good to play it right away.
White plays 6 P-Q4 immediately. On 6 P-Q3. P-KKt3j 7 Q-B3. Hence 2 Kt-KB3 emerges as the strongest continuation. We have stressed ijle similarities.
White must either let the intruder stay there indefinitely or give up his center.. KtXPj 9 Q-K3. P-B4j 8 Q--Q5. Black can either capture or maintnfn his own Pawn at K4. Then since 6 P-Q3. On 8 PXP e.
Once P--Q4 is adopted. Although the differences are at times great.. In both his immediate objective is a favorable PKB4. In the Center Game.. Kt-Q5j 14 Q-R3. P-QB4j 8 B-K. On the whole. Likewise on 6 Q-K2. Center Game and Ponziani's Opening are no more alike and no more different than Ta. That may seem a paradox. White must threaten something. Likewise the differences are understood best as variations from a common beginning and approaches towards analogous goals..
White tries to carry out the basic idea immediately. And on 6 Q-K2?. P-QR31 gives Black strong counterplay for the Pawn.
It is an historical accident that they are aJl set off with different names. B-KZ is simplest. Leaving the Gambits to one side. K-Q1j 10 KtXR.. BXPI which yields Black immediate equality. B-KKt5 is played with a view to undermining the support of the White center Pawns..
And he can be sure that it will come relatively early With 2 Kt-KB3. To strengthen the attack. Black has a variety of good defenses to choose from. Other lines often transpose into the King's Gambit Declined. B--QKt2 and Black. Black's reply is based on his. Kt-B3 he has already created a threat: B-KR3 and so on. Kt-B3j 10 B-KtS the chances are about even..
P--Q4 is thus prevented. We have passed in rapid review a number of openings and it is well to pause for a moment on the lessons to be learned. In the search for White superiority. Black's thoughts must always be directed to the problem of bow he will reply to the inevitable P-Q4. Here again Black. P-K4 are closely related.
If he captures. Ponziani's Opening.
Black's problem is to strike the proper balance. Sometimes P-Q4 at once is impossible. P-Q4 are both too violent and unsound against best play. Thus these lines too are best understood in the light of our basic principles.: The Giuoco Piano and the Ruy Lopez have maintained their position as the strongest openings for White in this section longest because they adhere most faithfully to the pattern of waiting for the right time to advance the QP and simultaneously preventing the b'bera..
In almost all strong point Ildl'IL. This leads to complicated jockeying. Yet the symmetry with its surface placidity may cover a barrel of dynamite. But even though th. That is why the choice narrows down to what we have called the counler-aUaci and the strong point methods. And again he fails to secure any significant results. The Greco 2. It follows that White must adopt a line where he can prepare P--Q4 for the right moment and prevent the same liberating move by his opponent.
Once more Whil. Yet it too fails.. Otherwise the Pawn structure will be White's ideal. In general.. So we 'Will! III the muin reply: Bya process of elimination we have discovered that the only two openings which do that are the' Giuoco Piano and the Ruy Lopez. If the Pawn structure in Diagram No. While this move has Ilw essenl ilLI strong point characteristic in that it defends the "I' directly.
Again be may try the basic idea: Philidor's Defense Of the many counter-attacks a. Sooner or later White will advance his QP J though in the more usual lines it is done at the expense of a weakened Pawn position. There is no other way to equalize. L dillicult attack..
APi so often. Musical Wooden Ches Table. Mongolian Chess Set Shatar on Felt board. Variant chess sets. Twin Portland Chess Sets. Fantasy Chess Set. Xiangqi Board 8x9. St George Chess Set in turned wood. Soapstone Chess Set. Russian Poppet chess set. Weighted wooden chess set. Chocolate Chess Set. Sheep Chess Set 1. South American Chess Set rear. Three Way Chess Set. DollsHouse Tiny Chess Set.
Large magnetic chess set. Capablanca Chess Set. Dolls House Chess Table. Wooden Travel Chess Set with drawers. Lotus Bud Chess Set.
Simpsons Chess Set. Star Trek Tridimensional Chess Set. Wooden Chess Set. Self-explanatory Chess Set 2. Plug-in Travel Chess Set. Two Isle of Lewis Chess Sets. Medium Wooden Plug-in Chess Set. Chinese Chess Set 2D. Plastic Travel Chess Set. Courier Chess Set. South American Chess Set. Star Wars Chess Set. Modern Chess Set in horn. Lighter Chess Set. Development is getting the pieces outThe center consists of the four squares in the geometrical center of the board. The basic principle is that it is essential in the opening to develop all the pieces harmoniously and in such a way as to secure the most favorable position possible in the center.
More elaborately, there are ten practical rules which are usually worth sticking to, though the more expert player will be aware of the many exceptions. These rules are: 1. Open with either the King's Pawn or the Queen's Pawn. Wherever possible, make a good developing move which threatens something. Develop Knights before Bishops. Make one or two Pawn moves in the opening, not more. Do not bring your Queen out early.
Castle as soon as possible, preferably on the King's side. Play to get control of the center. Always try to maintain at least one Pawn in the -center. Do not sacrifice without a clear and adequate reason. In number 10 we can further specify that for the offer of a Pawn there must be one of four reasons: a Secure a tangible advantage in development; b deflect the enemy Queen; c prevent the enemy from castling, either permanently or for several moves; d build up a strong attack.
Finally, it is worth remembering that there are two questions which must be answered for each move played: 1. How does it a. How does it The reader will readily think of many similar examples. Sacrifices and gambits sometimes seem. This is in a sense true, since every sacri:fice requires special justification.
However, it is a well-known and 1The reader who would like to have a more detailed ezpJanation of these ideas is advised to consult R.