Sindh, the second form is the dispersal of ). The population growth met with constraints in supply of land that resulted in (Ashiana Housing Scheme Sahiwal). Ashiana- e-Quaid Lahore offered houses to the .. ronaldweinland.info [ Accessed 23 October ]. Proceedings of 2nd International Multi-Disciplinary. corruption and corrupt practices in Ashiana Iqbal Housing Project; a project contract under Punjab Public Private Partnership Act, etc. essential for the success of any housing society in. Lahore. Very recently, the pace of development in terms why the Aashiana Housing Project (AHP), an initiative of The interested downloaders must fill a form provided . , http:// ronaldweinland.info%20and% .
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Ashiana Housing Scheme Lahore Form Download pdf, doc are also available on this page with scheme term and condition, eligibility criteria, form fee . URBAN PAKISTAN State of Pakistani Cities Report PART ONE BY City Cluster Development (CCD) Strategy in Lahore Region as a pilot project and . The bureaucracy has to look inward for the new form and methodologies of 2 billion for its Ashiana housing programme and Government of Sindh fixed its. Kanal – Nos – Nos 5 Marla Plots & 3 Marla Houses Dec School, Mosque, Parks, PLDC Office, Boundary Wall, Community Center & Disposal.
Fariha 1, S. Muhammad2, H. Javeria3, Z. Zunaira4 , M. Sana5 , G. Areesha6 , N. Minahil7, B.
Why there should be any surprise on his bail? Once upon a time there was a much stronger case of Hudaibia Paper Mills involving Sharif family and befor that the cases against Zardari. Zardari and his sister keep getting their bail extended now he got the bail next we will hear that Nawaz Sharif will get the bail so why should we believe that NAB and courts are doing the great job they obviously not.
A glaring Injustice and violence against humanity, justice and economy such as this is the foundation of weak, poor, illiterate and sick nations. Extremely disturbing. If we still insist on following the defunct Anglo-Saxon legal system that is predicated on the concept of protecting the guilty by embroiling the courts in interminable appeals and counter appeals , then at least allow the affected to bring class action criminal lawsuits against the crooks.
What has nAB actually done in the few months it had shahbaz Shariff under arrest? There is no point collecting millions of rupees from corrupt people when the masterminds are let off the hook to try again using other people. Shah, This has nothing to do with influential people. Every day s of ppl get bailed in Pakistan, all are normal citizen, some even for case with accusation of murder even. He can delay the final outcome to download some time and that is all.
System is slowly auto correcting and will take little bit of time. Long as IK is there these goons are going behind bars. NAB is made to nab poor unfortunate people of this country.
Khan we are losing hope with your goverment. It is proved that cases on Shahbaz are baseless. Is there any law that Chairman NAB be held responsible for defaming a political leader for giving benefit to other party? Killings in model town, dirty water scandal or metro backhanders this man just walks free and heads up PAC, is the law working?
WHAT a shameful law we have,that a most corrupted thieves are let out when and how they want,It seem like that these laughable rules DO NOT apply to rich corrupted thieves. Pakistan must do or change law to NAB these thieves. We need to understand that the looters like Nawaz and Zardari always prepare backup.
Both the countries are instrumental these days to divert attention while making arrangements for the release of their puppets. Poor Pakistani people will have to bear all the agony resulted of these corrupt people. It appears now deal has been made with both Nawaz family and Zardari. The powerful quarters must tell to the nation where is the money that might have been paid or committed to pay in result of the deal. This system needs to go, this Constitution only protect these type of people.
Save the State or save these people; but No State no these people or Constitution. We the people need to decide. Save the State or not. Shah, are you so surprised We have 70 years of history Same has been happing Rich and powerful are always above the law The currupt man has 57 companies ,he control milk, poultry,and sugar mills,control the Punjab police!
Responsible for model town,killings! Also, created ,looted pak funds from the expensive metro buses! Where are justice in Pakistan, where a kid stealing candy,gets years in prison with adults criminals! If Imran Khan wants to succeed he must change the entire bureaucracy and overhaul judiciary system as the existing officials would never let him succeed in his government. It appears that there are multiple court systems in PK. Provincial courts are still under the influence of the elite.
Be it Sindh or Punjab. How on earth can a thief be granted bail, unless they bribed the Judges of the LHC, like justice malik qayum. This exposes the prefect political motivated one sided accountability. NAB arrested SS without any admissible evidence. See i told you. No one gets punished. Just allegations court cases references but no punishment because they are the LAW. Very positive and verification, in keeping with law, by the LHC.
The right to bail is a basic right and the case may go on, a person's fundamental freedom cannot be curtailed indefinitely by investigating agencies. The burden of proof is on them. They have had more than ample time to question the accused Mr Sharif under remand.
Apparently the decision of Lahore High Court granting thereby bail to Mr Shahbaz in corruption case seems to be against public policy , without merit and bias too.
NAB must file a review or appeal however well prepared! Now start packing up from Punjab.
Well deserved. People cannot be held indefinitely without an indictment and trial taking place. No matter who they are. This constant back and forth between the government and the opposition does not serve any purpose, we have courts, wish our leaders would grow up, everyone wants a medal for serving the people.
Salaria, Aamir Ahmad, Checks and balances have not been on the good side, now the good is having a hard time perusing the bad. Dear reader, online ads enable us to deliver the journalism you value. Please support us by taking a moment to turn off Adblock on Dawn. Facebook Count. Twitter Share. The bench, after accepting Shahbaz's request for bail today, ordered his release. LHC gives Fawad bail in Ashiana case The bench also rejected Fawad Hassan Fawad's request for bail in a case pertaining to holding assets beyond his means.
Read more. On DawnNews. Comments Closed Popular Newest Oldest. Feb 14, There is no law for influential people in Pakistan! Recommend 0.
I am beginning to lose interest now. Salaria, Aamir Ahmad. Umar Makhdumi. Expected new NRO in making it is the beginning of an end. Pro Pakistani. What a joke! Lets free all criminals and arrest all innocent Pakistanis! M Naqvi. Here we go again. Only poor people in Pakistan get punished for their petty crimes. Malik J Haider. Feroze N. He should have been released long ago!! They will all be free NS, SS. Our justice system is for poor only. Reality Check. Kashif Sekha. Both brother will be freed.
That is the reason Saudi are comming so frequently. What difference does it make, he wasn't living in the jail anyway. What a mockery of justice. Who says our judiciary is not independent!
Israr Khan ismailzai. Deal or dheel?? Same old Pakistan! Separate laws for affluent and poor. Dawn read since What's next his crook son and son in law get a pardon too? Anwar Qureshi. Saira Khan. Since the thieves master is visiting soon. Anwar Saleem. Syed Hussain Akbari. Encouraging corruption and corrupt practices at hiighes level.
Very sad. Shahid khawaja. Ghani K. Murtaza M. Sorry on country's affairs!
How can one expect the country will progress? Its all political Nura Khusti and drama. Won't work I am afraid. Ahsan Gul. These corrupt PML-N leaders must be prosecuted and punished now. No law for corrupt powerful mafia. Law in Pakistan is only for poor people. Majeed at Thani. Similarly, the departments of revenue and police have also been provincialized UNDP, The checkered history of political institutions at the local tier gave rise to a fragmented management structure in the cities where overlapping jurisdictions and lack of interagency coordination hamper service delivery.
Similarly, the other cities in Punjab have capacity issues with planning and management i. The Karachi Metropolitan Corporation KMC , in weaknesses, thus, make the cities dependent on the collaboration with a well-known construction provincial funding for development World Bank, group in Pakistan, announced a Traffic In cities of Sindh — the most urbanized Management Project with the cost of Rs.
The project that included two province of Pakistan — severe human resource underpasses and a flyover, is to be financed and shortage, low skills and knowledge of the technical constructed by the private partner. This plan domains and poor cost recoveries on various also serves Rs. The entire construction site is surrounded by services etc. A vision about the urbanization as a tool of Cultural Heritage Preservation Act of — economic growth is also lacking among the public Shrine of Abdullah Shah Ghazi, Sri Ratneswar sector entities.
It is critical to understand Harbanspura Bridge, to remodel underpasses at that need for such a cooperation among the Jail Road and Ferozepur Road and to construct stakeholders arises from the realities of our times new underpass at Railway Crossing between Dharampura and Mughalpura. This would cost that witness i socially constructed processes that the city its trees.
The plan has been are no linear and call for engaging experts, elected opposed vehemently by the community members, stakeholders and civil servants altogether organizations like Lahore Bachao Tehreek and ii the fact that expert knowledge is not sufficient Lahore Conservation Society.
They opine that the move is in violation of the Lahore Canal and unique local insight along with feedback from Heritage Park Act , a legislation that came the common people is equally important iii after a long legal battle between the citizens emergence of new reasoning methods to investigate and the government authorities. This matter is also a heated public debate Raza, The recent cases that illustrate the conflict between the government agencies and the civic organizations - Clifton Bridge Karachi and Lahore Canal Road Widening project — can be interpreted in many ways.
But the important point to take home is; time, costs and energies can be saved if all the stakeholders to an issue develop a consensus. While experts are seeking new forms of governance for Karachi owing to its unique status and problems, Lahore has moved a step further from the city development to the regional development model — extending the Lahore Development Authority s jurisdiction over all the districts of Lahore Division4.
Though dubbed as unconstitutional and contrary to the spirit of local government laws by various legal experts Mir, , the approach follows the strategy of Asian Development Bank ADB and recommendation of the Task Force on Urban Development Planning Commission, to develop city clusters keeping in view the urbanization trends in the country.
The ADB strategy requires the city regions to develop a comprehensive plan of economic progress by setting up clustered industrial zones, unlocking value of land, public-private- partnerships etc. Towards an Urban-led Development Strategy for Asia The LDA, by encompassing Lahore Division in its spatial planning control, has opened up the land and housing markets of the adjoining districts of Sheikhupura, Kasur and Nankana Sahib.
These districts combined to make a huge urban agglomerate of various economic enterprises. If a balance is struck between the trade- offs of local autonomy and economic potential of these areas, the local population will benefit from the new developments in the regional urban governance.
Similarly, there are demands for reforms in governance structure of Karachi city as it is considered that current scenario is not helping where the city government struggles for financial and operational autonomy and other structural incapacities Anwar, that evidently hamper the delivery of basic urban services to the inhabitants.
The 18th amendment in the Constitution of Pakistan brought a considerable autonomy to the provinces. Now the provincial governments should consider devolving their powers to the city councils in order for the cities and city regions to govern themselves effectively. There are various models that can be followed but the underlying idea of strengthening local government tier in terms of providing the local councils with financial and administrative autonomy coupled with capacity building is valuable.
Urban Services: Weak urban institutions in Pakistan are widely considered to be failing on account of provision of basic urban services - water, sanitation, transport, power and security. Central to the urban policy framework, these sectors present a signature chaos of our institutions.
The agencies providing these services have largely been criticized for the low quality or the disruption. This piece will present a short review of the dynamics of these urban domains and their providers.
A study on Pakistan s water woes at the Woodrow Wilson Centre for Scholars, Washington notes that urban water management in Pakistan depicts diversity in problem sets.
If Karachi has water shortage, pollution and power cuts; twin cities of Islamabad and Rawalpindi face supply distribution and flood hazards; Lahore s water system has troubles in drainage, flooding and quality Wescoat The city of Karachi portrays a chaos of water delivery system. CDGK The water tariffs are too low and collection is dismal. The quality of water in the city have also been reported to be unfit for human health by Pakistan Medical Association that found all the samples to be unfit for human consumption Guriro and a research group from a local university that revealed dangerous mixing of lead in 18 different areas of the city Ul-Haq, et al.
If abundance of ground water in Lahore is a plus for supply, the depletion in this natural resource over the years is a major concern. It is estimated that from , the ground water in Lahore declined to 50 feet Ahmad and Akram n.
It further fell up to 45 feet from Ali This is coupled with the pollution in Ravi River — a source to charge the aquifer of Lahore. The industrial waste is drained out in the river without any regard for the environmental hazards attached to it Kugelman Like Karachi, quality of drinking water in Lahore is also alarming. A news report suggested that majority of the people especially in areas like Sanda, Badami Bagh, Mozang, Harbanspura, Baghbanpura and Daroghawala etc. In these vicinities water borne diseases are on the rise M.
Chaudhry The financial sustainability through effective revenue collection does not appear to be a priority as the water tariff was revised in and before it, in Dawn The situation is not quite different in the second tier cities.
Only about half of the urban population in Sindh excluding Karachi have access to piped water which is provided for 2- 4 hours a day and the quality of water is low. People rely on self-provision which is not efficient but reliable. These cities depend on the provincial government grants for carrying out their operations ADB In Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, less than half of the urban population has access to networked water supply which has been noted to be irregular and of low quality.
At a Glance: LDA reports to Development government. It was made the Chief Minister, Punjab Authority FDA , independent from city as per the new legislation in which is under the city government in Water Tariff Last revised Last revised in Last revised Quality Not fit for drinking Not fit for drinking Not fit for drinking Infrastructure 40 years old There are no km long supply lines 15 years old lines of lines for informal years old especially in poor km.
The solid waste generation in Pakistan is 0. Cities, with no proper waste disposal mechanism PEPA are developing strategies to meet the growing issue. The capital city of Pakistan, Islamabad, produces around tons of solid waste per day and it has no designated landfill site.
The garbage is either dumped in the open or burnt Hussain Lahore, with only one dumping site till at Mahmood Booti is developing a new site at Lakhodair. There is no sewage treatment system in second tier cities of Sindh. A review of the urban transport services would also portray a bleak picture. The road space in the cities is congested with ever increasing vehicles and vendors and shrinking for the most common means of mobility i.
The urban poor complain about critical components of a public transit system i. If the low income squatters lack basic civic amenities, the high income gated societies are devoid of any transport considerations thus making the rich commuters car dependent. So on the one hand, the poor are hit by the scarcity of transit sources. On the other rich are facing an increasing choked traffic.
The state of affairs works the worst against women to travel easily in the cities. Either, they have to rely on the male relatives to drive them around in a car or a motor bike or to choose the public transport that fails to give them a harmless, satisfactory and respectable way to commute Haider A study analyzing road traffic injuries in Pakistan from the year to revealed 15 incidences per per year and these were recorded to be the most among two-wheelers and pedestrians Khan and Fatmi It shows that Punjab has the most occurrences of fatal and non-fatal road accidents during the decade.
The given figures can be interpreted and compared with many proxies like existence of urban agglomerates, scale of motorization, quality of road network, speed, weather, travel behavior patterns, traffic management, education and urban health care etc.
But one lesson Source: Around half of the deaths on road involve pedestrians, cyclists and two-wheelers due to the lack of adequate road space- sidewalks or cycling lanes — which are secured from the high speed vehicles UNEP World ealth Organization s report on road safety reports that there are no targets set for road fatality reduction at the government level in Pakistan.
There are no policies to promote cycling or walking and no regular inspections of existing road infrastructure carried out. While there is a legislation on wearing the seat belt, there is little enforcement or trend among the drivers of the same.
While the doctors are trained in trauma care, the paramedics nurses are not trained in this regard WHO Turning our focus to another urban service that has become a featured debate about Pakistan globally — the electricity supply — we take a brief situational analysis. It is an acknowledged fact that the country achieved remarkable success in providing electricity to its urban and rural population.
If scope of connectivity is to be celebrated, recent power crisis is a point to ponder over. In July , the shortfall was noted to be megawatts being managed through power cuts of hours a day in urban areas and hours in the rural areas in the country.
It has not only altered the pattern of social life in cities and villages but also cost the economy a huge sum. Similarly, the cost to national economy stood at PKR 1. This includes direct and indirect costs and equals to seven percent of the GDP.
When urban institutions lose their grip on delivery systems, the illegality and criminality become stronger day by day. And Karachi takes the center stage in urban disorder — target killings, extortion and kidnapping for ransom. In , people were killed in attacks.
In , cases of vehicle theft and 23, cases of mobile phone snatching were reported Fazl-E-Haider In , deaths mostly by target killers were recorded. A state of conflict to control economy and resources of Karachi among various radical and ethnic groups have become a hallmark of the city. These groups attract socially excluded youth by providing scarce services, work and purpose in life and in return use them for their criminal purposes.
Lahore is believed to have organizations having connections with militancy funding. There are issues of legal jurisdiction and administrative control of the sectors analyzed above e. The government has not just to remove the overlapping and coordination problems but also to meet the institutional shortfalls in service provision. They are not just the question of organizational failure. They carry enormous socioeconomic costs.
The power vacuum that the state organizations are creating, is being filled with informal non state actors that are threatening the very basic notion of our social contract — the democracy enshrined in the constitution.
Transportation, Infrastructure and Environment: Urban transit, infrastructure and environmental concerns are very important to analyze in the urban agenda of the country. It is not just the recent urbanization, corresponding transportation and allied challenges that have contributed to the mounting woes but the historic choices of policy alternatives and planning practices have also played their role in the current state of affairs.
Pakistan, in its formative phase, chose to develop road network instead of railways on the advice of the donors and advisory groups Irfan, The policy of preferring road network building and utilizing can be gauged through the comparative data on road and railways usage in Pakistan from the period to The road traffic in this timeline grew at the annual rate of Policies with respect to operation and regulation of the sector also witnessed experimentation since the inception - moving from public sector to the private and mixed structure.
In s and 60s, the private sector had the lead on the transport and freight services URC, n. In the s, government was the major provider of the transit services. Till the end s, the government opted out of the transport operations and left it out to the private entities to supply these services.
Keeping in view, the deterioration in services and growing demand from the urban sector in the last decade, the government has recently renewed its commitment with transportation policy again; For example province of Punjab is managing mass transit through public companies and a metro authority PMA, Population growth, expansion in inter and intra-city road network and vehicle financing schemes in the recent past have contributed to a sharp increase in motorization resulting in terrible road congestion and air quality deterioration.
In , the number of vehicles in the country was 2. It shot to a cent percent increase in — 5. In , the number of vehicles were recorded to be 9. Currently, the transport sector consumes more than half of the oil being consumed in the country, thus a major source of carbon emissions. It is estimated that carbon emission in the country will rise from Urban air pollution in Pakistan is considered to be among the most severe in the world.
Being the most urbanized country of the south Asian region, it suffers the most on account of urban health where air pollution and road crashes are the main reasons for mortality and morbidity. In cities, the reported hazardous particles in the air sulfur dioxide and lead are significantly higher than the levels prescribed by the World Health Organization WHO. The people living in the urban centers especially the poor are exposed to this a great deal. It has adverse impact on the quality of life in Pakistani cities e.
Karachi that are ranked to be among the least livable in the world and least attractive for the foreign executives and investors. While the federal and provincial governments are working on urban infrastructure building to ease traffic problems in the megacities, the experts are critical and the community is contesting this policy line.
They are calling for more sustainable solutions to mobility, infrastructure and city environs. Recently, Sindh Government s Rs. In Lahore, Rs. The project would cost the city its trees.
The civic organizations asserted that the scheme is contrary to the provisions of Canal Heritage Park Act Raza, In a recent study for Woodrow Wilson Center for Scholars, the economist Nadeem Ul Haque has referred to the fact that Pakistan s budgetary allocation in for the roads exceeded the allocation for education, the official policies have been favouring the urban planning that promotes cities for cars by building roads and flyovers with little regard to climatic impact and the build environment of the cities is lacking public amenities like community and cinema halls, libraries and playgrounds Ul Haque, The Task Force on Urban Development - commissioned by the Planning Commission of Pakistan and led by renowned urbanist Arif Hasan - recommended the government to plan dense, compact and mixed use townships, to build mass transit systems instead of promoting private vehicles, to charge full cost of energy and other utility services usage, to pursue Green City approach under international covenants, to give space to cyclists and pedestrians and to develop green spaces for city environment protection Planning Commission, Urban activists are organizing events to promote cycling as dominant mode of transit in cities of Pakistan.
Critical Mass is one such example. Ahmad Rafay Alam - urban planner and activist - has been organizing it since starting from Lahore. It is critical to understand that there are tough choices on ground. Mega urban projects might have strong political feasibility but main consideration should be broader societal good.
The climatic degradation has huge costs on the economy in terms of public health, resource depletion and quality of life. And in a country like Pakistan, the majority suffers the most - those who cannot download good living conditions.
The government has to take into account the option of charging economic and environmental costs from those who pollute city environment with impunity. Housing Sector: Quality of housing stock is a manifestation of quality of living in a city — probably the foremost. And Pakistan underperforms on provision of housing facilities to its burgeoning urban population - half of which lives in conditions unsuited for human settlement.
While there is a natural increase in population of cities, rural to urban and regional migration also fuels demand for shelter very sharp. If the public sector is struggling with the supply, the private sector is hampered by institutional barriers to supply.
In the vacuum, operators of informality have the time of their life. There are questions on the veracity of the latest data on housing domain Rana, but the approximations pose big challenges. It is estimated that the annual demand of housing units in Pakistan is 1. The supply of developed land and its price in the bigger cities are making home ownership close to impossible for the middle income groups.
Allied to these are the administration of land issues which include cumbersome procedures and high costs of real estate transactions. More than thirty percent of urban housing stock is of low quality.
Like other urban sectors, housing domain also receives low public trust due to the deteriorating capacity of the organizations handling the housing sector management in the country Planning Commission, In a scenario like this, the low income groups are the ones who suffer the most and continue to live in substandard environs. Though there is a difference of opinions on what makes a human settlement a slum, the UN HABITAT holds if it lacks one or more of the five amenities like; durable housing that protects from extreme climate, living area with a room for no more than three people, availability of improved water, sanitation facility and secure land title.
But it would be pertinent to take a short view of inadequacy of housing amenities in the urban areas which illustrate the scale of unlivable conditions.
According to the Government of Pakistan survey on living standards , seventy five percent of urban population have secure housing title, fifty eight percent use RCC roofing in their houses, twenty percent lives in one room house and seventy two percent lives in room houses PBS, while the room density in Pakistan is 3.
Similarly, seventy two percent of the urban population has access to improved source of sanitation which dropped from eighty percent in Ninety six percent of the urban population was recorded to have access to improved water sources in Trading Economics, On account of corrective policy measures in the housing sector especially the areas with low civic amenities, the role of state institutions is considered to be central.
There are two widely understood reasons for it; i individual welfare rationale which takes into account cost imposed by slums on the slum dwellers and ii social cost consideration which focus on cost slums impose on the city and non-slum dwellers Aziz, Government of Pakistan last took stock of the housing store in and announced various measures to address the policy problem related with institutions, financial support, taxes and subsidies, private sector involvement and facilitation etc.
Features of the Housing Policy Credit for machinery, rationalization and facilitation in various levies on the companies like EOBI and other social security dues etc. Regularization and up-gradation schemes, no eviction without relocation, maintaining inventories and resettlement plans of slums for future development, integration of slums into the city spatial plans, incentivizing private sector through land in city centers in lieu of slum up-gradation.
Interagency coordination, regulatory framework for implementation and monitoring of the process. The federal and provincial governments went on according to their own vision and goals and introduced various programmes. The Government of the Punjab launched it regularization of urban and rural Kachi Abadis through grant of land titles in CM Punjab, The Sindh Government is carrying out the up-gradation of informal settlements through development works and establishment of low cost housing schemes - Sasti Basti SKAA, n.
The State Bank of Pakistan is steering the housing finance operations through various banks providing loans for renovation and construction of houses SBP, Federal Ministry of Housing and Works through its arm s length body — PHA Foundation — is building residential blocks for low and middle income groups PHA, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Balochistan didn t come up with a project like these Subohi, While approaches to solve the chronic shelter issues may well be in place, the delivery mechanism can be questioned, the loopholes may well be highlighted.
We will address some of the policies in this regard. Land titling has been one of the most important policies on the part of successive governments. The rationale for this policy is to provide the poor incentive of ownership for betterment of dwelling space through personal means or the credit facilities available in the market De Soto De Soto Not just the better housing is an expected goal, the formal land ownership also brings improvement in other social indicators like health, education of the children, livelihood etc.
Though land titling programmes have brought different results in different countries Lasserve and Payne n. In , Government of the Punjab launched a policy of regularization of urban and rural Kachi Abadis following the same line of action CM Punjab A recent research focusing on the organizational barriers to policy implementation has pointed out that despite the lapse of two years, the land titles have not been granted to the inhabitants as per the policy goals.
The study has highlighted that faulty database of dwellers, low level of sensitization among the implementers, lapses in coordination among various agencies involved in the process, fading priority of the government and political favouritism are the reasons behind the policy failure Mehmood, The land and labour are provided by the community whereas the cost of building and skills are provided by the government.
It has constructed low cost units in different cities and plans to build more houses with the cost of PKR 2, per unit. The concerned quarters are questioning the quality of construction, transparency in the process of selecting the targeted population and the lack of policy checks on speculators of property business Subohi, This is mostly needed by the low The question of civic amenities is central to not income groups as the mid to high level group only the policy concern of slums inhabited by can afford nice houses.
There are 22 the low income groups, it is also a soaring commercial banks, 5 Islamic banks and 11 question for the rising informal housing schemes inhabited by the middle income groups in our other financial institutions in the housing cities. As per the demand of housing units in the country, it is estimated ISAL comprising 60 residential plots on average that PKR billion is required per year for are established on private land being used for housing credit.
The housing finance industry agricultural purposes previously in the outskirts of the city. The land multiplicity of departmental procedures, titles are mostly secure. The main feature is the improper foreclosure laws and unorganized smaller size of plots, narrow roads and no real estate agencies to name a few.
Due to amenities like sewerage, water, park, these barriers and other factors, the non- playground etc. It is not only the outcome of policy billion in to PKR 19 billion in failure on the part of our city management Ahmad, and it was recorded to be PKR authorities but also imposing huge costs of sprawls on the national exchequer in the shape While credit industry faces operational problems mainly attached to the public sector institutions, the public organizations have their systemic troubles.
In both the cases the users of their services and products are the ones to bear the brunt of this situation. Renowned urban planning expert Arif Hasan points out certain limitations on the part of the customers of the housing credit system — the low income slum dwellers.
On a similar note, veteran policy practitioner and the founder of Saiban — the non- governmental organization working for affordable housing in Pakistan — also points out the non-affordability of the down payments required for applying for a public sector housing unit. Similarly, the low income groups are also excluded from the public sector housing schemes by two other trends i the development authorities DAs acting like private developers and accumulating money through market speculation of property.
The actual development on site takes place ten to fifteen years after the announcement. The prices go up and the affording groups download those land plots meant for the poor otherwise ii the consumer behavior of downloading land not for living but for the high profit returns on the property which is thought to be a safe and profitable investment in Pakistan.
Whenever a project is announced, it goes to the benefit of business and not for the needs of housing. The result is price hike, therefore, unaffordability leading to exclusion of the poor Siddiqui, There are some important points to note. The public sector has to learn from the past experience that being the sole provider of the housing stock is not a viable option. It has to look at reforming the institutions Siddiqui, and to be the real facilitator of private and the third sector.
Weighing its options, the private sector has to see the potential and the fact that housing sector is still an area to be explored further. The community organizations have with them the success stories to follow in order to tap its potential in establishing low cost housing and managing infrastructure. In the absence of a multi-pronged strategy, there can be further slumification in the urban centers of the country.
Urban Culture: Pakistan s geographical map is a catalogue of a rich cultural landscape. Saved in oral traditions, poems, stories, songs, paintings, architecture and dry records, its history requires a special attention. If the Indian subcontinent boasts of its diversity, Pakistan is the gateway to it.
Its urban centers hosted and nurtured it in their societal milieu. Not just for the economic purposes but for social and political ends too, the cities of Pakistan have been the bastion of cultural and creative activities and their continuity from the past. This small world without borders has been experiencing globalization and arranging the negotiation of local and foreign cultural ideas and forces throughout its ancient and modern history. It still continues the way it did in the past.
Since the start of the millennium Pakistani cities witnessed a polarizing trend in their social scene; on the one hand, a wave of conservatism in the urban middle class and on the other, the rise of media, fashion, arts and music industries backed by the rising economic stability and political regime promoting moderate social agenda Paracha, While decline in traditional Pakistani values has been a concern among various quarters and the religious right has been pushing for modesty and piety, Karachi, Lahore, Islamabad and Faisalabad are hosting more fashion shows, media and marketing industries are flourishing, more restaurants and cafes are opening, increasingly brand conscious and design savvy consumerist youth is emerging in these cities.
It is in this context of urban culture - that has links to quality of life and creation of economic opportunities — that this piece proceeds further with. It is the product of various creative enterprises like media, entertainment and advertisement, film, television and radio, theatre and other performing arts, music, literature and publishing and architectural services Holden, Culture and media industries like books and art markets, film, TV and radio and allied business activities like crafts, printing, music instruments and cultural tourism.
With the categorization comes the inference of two main features i. Second, cultural districts that become nodes of urban development. Third, the media and connectivity of big cities with smaller towns and larger regions and fourth is the social role of building communities, identity, creativity, cohesion and vitality. The creative industries in Pakistan lack an articulated place on the national policy not just for the humanistic ends but from the economic perspective.
Since a major part of these enterprises operate in shadow economy, it is difficult to make projections on the size, potential, challenges and prospects. In this fragmented state of affairs, we attempt to review some of the industries and their current trends. Pakistan has witnessed a boom in the media and entertainment industry in the last decade.
The national regulatory authority PEMRA reported in that there were 85 licensed TV channels including 5 public sector stations, cable operators with estimated 6.
Cinema business has recently picked up its pace on the revival track after the liberalizing policies of the government.
There are 66 silver screens in the country and 40 out of the emerge from Pakistan in the total are running film shows. There are a dozen others under construction Zaidi, The a …. The quantitative increase in cinematic literature, poetry and establishments and productions will start a whole new gamut of cultural activities that a.
After the Qawwali, Coke Studio Pakistan produced in Karachi became very popular globally in the last decade. With its fusion of western and folk tunes, the TV show reinvented the classics of this region having rich Sufi tradition of poetry Evans, et al. The organizers of the Karachi and Islamabad literary festivals — the Oxford University Press, Pakistan — also organize literature festivals for children in the large and small cities of Pakistan for the promotion of educational and other learning activities among the children CLF, Through such events, not only the writers and readers get an interactive platform but the allied commercial activities in advertising, publishing, food and leisure also thrive during the span of these festivities thronged by the people of all age, gender and income groups.
Heritage Management and Conservation: Directorates General of Archaeology under various national and sub national ministries manage the affairs of such sites declared as protected premises under respective laws of the provinces or the federal government.
They include shrines, mosques, temples, educational and other public buildings etc. Performing Arts and Cultural Events: Such performances are managed by various city arts councils.
The Board of Governors of these bodies are chosen from the eminent personalities from the fine arts and are appointed by the ministries of culture in the federal government and provincial governments. These councils, in collaboration with the city district governments, organize and promote cultural activities like stage plays, musical shows, circuses and other festivals. Arts Display Centers: There are expo centers in Karachi, Lahore and Islamabad convention center.
Media and Entertainment Industry: Libraries and Archives: The educational institutions maintain their own library resources. National Archives of Pakistan serves to be the premier national institution of preservation of historical and cultural data of the country. Directorates of Archives in sub national ministries are established to carry out this function at the provincial level.
A not for profit entity Citizens Archives of Pakistan is working in Islamabad, Lahore and Karachi for heritage preservation. Educational Institutions: There are degree programmes in fine arts in almost all Pakistani Universities. The handlooms of Multan, Kasur, Gujrat, Kashmir, Gilgit and Skardu are producing finest designs and products in textile, kitchen and home interior etc.
CDC, Largely working in informality and mostly family oriented, this sector is contributing its enormous share to the national employment pool. The workers in these enterprises mainly rely on the hereditary skills for the crafts they are producing.
In a study on the creative and cultural economy of Pakistan by the British Council, some of the findings related with this sector were presented. It has noted that the data on the financial contribution of the cultural enterprises to the national economy is either scattered, outdated or not available.
Though technology usage is growing very fast among the people but the users are skeptic about the reliability of the services. The institution of family is the defining character for the entry to a creative art field.
There is little support if there is no prior familial linkage to that particular domain. Social conservatism is a big barrier for the new entrants in the art practices. While there is a passion and entrepreneurial vision among the beginners yet there are not many opportunities for skill development.
And a very important issue related with external support is the non-availability of credit from the financial institutions Evans, et al. It would be done through a number of thoughtful interventions; i recognition of the creative skill of human resources ii careful mapping of the entire range of creative work being done in various fields iii economic and financial valuation on the basis of available data iv modernization and skill development and v institutional facilitation of the entities and entrepreneurs in economic exchanges locally and around the world.
On the institutional level, the organizations should design programmes based on the principles of better inter-agency coordination and stakeholder consultation. Even if certain powers and functions have been devolved to the provincial government in the wake of 18th amendment and capacity and resource issues are being raised in connection with the provincial bodies Tiwana, , the devolution will offer a sense of ownership to the cultural heritage and industries from the respective governments.
Government of Pakistan recognized the critical role of creative cities, creative class and the relationship between economic wellbeing and the urbanization in its Framework for Economic Growth Planning Commission, Though contours of national politics and regime change have altered the approach since then, yet the realization of centrality of urban culture in the national economy should be upheld.
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